Markham, Clements R. (Clements Robert), Sir, 1830-1916

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Markham was the secretary to the Royal Geographical Society at the time of this letter.

From the description of Correspondence to Daniel Garrison Brinton, 1885. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 226054113

1844 joined the Royal Navy as a cadet, sailed on HMS Collingwood to South America; 1850 transferred to the Arctic squadron; 1850-1851 sailed on the Assistance in search of Captain Sir John Franklin; 1852-1853 explored and researched in Peru; 1854 joined the East India Company; 1850s brought cinchona trees to India from Peru; 1863-1988 secretary of the Royal Geographical Society; 1864 published a Quechua dictionary; 1860-1870s improved the geographical department of the India Office; 1867–1868 geographer and naturalist of the Abyssinian expedition; 1875-1876 sailed to Greenland with the north polar expedition; 1873 elected Fellow of the Royal Society; 1877 resigned; 1893-1905 president of the Royal Geographical Society; 1896 created KCB; 1889-1910 president of the Hakluyt Society.

Epithet: geographer

Title: Knight

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001150.0x00026c

Clements Robert Markham was born at Stillingfleet in Yorkshire on 20 July 1830. In 1844, he entered the Navy as a cadet, and in 1850, joined the British naval Franklin search expedition from London, 1850-1851, as midshipman on board HMS Assistance under Captain Erasmus Ommanney. The expedition was sent by the Admiralty to search for Sir John Franklin's missing Northwest Passage expedition by way of Baffin Bay and Lancaster Sound. In addition to discovering Franklin' winter quarters in 1845-1846 on Beechey Island, the expedition conducted extensive coastal surveys and observations of topography, geology, fauna and meteorology. It was this experience that turned Markham to exploration and the study of scientific geography. He retired from the Royal Navy in 1852.

In 1854, Markham became a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, and started work at the East India Company, afterwards the India Office. He travelled to Peru to collect the cinchona plant, the source of quinine and cure for malaria, and then went to India to found the local quinine industry.

In 1863, Markham became Secretary of the Royal Geographical Society, a post he held for the next twenty-five years. He was President of the Society from 1893 to 1905 and was knighted in 1896.

Markham turned his interests to the revival of British Antarctic exploration. He had already played a prominent part in the campaign to obtain official approval for the British Arctic Expedition, 1875-1876 (leader George Strong Nares), one of the aims of which was to reach the North Pole. He then went on to devote much enthusiasm and energy to the British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904, selecting Robert Falcon Scott as leader of the expedition.

His interest and enthusiasm for exploration and geography continued right up to his death on 29 January 1916.

Published works Antarctic obsession. A personal narrative of the origins of the British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904 by Clements Robert Markham, edited by Clive Holland, Bluntisham Books Harleston (1986) SPRI Library Shelf (7)91(08)[1901-1904 Scott]

Biographical work, The life of Sir Clements R. Markham, K.C.B., F.R.S. by Sir Albert Hastings Markham, John Murray, London (1917) SPRI Library Shelf 92[Markham, C.R.]

