Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929

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Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of Rosebery (1847-1929), supporter of Liberal Party and of social reform. Served as foreign secretary, succeeded Gladstone as Prime Minister 1894-1895. Author of Pitt The Younger and owner of racehorses.

From the description of Letter to Arthur Lawrence, 1920 April 15. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 59006762

Prime Minister.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Rosebery, Gorebridge, Midlothian, to S.C. Cockerell, 1914 Aug. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657582

Archibald Philip Primrose (1847-1929), 5th Earl of Rosebery (succeeded his grandfather 1868), married 1879 Hannah Rothschild (1851-1890), only child of Baron Mayer de Rothschild. Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford. Parliamentary Under Secretary at Home Office 1881-1883, Lord Privy Seal 1885, Foreign Secretary 1886, chairman of London County Council, 1889-1890, Foreign Secretary in Gladstone's Government 1892-1894, Prime Minister 1894-1895, leader of the Liberal Party 1894-1896, formed the Liberal League 1902. He was an advocate of imperial ideas and of reform of the House of Lords. He wrote works on William Pitt (1889), Robert Peel (1899), Napoleon (1900) and Lord Chatham (1910). In 1883-1884 Lord and Lady Rosebery visited Australia and New Zealand where he developed his ideas of imperial relations, based on the concept of a "commonwealth of nations".

From the description of Australian and New Zealand diaries [microform]. 1883-1884. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225851134

Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, was born in London on May 7, 1847. A graduate of Eton, he went to Oxford but was expelled in 1869, after he purchased a racehorse in violation of the school's behavioral code. He had already inherited the titles of Lord Dalmeny and Earl of Rosebery, along with land and money, when his father and grandfather died. Following his truncated collegiate career, Rosebery took his place in the House of Lords. A member of the Liberal Party, he spearheaded efforts to reconstitute Parliament so that it would be more equitable and balanced. In 1877 he became president of the East and North Scotland Liberal Association. He married Hannah de Rothschild (1851-1890) in 1878, and the couple had four children. In 1894, following the resignation of William Gladstone, Rosebery became Prime Minister of the Liberal government, but his policies were not supported in Parliament and he resigned in June 1895. Rosebery subsequently resigned as head of the Liberal Party, eventually disaffiliating himself from them, and declaring his opposition to Irish Home Rule. He died on May 21, 1929.

