Peary, Robert Edwin, 1856-1920

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Robert Edwin Peary was born on 6 May 1856 in Cresson, Pennsylvania. He was educated at Portland High School and Bowdoin College, graduating in 1877. In 1881, he joined the U.S. Navy as a civil engineer, serving for several years in Nicaragua, where he was employed in conducting surveys for the Nicaragua Canal. Developing a keen interest in Arctic exploration, Peary led the U.S. Exploring Expedition in 1886, a private expedition to study the conditions of the little known Greenland ice cap from the vicinity of Disko Bugt and, if possible, to cross the ice cap to the east coast. His ice cap journey was one of the longest inland journeys in Greenland to that date and he reached a higher altitude, at a more northerly latitude, than any previous explorer.

In 1891, having secured a leave of absence from the Navy, Peary led the U.S. North Greenland Expedition, 1891-1892, organized to cross northern Greenland from Hvalsund on the west coast, with the objective of locating Greenland's unknown north-eastern coastline and possibly its northernmost extremity. Although Peary broke his leg in the first year, the expedition achieved a much longer crossing of Greenland than Frederick Nansen's first crossing in 1888, in addition to making the first step toward the exploration of Peary Land in northeast Greenland and conducting important ethnographical and scientific observations.

Peary returned to continue his exploration of the region in 1893 when he led the U.S. North Greenland Expedition, 1893-1895. His wife, Josephine, accompanied him on this expedition, giving birth to their daughter, Marie Ahnighito, in 1893. In two further expeditions to Greenland, in 1896 and 1897, Peary excavated and brought back to the United States the largest of the three 'Cape York' meteorites found on his U.S. North Greenland Expedition, 1893-1895, at Savigsivik, Melville Bay. An account of his Arctic experiences appeared in Northward over the Great Ice, published in 1898.

Granted another leave of absence from naval duty, Peary led the U.S. North Polar Expedition, 1898-1902, sponsored by Peary Arctic Club, with the main objective of reaching the North Pole from the north coast of Greenland. Although Peary failed to reach the Pole, he attained his farthest north, 84° 17 minutes 27 seconds, on 21 April 1902, and conducted important surveys of Ellesmere Land. He made his next attempt to reach the North Pole on the U.S. North Polar Expedition, 1905-1906. On 21 April 1906, Peary reached a record latitude of 87° 06 minutes North after various setbacks made attainment of the Pole impossible. Between June and July 1906, he explored and mapped the uncharted stretch of the north coast of Ellesmere Island between Yelverton Bay and Lands Lokk and sighted land to the northwest of Cape Stallworthy, Axel Heiberg Island, which he named 'Crocker Land'. The existence of which remained in dispute until it was finally disproved by Donald Baxter MacMillan on his expedition of 1913-1917. Peary's account of the expedition Nearest the Pole was published in 1907.

In 1908, Peary set out on his final quest for the North Pole on the U.S. North Polar Expedition, 1908-1909. Setting out from Ellesmere Island, accompanied by Matthew Henson and four Eskimos (Ootah, Egingwah, Seegloo and Ooqueah), Peary made his final assault on the Pole, which he claimed to have reached on 6 April 1909. On his return, he learned of the prior claim of Frederick Albert Cook, who had served as ship's surgeon on Peary's expedition of 1891-1892. During the ensuing controversy, Cook's claim was rejected as fraudulent by most commentators and Peary's priority was widely acknowledged, although his claim has frequently been questioned. He retired from the Navy with the rank of rear admiral in 1911, the year in which the U.S. Congress recognized his achievement by offering him its thanks. He died of pernicious anaemia on 20 February 1920 in Washington D.C.

From the guide to the Robert Peary collection, 1897-1909, (Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge)

Robert Edwin Peary, Sr., (b. May 6, 1856, Cresson, Pennsylvania-d. February 20, 1920, Washington, D.C.), American explorer and U.S. Navy admiral who claimed to have reached the geographic North Pole with his expedition on April 6, 1909.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Papers Relating to Social and Professional Organizations
referencedIn Weems, John Edward. The race of the Pole, 1960. New Hampshire Newsp Project
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. A Peary survivor, Arctic area
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. The Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographic Records and Printed Materials Relating to the S.S. Roosevelt.
