Garfield, James Rudolph, 1865-1950

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James Rudolph Garfield was the son of President James A. Garfield and Lucretia Rudolph Garfield. He graduated from Williams College and Columbia Law School, and praticed law in Cleveland, Ohio, with his brother, Harry Augustus Garfield. James married Helen Newell in 1890. They had four sons; John N., James A., Rudolph, and Newell. He served in the Ohio Senate 1896-1900, and was appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt to the U.S. Civil Service Commission in 1902, and to the Department of Commerce and Labor, as the first commissioner of Corporations, 1903-1907. He then served as Roosevelt's Secretary of the Interior from 1907-1909. He backed Roosevelt's New Progressive Party in 1912, and was defeated as the reform candidate for Ohio governor in 1914. He resumed his Cleveland law practice, became prominent in local Republican politics, and was a member of several civic organizations, including the Chamber of Commerce, the Western Reserve Historical Society, the Cleveland Association for the Hard of Hearing, and the Cleveland Foundation.

From the description of James Rudolph Garfield papers, 1879-1909. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 43145935

U.S. secretary of the interior, Ohio state senator, conservationist, lawyer, and son of President James A. Garfield.

From the description of James Rudolph Garfield papers, 1879-1950 (bulk 1890-1932). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980093

James Rudolph Garfield, (1865-1950) was the son of President James A. Garfield and Lucretia Rudolph Garfield. He graduated from Williams College and Columbia law school, and practiced law in Cleveland, Ohio, with his brother, Harry Augustus Garfield, who later became president of Williams College. James married Helen Newell in 1890. Their four sons were John N., James A., Rudolph, and Newell. James Rudolph Garfield served in the Ohio senate 1896-1900, and was appointed by Theodore Roosevelt to the United States Civil Service Commission in 1902, and to the Department of Commerce and Labor, where as the first Commissioner of Corporations, 1903-1907, he attacked trusts, including Standard Oil. He was Roosevelt's Secretary of the Interior from 1907 to 1909, implementing the administration's policies on conservation and American Indian affairs. He backed Roosevelt's New Progressive party in 1912, and was defeated as the reform candidate for Ohio governor in 1914. He resumed his Cleveland law practice, became prominent in local Republican politics, and was a member of several civic organizations including the Chamber of Commerce, the Western Reserve Historical Society, the Cleveland Association for Hard of Hearing, and the Cleveland Foundation.

click here to view the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History entry for James Rudolph Garfield