From the guide to the Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery journal, Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of journal, 1873, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Letter to Arthur Lawrence, 1920 April 15. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gladstone, W.E. (William Ewart), 1809-1898. Collection of William Ewart Gladstone, 1833-1915. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (inclusive) 1820-1888 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf G. S.,. Executions of criminals : more generally known by the uninviting name of "Dying speeches." Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Elisabeth, Princess of France, 1764-1794. Catalogue des livres qui composent la bibliothèque de Madame Elisabeth de France, soeur du roy [manuscript], Versailles, 1783. Grolier Club
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Autograph letters signed (6) and autograph signatures to letters (5) : to Prof. Knight, 1887-1901. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn George Frisbie Hoar autograph collection, 1598-1945. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Autograph letters signed (2) : Balmoral Castle and Dalmery Park, Edinburgh, to W.E. Henley, 1897 Oct. 3 and Nov. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Autograph letter signed : Carrù, to his wife, Josephine, 1796 Apr. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Autograph letter signed : Ajaccio, to Carlo Andrea Pozzo di Borgo, 1790 Oct. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Autograph draft of a speech to be made to the people of Corsica : [n.p.], ca. 1796. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Epsom and Ewell Technical Institute and School of Art, 1889-2001 University for the Creative Arts
creatorOf Austen, Jane, 1775-1817. Lady Susan : autograph manuscript of a novel, [n.d]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Montagu family papers, 1739-1920. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Family papers, 1853-1954. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Goldwin Smith papers, 1819-1921, 1844-1915 (bulk). Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Autograph letter signed : Paris, to Viscountess Josephine de Beauharnais, later his wife, 1795? Dec. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Midleton, William St. John Fremantle Brodrick, Earl of, 1856-1942. Papers, 1890-1933. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Autograph letter signed : Pistoia, to his wife, Josephine, 1796 Jun. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Smith, Goldwin, 1823-1910. Goldwin Smith papers, 1819-1921, 1844-1915 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn William Tallack Correspondence, 1830-1907 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Autograph letter signed : Rosebery, Gorebridge, Midlothian, to S.C. Cockerell, 1914 Aug. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Autograph letter signed : Ivrea, to his wife, Josephine, 1800 May 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Letter signed : Potsdam, to Alexandre, Comte de La Rochefoucauld, ambassador at Vienna, 1806 Oct. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Letter signed : [n.p.], to Talleyrand, 1805 Aug. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Autograph letter signed : Fontainebleau, to his wife, Marie Louis, 1814 Apr. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Letter to Percy Fitzgerald. [Eng.]. 1889 Dec. 16. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn John F. Glaser collection of historical autograph letters and manuscripts, 1739-1933. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Beauharnais, Eugène de, 1781-1824. Autograph letters (3) signed "Eugene Napoléon" : Milan and Monza, to his mother, the Empress Josephine, 1806 Mar. 13-1808 Mar. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Autograph draft of a proclamation to the people of Austria, with interlineations in the hand of a secretary : Vienna?, 1809. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn James Russell Lowell papers, 1835-1919. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Sir William Rothenstein correspondence and other papers, 1887-1957. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Letter signed : Osterode, to Talleyrand, 1807 Mar. 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Mirabeau, Honoré-Gabriel de Riquetti, comte de, 1749-1791. Sur les lois romaines, [ca. 1785]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Letter: 1871 Oct. 24, Dalmeny Park, Edinburgh, to David Laing / Rosebery. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Ward, Samuel, 1814-1884. Samuel Ward papers, 1647-1912. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Katharine Birkmyre fonds. McMaster University
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Australian and New Zealand diaries [microform]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Fitz Roy, Almeric William, Sir, 1851-1935. Papers, 1896-1926. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Chauncey M. Depew papers, 1880-1925 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Strina, Ferdinando. Il giubilo delle dodici provincie del regno di Napoli in occasione delle reali nozze di Ferdinando IV Re delle due Sicilie &c e di Carolina Real Principessa d'Ungaria e Boemia ed Arciduchessa d'Austria : manuscript, ca. 1768. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Primrose, Henry W., Sir, 1846-. Papers, 1864-1942. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Autograph letter signed : Austerlitz, to Talleyrand, 1805 Dec. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Manuscript Albums, 1615 - 1959 Newcastle University: Special Collections