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Robert E. Peary t.l.s. to Frederick Partington, 1905. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Kenney, Arthur H. (Arthur Hail), 1920-. Arthur H. Keeney papers, 1891-1996. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Macy, Mary P. Scrapbook, 1862-1912. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Biographical Materials
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographs Relating to an 1886 Arctic Expedition
referencedIn Grenfell, Wilfred Thomason, Sir, 1865-1940. Wilfred Thomason Grenfell papers, 1855-1986 (inclusive), 1892-1940 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Wells, Carlton F. (Carlton Frank), 1898-. Carlton F. Wells papers, 1910-1993. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. North Pole Diaries
creatorOf Bryant, Henry G. (Henry Grier), 1859-1932. Correspondence books, 1897-1913. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Glass Negatives of Robert E. Peary, the Roosevelt and A Sledging Party
creatorOf Hobbs, William Herbert, 1864-1952. William Herbert Hobbs papers, 1884-1950 (bulk 1919-1941) University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Medical and Legal Papers
referencedIn MacMillan, Donald Baxter, 1874-1970. Letter, 1935 Dec. 21, Provincetown, Mass., to Prof. W.H. Hobbs, Ann Arbor. University of Michigan
referencedIn Church, Alfred Whiting, 1877-1953. Alfred Whiting Church photograph album, [1901?]. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Survey, Engineering and Architectural Drawings, and Ship Plans
referencedIn Tidd, Harriet,. Papers collected by Harriet Tidd [manuscript] 1926 & n.d. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Remarks to the Peary Arctic Club on Discovery of the North Pole United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Rear Admiral Robert E. Peary Family Collection. 1798 - 1976. Papers Relating to U.S. Navy Service
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Papers Relating to Aeronautics and Preparedness
referencedIn Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. The Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographic Prints of Memorials and Ceremonies for Adm. Robert E. Peary
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Counter, S. Allen. Polar justice : the Matthew Henson story : screenplay treatment / by S. Allen Counter. Texas State University-San Marcos, Albert B. Alkek Library
referencedIn Bensall, Amos. Letter, 1909 Oct. 11, to Albert Operti. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Henry G. (Henry Grier) Bryant Letterbooks, 1884-1918 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Lantern Slides Relating to the Arctic Expeditions of Robert E. Peary
referencedIn Erichsen, Hugo, 1860-1944. Papers, 1916-1939. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, American period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Frederick A. Cook Society Collection, 1891-1996 The Ohio State University. Byrd Polar Research Center Archival Program.
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIf, 1866-1886 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Robert E. Peary acceptance speech, 1879 June 23. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Papers, 1889-1970. Rauner Special Collections Library
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Academic Papers
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Papers Relating to Arctic Expeditions
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. North Pole Diaries. 1909 - 1909. Diary of Robert E. Peary
referencedIn Whittier, Frank N. (Frank Nathaniel), 1861-1924. Skolfield-Whittier collection, 1800-1983. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Bryant, Henry G. (Henry Grier), 1859-1932. Papers, 1892, 1894. Independence Seaport Museum
referencedIn Moore, J. Hampton (Joseph Hampton), 1864-1950. J. Hampton Moore papers, 1786-1952 (bulk 1906-1936). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Merrill, Fullerton, 1876-1960. Journal, 1899. University of Maine at Orono, Raymond H. Fogler Library
referencedIn Greely, A. W. (Adolphus Washington), 1844-1935. A.W. Greely papers, 1753-1959 (bulk 1880-1935). Library of Congress
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Family Correspondence
referencedIn Carlton F. Wells papers, 1910-1994 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Bryant, Henry G. (Henry Grier), 1859-1932. Letterbooks, letters, ca. 1884-1918. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf National Archives Gift Collection of Materials Relating to Polar Regions. 1949 - 1978. Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographs Relating to the Nicaragua Canal Surveys
referencedIn Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. The Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographic Portraits of Marie Peary Kuhne
