Garner, John Nance, 1868-1967

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Representative from Texas (1903-1933), and Vice President of the United States (1933-1941).

From the description of Appointment diaries, 1935-1939. (Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library). WorldCat record id: 70960945

The remarkable life and career of John Nance “Cactus Jack” Garner, the most powerful vice president in U. S. history and the second most powerful politician in the U.S. during the Great Depression of the 1930s, began in Red River County on November 22, 1868. After being admitted to the Texas bar in 1890, he moved to Uvalde for health reasons and married Mariette (Ettie) Reiner, who became his partner and a central influence in his career.

After more than 20 years in the U. S. House of Representatives (two years as its Speaker), Garner served as vice president during Franklin D. Roosevelt’s first two administrations. As vice president, Garner played a critical role in the passage of much of the federal legislation aimed at alleviating or ending the most severe economic crisis in U. S. history. Garner’s influence and power were rooted in his keen knowledge of government and his close friendships with key individuals like Congressman Sam Rayburn; Houstonian Jesse H. Jones, head of the powerful Reconstruction Finance Corporation; and newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst.

In 1940, Garner hoped to succeed Franklin Roosevelt as president. Roosevelt’s decision to seek a third term, however, caused a permanent end to their already strained relationship and resulted in Garner’s decision to retire from public service. Although many emerging Texas politicians sought his counsel, Garner chose a quiet life with his favorite hobbies of hunting and fishing in South Texas. He died on November 7, 1967.

After his wife died in 1948, Garner gave his home in Uvalde in 1952 to the city to be used as the Ettie Garner Public Library. After a new library opened in Uvalde in 1973, the former Garner home became a museum to exhibit materials documenting Garner’s life and career and to educate the public about one of the most important and colorful political figures in Texas and American history. In 1999, the John Nance Garner Museum became a division of the University of Texas Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.

From the guide to the Garner (John Nance) Papers 86-261; 2000-26; 2001-094; 2002-124; 2002-131; 2002-147; 2002-202; 2002-204; 2003-110; 2004-037; 2004-206; 2005-041; 2006-248; 2006-249; 2007-151; 2007-179; 2008-073; 2008-205; 2009-224; 2009-264; 2011-091. 436444648., 1874-1968, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

The remarkable life and career of John Nance "Cactus Jack" Garner, the most powerful vice president in U. S. history and the second most powerful politician in the U.S. during the Great Depression of the 1930s, began in Red River County on November 22, 1868.

After being admitted to the Texas bar in 1890, he moved to Uvalde for health reasons and married Mariette (Ettie) Reiner, who became his partner and a central influence in his career. After more than 20 years in the U. S. House of Representatives (two years as its Speaker), Garner served as vice president during Franklin D. Roosevelt's first two administrations. As vice president, Garner played a critical role in the passage of much of the federal legislation aimed at alleviating or ending the most severe economic crisis in U. S. history. In 1940, Garner hoped to succeed Franklin Roosevelt as president. Roosevelt's decision to seek a third term, however, caused a permanent end to their already strained relationship and resulted in Garner's decision to retire from public service. Although many emerging Texas politicians sought his counsel, Garner chose a quiet life in South Texas. He died on November 7, 1967.

From the description of Garner, John Nance, papers, 1874-1968. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 436444648