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Autograph letter signed : the Durdans, Epsom, to Miss Langdon (later Mrs. Royal Phelps Carroll, and mother of the donor), 1886 June 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery journal, Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of journal, 1873 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Dethick, William, Sir, 1543-1612. Arms of the Knights of the Garter in the reign of Henry VII : manuscript, 1593. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Letter: 1871 Sept. 27, Dalmeny Park, Edinburgh, to David Laing / Rosebery. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1847-1933. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Autograph letter signed : [London], to "My dear Uncle John", 1882 Dec. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf G. S.,. Executions of criminals : more generally known by the uninviting name of "Dying speeches." Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Letter to James Jenkinson. Epsom, Eng. 1887 Dec. 12. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Autograph letter signed : Port-Maurize [Porto Mauizio], to his wife, Josephine, 1796 Apr. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Hamilton, Harriet. Correspondence. 1879-1917. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Autograph letters signed (9) : to J.E. Millais, 1884-1888. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847-1929. Autograph letter signed with initials : Hawarden Castle, to Dr. Cook, 1885 Oct. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Letter signed : Bayonne, to Louis Alexandre Berthier, prince de Neuchâtel, 1808 Jul. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Autograph letter signed : Tortona, to his wife, Josephine, 1796 Jun. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Letter signed : Brünn, to Talleyrand, 1805 Nov. 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn GRANT, Gen Sir Charles John Cecil (1877-1950), 1805-1946 King's College London, Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Autograph letter signed : Albenga, to his wife, Josephine, 1796 Apr. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Home, Gordon, 1878-1969. Letter to Lord Rosebery, 23 April 1928. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Queensberry, John Sholto Douglas, Marquis of, 1844-1900. Letter 1894 November 1 Comloncon Castle, Ruthwell, N.B. to Alfred Montgomery. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Great Britain. Prime Minister. Cabinet reports by Prime Ministers to the Crown, 1868-1916 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Samuel Ward papers, 1647-1912 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. Letter signed : St. Cloud, to Talleyrand, 1806 Aug. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Dodington, George Bubb, Baron of Melcombe Regis, 1691-1762. Dodington papers : manuscript, ca. 1744-1762. Harvard University, Houghton Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Austen, Jane, 1775-1817. person
associatedWith Beauharnais, Eugène de, 1781-1824. person
associatedWith Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887 person
associatedWith Beinecke, Edwin J. (Edwin John), b. 1886, person
associatedWith Carroll, Marion (Langdon), d. 1949, person
associatedWith Claflin, Avery, Mrs, person
associatedWith Cockerell, Sydney Carlyle, Sir, 1867-1962, person
correspondedWith Cole, Corinne Robinson Alsop, 1886-1971 person
associatedWith Cook, Dr., fl. 1885, person
associatedWith Cremin, Robert, person
associatedWith Cremin, Robert, Mrs, person
associatedWith Depew, Chauncey M. (Chauncey Mitchell), 1834-1928 person
associatedWith Dethick, William, Sir, 1543-1612. person
associatedWith Dodington, George Bubb, Baron of Melcombe Regis, 1691-1762. person
associatedWith Elisabeth, Princess of France, 1764-1794. person
associatedWith Epsom and Ewell Technical Institute and School of Art corporateBody
associatedWith Fitzgerald, Percy Hetherington, 1834-1925, person
associatedWith Fitz Roy, Almeric William, Sir, 1851-1935. person
associatedWith Gladstone, W.E. (William Ewart), 1809-1898. person
associatedWith Glaser, John F., collector. person
associatedWith Glenworth (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Goldwin, Smith 1823-1910. person
associatedWith Great Britain. Prime Minister. corporateBody
associatedWith Hamilton, Harriet. person
associatedWith Harte, Bret, 1836-1902, person
associatedWith Henley, William Ernest, 1849-1903, person
associatedWith Hoar, George Frisbie, 1826-1904 person
associatedWith Home, Gordon, 1878-1969. person
associatedWith James, Henry, 1843-1916, person
associatedWith Jenkinson, James, person
associatedWith Knight, William Angus, 1836-1916, person
associatedWith Lawrence, Arthur, fl. 1920, person
correspondedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882 person
correspondedWith Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891 person
associatedWith Midleton, William St. John Fremantle Brodrick, Earl of, 1856-1942. person
associatedWith Millais, John Everett, Sir, 1829-1896, person
associatedWith Mirabeau, Honoré-Gabriel de Riquetti, comte de, 1749-1791. person
correspondedWith Montagu family. family
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associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
associatedWith Parramatta (Ship) corporateBody
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associatedWith Primrose, Henry W., Sir, 1846- person
associatedWith Queensberry, John Sholto Douglas, Marquis of, 1844-1900. person
correspondedWith Robinson, Corinne Roosevelt, 1861-1933 person
correspondedWith Rothenstein, William, Sir, 1872-1945 person
associatedWith Smith, Goldwin, 1823-1910. person
associatedWith Strina, Ferdinando. person
associatedWith Tallack, William, 1831-1908 person
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associatedWith Ward, Samuel, 1814-1884. person
associatedWith Zealandia (Ship) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
Washington (D.C.)
Québec (Québec)
United States
Salt Lake City (Utah)
Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.)
Ontario
Australia
Chicago (Ill.)
Subject
Voyages and travels
Books
Politicians--Diaries
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1847-05-07

Death 1929-05-21

Male

Britons

English

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