referencedIn Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Photographs Relating to the Life and Career of Robert E. Peary
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Cartographic Material Relating to Polar Exploration
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Letters and Telegrams Sent
referencedIn Frederick Albert Cook Papers, 1881-1977, (bulk 1891-1940) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn U.S. History mss., 1612-1977 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Wolf, Louis, fl. 1905-1906. Louis Wolf diary [manuscript], 1905-1906. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Robert Bartlett collection, 1930-1937 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Greely, A. W. (Adolphus Washington), 1844-1935. Papers, 1876-1973. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Grosvenor, Edwin A. (Edwin Augustus), 1845-1936. Grosvenor family papers, 1827-1981 (bulk 1872-1964). Library of Congress
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Papers Relating to Arctic Expeditions. 1886 - 1909. Age, Weight, and Measurements of the Northern Sledge Party
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Autograph letter signed Peary to: "My dear Miss Bates" December 16, [19]15. Wellesley College
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Letters, 1898 May 20-22, New York, to Mrs. John J. Bell. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. The Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographic Prints of Subjects Relating to Polar Expeditions of Adm. Robert E. Peary
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Robert E. Peary letter to My dear sir, 1914 Nov. 22. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Crocker Land Expedition (1913-1917). Records, 1911-1921. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Cherrie, George Kruck, 1865-1946. Exploration tales for soldiers and sailors [microform] : YMCA lecture series. American Museum of Natural History
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Letter, 1897 June 3, to Charles M. Skinner. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographs Taken During Robert E. Peary's Arctic Expedition Of 1905-1906
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Ralph L. Belknap papers, ca. 1926-1933, 1957-1973 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Autograph letter signed Peary to: "My dear Miss Bates" January 9, 1916. Wellesley College
contributorOf Thomas H. Hubbard Papers. 1908 - 1915. Correspondence
referencedIn Hampton, Benjamin B.,. Photographs of Robert E. Peary and his expedition to the north pole, 1908-1910. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Borup, George, 1885-1912. Correspondence, 1908-1912. American Museum of Natural History
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Papers Relating to Retirement Bills
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Diaries and Appointment Notebooks
creatorOf Loud family. Loud family papers, 1882-1942. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Merrill, George P. (George Perkins), 1854-1929. George P. Merrill correspondence and autographs, 1803-1926. Library of Congress
referencedIn Cook, Frederick Albert, 1865-1940. Papers of Frederick Albert Cook, 1881-1977 (bulk 1891-1940). Library of Congress
creatorOf Welsh, Charles, 1850-1914. Charles Welsh letters received, 1901-1903. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Bender, Albert M. (Albert Maurice), 1866-1941. Albert M. Bender papers, 1871-1948. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. Correspondence, 1865-1913, "Patten" to "Sargent". Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Flaherty, Stephen. Ragtime : the musical / music by Stephen Flaherty ; lyrics by Lynn Ahrens ; book by Terrence McNally ; based on the novel Ragtime by E.L. Doctorow, 2009. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Stephen Bleecker Luce Papers, 1799-1955, (bulk 1842-1912) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Cook, Frederick Albert, 1865-1940. Audio materials [sound recording]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Sharp, Benjamin, 1858-1915. Peary's North Greenland expedition and the relief : typescript, [ca. 1892]. Texas Christian University
referencedIn William Herbert Hobbs Papers, 1905-1950, 1919-1941 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962. Papers of the Peary-Cook controversy, 1909-1978. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. The Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographic Prints and Negatives from Marie Peary Kuhne's Photograph Albums
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Letter, 1917 Mar. 9, Washington, D.C. to William H. Hobbs, Ann Arbor. University of Michigan