From the guide to the Sir Clements Markham collection, 1872-1915, (Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn George Mecham collection, 1851-1854 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Robert Peary collection, 1897-1909 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Papers of 3rd Marquess of Salisbury as Secretary of State for India 1866-67 and 1874-78, 1866-1878 British Library
referencedIn Sir Horatio Austin collection, 1850-1851 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Genealogical Collections of Sir Clements R. Markham, 1854-1915 Bodleian Library, Oxford
referencedIn Robert Allan collection, 1851 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Janet Crawford collection, 1979 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Sir Clements Robert Markham papers., 1902 British Library
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. A. General Correspondence, 1855-1911. Vol. XXXI (ff. 268). 1901. British Library
referencedIn HISTORY OF PERU 1790-1899, by Sir Clements Robert Markham, K.C.B., F.R.S. (d. 1916); aft. 1899. Autograph. It does not correspond to the author's A History of Peru, Chicago, 1892. The fourth volume, 46218 B, is made up of loose papers, mostly newspap... British Library
referencedIn Grant Duff, Mountstuart Elphinstone, Sir, 1829-1906. Grant Duff Collection, 1852-1916 British Library
referencedIn James Elliott collection, 1851-1857 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Richard Bland collection, 1850-1851 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn LETTERS, chiefly from men of science, to James Croll, F.R.S., LL.D. (d. 1890), physical geologist, with letters to his biographer, James Campbell Irons, etc.; 1863-1898 and n.d. Some appear in Irons's Dr. Croll's Life and Work, 1896. The names of the..., 18th century-19th century British Library
creatorOf Koettlitz, Reginald, 1861-1916. Autograph album, 1824-1900. New Hampshire Newsp Project
referencedIn Yale Peruvian Expedition papers, 1908-1948 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Francis Guillemard collection, 1921 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Markham, Clements R. (Clements Roberts), Sir, 1830-1916. Letter to [Robert Brown?]. Eccleston Square. 1864 Jan. 26. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. A. General Correspondence, 1855-1911. Vol. XXV (ff. 96). 1896. British Library
referencedIn Bassett Jones (collector) records, 1818-1938. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Vespucci, Amerigo, 1451-1512. The letters of Amerigo Vespucci and other documents illustrative of his career [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. B. Correspondence relating to Lord Avebury's collections and publications; 1866-1911, n.d. Vol. XLIII B (ff. 237). The Scenery of England, 1902; 1902-1907, n.d. British Library
creatorOf Markham, Clements R. (Clements Robert), Sir, 1830-1916. Annexation of California : extract from journal and copies of proclamations posted at Monterey., 1846 June-July. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Bingham family. Bingham family papers, 1811-1974 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Sherard Osborn collection, 1849-1860 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Markham, Clements R. (Clements Robert), Sir, 1830-1916,. Autograph letters signed from Clements R. Markham, London and Copenhagen, to various recipients [manuscript], 1896-1903. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Sir George Newnes collection, 1899-1901 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Vol. III (ff. 493). K-R.includes:f. 1 Conte Camillo Benso di Cavour, Sardinian statesman: Letter to N. W. Senior: 1842.: Fr.f. 1 John Kintzing Kane, American jurist: Letter to Sir R. I. Murchison: 1857.f. 3 Sir Robert John Kane, FRS 1849: Lette... British Library
referencedIn Sir Clements Markham collection, 1872-1915 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Bingham family. Bingham family papers, 1811-1974 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Axel Melby collection, 1900 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn DRAMAS, LYRICS, etc., in the Quechua or Quichua language of Peru, collected by Sir Clements Robert Markham, K. C. B., F. R. S. (d. 1916), and described or mentioned in his The Incas of Peru, 1910. For other manuscripts of Sir C. R. Markham see Add. M... British Library
referencedIn Papers of George Bogle, East India Company servant, chiefly concerned with his visit to the Tashi Lama of Tibet, 1774-75, 1774-1780 British Library
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. A. General Correspondence, 1855-1911. Vol. XXVI (ff. 151). 1897; British Library
creatorOf Sir Clements Robert Markham papers., 1860-1881 British Library
referencedIn Brewer family. Brewer family papers, 1714-1954 (inclusive), 1820-1930 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn British Arctic Expedition, 1875-1876, 1875-1876 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Vol. I, 1837-1870.British Museum: Applications, etc., for Reading Room tickets: 1824-1881.: Partly printed.includes:f. 1 British Museum: Reading Room ticket: 1824.: Printed.f. 2 Charles Frederick Barnwell, FRS; FSA: Letter to Sir H. Ellis: 1837.f..., 1837-1870 British Library
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. A. General Correspondence, 1855-1911. Vol. IV (ff. i+166). 1865-1866 British Library
referencedIn Autograph File, M, 1648-1985. Houghton Library
