United daughters of the Confederacy

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The Southern Cross of Honor award, which later became the Cross of Military Service, originated on Oct. 13, 1862 as an act of the Confederate Congress to recognize the courage and good conduct of officers, non-commissioned officers and privates of the Confederate army. However, due to wartime shortages, the medals were not made, but the recipients' names were recorded in an Honor Roll for future reference. The cross's design was created by Mrs. Alexander S. Erwin in July 1898. It featured a cross with a Confederate battle flag on the face surrounded by a laurel wreath, with the inscription "The Southern Cross of Honor." The motto of the C.S.A., "Deo Vindice" 1861-1865, and the inscription "From the U.D.C. to the U.C.V." appear on the reverse side.

From the description of Shenandoah Valley records for the Southern Cross of Honor and the Cross of Military Service, 1905-1941. (James Madison University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 20274207

Lawrence A. McCarthy (1841-1916) was a Civil War veteran and member of McLaws Camp No. 756, United Confederate Veterans. He entered the Confederate service at Fort Pulaski, Georgia, in 1861 as a sergeant in Company B, Oglethorpe Light Infantry. He later became an assistant engineer on the Confederate steamer Resolute. He was imprisoned at Hilton Head, Fort Delaware, and at Augusta. He was released in March 1865. After the war he owned and operated a plumbing business.

From the description of Lawrence A. McCarthy certificate 1900 (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 166504014

On September 10, 1894, Mrs. Caroline Meriwether Goodlett of Tennessee and Mrs. Anna Davenport Raines of Georgia met to form an organization dedicated to honoring those individuals who fought for the Confederacy. Began as the National Association of the Daughters of the Confederacy, the organization changed its name to the United Daughters of the Confederacy in 1895. Membership in UDC requires that applicants have at least one ancestor who fought for the Confederacy during the Civil War. UDC chapters exist across the country and perform research, preserve historic sites and landmarks, collect rare books and documents, and work with charitable organizations around the country to provide assistance to groups and individuals in need. The UDC has also organized the Children of the Confederacy, which allows children under the age of 18 to participate with their peers in learning, researching and honoring their ancestors. Mrs. Caroline Meriwether Goodlett was born in Tennessee on November 3, 1833 to Charles Nicholas and Caroline Huntley Barker Meriwether. She was married to John Sturdevant on December 3, 1853. After the death of her brother in a Civil War battle. Goodlett aided the Southern cause by sewing, making clothing, delivering medicine and nursing soldiers. Soon after the war, she divorced her husband but continued working to aid veterans and their families. In 1869, she married Colonel Michael Campbell Goodlett. In 1894, Goodletts dream of creating an organization dedicated to preserving the memory of the Southern cause became a reality with the formation of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. Goodlett was elected the organizations first president. Goodlett remained active with the organization until declining health prevented her from participating in UDC meetings. Caroline Goodlett died on October 16, 1914 in her home in Nashville, TN. Anna Mitchell Davenport Raines was born to Major Hugh McCall Davenport and Martha Anne Elizabeth Stone on April 8, 1853 near Savannah, Georgia. As a child, Raines assisted Confederate soldiers by carrying food, bandages and medicines to nearby hospitals. Her family was forced to flee Savannah as the battles moved closer to the city. At the end of the war, the family returned home, but eventually moved to New York. On February 11, 1873 she was married Lucian Hamilton Raines. In 1892, Raines responded to a call from the Confederate Veterans Association for women to a form an auxiliary organization, to which she was elected as secretary. Raines saw the need for a more permanent organization, and in 1893, the Daughters of the Confederacy was formed. Soon after, it came to Raines attention that there was already another organization with the same name. While corresponding with Caroline Meriwether Goodlett about using the UDC name, they decided to contact other similar organizations around the country about forming one national organization. From this, in 1894, the United Daughters of the Confederacy was born. Raines became the president of UDC in 1896, but in 1897 she refused a second term. Anna Mitchell Davenport Raines died in Savannah, Georgia on January 21, 1915.