Archival Resources
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referencedIn Prentiss Marsh Brown Papers, 1902-1973 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
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referencedIn Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
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creatorOf Garner, John Nance, 1868-1967. Appointment diaries, 1935-1939. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn James, Marquis, 1891-1955. Papers of Marquis James, 1914-1955 (bulk 1930-1949). Library of Congress
creatorOf Cummings, Homer S. (Homer Stillé), 1870-1956. Papers of Homer S. Cummings, 1886-1956. University of Virginia. Library
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referencedIn Patrick Cox Papers 2000-099; 2002-156; 2006-009; 2008-007., 1901-2007 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Museums -- John Nance Garner Museum. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [OCT. 6]
referencedIn Barnes, Robert. Robert Barnes papers, 1962-1964 [manuscript]. East Carolina University, Joyner Library
referencedIn Lee, Russell, 1903-1986. Lee, Russell, photograph collection, 1935-1977. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
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referencedIn Sutherland, Hugh R. Letters 88-38; 89-74., 1903, 1917, 1932-1934 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Warren, Lindsay C. (Lindsay Carter), 1889-1976. Lindsay C. Warren papers, 1916-1968 (bulk 1924-1954). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Lewis B. Schwellenbach Papers, 1916-1958, (bulk 1934-1948) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Thompson (Ernest Othmer) Papers, 23285446., 1907-1967 The University of Texas at Austin, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
creatorOf Bankhead, William Brockman, 1874-1940. Papers, 1875-1952 and n.d. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Lyndon Baines Johnson Archives Collection. 1931 - 1968. Famous Names Correspondence Files
referencedIn Papers of Drew Pearson. 1915 - 1969. Files from the Georgetown Office and Residence
referencedIn Dodd (Jimmie A. ) Photograph Collection, 83-176; 2011-152., 1937-1966. Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn James B. Wells Papers, 1837-1926 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Krueger, Henry, 1882- . Papers, 1908-1952. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Arthur E. Scott photograph collection, 1910-1976 George Mason University. Special Collections and Archives.
referencedIn LEE (RUSSELL) PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION 38850253., 1935-1977 Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Blalock, Myron G, 1891-1950. Blalock, Myron G., Collection, 1940-1947 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Weinberger, Harry, 1888-. Harry Weinberger papers, 1915-1944 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn James A. Farley Papers, 1790-1976, (bulk 1918-1976) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Thomas Watt Gregory Papers, 1896-1933, (bulk 1919-1933) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS
creatorOf Garner (John Nance) Papers 86-261; 2000-26; 2001-094; 2002-124; 2002-131; 2002-147; 2002-202; 2002-204; 2003-110; 2004-037; 2004-206; 2005-041; 2006-248; 2006-249; 2007-151; 2007-179; 2008-073; 2008-205; 2009-224; 2009-264; 2011-091. 436444648., 1874-1968 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Schwellenbach, Lewis B. (Lewis Baxter), 1894-1948. Lewis B. Schwellenbach papers, 1916-1958 (bulk 1934-1948). Library of Congress
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [SEPT. 30]
referencedIn Dwight D. Eisenhower Library Oral History Collection. 1962 - 1998. Oral History Transcripts. 1962 - 1998. Oral History Interviews with Wiley T. Buchanan
referencedIn Mrs. Sydney Wellborn Collection. 1937 - 1945. Motion Picture Film. 1937 - 1945. MOVIETONE NEWS; WASHINGTON
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [OCT. 9]
referencedIn Berryman family Washington, D. C. Berryman family papers, 1829-1984 (bulk 1882-1961). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Dodd, Jimmie A., 1917-1984. Dodd, Jimmie A., photograph collection, 1937-1966. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News Films. 1934 - 1963. President Franklin Roosevelt Greets King George and Queen Elizabeth
referencedIn Teagarden, William B. Papers 1942; 66-033., 1888-1942 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Teagarden, William B., 1854-1933. Teagarden, William B., Papers, 1888-1942 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Sutherland, Hugh R. Sutherland, Hugh R., Letters, 1903, 1917, 1932-1934 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Garner, John Nance, 1868-1967. Garner, John Nance, papers, 1874-1968. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Jesse H. Jones Papers, 1916-1960, (bulk 1926-1945) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn American political campaigns miscellany, 1868-2008, (bulk 1968-1980). Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Fred Acree Papers, 1820-1947 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Eleanor M. Bumgardner papers, 1919-1967 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Acree, Fred, 1878-1947. Acree, Fred, photographs, 1920-1939. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Dancy, Oscar Cromwell, 1879-1971. Dancy, Oscar Cromwell, papers, 1917-1965. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Anthony Jerome Griffin papers, 1883-1935, 1910-1930 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Papers, 1847-1933. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Marquis James Papers, 1914-1955, (bulk 1930-1949) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS
referencedIn Walter C. Hornaday Papers 72-6; 74-5., 1919-1970 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Cox, Patrick, 1952-. Cox, Patrick, papers 1901-2007. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Bumgardner, Eleanor M. (Eleanor Margaret). Eleanor M. Bumgardner papers, 1919-1967. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Griffin, Anthony Jerome, 1866-1935. Anthony Jerome Griffin papers, 1883-1935, bulk (1910-1930). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn George Murphy papers, 1911-1961 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Roosevelt, Franklin D. Letters 66-115; 71-165; 2012-196., 1918, 1933-1945 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn McLemore (Atkins Jefferson) Papers, 1903-1919 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Roper, Daniel C. (Daniel Calhoun), 1867-1943. Alphabetical series, 1927-1943 and n.d. (bulk 1933-1938). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Elliott, Richard Nash, 1873-. Papers 1926-1948. Indiana University
referencedIn R. L. Williams Family Photographs, ca. 1900-1939 AR 96-026. Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. Arthur E. Scott photograph collection, 1910-1976. George Mason University, Fenwick Library
referencedIn Adair, A. Garland (Anthony Garland), 1889-1966. Adair, A. Garland, papers, 1933-1958. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Berryman family papers, 1829-1984, bulk 1882-1961 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Blalock, Myron G. Collection 88-278., 1940-1947 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS, vol. 41, no. 98
referencedIn Goodwin, Mark L. Mark L. Goodwin Papers, 1874-1946. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Launders, J. Harold. United States Presidential Inauguration collection. St. Lawrence University, Owen D. Young Library
referencedIn Frear, James A. (James Archibald), 1861-1939. James A. Frear Papers, 1883-1940. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Hunter, Robert, 1874-1942. Papers, 1904-1948 (bulk 1934-1942). Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Biography -- Garner, John Nance. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Clyde Edwin Pettit, Jr., Collection. 1968 - 1968. Motion Picture Film. 1968 - 1968. PARALLELS: THE PRESIDENT AND THE DICTATOR
referencedIn Beckworth (Lindley Garrison) Papers AR 85-241., 1900, 1926-1984 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Morgenthau, Henry, 1891-1967. Papers, 1866-1953, 1933-1953 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
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referencedIn Boulder Daily Camera. Clip art portraits D-H. Boulder Public Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Acree, Fred person
associatedWith Acree, Fred, 1878-1947. person
associatedWith Adair, A. Garland (Anthony Garland), 1889-1966. person
associatedWith Arthur E. Scott, 1917-1976 person
associatedWith Bankhead, William Brockman, 1874-1940. person
associatedWith Barnes, Robert. person
associatedWith Beckworth, Lindley person
associatedWith Berryman family family
associatedWith Berryman family Washington, D. C. family
associatedWith Blalock, Myron G, 1891-1950 person
associatedWith Boulder Daily Camera. corporateBody
associatedWith Brown, Prentiss Marsh, 1889-1973 person
associatedWith Bumgardner, Eleanor M. (Eleanor Margaret) person
associatedWith Cox, Patrick. person
associatedWith Cox, Patrick, 1952- person
associatedWith Cummings, Homer S. (Homer Stillé), 1870-1956. person
associatedWith Dancy, Oscar Cromwell person
associatedWith Dancy, Oscar Cromwell, 1879-1971. person
associatedWith Deane, Ernie. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Democratic Party (Tex.) corporateBody
associatedWith Dies, Martin, 1900-1972. person
associatedWith Dodd, Jimmie A. person
associatedWith Dodd, Jimmie A., 1917-1984. person
associatedWith Elliott, Richard Nash, 1873- person
correspondedWith Farley, James A. (James Aloysius), 1888-1976 person
associatedWith Frear, James A. (James Archibald), 1861-1939. person
associatedWith Gardner, Oliver Max, 1882-1947 person
associatedWith Goodwin, Mark L. person
correspondedWith Gregory, Thomas Watt, 1861-1933. person
associatedWith Griffin, Anthony Jerome, 1866-1935. person
associatedWith Hornaday, Walter C., 1891-1970 person
associatedWith Hulen, John A. (John Augustus), 1871-1957 person
associatedWith Hunter, Robert, 1874-1942. person
associatedWith James, Marquis, 1891-1955. person
correspondedWith Jones, Jesse H. (Jesse Holman), 1874-1956 person
associatedWith Krueger, Henry, 1882- . person
associatedWith Launders, J. Harold. person
associatedWith Lee, Russell, 1903- person
associatedWith Lee, Russell, 1903-1986. person
associatedWith Love, Thomas B. person
associatedWith McLemore, Atkins Jefferson person
associatedWith Morgenthau, Henry, 1891-1967. person
associatedWith Murphy, Frank, 1890-1949 person
associatedWith Murphy, George, 1897-1961 person
correspondedWith Robinson, Corinne Roosevelt, 1861-1933 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. person
associatedWith Roper, Daniel C. (Daniel Calhoun), 1867-1943. person
correspondedWith Schwellenbach, Lewis B. (Lewis Baxter), 1894-1948. person
associatedWith Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. person
associatedWith Shouse, Jouett, 1879-1968. person
associatedWith Sutherland, Hugh R. person
associatedWith Sutherland, Hugh R. person
associatedWith Teagarden, William B., 1854-1933 person
associatedWith Tumulty, Joseph P. (Joseph Patrick), 1879-1954. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. House corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of the Vice President. corporateBody
associatedWith Warren, Lindsay C. (Lindsay Carter), 1889-1976. person
associatedWith Weinberger, Harry, 1888- person
associatedWith Wells, James B., 1850-1923 person
associatedWith Williams, R. L. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Texas
United States
Unites States. Congress. House
Uvalde (Tex.)
Texas
United States. Congress. House Speakers
Subject
Legislators
United States. Congress. House--Speakers
Political cartoons
Politics, Practical--Texas--History--20th century
Vice presidents
Politicians--United States--History--20th century
Legislators--Texas--History--20th century
Vice--Presidents--United States
Legislators--United States--History--20th century
Politics
Politicians--Texas--History--20th century
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1868-11-22

Death 1967-11-07

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 42016388