referencedIn Louis Charles Bernacchi collection, 1898-1932 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914. Papers, 1826-1941 Houghton Library
creatorOf Markham, Clements R. (Clements Robert), Sir, 1830-1916. Correspondence to Daniel Garrison Brinton, 1885. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Yale Peruvian Expedition (1911). Yale Peruvian Expedition papers, 1908-1948 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Back, George, Sir, 1796-1878. Letter, 1865 March 21, to Clements Markham. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn J Arthur Thomson collection, 1899-1928 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Bingham family papers, 1811-1974 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Sir Clements Markham collection, 1872-1915 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Reginald Skelton collection, 1899 - 1950 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink collection Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn John Cator collection, 1850-1852 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Correspondence with Frederick Sydney Parry and other papers, 1826-1958 (inclusive), 1897 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Clements R. Markham papers, Markham, Clements R. papers, 1859-1910, 1859-1870 William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Norman Robert Pogson papers., 1871 British Library
referencedIn Brewer family papers, 1714-1954, 1820-1930 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Nansen, Fridtjof, 1861-1930. Correspondence with Frederick Sydney Parry and other papers, 1823-1958 (inclusive), 1897 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Prescott, William Hickling, 1796-1859. William Hickling Prescott letters, 1783-1874 Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Vol. IX, ff. 234, A-Ma.includes:f. 1 James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess and (1868) 1st Duke of Abercorn: Letter to G. Roper: 1873. f. 3 Charles John Abraham, Bishop of Wellington: Letter to R. Owen: 1858. f. 4 Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Baronet: Letter... British Library
referencedIn Prescott, William Hickling, 1796-1859. Papers of William Hickling Prescott [manuscript], 1836-1858. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Vol. XXIV (ff. 310). 1895-1908.includes:ff. 1-305 passim William Botting Hemsley, botanist: Correspondence with A. R. Wallace: 1886-1908.: Partly copies.ff. 2, 8, 27, 167 Conwy Lloyd Morgan, FRS; Principal of University College, Bristol: Letters ..., 1895-1908 British Library
referencedIn CORRESPONDENCE AND PAPERS OF JOHN BOLTON (d. 1925), F.R.G.S., cartographer, of Stanford's Geographical Establishment. For maps, mainly by Stanley, from Bolton's papers see Add. MS. 41259 A-D, and for further papers and correspondence see Add. MS. 434..., 1868-1939 British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anonymous person
associatedWith Back, George, Sir, 1796-1878. person
associatedWith Bancroft, Hubert Howe, 1832-1918. person
associatedWith Bingham family. family
associatedWith Bingham family. family
associatedWith Bingham family. family
associatedWith Bland, Richard person
associatedWith Brewer family. family
associatedWith Brewer family. family
associatedWith British Antarctic Expedition 1910-1913 corporateBody
associatedWith British National Antarctic Expedition 1901-1904 corporateBody
associatedWith Brown, Robert, 1842-1895, person
associatedWith Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink person
associatedWith Crawford, Janet person
associatedWith Francis Henry Hill Guillemard person
associatedWith George Frederick Mecham person
correspondedWith Hinemann, Mr., fl. 1896-1903 person
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith James Edward Elliott person
associatedWith J Arthur Thomson person
associatedWith John Bertie Cator person
associatedWith Jones, Bassett, collector. person
associatedWith Koettlitz, Reginald, 1861-1916. person
associatedWith Louis Charles Bernacchi person
associatedWith Markham, David Frederick, 1800-1853. person
associatedWith Melby, Axel person
associatedWith Nansen, Fridtjof, 1861-1930. person
associatedWith Osborn, Sherard person
associatedWith Prescott, William Hickling, 1796-1859. person
associatedWith Reginald William Skelton person
associatedWith Robert Calder Allen person
associatedWith Robert Edwin Peary person
correspondedWith Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914 person
associatedWith Royal Geographical Society (Great Britain) corporateBody
associatedWith Scott Robert Falcon 1868-1912 person
associatedWith Sir Clements Robert Markham person
associatedWith Sir George Newnes person
associatedWith Sir Horatio Thomas Austin person
associatedWith Vespucci, Amerigo, 1451-1512. person
associatedWith Yale Peruvian Expedition (1911) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Peru, South America
California
Ethiopia, Africa
South Africa, Africa
Egypt, Africa
Madras, India
Madras, India
Salem, Madras
Mysore State, India
Afghanistan, Asia
Borneo, Indonsesia
Nilgiri Hills, Madras
Central Africa, Africa
Peru, South America
Cooch Behar State, India
Travancore State, India
Mysore State, India
Cochin State, India
Hyderabad State, India
Bengal, India
Bombay, India
Bhutan, Asia
Pondicherry, India
Tibet, Asia
Russia, Europe, Asia
India, Asia
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Occupation
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Birth 1830-07-20

Death 1916-01-30

Britons

English

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