From the description of United Daughters of the Confederacy Records, 1855-1999. (Kentucky Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 63161784

In 1894, several state women’s groups that aided Confederate soldiers’ and widow’s homes formed a national organization, the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC). In 1896, the Katie Cabell Muse established the Texas Division of the UDC in Victoria and the Albert Sidney Johnston Chapter #105 in Austin the following year. The UDC Texas Division marks historic locations and graves, erects monuments, and holds memorial observances to honor Confederate soldiers and events. The organization also contributes to the study of Southern history, awarding scholarships to descendants of Confederate veterans and operating the Texas Confederate Museum. Although no longer sponsoring Confederate homes, the Texas Division financially assists members in nursing homes through the Randolph Relief Fund, established in 1910. Furthermore, the Johnston Chapter instituted the Farley Scholarship Fund for Travis County students to enter the University of Texas at Austin in 1924, and provided custodians to the Texas Confederate Museum while it was located in the Old General Land Office in Austin from 1917 to 1986.

Sources:

UDC History of the Early Years of Albert Sidney Johnston #105. Albert Sidney Johnston #105, Austin, Texas Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy. Accessed March 10, 2011. http://www.udcaustin.org/udc_austin_004.htm .

Sims, Esther F. United Daughters of the Confederacy. Handbook of Texas Online . Accessed March 10, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/vsu01 .

From the guide to the United Daughters of the Confederacy papers 1979; 82-035., 1904-1978, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

In 1894, several state women's groups that aided Confederate soldiers' and widow's homes formed a national organization, the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC).

In 1896, the Katie Cabell Muse established the Texas Division of the UDC in Victoria and the Albert Sidney Johnston Chapter #105 in Austin the following year. The UDC Texas Division marks historic locations and graves, erects monuments, and holds memorial observances to honor Confederate soldiers and events. The organization also contributes to the study of Southern history, awarding scholarships to descendants of Confederate veterans and operating the Texas Confederate Museum. Although no longer sponsoring Confederate homes, the Texas Division financially assists members in nursing homes through the Randolph Relief Fund, established in 1910. Furthermore, the Johnston Chapter instituted the Farley Scholarship Fund for Travis County students to enter the University of Texas at Austin in 1924, and provided custodians to the Texas Confederate Museum while it was located in the Old General Land Office in Austin from 1917 to 1986.

Sources:

UDC History of the Early Years of Albert Sidney Johnston #105. Albert Sidney Johnston #105, Austin, Texas Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy. Accessed March 10, 2011. http://www.udcaustin.org/udc_austin_004.htm.

Sims, Esther F. United Daughters of the Confederacy.Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed March 10, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/vsu01.

From the description of United Daughters of the Confederacy papers, 1904-1978 (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 775597990

The Southern Cross of Honor award, which later became known as the Cross of Military Service, originated on October 13, 1862 as an act of the Confederate Congress to recognize the courage, valor and good conduct of officers, non-commissioned officers and privates of the Confederate Army. Due to wartime shortages, however, the medals were unable to be made. The recipients' names were then recorded in an Honor Roll for future reference.

Mrs. Alexander S. Erwin first designed the cross that was used by the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) in July 1898. It featured a cross with the Confederate battle flag on the face surrounded by a laurel wreath and the inscription The Southern Cross of Honor. On the reverse side the motto of the Confederate States, Deo Vindice (God our Vindicator), 1861-1865, appears alongside the inscription From the U.D.C. to the U.C.V. The Southern Cross of Honor and the Cross of Military Service are the two most prestigious honors awarded by the UDC.

From the guide to the United Daughters of the Confederacy, Southern Cross of Honor Documents, 1905-1941, (Special Collections, James Madison University)