From the guide to the James Rudolph Garfield Papers, 1879-1909, (Western Reserve Historical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Garfield, James Rudolph, 1865-1950. James Rudolph Garfield papers, 1879-1909. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Pinchot, Amos, 1873-1944. Amos Pinchot papers, 1856-1945 (bulk 1909-1942). Library of Congress
referencedIn Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950. Henry Lewis Stimson papers, 1846-1966 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Fenton, Alcinus Ward, 1839-1923. Papers, 1862-1912. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Amos Pinchot Papers, 1856-1945, (bulk 1909-1942) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Carter, Thomas Henry, 1854-1911. Papers of Thomas Henry Carter, 1883-1917. Library of Congress
referencedIn Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. Theodore Roosevelt papers, 1759-1993 (bulk 1878-1919). Library of Congress
referencedIn Frederick Haynes Newell Papers, 1885-1931 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn William Frederic Badè papers, 1871-1936 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Family papers, 1853-1954. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. James A. Garfield family papers, series II, 1871-1937. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Brown, Walter Folger, 1869-1961. Papers 1907-1950. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Garfield, James Rudolph, 1865-1950. James R. and Helen N. Garfield papers, 1881-1948. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Thomas Henry Carter Papers, 1833-1917, (bulk 1888-1917) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Charles Dewey Hilles papers, 1823-1955 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Hilles, Charles Dewey, 1867-1949. Charles Dewey Hilles papers, 1823-1955 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Garfield, Helen Newell, 1866-1930. Helen Newell Garfield papers, 1882-1930. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Letters received by the Norton family, 1830-1920. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Bonaparte, Charles J. (Charles Joseph), 1851-1921. Charles J. Bonaparte papers, 1760-1921 (bulk 1874-1921). Library of Congress
referencedIn McCaughrin, Lucy Williams, 1877-1962. Lucy Williams McCaughrin papers, 1873-1998. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Rudolph, Adelaide, 1858-1953. Papers, 1839-1950. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Harold L. Ickes Papers, 1815-1969, (bulk 1933-1951) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Horace L. Wilgus Papers, 1878-1935 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn William Dudley Foulke Papers, circa 1470-1952, (bulk 1868-1935) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Foulke, William Dudley, 1848-1935. Papers of William Dudley Foulke, circa 1470-1952 (bulk 1868-1935). Library of Congress
referencedIn Theodore Roosevelt Papers, 1759-1993, (bulk 1878-1919) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn William Frederic Badè papers, 1871-1936 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Oscar S. Straus Papers, 1856-1955, (bulk 1856-1923) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Ickes, Harold L. (Harold LeClair), 1874-1952. Harold L. Ickes papers, 1815-1969 (bulk 1933-1951). Library of Congress
creatorOf Garford, Arthur Lovett, 1858-1933. Papers 1877-1933. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Sawyer, Walter H. (Walter Hulme), 1861-1931. Walter H. Sawyer papers, 1900-1931. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Charles J. Bonaparte Papers, 1760-1921, (bulk 1874-1921) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
creatorOf James Rudolph Garfield Papers, 1879-1909 Western Reserve Historical Society
creatorOf Garfield, James Rudolph, 1865-1950. Letter, 1900 Oct. 17. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Portland Chamber of Commerce (Or.). Portland Chamber of Commerce records, 1890-1984. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. James A. Garfield family papers, series III, 1859-1990. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Garfield, James A. (James Abram), II, 1894-. James A. Garfield II family papers, 1873-1930. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Parman, Donald Lee, 1932-. Donald Parman papers, 1905-1913. Little Big Horn College Library
referencedIn Bingham family papers, 1811-1974 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Moorehead, Warren King, 1866-1939. Papers 1875-1939. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, American period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Straus, Oscar S. (Oscar Solomon), 1850-1926. Oscar S. Straus papers, 1856-1955 (bulk 1856-1923). Library of Congress
referencedIn Barnhart mss., 1813-1962 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Sawyer, Walter H. (Walter Hulme), 1861-1931. Walter H. Sawyer papers, 1901-1931. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Garfield, James Rudolph, 1865-1950. James Rudolph Garfield papers, 1879-1950 (bulk 1890-1932). Library of Congress
referencedIn Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. James A. Garfield family collection, [18--]-[19--]. Lake County Historical Society
referencedIn Walter L. Fisher Papers, 1871-1963, (bulk 1909-1920) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Stanley-Brown, Mary Garfield, 1867-1947. Mary Garfield Stanley-Brown papers, 1881-1967. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Burton, Theodore E. (Theodore Elijah), 1851-1929. Theodore E. Burton papers, 1869-1958 [microform]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Bingham family. Bingham family papers, 1811-1974 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Dayton, Covington and Piqua Traction Company. Records 1897-1927. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Newell, Frederick Haynes, 1862-1932. Frederick Haynes Newell papers, 1885-1931. Library of Congress
