Taylor, John W., 1784-1854

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John W. Taylor (March 26, 1784 – September 18, 1854) was an early 19th-century U.S. politician from New York. He was the first Speaker of the House of Representatives from the state.

Taylor was born in 1784 in that part of the Town of Ballston, then in Albany County, New York, which was, upon the creation of Saratoga County in 1791, split off to form the Town of Charlton. He received his first education at home.

Taylor graduated from Union College in 1803 as valedictorian of his class. Then he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1807, and practiced in Ballston Spa, New York. In 1806, he married Jane Hodge (died 1838), of Albany, New York, and they had eight children. He was a member from Saratoga County of the New York State Assembly in 1812 and 1812–13.

Taylor served in the United States House of Representatives for 20 years, from 1813 to 1833, and was twice elected as Speaker of the House: in 1820 and in 1825. In 1819, he supported the proposed Tallmadge Amendment regarding the Missouri Territory's admission to the Union as a free state (which passed the House, but was defeated in the Senate), and was a staunch proponent of the subsequent Missouri Compromise of March 1820. During the floor debate on the Tallmadge Amendment, Taylor boldly criticized southern lawmakers who frequently voiced their dismay that slavery was entrenched and necessary to their existence.

After leaving Congress, Taylor resumed his law practice in Ballston Spa, and was a member of the New York State Senate (4th D.) in 1841 and 1842. He resigned his seat on August 19, 1842, after suffering a paralytic stroke. In 1843, he moved to Cleveland, Ohio, to live with his eldest daughter and her husband William D. Beattie, and died there 11 years later. He was buried in the Ballston Spa Village Cemetery.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Taylor, John W., 1784-1854. Letter, 1818 September 25, to "Officers of the Military Academy at West Point." United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf John W. Taylor Papers, 1798-1852 © 2011 New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Brooks, John P., fl. 1877. Lawyers' and judges' papers, 1736-1914. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915 Houghton Library
creatorOf Taylor, John W., 1784-1854. John W. Taylor papers, 1810-1854. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Papers of Professor Henry William Wilder Foote and Family, 1714-1959 Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Hale family papers, 1727-1965 Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Taylor, John W., 1784-1854. John W. Taylor correspondence and papers, 1804-1846. Churchill County Museum
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848 person
associatedWith Boss, Hiram. person
associatedWith Buel, Jesse, 1778-1839. person
associatedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852 person
associatedWith Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828. person
associatedWith Clothier, Ithamar. person
associatedWith Conkling, Alfred, 1789-1874. person
associatedWith Cooke, Sam. person
associatedWith Cook, Samuel. person
associatedWith Cowen, Esek, 1787-1844. person
associatedWith Cramer, John. person
associatedWith Crawford, William Harris, 1772-1834. person
associatedWith Decatur, Stephen, 1779-1820. person
associatedWith Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879. person
associatedWith Ely, Isaac M. (Isaac Mills), 1787-1845. person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fisk, Jonathan, 1778-1832. person
associatedWith Geddes, James, 1763-1838. person
associatedWith Hale family. family
associatedWith Hale, Salma, 1787-1866. person
associatedWith Hammond, Jabez D. (Jabez Delano), 1778-1855. person
associatedWith Hodge, James. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826 person
associatedWith Livingston, Richard Montgomery, b. 1773. person
associatedWith Lucas, John B. C., d. 1842 person
associatedWith Martindale, Henry Clinton, 1779?-1860. person
associatedWith McLean, John, 1785-1861. person
associatedWith Miner, Charles, 1780-1865. person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1821 person
associatedWith Mower, James B. person
associatedWith New York (State). Legislature. Assembly. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Legislature. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith Niles, Hezekiah, 1777-1839. person
associatedWith Nott, Eliphalet, 1773-1866. person
associatedWith Paine, Lemuel C. person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Palmer, George. person
associatedWith Palmer, Thomas. person
associatedWith Richards, John. person
associatedWith Russell, John, 1772-1842. person
associatedWith Sage, Ebenezer, 1755-1834. person
associatedWith Savage, John, 1779-1863. person
associatedWith Spencer, Ambrose, 1765-1848. person
associatedWith Tallmadge, James, 1778-1853. person
associatedWith Taylor, Jane Hodge, d. 1838. person
associatedWith Tompkins, Daniel D., 1774-1825. person
associatedWith Union College (Schenectady, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Elections. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House Speakers. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Buren, Martin, 1782-1862. person
associatedWith Viele, John Ludovicus, 1788-1832. person
associatedWith Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852 person
associatedWith Woodbridge, William, 1780-1861. person
associatedWith Young, Samuel, 1779-1850 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Charlton NY US
Ballston Spa NY US
Cleveland OH US
District of Columbia DC US
Antislavery movements
Abolitionists--United States
Antislavery movements--United States
Speakers of the House, U.S. Congress
Representatives, U.S. Congress--New York (State)


Birth 1784-03-26

Death 1854-09-18





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