Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825

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Daniel D. Tompkins (June 21, 1774 – June 11, 1825) was an American politician. He was the fourth governor of New York from 1807 to 1817, and the sixth vice president of the United States from 1817 to 1825.

Born in Scarsdale, New York, Tompkins practiced law in New York City after graduating from Columbia College. He was a delegate to the 1801 New York constitutional convention and served on the New York Supreme Court from 1804 to 1807. In 1807, he defeated incumbent Morgan Lewis to become the Governor of New York. He held that office from 1807 to 1817, serving for the duration of the War of 1812. During the war, he often spent his own money to equip and pay the militia when the legislature wasn't in session, or would not approve the necessary funds.

Tompkins was the Democratic-Republican Party's vice presidential nominee in the 1816 presidential election. The ticket of James Monroe and Tompkins easily prevailed over limited Federalist opposition. He served as vice president from 1817 to 1825, and was the only 19th century vice president to serve two full terms. In 1820, he sought another term as Governor of New York, but was defeated by DeWitt Clinton. After the War of 1812, Tompkins was in poor physical and financial health, the latter condition stemming largely from his spending for the military effort during the War of 1812. He fell into alcoholism and was unable to re-establish fiscal solvency despite winning partial reimbursement from the federal government in 1823. He died in June 1825, soon after leaving office.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Tompkins, Daniel D, 1774-1825 papers, 1814-1820(ca.). New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Johnson family. Johnson family papers, 1776-1937. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Letter, 1812 June 10. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Welles, Gideon, 1802-1878. Papers, 1777-1911 (bulk: 1820-1876) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Kent, James, 1763-1847. Collection, 1785-1845. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Fuller, B. A. G., 1879-1956. Autograph collection, 1620-1920 Houghton Library
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Coast Guard. 1785-2005.
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Letter : Albany, N.Y., to B.W. Crowninshield, 1815 Apr. 5. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of State, 1763 - 2002. Letters Received, 1789 - 1906 National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
referencedIn Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library). Petition : to his excellency Daniel D. Tompkins, Governor of the State of New York, [ca. 1810]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Records of U.S. Army Commands. 1784 - 1874. Letters and Extracts of Letters Received by New York Governor Daniel D. Tompkins
creatorOf New York (State). Governor (1807-1817 : Tompkins). Letter : Albany, to Captain Abraham Bloom, Genoa, N.Y., 1809 Feb. 21. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn John W. Taylor Papers, 1798-1852 © 2011 New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Orders, 1812 February 17. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Letter to William Leffingwell, 1808 April 14. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Daniel D. Tompkins Correspondence, 1847-1849 History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn New-York Society for Promoting the Manumission of Slaves, and Protecting Such of Them as Have Been, or May Be Liberated. Records, 1785-1849. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. [Commission] 1810 Apr. 27 appointing Caleb Hopkins as first Major of the Regiment of Militia in the County of Ontario : whereof Ezra Patterson is Lieutenant-Colonel / Daniel D. Tompkins. SUNY Geneseo, Milne Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1808 September 2, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to George Mosley, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829. Letter books, 1812 June 3-1813 Dec. 22. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Johnson family. Johnson family papers, 1776-1937. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006. National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records, 2013 - 2017 National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
creatorOf Tompkins family. Tompkins-Wright family papers, 1792-1858, 1925. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn DeRidder, Simon, 1766-1832. Papers, 1763-1890. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Isaac Chauncey papers, Chauncey, Isaac papers, 1801-1818 William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Wood, Thaddeus M. Thaddeus M. Wood papers, 1802-1818. New York State Historical Documents
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Letter : Albany, N.Y., to B.W. Crowninshield, 1815 Apr. 5. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Autograph File, T, 1580-1975. Houghton Library
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. [Certificate of appreciation]. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn John Lansing, Jr. papers, 1781-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf New Jersey Historical Society. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1664-1956 New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Pierson, Nathaniel H. Papers, 1814-1893. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Hammond, Jabez D. (Jabez Delano), 1778-1855. Letter, 1822 January 30. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Truxtun, Thomas, 1755-1822. ALS, 1808 July 9 : New York, to Governor Daniel Tompkins. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf New York (State). Governor (1807-1817 : Tompkins). Gubernatorial and personal records, 1792-1823. New York State Archives
referencedIn New York (State). Comptroller's Office. Register of abstracts of audited accounts for governor's military expenses, 1819. New York State Archives
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Legal document, in autograph signed, 1813 Oct. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kingsley, Andrew. Andrew Kingsley military appointments and discharge of debts, 1814-1818. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Johnson family papers, 1776-1937 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Autograph letter signed : Bowery, to William Barker, 1799 Apr. 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Jacob Barker letters, 1815, 1819, 1821, 1824, 1825, 1848 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn New York (State). Militia. Appointments, 1811 February 11. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Stearns Family. Stearns family papers, 1795-1918. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Bailey family. Bailey-Moore family correspondence, 1783-1923. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Republican Party (N.Y.). Broadside, 1816 April 4. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Appointment as judge, 1805. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Welles, Gideon, 1802-1878. Gideon Welles papers, 1777-1911 (bulk 1820-1876). Library of Congress
referencedIn Asher, Louis Eller, 1877-1948. Lewis Eller Asher autograph collection, 1757-1925. Library of Congress
creatorOf Crary, Leonard P., 1793-1836. Leonard P. Crary papers, 1814-1838. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Shepard, John D., 1816-1884. John D. Shepard-Thaddeus Joy papers, 1808-1861. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Letter, 1808 June 21. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf New York (State). Governor (1807-1817 : Tompkins). Letter : Albany [N.Y.], to His Excellency Elbridge Gerry, 1812 Apr. 30. Newberry Library