referencedIn Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. James A. Garfield family papers, 1855-1938. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn William Allen White Papers, 1859-1944, (bulk 1899-1944) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Fisher, Walter L. (Walter Lowrie), 1862-1935. Papers of Walter L. Fisher, 1879-1936 (bulk 1909-1919). Library of Congress
referencedIn William Roscoe Thayer papers, 1762-1927 (inclusive), 1872-1921 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Theodore Roosevelt Collection: Books, pamphlets, periodicals, 18-- - <ongoing> Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn White, William Allen, 1868-1944. William Allen White papers, 1859-1944 (bulk 1899-1944). Library of Congress
referencedIn Walter H. Sawyer papers, 1900-1931 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Academy of Political Science (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Badè, William Frederic, 1871-1936 person
correspondedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937 person
associatedWith Ballou family. family
associatedWith Barnhart, John D. (John Donald), 1895-1967 person
associatedWith Bingham family. family
associatedWith Bingham family. family
correspondedWith Bonaparte, Charles J. (Charles Joseph), 1851-1921. person
associatedWith Brown, Walter Folger, 1869-1961. person
correspondedWith Bryce, James Bryce, Viscount, 1838-1922 person
associatedWith Burton, Theodore E. (Theodore Elijah), 1851-1929. person
associatedWith Carter, Thomas Henry, 1854-1911. person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Cole, Corinne Robinson Alsop, 1886-1971 person
correspondedWith Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933 person
associatedWith Dayton, Covington and Piqua Traction Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Fenton, Alcinus Ward, 1839-1923. person
associatedWith Fisher, Walter L. (Walter Lowrie), 1862-1935. person
correspondedWith Foulke, William Dudley, 1848-1935. person
associatedWith Garfield family. family
associatedWith Garfield, Helen Newell, 1866-1930. person
associatedWith Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. person
associatedWith Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918. person
associatedWith Garford, Arthur Lovett, 1858-1933. person
correspondedWith Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923 person
associatedWith Hilles, Charles Dewey, 1867-1949. person
associatedWith Hills family. family
correspondedWith Howe, Frederic Clemson, 1867-1940. person
correspondedWith Hunt, Gaillard, 1862-1924 person
associatedWith Ickes, Harold L. (Harold LeClair), 1874-1952. person
associatedWith James A. Garfield Home (Mentor, Ohio) corporateBody
correspondedWith Jusserand, J. J. (Jean Jules), 1855-1932 person
correspondedWith McCaughrin, Lucy Williams, 1877-1962. person
associatedWith Moorehead, Warren King, 1866-1939. person
associatedWith National Conservation Association (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Newell family. family
correspondedWith Newell, Frederick Haynes, 1862-1932. person
associatedWith Newell, John. person
correspondedWith Norton family, recipient. family
associatedWith Ohio. General Assembly. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
associatedWith Parman, Donald Lee, 1932- person
correspondedWith Pinchot, Amos, 1873-1944. person
correspondedWith Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946 person
associatedWith Poore family. family
associatedWith Portland Chamber of Commerce (Or.) corporateBody
associatedWith Progressive Party (1912) corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, 1861-1948 person
associatedWith Roosevelt Memorial Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
correspondedWith Rowe, L. S. (Leo Stanton), 1871-1946 person
associatedWith Rudolph, Adelaide, 1858-1953. person
associatedWith Rudolph family. family
associatedWith Sawyer, Walter H. (Walter Hulme), 1861-1931. person
associatedWith Stanley-Brown, Mary Garfield, 1867-1947. person
associatedWith Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950. person
correspondedWith Straus, Oscar S. (Oscar Solomon), 1850-1926. person
correspondedWith Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923 person
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Corporations. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Civil Service Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of the Interior. corporateBody
correspondedWith White, William Allen, 1868-1944. person
associatedWith Wilgus, Horace L. (Horace La Fayette), 1859-1935 person
correspondedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 person
correspondedWith Wood, Leonard, 1860-1927 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Cleveland (Ohio)
Ohio
United States
United States
Ohio
Mentor (Ohio)
Subject
James A. Garfield National Historic Site (Mentor, Ohio)
Garfield, Helen Newell, 1866-1930
Garfield, James Rudolph, 1865-1950
Poor families
Newell family
Hill family
Newell, John
Garfield family
Cabinet officers
Real property
Ballou family
Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919
Rudolph family
Cabinet officers--United States
United States. Dept. of the Interior
Occupation
Cabinet officers
Conservationists
Lawyers
Function

Person

Birth 1865-10-17

Death 1950-03-24

Information

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SNAC ID: 74958668