Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955

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Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (born Mary Jane McLeod; July 10, 1875 – May 18, 1955) was an American educator, stateswoman, philanthropist, humanitarian, womanist, and civil rights activist. Bethune founded the National Council for Negro Women in 1935, established the organization's flagship journal Aframerican Women's Journal, and resided as president or leader for myriad African American women's organizations including the National Association for Colored Women and the National Youth Administration's Negro Division. She also was appointed as a national adviser to president Franklin D. Roosevelt, whom she worked with to create the Federal Council on Negro Affairs, also known as the Black Cabinet. She is well known for starting a private school for African-American students in Daytona Beach, Florida; it later continued to develop as Bethune-Cookman University. Bethune was the sole African American woman officially a part of the US delegation that created the United Nations charter, and she held a leadership position for the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps. For her lifetime of activism, she was deemed "acknowledged First Lady of Negro America" by Ebony magazine in July 1949 and was known by the Black Press as the "Female Booker T. Washington". She was known as "The First Lady of The Struggle" because of her commitment to gain better lives for African Americans.

Born in Mayesville, South Carolina, to parents who had been slaves, she started working in fields with her family at age five. She took an early interest in becoming educated; with the help of benefactors, Bethune attended college hoping to become a missionary in Africa. She started a school for African-American girls in Daytona Beach, Florida. It later merged with a private institute for African-American boys and was known as the Bethune-Cookman School. Bethune maintained high standards and promoted the school with tourists and donors, to demonstrate what educated African Americans could do. She was president of the college from 1923 to 1942, and 1946 to 1947. She was one of the few women in the world to serve as a college president at that time.

Bethune was also active in women's clubs, which were strong civic organizations supporting welfare and other needs, and became a national leader. Bethune wrote prolifically, publishing in National Notes from 1924–1928, Pittsburgh Courier from 1937–1938, Aframerican Women’s Journal from 1940–1949, and Chicago Defender from 1948–1955, among others. After working on the presidential campaign for Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932, she was invited as a member of his "Black Cabinet." She advised him on concerns of African Americans and helped share Roosevelt's message and achievements with blacks, who had historically been Republican voters since the Civil War. At the time, blacks had been largely disenfranchised in the South since the turn of the century, so she was speaking to black voters across the North. Upon her death, columnist Louis E. Martin said, "She gave out faith and hope as if they were pills and she some sort of doctor."