creatorOf Cushman, Charlotte Sanders, 1816-1862. Collection of autographs, [ca. 1797 to ca. 1915]. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Bingham family. Bingham family papers, 1811-1974 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Borup, George, 1885-1912. Peary Arctic Club's North Polar Expedition, 1908-09 [graphic] / photos taken by Dan [i.e. Don] MacMillan. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Letters Sent to Vilhjalmur Stefansson United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Robert E. Peary correspondence [manuscript], 1892-1898. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn James Terry family papers, Terry, James family papers, 1838-1953, 1879-1894 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Bradford, William, 1823-1892. William Bradford guest book and scrapbook, 1871-1910. Old Dartmouth Historical Society Library
creatorOf Ship Plans: S.S. Roosevelt, Rudder-Slide, n.d. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Cram, Ralph W., 1869-1952. Ralph W. Cram papers, 1906-1952. Newberry Library
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographs Relating to the Arctic Expeditions of Robert E. Peary
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Photographs Showing Arctic People and Their Culture, Landscape, and Wildlife
creatorOf Smith, William, sailor. Log book, containing the proceedings on board the S.S. Hope of Greenock, from St. Johns to Greenland : commanded by Capt. John Bartlett, commencing July 10th, 1896, ending [Oct. 7, 1896] / kept by Wm. Smith, mate. American Museum of Natural History
creatorOf Robert Peary collection, 1897-1909 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Merrill, George P. (George Perkins), 1854-1929. Papers, 1837-1931, bulk 1891-1920. University of Maine at Orono, Raymond H. Fogler Library
referencedIn Grenfell, Wilfred Thomason, 1865-1940. Wilfred Thomason Grenfell papers, 1855-1986 (inclusive), 1892-1940 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Hobbs, William Herbert, 1864-1952. William Herbert Hobbs papers, 1905-1950. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Field Equipment
referencedIn American Museum of Natural History. Miscellaneous correspondence collection, 1796-1926, 1871-1926 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Rear Admiral Robert E. Peary Family Collection. 1798 - 1976. Photographs Relating to Robert Peary's Efforts to Secure the Cape York Meteorite
creatorOf Zug, Robert M., 1852-1914. Robert M. Zug papers, 1737-1898. Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
referencedIn Henry Battersby: Correspondence and papers, Early 19th century-1933 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Commander Peary on Steamer 'Roosevelt' Mystic Seaport Museum
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographs Relating to Admiral Peary's 1898-1902 Expeditions to Greenland and Ellesmere Island, Canada
referencedIn Furlong, Charles Wellington, 1874-1967. Papers, 1898-1966. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Robert Peary collection, 1897-1909 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Cherrie, George Kruck, 1865-1946. Exploration tales for soldiers and sailors : YMCA lecture series. American Museum of Natural History
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. The Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographic Prints of Subjects Relating to Polar Expeditions of Adm. Robert E. Peary
referencedIn Smith, William Alden, 1859-1932. Guest book, 1907,1919. Clarke Historical Library
referencedIn McCracken, Harold, 1894-1983. Harold McCracken collection, 1909. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Elmer E. Rasmuson Library
referencedIn Peary, discoverer of the North Pole. Maine State Library
referencedIn Bingham family papers, 1811-1974 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Dodge, Arthur Malcolm. Peary Expedition photographs, 1896. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Autograph letter signed Peary to:"My dear Miss Bates" December 27, [19]15. Wellesley College
referencedIn Wyckoff, Edward Guild, 1867-1924. Edward Guild Wyckoff papers, 1899-1910. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Borup, George, 1885-1912. A tenderfoot with Peary / by George Borup. American Museum of Natural History
referencedIn Sharp, Benjamin, 1858-1915. Peary's North Greenland expedition and the relief : typescript, [ca. 1892]. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Benedict, Elizabeth. Benedict-McNeill reminiscences, 1934-1987. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. The Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Drawings and Sketches by Robert E. Peary and Albert Operti Relating to Polar Explorations
