Carter, Thomas Henry, 1854-1911

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Thomas Henry Carter was born in Ohio in 1854, the son of Edward C. and Margaret Carter. After his admission to the bar, Carter established a practice in Burlington, Iowa. In 1882, he moved to Helena, Montana Territory, and after a brief private practice, he associated with John B. Clayberg in the firm of Carter and Clayberg. In November 1889, he was the territorial delegate for the state when Montana gained statehood. After the admission of Montana as a state, he was elected its first representative in Congress in December 1889. He then served in the U.S. Senate from 1895 to 1901, and again from 1905 to 1911. In addition, Carter was the commissioner of the U.S. General Land Office (1891-1892), chairman of the Republican National Committee (1892-1896), and U.S. commissioner to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Mo. (1904). Carter died on September 17, 1911 at his Washington, D.C. home. Julia Ann Carter Lang was Thomas's sister and wrote an unpublished family biography.

From the guide to the Thomas Carter Correspondence Selections and Related Material, 1901-1971, (Montana State University-Bozeman Library, Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections)

Lawyer and U.S. representative and senator from Montana.

From the description of Papers of Thomas Henry Carter, 1883-1917. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79604910

Biographical Note

  • 1854, Oct. 30: Born, Scioto County, Ohio
  • 1878: Began study of law, Burlington, Iowa
  • 1882: Moved to Helena, Mont., and practiced law
  • 1886: Married Ellen L. Galen
  • 1889 - 1891 : Delegate, subsequently representative, from Montana to fifty-first U.S. Congress
  • 1891 - 1892 : Commissioner, General Land Office
  • 1892 - 1896 : Chairman, Republican National Committee
  • 1895 - 1901 : United States senator from Montana
  • 1901 - 1904 : President, Louisiana Purchase Exposition Commission
  • 1895 - 1901 : United States senator from Montana
  • 1911: Chairman, U.S. section of the International Joint Commission created to prevent disputes regarding use of boundary waters between the U.S. and Canada
  • 1911, Sept. 17: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Thomas Henry Carter Papers, 1833-1917, (bulk 1888-1917), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Burlingame, Merrill G. (Merrill Gildea), 1901-1994. Thomas Carter correspondence selections and related material, 1908-1971. Montana State University (MSU) Library, MSU Library; Renne Library; MSU Library - Bozeman
referencedIn Henry Oscar Houghton papers, 1773-1932 (inclusive) 1833-1895 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Thomas Carter Correspondence Selections and Related Material, 1901-1971 Montana State University-Bozeman Library, Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
referencedIn Additional papers, 1917-1962 and undated. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Carter, John Galen, 1891-1941. John G. Carter papers, 1885-1952. Montana State University (MSU) Library, MSU Library; Renne Library; MSU Library - Bozeman
referencedIn Mulvey, Daniel Terrance. Autograph book containing a Mark Twain signature, 1906-1907. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Carter, Thomas Henry, 1854-1911. Papers of Thomas Henry Carter, 1883-1917. Library of Congress
referencedIn Levi P. Morton Correspondence, 1860-1912 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Fairbanks mss., 1819-1939 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
referencedIn Roeder, Richard B. Richard B. Roeder papers, 1949-1995. Montana State University (MSU) Library, MSU Library; Renne Library; MSU Library - Bozeman
referencedIn Faust, Leo H. Leo H. Faust papers, 1899-1918. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Richard B. Roeder Papers, 1949-1995 Montana State University-Bozeman Library, Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
creatorOf Thomas Henry Carter Papers, 1833-1917, (bulk 1888-1917) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn John G. Carter Papers, 1855-1952 Montana State University-Bozeman Library, Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
referencedIn E. E. Cummings papers, 1870-1969. Houghton Library.
referencedIn White mss., 1932-1969 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American-Irish Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Ballinger, Richard Achilles, 1858-1922. person
associatedWith Beattie, Edwin person
associatedWith Beattie, Edwin person
correspondedWith Beattie, Edwin person
associatedWith Boucher, Anthony, 1911-1968 person
correspondedWith Carroll, John, 1735-1815 person
associatedWith Carter family family
associatedWith Carter, John Galen, 1891-1941. person
correspondedWith Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962 person
associatedWith Dixon, Joseph M. (Joseph Moore), 1867-1934. person
associatedWith Fairbanks, Charles W. (Charles Warren), 1852-1918. person
associatedWith Faust, Leo H. person
associatedWith Garfield, James Rudolph, 1865-1950. person
associatedWith Harrison, Benjamin, 1833-1901. person
correspondedWith Houghton, Henry Oscar, 1823-1895 person
associatedWith Lang, Julia Carter person
associatedWith Lanstrum, Oscar Monroe, 1869-1928 person
correspondedWith Maginnis, Martin, 1841-1919 person
correspondedWith Miles, A. W. (Arthur Wellington), 1859-1933 person
associatedWith Morton, Levi P. (Levi Parsons), 1824-1920 person
associatedWith Mulvey, Daniel Terrance. person
associatedWith Penrose, Boies, 1860-1921. person
associatedWith Pray, Charlie person
associatedWith Pray, Charlie person
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Roeder, Richard B. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Ryan, Thomas Fortune, 1851-1928. person
associatedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. person
associatedWith United States-Congress-Senate corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Glacier National Park (Mont.)
United States-Politics and government-1901-1953
Glacier National Park (Mont.)
Montana
Yellowstone National Park
Montana
United States
Yellowstone National Park.
Montana-Politics and government-20th century
Subject
Laity--Catholic Church
Tariff--United States
Conservation of natural resources
Legislators--United States--Correspondence
Montana
Public lands
Home and Family
Civic Activism
Postal service
Postal service--United States
Tariff
Indians of North America--Government relations
Irish Americans
Political Campaigns
Occupation
Lawyers
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Montana
Senators, U.S. Congress--Montana
Function

Person

Birth 1854-10-30

Death 1911-09-17

Information

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