Honors include designation of her home in Daytona Beach as a National Historic Landmark, her house in Washington, D.C. as a National Historic Site, and the installation of a memorial sculpture of her in Lincoln Park in Washington, D.C. The Legislature of Florida designated her in 2018 as the subject of one of Florida's two statues in the National Statuary Hall Collection.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Jones, Lois Mailou. Lois Mailou Jones papers, 1943-1990. Bureau of National Affairs Library
referencedIn John Preston Davis papers, 1845-1972, 1891-1972 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Southern Conference for Human Welfare/Educational Fund, 1982-1983 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
creatorOf Records of the National Youth Administration, 1934 - 1945. Files of Early Inactive Correspondence, 1936 - 1938. Inactive Correspondence. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Hastie, William. William Hastie papers. 1916-1976. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Kittrell, Flemmie P. (Flemmie Pansy), 1904-1980. Papers, 1924-1980. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection, 1922 - 1967. Motion Picture Films on Community and Family Life, Education, Religious Beliefs, and the Art and Culture of Minority and Ethnic Groups, ca. 1930 - ca. 1953. A STUDY OF EDUCATIONAL INEQUALITIES IN SOUTH CAROLINA, 1936? National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Frank S. Horne papers, 1927-1974 Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Burroughs, Nannie Helen, 1879-. Nannie Helen Burroughs papers, 1900-1963 (bulk 1928-1960). Library of Congress
referencedIn Ralph Edwards Productions Radio and Television Scripts, 1940-1975 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Dedication ceremony of portrait of Mary McLeod Bethune [sound recording], Sumter, S.C., 1988 Sept. 15. University of South Carolina, System Library Service, University Libraries
referencedIn Charles Henry Alston Papers, 1930s-1990s (bulk 1930s-1970s) University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Terrell, Mary Church, 1863-1954. Mary Church Terrell papers, 1851-1962 (bulk 1886-1954). Library of Congress
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;Mary Bethunequot; National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Papers, 1898-1975 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Arkansas History Commission. Robert Russ Moton High School, Marianna, Ark., 1953 [graphic]. Arkansas History Commission
referencedIn Baxandall, Rosalyn Fraad, 1939-. Reformers and radicals. California State University, Long Beach
referencedIn Southern Conference for Human Welfare. Clark Foreman files, 1934-1967. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn National Urban League. Southern Regional Office. Records, 1900-1988 (bulk 1943-1978). Library of Congress
referencedIn Cullen, Countee, 1903-1946. Papers. 1921-1979. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
creatorOf Stuart, Alice Jackson, 1913-2001. Papers of Alice Jackson Stuart [manuscript], 1930-2001. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Jewish Theological Seminary of America. Institute for Religious and Social Studies. Records, 1938-1976. Ocean County College Library, OCC Library
referencedIn Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960 (inclusive), 1892-1958 (bulk). Yale University Library
contributorOf Records of the Office of War Information, 1926 - 1951. Sound Recordings Relating to World War II, 1942 - 1945. Broadcast to British West Indies by Mary McLeod Bethune About Negro Contributions to Freedom and Democracy, 7/8/1943. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of, Sojourner, (inclusive), (bulk), 1920-2004, 1975-2002 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Jewish Theological Seminary of America. General Files. Records, 1902-1972. 1940-1972 (bulk). Ocean County College Library, OCC Library
referencedIn Nannie Helen Burroughs Papers, 1900-1963, (bulk 1928-1960) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Sampson, Edith S. (Edith Spurlock), 1901?-1979. Papers, 1927-1979 (inclusive) 1934-1979 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Cook, Vivian Elma Johnson, 1889-1977. Vivian Johnson Cook papers, 1903-1977. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
referencedIn Letter from Mary McLeod Bethune, Director, Division of Negro Affairs to Archibald McLeish, Office of Facts and Figures, 3/17/1942 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Lerner, Gerda, 1920-2013. Papers, 1950-1995 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn William Pickens papers (Additions), 1909-1950 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Records of Temporary Committees, Commissions, and Boards. 1893 - 2008. Photographs Collected or Commissioned by Bernice Baer, Liaison Officer, for Use in Publications National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Curtis, Austin W., 1911-. Austin W. Curtis papers, 1896-1971. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Bethune-Cookman University Booklet Collection, 1937-1968, 1937-1968 University Archives, Carl S. Swisher Library,
referencedIn Parris, Guichard Auguste Bolivar, 1903-1990. Papers, ca. 1910-1987. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Arkansas History Commission. Left to right are Lottie Hopkin, Mary McLeod Bethune (black educator), Emma Davis [graphic]. Arkansas History Commission