referencedIn Albert Stephens Borgman autograph collection, 1600-1950. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIi, 1897 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Letter, [19]16 Feb. 29, Washington [D.C.] to Prof. [W.H.] Hobbs [Ann Arbor]. University of Michigan
creatorOf Rear Admiral Robert E. Peary Family Collection. 1798 - 1976. Papers Relating to the Nicaragua Canal Survey
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Published Materials Relating to Polar Explorations
referencedIn Dunn, J. Allan (Joseph Allan), 1872-1941. Letter, 1940 Mar. 13, New York, to Prof. [W.H.] Hobbs, [Ann Arbor]. University of Michigan
referencedIn National Archives Gift Collection of Materials Relating to Polar Regions. 1949 - 1978. Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographs and Textual Materials Relating to Peary's Education, Career and Commendations
creatorOf St. Nicholas Magazine. Papers, 1870-1925. University of Southern Mississippi, Regional Campus, Joseph Anderson Cook Library
referencedIn George P. Merrill Correspondence and Autographs, 1803-1926 Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Published Materials Relating to Science and Engineering
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Papers Relating to the U.S. Antarctic Expedition
referencedIn Stickney, William, 1878-1924. Papers, 1897-1930. New Hampshire Newsp Project
referencedIn Hitchcock, Charles H. (Charles Henry), 1836-1919. Letters, 1873 Feb. 24-1903 Feb. 6, to R. Bell. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Letter : New York, NY, to Albert Operti, 1904 May 26. Natural History Museum Los Angeles County Foundation, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
referencedIn Hobbs, William Herbert, 1864-1952. Notes on F.A. Cook's claim to discovery of the North Pole before Peary [191-?]. University of Michigan
creatorOf Remarks by Rear - Admiral Robert E. Peary on Presenting Vilhjalmur Stefansson to the National Geographic Society United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. [Letter] 1909 December 20, "The Oakland," Washington, D.C. [to] Louise E. Jones, New York City / R.E. Peary. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Erichsen, Hugo. Papers, 1916-1939 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Manuscripts, Published Writings, and Lectures
referencedIn Balch, Edwin Swift, 1856-1927,. Papers of the Balch family, 1760-1955. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Papers of Lt-Col Frederick Marshman Bailey, Indian Army 1900, Indian Political Service 1905-38, and of other members of his family, 1827-1976 British Library
referencedIn Papers, 1821-1919 (inclusive), 1892-1898 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Letters, 1916. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Cope, E. D. (Edward Drinker), 1840-1897. Papers, 1848-1940 (bulk 1855-1896). Haverford College Library
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Letters of Robert E. Peary, 1896-1920. Library of Congress
creatorOf Boggs family. Boggs family papers, 1737-1950. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. [Letter, 19] 15 Dec. 30, Washington [D.C.to] Matthew A. Henson / Peary. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Fortune, Mattie Verhoeff. Mattie Verhoeff Fortune : papers, 1891-1936. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Peary and Sailing Master on board Steamer ROOSEVELT Mystic Seaport Museum
referencedIn Gibbons, Russell W. Papers of Russell W. Gibbons, [manuscript], 1967-1968. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographs of Peary's 1893-1895 Arctic Expeditions
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Letters and Telegrams Received
referencedIn Bingham family. Bingham family papers, 1811-1974 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Vetter, Helen Cook. The Frederick A. Cook Society collection, 1891-1996. Ohio State University Libraries
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Memorabilia
referencedIn Grosvenor Family Papers, 1827-1981, (bulk 1872-1964) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Newsclippings and Articles
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. The Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Drawings by Robert E. Peary
referencedIn Rood, Henry Edward, 1867-1954. Papers, 1895-1951. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Boggs family. Papers, 1737-1942. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn A. W. Greely Papers, 1753-1997, (bulk 1880-1935) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
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referencedIn Nichols, Charles J. (Charles Joseph), 1869-1949. Charles J. Nichols scrapbook, ca. 1873-1951. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Stone, Melville Elijah, 1848-1929. Melville E. Stone papers, 1815-1954, bulk 1890-1929. Newberry Library