Archival Resources
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creatorOf Osborne, Thomas D. Thomas Osborne scrapbook, 1796-1921 (bulk 1882-1905). Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
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creatorOf United Daughters of the Confederacy, Southern Cross of Honor Documents, 1905-1941 Special Collections, James Madison University
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creatorOf United Daughters of the Confederacy papers 1979; 82-035., 1904-1978 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
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Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alabama. Dept. of Archives and History. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Dept. of Archives and History. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1919-1923 : Kilby). corporateBody
associatedWith Archbell, Lillie Vause, 1854?-1946. person
associatedWith Beasley, William Lewis. person
associatedWith Beauregard, G. T. 1818-1893 person
associatedWith Benton, Charles H. person
associatedWith Beretta, Sallie Ward, 1872-1964. person
associatedWith Birge, Mary Mayfield. person
associatedWith Birge, Mary Mayfield. person
associatedWith Boyd, Belle, 1844-1900. person
associatedWith Brenizer, Gilmer, Mrs., d. 1942. person
associatedWith Buford, Munson Monroe, 1846-1930. person
associatedWith Burney, Madge, 1886-1953. person
associatedWith Butler, Florence Faison. person
associatedWith Carter, Mary D. person
associatedWith Charles W. Crankshaw (Firm : Atlanta, Ga.) person
associatedWith Children of the Confederacy. corporateBody
associatedWith Collier family. family
associatedWith Columbus Riflemen, Company C. corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army. Kentucky Brigade, 1st. corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Cavalry Regiment, 4th. Company C. corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Navy corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate Survivors Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Conner family. family
associatedWith Crenshaw, Anna E. person
associatedWith Crowe, James R., 1838-1911. person
associatedWith Davis family family
associatedWith Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889. person
associatedWith Davis, Varina, 1826-1906. person
associatedWith Deane, Ernie. person
associatedWith Erskine, Albert, 1911-1993. person
correspondedWith Erwin, John T. person
associatedWith Everett, Kathrine R. (Kathrine Robinson), 1893-1992 person
associatedWith Everett, R. O. (Reuben Oscar), 1879-1971 person
associatedWith Ferrebee, Sarah Eliza, d. 1866. person
associatedWith Fine, Hamilton. person
associatedWith Fleming, Loula White, 1878-1967. person
associatedWith Flisch, Julia A., 1861-1941. person
associatedWith Flowers, Eleanor Gaillard Simons. person
associatedWith Fortier, Marguerite M. person
associatedWith Fox, Amos, 1835-1917. person
associatedWith Fox, Lorena Hillyer, 1901-1986 person
associatedWith Franke, William F. person
associatedWith Gallaher, Juliet Hite, fl. 1916-1952. person
associatedWith Gardner, Oliver Max, 1882-1947 person
associatedWith Garnett, James Mercer, 1840-1916. person
associatedWith Garrison, Sally (Sally A. Sharp), 1854- person
associatedWith Gilmore, John Young, 1837-1900. person
associatedWith Goodlett, Caroline Douglas (Meriwether) 1833-1914. person
associatedWith Goucher College Class of 1903. corporateBody
associatedWith Green, Adeline Burr Davis, 1843-1931. person
associatedWith Griffith, D. W. 1875-1948. person
associatedWith Hansen, Mamie Frances King, 1894-1990. person
associatedWith Hardin, Hopkins person
associatedWith Hart, Julia Duggan, 1873-1970. person
associatedWith Heidt, Amelia Arnold. person
associatedWith Helm, Benjamin Hardin, 1831-1863. person
associatedWith Helm, Emily Todd, 1836-1930. person
associatedWith Henderson, John S. (John Steele), 1846-1916. person
associatedWith Heyer, Mary B. person
associatedWith Hill family. family
associatedWith Hoffman, Frederick L. (Frederick Ludwig), 1865-1946. person
associatedWith Hopkins family. family
associatedWith Hotze family. family
associatedWith Jackson, Stonewall, 1824-1863. person
associatedWith Janney, Lilias. person
associatedWith Johnson, A. Sydney person
associatedWith Johnson, George W., 1811-1862. person
associatedWith King, Remsen P. (Remsen Porter), 1888-1922. person
associatedWith King, Susan Edna. person
associatedWith Ladies Memorial Association (Savannah, Ga.) corporateBody
associatedWith Lasitter family. family
associatedWith Ledbetter, Lena Dancy person
associatedWith Ledbetter, Lena Dancy, 1850-1936. person
associatedWith Lee family. family
associatedWith Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. person
associatedWith Leigh, Blanche person
associatedWith Leigh, Blanche. person
associatedWith Lewis, Gladys Butts, 1921-1989, person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Lining, Ida Marshall. person
associatedWith Longstreet, Helen Dortch, 1863-1962. person
associatedWith Lukeman, Augustus, 1871-1935. person
associatedWith Martin, Corrie. person
associatedWith Marx, Mary Roberston. person
associatedWith Massenburg, J. Boyd, Mrs. person
associatedWith Maverick family. family
associatedWith McCarthy, Lawrence A., 1841-1916 person
associatedWith Meek family. corporateBody