referencedIn Florence Rose Papers MS 134., 1832 - 1970, 1920-1969 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Southern Conference for Human Welfare. State committees files, 1938-1967. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of War Information, 1926 - 1951. Publications for Overseas Distribution, 1942 - 1945. Negroes and the War. National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955. Mary McLeod Bethune papers, 1928-1943. John Hope and Aurelia E. Franklin Library. Special Collections & Archives
referencedIn President's Secretary's Files (Truman Administration), 1945 - 1960. Name Files, 1945 - 1953. Bethune, Mary McLeod. Harry S. Truman Library
referencedIn "Portraits of Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin Painted by Two Women Artists", ca. 1943 - ca. 1963 National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Bethune-Cookman College (Daytona Beach, Fla.). Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1939-1977. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Sadie P. Delaney papers, 1921-1958 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Papers, 1927-1979 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn President's Personal Files (Truman Administration), 1945 - 1953. President's Personal Files, 1945 - 1953. Bethune, Mrs. Mary McLeod, PPF 5416. Harry S. Truman Library
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency, 1900 - 2003. Master File Copies of Pamphlets and Leaflets, 1953 - 1984. Mary McLeod Bethune - Distinguished American Series. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn President's Official Files (Roosevelt Administration), 1933 - 1945. Franklin D. Roosevelt President's Official Files, 1933 - 1945. OF 5393: Bethune, Mrs. Mary McLeod 1943-1944 (contains significant info on African Americans, African-Americans, Blacks, Black Americans, Black-Americans, Negroes). Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
creatorOf Dillard, Avarene Lippincott. Papers of the Dillard family, 1717-1964. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Paul Robeson collection, 1925-1956, 1943-1956 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Allen, Nimrod Booker, 1886-1977. Papers 1876-1977. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Barber-Scotia College. General records, 1897-1995. Barber-Scotia College
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Progressive National Committee Supporting Franklin D. Roosevelt for President Records, 1936 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Douglas, Aaron. Aaron Douglas papers, 1921-1973. John Hope and Aurelia E. Franklin Library. Special Collections & Archives
referencedIn Matthews, Burnita Shelton, 1894-1988. Papers, 1926-1981 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Lincoln University (Pa.). Office of the President. Horace Mann Bond records, 1853-1960 (bulk 1945-1957). Lincoln University, Langston Hughes Memorial Library, Langston Hughes Memorial Library
contributorOf Records of the Farmers Home Administration, 1918 - 1975. General Correspondence, 1935 - 1942. AD-130-02 Negroes/ Preference and Employment of Aliens, Discrimination, Negroes, Veterans etc. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. Papers, 1870-1978 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Atlanta University Center (Ga.). Atlanta University Photographs. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
contributorOf New York University Collection. 1935 - 1954. Audio Recordings of "America's Town Meeting of the Air" Radio Programs. 1935 - 1954. WHAT DOES AMERICAN DEMOCRACY MEAN TO ME? National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Sophia Smith Collection. Biography collection, 1771-1995 (bulk 1920s-70s). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Progressive National Committee Supporting Franklin D. Roosevelt for President. Progressive National Committee Supporting Franklin D. Roosevelt for President records, 1936. Library of Congress
creatorOf Rice, J. Sherrard, 1917-2005. J. Sherrard Rice papers, 1928-1988. University of South Carolina, System Library Service, University Libraries
referencedIn Scott, Emmett J. (Emmett Jay), 1873-1957. Emmett J. Scott collection, 1916-1951. Morgan State University
referencedIn Mary McLeod Bethune - Distinguished American Series Pamphlet, 1975 National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Peare, Catherine Owens. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1951. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Austin W. Curtis Papers, 1896-1971 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Jones, Gwladys Webster, 1891-. Papers, 1929-1939 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Records of the Committee on Fair Employment Practice, 1940 - 1946. Closed Regional Case Records, 1943 - 1946. US Maritime Commission Training School, Gallup's Island, Boston, MA; Case # 1-GR-17. National Archives at Boston
referencedIn Hillman, Bessie. Bessie Hillman correspondence, 1930-1970, 1945-1970 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Wood, L. Hollingsworth (Levi Hollingsworth), 1874-1956. Papers, 1910-1953. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Biography Collection MS 393., 1771-1995, 1920-1970 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Walter Francis White and Poppy Cannon papers Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Official Files (Truman Administration), 1945 - 1953. Official Files , 1945 - 1953. Colored Question, OF 93. Correspondence between Mary McLeod Bethune, Harry S. Truman and William D. Hassett. Harry S. Truman Library