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1918. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photomechanical Reproductions, Galley Proofs, and Photographic Prints Relating to Robert E. Peary's Arctic Explorations
referencedIn Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Robert E. Peary Family Collection. Photographs of Admiral Peary's Associates and Other Subjects
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creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Financial Papers
referencedIn Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Academic Papers
creatorOf Rear Adm. Robert E. Peary Papers. 1798 - 1976. Robert E. Peary Family Collection: Photographs Relating to Robert E. Peary's 1905-1906 Arctic Expedition
referencedIn Sharp, Benjamin. Peary's North Greenland Expedition and the Relief, circa 1892 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Robert E. Peary autograph letter signed to Frederick Partington, undated. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Fred C. Kelly Papers, 1867-1966 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Plaisted, Ralph. Plaisted Polar Expedition papers, 1965-1979 (bulk 1966-1968). Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Portland Company (Portland, Me.). Portland Company records, ca. 1900-1905. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Field work of the Peary Arctic Club, 1898-1902 / by Commander R.E. Peary, U.S.N. - October 15, 1903. University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, UWM Libraries
creatorOf Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920. Typed letter signed Peary to: "My dear Miss Bates" October 23, 1915. Wellesley College
referencedIn Appleton-Century mss., 1846-1962 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
creatorOf Rear Admiral Robert E. Peary Family Collection. 1798 - 1976. Photographs Relating to Robert E. Peary's 1908 to 1909 Arctic Expedition
creatorOf Akeley, Carl Ethan, 1864-1926. Autograph collection of Raymond Gorges [manuscript], 1725-1928. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Wyckoff, Walter A. (Walter Augustus), 1865-1908. Greenland : photograph albums, [1897?]. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. 1921 - 2008. Audio Recordings. 1945 - 1965. INHERITANCE. No. 54, THE NORTH POLE ; INVITATION TO LEARNING. No. 155
creatorOf National Archives Gift Collection of Materials Relating to Polar Regions. 1949 - 1978. Photographs of Peary's 1891-1892 Greenland Expedition
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Geographical Society of New York. corporateBody
associatedWith American Museum of Natural History. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Arctic regions. person
associatedWith Barstow, Charles Lester, 1867- person
correspondedWith Bartlett, Bob, 1875-1946. person
associatedWith Bates, Katharine Lee, 1859-1929. person
associatedWith Belknap, Ralph Leroy, 1899- person
associatedWith Bender, Albert M. (Albert Maurice), 1866-1941. person
associatedWith Benedict, Elizabeth. person
associatedWith Bensall, Amos. person
associatedWith Bingham family. family
associatedWith Bingham family. family
associatedWith Bingham family. family
associatedWith Boggs family. family
associatedWith Boggs family. family
associatedWith Borgman, Albert Stephens, 1890-1954 person
associatedWith Borup, George, 1885-1912. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Bowdoin College corporateBody
associatedWith Bradford, William, 1823-1892. person
associatedWith Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences corporateBody
associatedWith Bryant, Henry G. (Henry Grier), 1859-1932. person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Church, Alfred Whiting, 1877-1953. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Cook, Frederick Albert, 1865-1940. person
associatedWith Cope, E. D. (Edward Drinker), 1840-1897. person
associatedWith Counter, S. Allen. person
associatedWith Cram, Ralph W., 1869-1952. person
associatedWith Crocker, Charles, 1822-1888 person
associatedWith Crocker Land Expedition (1913-1917). corporateBody
correspondedWith D. Appleton-Century Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Davidson, James Wheeler, 1872-1933 person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
associatedWith Dingley, E. H. person
associatedWith Dodge, Arthur Malcolm. person
associatedWith Doubleday, Frank Nelson, 1862-1934 person
associatedWith Dunn, J. Allan (Joseph Allan), 1872-1941. person
associatedWith Effie M. Morrissey (Schooner) corporateBody
associatedWith Erichsen, Hugo, 1860-1944. person
associatedWith Flaherty, Stephen. person
associatedWith Fortune, Mattie Verhoeff. person
associatedWith Frederick A. Cook Society corporateBody
associatedWith Furlong, Charles Wellington, 1874-1967. person
associatedWith Gibbons, Russell W. person
correspondedWith Greely, A. W. (Adolphus Washington), 1844-1935. person