associatedWith Morgan, John Hunt, 1825-1864. person
associatedWith National Daughters of the Confederacy. Nashville Chapter No. 1 (Nashville, Tenn.) corporateBody
associatedWith Osborne, Thomas D. person
associatedWith Patton, James W., 1803-1861 person
associatedWith Paul family family
associatedWith Payne family. family
associatedWith Pearson family. family
associatedWith Pence, Jeannie Howard Calhoun, 1874-1956. person
associatedWith Pope, Louis Billy, 1927- person
associatedWith Poppenheim, Louisa Bouknight, 1868-1957. person
associatedWith Quinn, L. P., Mrs. person
associatedWith Raines, Anna Mitchell Davenport, 1853-1915. person
associatedWith Rush, George W., d. 1864. person
associatedWith Rutherford, Mildred Lewis, 1852-1928. person
associatedWith Sanders family. family
associatedWith Schwartz, Edith M., 1900-1989. person
associatedWith Scott, Ann Norvell Otey, 1872-1948. person
associatedWith Scott, Katherine Kirkwood, 1894-1988. person
associatedWith Sifford, J. T., Mrs. person
associatedWith Smith, Jessica Randolph. person
associatedWith Smith, Seth L., Mrs. person
associatedWith Smyth family. family
correspondedWith SOMERVILLE-HOWORTH FAMILY family
associatedWith Somerville, Nellie Nugent, 1863-1952. person
associatedWith Sons of Confederate Veterans (Organization) corporateBody
associatedWith Sons of Confederate Veterans (Organization). Camp Moultrie (Charleston, S.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Dames of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Stewart Family family
associatedWith Sturdivant, Annie, d. ca. 1955. person
associatedWith Taylor, Dorris Mae Smart, b. 1940. person
associatedWith Tunnard, W. H. (William H.), b. 1837. person
associatedWith United Confederate Veterans. corporateBody
associatedWith United Confederate Veterans. Virginia Division. S.B. Gibbons Camp No. 438. corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy. Committee for Changing Inscription under Lee Bust, Hall of Fame. corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy. Florida Division. corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy Kentucky Division. corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy. Middleburg Chapter (Middleburg, Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy, Penasacola (Fla.) corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy. Pensacola Chapter No. 298. corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy. Robert E. Lee Chapter (San Antonio, Tex.) corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy. Sidney Lanier Chapter (Macon, Ga.) corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy. South Carolina Division. Black Oak Chapter (Pinopolis, S.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy. South Carolina Division. Edgefield Chapter (Edgefield, S.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy. Texas Division. corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy. Texas Division. Albert Sidney Johnston Chapter, No. 105 (Austin, Tex.) corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy. Texas Division. Albert Sidney Johnston Chapter, No. 105 (Austin, Tex.) corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy. Turner Ashby Chapter, No. 162 (Harrisonburg, Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith United Sons of Confederate Veterans. corporateBody
associatedWith Wassell, Samuel Spotts, 1854-1904. person
associatedWith Weaks, Mabel Clare, 1883- person
associatedWith Welborn, Cadia Barbee. person
associatedWith Wells, Catherine Leigh, 1972- person
associatedWith Wheeler, James L. person
associatedWith Young, L. D. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Jefferson Davis Memorial (Fairview, Ky.)
Virginia--Albemarle County
United States
Confederate States of America
United States
United States
Confederate States of America
Vicksburg (Miss.)
Albemarle County (Va.)
Confederate States of America
Southern States
United States
Albemarle County (Va.)
Kentucky
Confederate States of America
Confederate States of America
Confederate States of America
Shenandoah River Valley (Va. and W. Va.)
Kentucky
United States
Texas
Austin (Tex.)
Confederate States of America
Georgia
United States
Austin (Tex.)
United States
Virginia--Albemarle County
Southern States
United States
Confederate States of America
United States
Texas
Confederate States of America
Southern States
Jefferson Davis Highway (Va.)
Subject
Patriotic societies--United States
Shiloh, Battle of, Tenn., 1862
Racism
Scrapbooks
Stones River, Battle of, Murfreesboro, Tenn., 1862-1863
Poetry, Modern--19th century
Flags
Veterans
Missionary Ridge, Battle of, Tenn., 1863
Presidents--Assassination
American poetry
Chickamauga, Battle of, Ga., 1863
Patriotic societies--Florida
Awards
Southern Cross of Honor
Cemeteries
Women--History
Memorial Day
Children--Societies and clubs
Slavery
Women--Florida--Pensacola--Societies and Clubs
Periodicals
Soldiers' homes
Secession
Crosses
Atlanta Campaign, 1864
Women--Societies and clubs--Texas
Patriotic societies--Florida--Pensacola
Women--Florida--Societies and clubs
Women--United States--Societies and clubs
Patriotic societies
Lookout Mountain, Battle of, Tenn., 1863
Standards--Military
President--Biography
Music
Women--Societies and clubs
Cross of Military Service
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1894

Active 1965

Information

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