creatorOf Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955. Papers. 1923-42. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Arkansas History Commission. R.N. Chanay, Lawrence Davis, unidentified and Anna Strong [graphic]. Arkansas History Commission
referencedIn Kentucky State University. Office of the President. Lyceum Committee minutes, 1933-1946. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky Guide Project Office
referencedIn Aubrey Williams Papers, 1914 - 1965. Personal Files , 1945 - 1959. Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
referencedIn Fields, Mamie Garvin, 1888-. Mamie E. Garvin Fields papers, 1894-1987 (bulk 1945-1985). College of Charleston, Marlene and Nathan Addlestone Library
referencedIn Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960, 1892-1958 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Davis, John P. (John Preston), 1905-1973. John Preston Davis papers, 1845-1972, 1891-1972 (bulk). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Columbia University Oral History Collection. Collection. 1952-1960. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Robert C. Weaver papers 1869-1970 [bulk 1923-1970] New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Pickens, William, 1881-1954. William Pickens papers (Additions), 1909-1950. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Papers of Charlotte Hawkins Brown, 1900-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1942-1981 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955. Mary McLeod Bethune papers, 1895-1992 (bulk 1922-1955). Barber-Scotia College
referencedIn Kemp, Maida Springer, 1910-. Papers, 1942-1981 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Motion Picture Films on Community and Family Life, Education, Religious Beliefs, and the Art and Culture of Minority and Ethnic Groups. 1930 - 1953. NEGRO NOTABLES; NEGRO EDUCATION AND ART IN THE U.S National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Ferebee, Dorothy Boulding, d. 1980. Papers, 1910-1980. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
referencedIn Terrell, Mary Church, 1863-1954. Mary Church Terrell papers, 1851-1962 (inclusive), 1886-1954 (bulk) [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Hill, Leslie Pinckney, 1880-1960. Leslie P. Hill papers, [18--]-1961. Cheyney University, L. P. Hill Library
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. The Harmon Foundation Collection: Kenneth Space Photographs of the Activities of Southern Black Americans National Archives at College Park
referencedIn William J. Thompkins collection, [19--]-1943. (MS 606). Historical Society of Washington, D.C.
referencedIn Englewood (N.J.). Board of Education. Englewood, N.J., school board controversy collection, 1946-1952. Bureau of National Affairs Library
referencedIn Williams, Charl Ormond, 1885-1969. Papers of Charl Ormond Williams, 1924-1959 (bulk 1935-1945). Library of Congress
referencedIn Charl Ormond Williams Papers, 1924-1959, (bulk 1935-1945) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Cheyney University of Pennsylvania. Office of the President records, 1904-1980. Cheyney University, L. P. Hill Library
referencedIn National Urban League Records, 1900-1988, (bulk 1930-1979) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. "Portraits of Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin Painted by Two Women Artists". 1943 - 1963. Mary McLeod Bethune National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Elder, Alfonso, 1898-1974. Alfonso Elder scrapbook, 1948-1965. North Carolina Central University, James E. Shepard Memorial Library
referencedIn White House Central Files Name Files (Ford Administration), 8/9/1974 - 1/20/1977. White House Central Files Name Files, 8/1974 - 1/1977. Bethune, Mary McLeod. Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn Ralph Edwards Productions. Ralph Edwards Productions radio and television scripts, 1940-1975. Library of Congress
referencedIn Gaines, Irene M. (Irene McCoy), 1896-1964. Papers of Irene M. and Harris B. Gaines, 1913-1970. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Drummond, Richard C. S. Emily Howland papers, 1926-1975. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955. Mary Jane McLeod Bethune papers, 1923-1962 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Lerner, Gerda, 1920-2013. Papers, 1950-1995 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Johnson, Charles Spurgeon, 1893-1956. Papers. 1866-1965. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Rose, Florence. Papers, 1832-1970 bulk 1920-1969. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Robert C. Weaver papers 1869-1970 [bulk 1923-1970] The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn John and Lugenia Hope papers, 1888-1947. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn Johnson, Charles Spurgeon, 1893-1956. Charles Spurgeon Johnson records, 1858-1956. John Hope and Aurelia E. Franklin Library. Special Collections & Archives
contributorOf Harmon Foundation Collection, 1922 - 1967. Motion Picture Films on Community and Family Life, Education, Religious Beliefs, and the Art and Culture of Minority and Ethnic Groups, ca. 1930 - ca. 1953. NEGRO EDUCATION FOR AMERICAN LIVING; CALHOUN SCHOOL, THE WAY TO A BETTER FUTURE, 1940. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Mary Church Terrell Papers, 1851-1962, (bulk 1886-1954) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn National Negro Opera Company Collection, 1879-1997, (bulk 1930-1962) Library of Congress. Music Division