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Letter, 1807 July 22. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn New York (State). New York state military commission for Braddick Hall, 1810 April 28. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Letters : of James Monroe while secretary of war, 1814- 1823, n.d. James Monroe Museum & Memorial Library
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876 (bulk:1700-1800) New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Grosvenor, Stephen K., 1793-1839. Letter : to Lucius Storrs, [1820]. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Astor, John Jacob, 1763-1848. Miscellaneous Manuscripts, 1300-1970. University at Albany, University Libraries
referencedIn Historic Cherry Hill,. Stephen Van Rensselaer Military Papers, 1812-1816. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Ravekes family. Papers, 1867-1960, 1912-1960 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Land patent collection, 1790-1864. New York State Historical Documents
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Papers, 1795-1819. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Lamb, Anthony. Papers of Anthony Lamb, 1779-1862 (bulk 1812-1817). Library of Congress
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Autograph letter signed : New York, to E. Gerry, 1811 May 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn New-York Manumission Society Records, 1785-1849 © 2011 New-York Historical Society
referencedIn St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery (New York, N.Y.). Cemetery and burial information, 1830-[ca. 1975]. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf New York (State). Governor (1807-1817 : Tompkins). Letters patent : to Augustus Porter and Benjamin Barton, 1814 June 27 and 1816 Nov. 19. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. ALS : New York [N.Y.], to Dear Sir [Smith Thomson], 1820 Aug. 21. Concord Free Public Library, Special Collection
referencedIn Riker, Richard, 1773-1842. Richard Riker autograph letter signed to Samuel Jones, 1827 August 25. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Daniel D. Tompkins papers, 1808-1822. Library of Congress
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library
creatorOf Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. Letter, 1808 March 23. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Taylor, John W., 1784-1854. John W. Taylor correspondence and papers, 1804-1846. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Stevens, Ebenezer, 1751-1823. Letter book, 1807-1814. New-York Historical Society Library
creatorOf Scarsdale Historical Society (Scarsdale, N.Y.). Document collection, 1811-1984. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829. Papers, 1800-1814. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Lewis County Historical Society (Lyons Falls, N.Y.). Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1793-1943. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Stearns Family. Stearns family papers, 1785-1918. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Bailey family. Bailey-Moore family military records, 1778-1868. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Asher, Louis Eller, 1877-1948. person
associatedWith Bailey family. family
associatedWith Bailey family. family
associatedWith Barker, Jacob, 1779-1871 person
associatedWith Barker, William, fl. 1799, person
associatedWith Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840 person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Columbia University corporateBody
associatedWith Columbia University. corporateBody
associatedWith Crary, Leonard P., 1793-1836. person
associatedWith Crowninshield, Benjamin Williams, 1772-1851. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829. person
associatedWith DeRidder, Simon, 1766-1832. person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Fuller, B. A. G. (Benjamin Apthorp Gould), 1879-1956 person
associatedWith Gerry, Elbridge, 1744-1814, person
associatedWith Grosvenor, Stephen K., 1793-1839. person
associatedWith Hammond, Jabez D. (Jabez Delano), 1778-1855. person
associatedWith Historic Cherry Hill, corporateBody
associatedWith Hopkins, Caleb. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Johnson family family
associatedWith Johnson family. family
associatedWith Johnson family. family
associatedWith Kent, James, 1763-1847. person
associatedWith Kingsley, Andrew. person
associatedWith Lamb, Anthony. person
associatedWith Lansing, John, 1754-1829 person
associatedWith Leffingwell, William. person
associatedWith Lewis County Historical Society (Lyons Falls, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Lewis, Morgan, 1754-1844. person
associatedWith Madison, James, 1751-1836. person
associatedWith Marquand, Isaac. person
associatedWith Miller, James, 1776-1851. person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831. person
associatedWith New-York Society for Promoting the Manumission of Slaves, and Protecting Such of Them as Have Been, or May Be Liberated. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State) corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Comptroller's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Governor (1807-1817 : Tompkins) corporateBody
memberOf New York (State). Legislature. Assembly corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Militia. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Militia. Ontario County. corporateBody
associatedWith Patterson, Ezra. person
associatedWith Pierson, Nathaniel H. person
associatedWith Ravekes family. family
associatedWith Republican Party (N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Riker, Richard, 1773-1842. person
associatedWith Scarsdale Historical Society (Scarsdale, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Shepard, John D., 1816-1884. person
associatedWith Stearns Family. family
associatedWith Stearns Family. family
associatedWith Stevens, Ebenezer, 1751-1823. person
associatedWith St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Strong, J. H. person
memberOf Supreme Court of the State of New York. corporateBody
associatedWith Taylor, John W., 1784-1854. person
associatedWith Thompson, Smith, 1768-1843. person
parentOf Tompkins, Daniel Hyatt. person
associatedWith Tompkins family. family
associatedWith Truxtun, Thomas, 1755-1822. person
associatedWith United States. Army. Cavalry. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy corporateBody
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission corporateBody
associatedWith Vanderbergh, W. John. person
associatedWith Van Pelt, Peter I., 1778-1861. person
associatedWith Van Rensselaer, Solomon, 1774-1852. person
associatedWith Van Rensselaer, Stephen, 1764-1839. person
correspondedWith Welles, Gideon, 1802-1878. person
associatedWith Wood, Thaddeus M. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
District of Columbia DC US
Scarsdale NY US
Albany NY US
Staten Island NY US
New York City NY US
Subject
Ordinance
Equipment and supplies
Military Medicine
Military personnel
Land grants
Mortgage bonds
Vice presidents
Mortgages
Land titles
Letters
Governor
Occupation
Vice Presidents--United States
Governors--New York (State)
Jurists
State Representative
Lawyers
Function

Person

Birth 1774-06-21

Death 1825-06-11

Male

Americans

English

Information

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