associatedWith Grenfell, Wilfred Thomason, Sir, 1865-1940. person
associatedWith Grosvenor family family
associatedWith Hampton, Benjamin B., person
associatedWith Henry Francis Prevost Battersby person
associatedWith Henson, Matthew Alexander, 1866-1955. person
associatedWith Hitchcock, Charles H. (Charles Henry), 1836-1919. person
associatedWith Hobbs, William Herbert, 1864-1952. person
correspondedWith Hubbard, Thomas H. (Thomas Hamlin), 1838-1915 person
associatedWith Jones, Louise E. person
associatedWith Kelly, Fred C. (Fred Charters), 1882-1959 person
associatedWith Kenney, Arthur H. (Arthur Hail), 1920- person
associatedWith Loud family. family
correspondedWith Luce, Stephen Bleecker, 1827-1917 person
associatedWith MacMillan, Donald Baxter, 1874-1970. person
associatedWith Macy, Mary P. person
associatedWith Markham Clements Robert 1830-1916 person
associatedWith Marvin, Ross Gilmore, 1880-1909 person
associatedWith McClure, S. S. (Samuel Sidney), 1857-1949, person
associatedWith McCracken, Harold, 1894-1983. person
associatedWith Merrill, Fullerton, 1876-1960. person
associatedWith Merrill, George P. (George Perkins), 1854-1929. person
associatedWith Mill Hugh Robert 1861-1950 person
associatedWith Moore, J. Hampton (Joseph Hampton), 1864-1950. person
associatedWith Nansen Fridtjof 1861-1930 person
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
associatedWith Nichols, Charles J. (Charles Joseph), 1869-1949. person
associatedWith Olson, Julius E. person
associatedWith Operti, Albert. person
associatedWith Operti, Albert, 1852-1927. person
associatedWith Osborne, Duffield, 1858-1917. person
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
correspondedWith Partington, Frederick E., d. 1924 person
associatedWith Peary Arctic Club. corporateBody
spouseOf Peary, Josephine Diebitsch, 1863-1955 person
parentOf Peary, Marie Ahnighito, 1893-1978. person
associatedWith Peary Robert Edwin 1856-1920 person
associatedWith Peary's Summer Voyage (Peary's 4th Trip to Greenland) - Northwest Greenland (1896) corporateBody
associatedWith Plaisted, Ralph. person
associatedWith Portland Company (Portland, Me.) corporateBody
associatedWith Rasmussen, Knud, 1879-1933. person
associatedWith Robert Bob Abram Bartlett person
associatedWith Robert Edwin Peary person
associatedWith Rood, Henry Edward, 1867-1954. person
associatedWith Roosevelt (Ship : 1904-1937) corporateBody
associatedWith Sharp, Benjamin, 1858-1915. person
associatedWith Skinner, Charles M. (Charles Montgomery), 1852-1907. person
associatedWith Smith, William Alden, 1859-1932. person
associatedWith Smith, William, sailor. person
correspondedWith Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962 person
associatedWith Stickney, William, 1878-1924. person
associatedWith St. Nicholas Magazine. corporateBody
associatedWith Stone, Melville Elijah, 1848-1929. person
associatedWith Symmes, Americus. person
associatedWith Terry family family
memberOf The Explorer's Club corporateBody
associatedWith Theodore Roosevelt (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith United States Exploring Expedition Canada Ellesmere Island Arctic ocean 1905-1906 corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. person
associatedWith Weems, John Edward. person
associatedWith Wells, Carlton F. (Carlton Frank), 1898- person
associatedWith Welsh, Charles, 1850-1914. person
associatedWith Wingate, Charles E. L. (Charles Edgar Lewis), b. 1861 person
associatedWith Winward (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Wolf, Louis, fl. 1905-1906. person
associatedWith Wyckoff, Edward Guild, 1867-1924. person
associatedWith Wyckoff, Walter A. (Walter Augustus), 1865-1908. person
associatedWith Zug, Robert M., 1852-1914 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Aligarh, United Provinces
Charsadda, North-West Frontier Province
Central Asia, Asia
North Pole
Mishmi Hills, Assam and Burma
Sikkim, Asia
Assam, India
Eagle Island (Cumberland County, Me.)
Japan, Asia
North Pole
Arctic regions
China, Asia
Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Nepal, Asia
Greenland
Kashgar, China
Himalaya Mountains, Tibet
United States
Gilgit, Kashmir
Transcaspia, Central Asia
Arctic regions Discovery and exploration
Arctic regions
Russia, Europe, Asia
Thailand, Asia
Mashhad, Iran
United States
United States
Turkestan, Asia
Tibet, Asia
Arctic regions
Rawalpindi, Punjab
Arctic regions
Mount Everest, Tibet
North-East Frontier, India
Bhutan, Asia
North-West Frontier Province, India
Cambodia, Asia
Dibang River, Assam
Satna, Rewa State, Central India
Subject
Civil service reform
Lectures and lecturing
Explorers--Correspondence
Explorers
Occupation
Explorers--United States
Explorers
Naval officers
Narrators
Function

Person

Birth 1856-05-06

Death 1920-02-20

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w66z00zw

SNAC ID: 83207878