referencedIn Slowe, Lucy Diggs, 1885-1937. Lucy Diggs Slowe papers, 1919-1943. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
referencedIn Robinson, Corinne Roosevelt, 1861-1933. Papers, 1847-1933 Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Horace Mann Bond Papers, 1830-1979, 1926-1972 Special Collections and University Archives, UMass Amherst Libraries
referencedIn Faulkner, William J. William J. Faulkner papers, 1914-1981. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
referencedIn Caliver, Ambrose, 1894-1962. Ambrose Caliver collection, 1912-1938. John Hope and Aurelia E. Franklin Library. Special Collections & Archives
referencedIn Papers of Charlotte Hawkins Brown, 1900-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1926-1981 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn 002.11 Special Groups - Negroes Jan - Mar 1942 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Bethune-Cookman University Photograph Collection, 1895-1980, 1920-1970 University Archives, Carl S. Swisher Library,
referencedIn Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876-1958. Papers, 1935-1958 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Delaney, Sadie P., 1889-1958. Sadie P. Delaney papers, 1921-1958. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Civil Service Commission, 1871 - 2001. Personnel Files, 1939? - 1951. Official Personnel Folder for Mary McLeod Bethune. National Archives at St. Louis
Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006. National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records, 2013 - 2017. National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program. Florida. Florida NHL Bethune, Mary McLeod, Home. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Lifting as They Climb.
referencedIn Official Files (Truman Administration), 1945 - 1953. Official Files , 1945 - 1953. National Capital Parks Swimming Pools (Department of the Interior), OF 6p. Letter from Louis Wirth to President Harry S. Truman, with a Reply from William D. Hassett, 8/1950. Harry S. Truman Library
referencedIn Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006. National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records, 2013 - 2017. National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program. Washington, DC. Washington, DC SP Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn The 100 Greatest Women of All Time.
referencedIn General Records of the Federal Works Agency, 1930 - 1950. Photographs Illustrating the Activities of the Public Buildings Administration, 1939 - 1943. [Mary McLeod Bethune], "Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt and others at the opening of Midway Hall, one of two residence halls built by the Public Buildings Administration of FWA for Negro government girls...", 5/1943. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Eleanor Roosevelt receiving the Mary McLeod Bethune Human Rights Award from Dorothy Height, president of the National Council of Negro Women at the Council's Silver Anniversary Dinner in New York, November 12, 1960 Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
referencedIn Records of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, 1956 - 2008. Photographs Relating to Disasters and Emergency Management Programs, Activities, and Officials, 1998 - 9/26/2016. New Orleans, La., Aug. 25, 2015 - A ribbon-cutting ceremony for the Mary McLeod Bethune Elementary School of Literature and Technology was helped during a week of events surrounding the 10th anniversary of Hurricane Katrina. The school is located at the Stuart R. Bradley School in the Gentilly neighborhood of New Orleans. The facility was funded by FEMA's Public Assistance Grant Program as art of a $1.8 billion plum sum to help the Recovery School District rebuild or repair 88 New Orleans public school campuses following Hurricane Katrina., 8/25/2015 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn 100 Women Who Shaped World History.
referencedIn Herstory
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, Nimrod Booker, 1886-1977. person
associatedWith Alston, Charles Henry, 1907-1977 person
associatedWith Atlanta University Center (Ga.) corporateBody
associatedWith Barber-Scotia College. corporateBody
associatedWith Bethune-Cookman College (Daytona Beach, Fla.) corporateBody
associatedWith Bond, Horace Mann, 1904-1972 person
associatedWith Brown, Charlotte Hawkins, 1883-1961. person
associatedWith BURNITA (SHELTON) MATTHEWS, 1894- person
correspondedWith Burroughs, Nannie Helen, 1879- person
associatedWith Caliver, Ambrose, 1894-1962. person
associatedWith CHARLOTTE EUGENIA (HAWKINS) BROWN, 1883-1961 person
correspondedWith Cheyney University of Pennsylvania. corporateBody
associatedWith Columbia University Oral History Collection. corporateBody
correspondedWith Cook, Vivian Elma Johnson, 1889-1977. person
associatedWith Cullen, Countee, 1903-1946. person
associatedWith Curtis, Austin W., 1911- person
associatedWith Davis, John P. (John Preston), 1905-1973. person
associatedWith Daytona-Cookman Collegiate Institute (Daytona Beach, Fla.) corporateBody
associatedWith Daytona Literary and Industrial School for Training Negro Girls (Daytona Beach, Fla.) corporateBody
associatedWith Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Girls (Daytona Beach, Fla.) corporateBody
associatedWith Delaney, Sadie P., 1889-1958. person
associatedWith Douglas, Aaron. person
associatedWith Elder, Alfonso, 1898-1974. person
associatedWith Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. person
correspondedWith Faulkner, William J. person
associatedWith Ferebee, Dorothy Boulding, d. 1980. person
associatedWith Fields, Mamie Garvin, 1888- person
correspondedWith Gaines, Irene M. (Irene McCoy), 1896-1964. person
associatedWith GERDA LERNER, 1920- person
associatedWith Harmon Foundation corporateBody
associatedWith Hassett, William D., 1880-1965 person
associatedWith Hastie, William. person
correspondedWith Haynes, George Edmund, 1880-1960 person
correspondedWith Hedgeman, Anna Arnold, 1899-1990 person
associatedWith Hill, Leslie Pinckney, 1880-1960. person
associatedWith Hillman, Bessie. person
associatedWith Hope, John, d. 1868-1936. person
associatedWith Horne, Frank Smith, 1899-1974. person
associatedWith Horne, Frank Smith, d. 1899- 1974. person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith Jewish Theological Seminary of America. General Files. corporateBody
associatedWith Jewish Theological Seminary of America. Institute for Religious and Social Studies. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Charles Spurgeon, 1893-1956. person
associatedWith Jones, Gwladys Webster, 1891- person
associatedWith Jones, Lois Mailou. person
associatedWith Kemp, Maida Springer, 1910- person
associatedWith Kentucky State University. Office of the President. corporateBody
correspondedWith Kittrell, Flemmie P. (Flemmie Pansy), 1904-1980. person
associatedWith Lerner, Gerda, 1920- person
correspondedWith Lincoln University (Pa.). Office of the President. corporateBody
associatedWith MAIDA (STEWART) SPRINGER KEMP, 1910- person
associatedWith MARTHA MAY ELIOT, 1891-1978 person
associatedWith Mary (Ritter) Beard, 1876-1958 person
associatedWith Matthews, Burnita Shelton, 1894-1988. person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith National Association of Colored Women. corporateBody
correspondedWith National Negro Opera Company (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith National Urban League corporateBody
associatedWith National Urban League. Southern Regional Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Ovington, Mary White, d. 1865-1951. person
associatedWith Parris, Guichard Auguste Bolivar, 1903-1990. person
associatedWith Peare, Catherine Owens. person
associatedWith Pickens, William B. d. 1881-1954. person
associatedWith Powell, Adam Clayton Sr. d. 1865-1953. person
associatedWith Progressive National Committee Supporting Franklin D. Roosevelt for President. corporateBody
associatedWith Ralph Edwards Productions. corporateBody
associatedWith Rice, J. Sherrard, 1917-2005. person
associatedWith Roberts, Josie. person
associatedWith Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976 person
correspondedWith Robinson, Corinne Roosevelt, 1861-1933 person
associatedWith Rockefeller, Abby Green (Aldrich), d. 1874-1948. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 person
associatedWith Rose, Florence. person
associatedWith Rose, Florence, 1903-1969 person
associatedWith Sampson, Edith S. (Edith Spurlock), 1901? -1979 person
correspondedWith Scott, Emmett J. (Emmett Jay), 1873-1957. person
associatedWith Slowe, Lucy Diggs, 1885-1937. person
associatedWith Sojourner (Cambridge, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Conference for Human Welfare. corporateBody
associatedWith Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. person
associatedWith Stuart, Alice Jackson, 1913-2001. person
associatedWith Terrell, Mary Church, 1863-1954. person
associatedWith These records were created by Bethune-Cookman University corporateBody
associatedWith Thompkins, William J., 1884-1944. person
associatedWith Tigert, John James, d. 1882- person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 person
associatedWith United States. Army. Women's Army Corps corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Farmers Home Administration corporateBody
employeeOf United States. National Youth Administration corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of War Information corporateBody
associatedWith Weaver, Robert C. (Robert Clifton), 1907-1997. person
associatedWith White, Walter Francis, d. 1893-1955. person
associatedWith Wilkins, Roy, d. 1910-1981. person
associatedWith Williams, Aubrey Willis, 1890-1965 person
associatedWith Williams, Charl Ormond, 1885-1969. person
associatedWith Wood, L. Hollingsworth (Levi Hollingsworth), 1874-1956. person
associatedWith Young, Plummer Bernard, d. 1884-1962. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
South Carolina SC US
Daytona Beach FL US
Subject
African American women
Women's rights--20th century
African American universities and colleges
African American women--Education
African American women--Education (Higher)
African Americans--Education (Higher)
African Americans--Education
African Americans--Civil rights
Women--Societies and clubs
Occupation
Educator
African American women college teachers--Florida--Daytona Beach
Civil Rights Activist
Educators
African American college presidents--Florida--Daytona Beach
African American women college administrators--Florida--Daytona Beach
College presidents
African American women educators--Florida--Daytona Beach
Philanthropists
Humanitarians
Women college presidents--Florida--Daytona Beach
Activity

Person

Birth 1875-07-10

Death 1955-05-18

Female

Americans,

African Americans

English

Information

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