Records, 1941-2001 (bulk, 1968-1988).
There are 144 Entities related to this resource.
International Business Machines Corporation was incorporated in New York State on June 16, 1911 under the name Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co. In 1922, Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co. purchased all of the shares of Deutsche Hollerith Maschinen Gesellschaft. In 1924 the official name of the company was changed to International Business Machines Corporation. In 1933, IBM CEO Thomas Watson ordered the merger of IBM subsidiaries in Germany (Optima, Degemag, Holgemag, Dehomag) under the name De...
After the first National Labor Relations Board was functionally abolished by the Supreme Court decision invalidating the National Industrial Recovery Act, May 27, 1935, a new National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) was established as an independent agency by the National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act (NLRA) (49 Stat. 195), dated July 5, 1935. The Supreme Court in 1937 declared the Board constitutional and sustained Congress’s power to regulate employers whose operations affected interstate commerce...
Kodak, short for Eastman Kodak Company is a multinational technology company based in the United States. It was founded by George Eastman in 1888. Kodak is widely known for and internationally renowned for its photographic film products. It was one of the foremost photographic film businesses of the 20th Century. In 2009 as part of a major global restructuring programme, Kodak generously donated its research department's library to DMU Archives and Special Collections. T...
Northrop Corporation was a leading United States aircraft manufacturer from its formation in 1939 until its 1994 merger with Grumman to form Northrop Grumman. The company is known for its development of the flying wing design, most successfully the B-2 Spirit stealth bomber....
Tredegar Iron Works, founded in 1836, produced high-quality iron products (weapons, artillery pieces, cannons, cannonballs, and shot, iron plate) during the Civil War. After the war, the company manufactured iron products for railroads and for agricultural uses. From the description of A place in history; the Tredegar Iron Works, 1989. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122608773 The Ethyl Corporation, chartered in Delaware in 1924, originated from the research effo...
Pennwalt Corporation was incorporated in Pennsylvania on September 1, 1850, as the Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing Company. It was renamed the Pennsalt Chemicals Corporation on April 27, 1957. Upon absorbing Wallace & Tiernan, Inc., a manufacturer of pharmaceuticals, on March 31, 1969, it was renamed the Pennwalt Corporation. In 1989, the properties of Pennwalt were acquired by the Société Nationale Elf Aquitane, a French petrochemical firm, and merged into Elf Atochem, N.A. ...
Founded in Chicago in 1864 by Canadian immigrant Richard Robert Donnelley, R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company is a leading global provider of printing and print-related services. From the description of R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company Archive, 1844-2005 (inclusive) (University of Chicago Library). WorldCat record id: 772636484 Richard Robert Donnelley (1836-1899), born in Hamilton, Ontario, arrived in Chicago in 1864 to apply his trade as a journeyman printer w...
Until 1960, the federal government had responsibility for roads and bridges in Alaska: the Alaska Road Commission, under the War Dept., from 1905-1932, and the Interior Dept. from 1932 to 1956 when it was absorbed by the U.S. Bureau of Public Roads. In 1960, after statehood, Alaska State Department of Highways was organized and assumed responsibility for the State's highway program. From the description of U.S. Federal Highway Administration photograph collection [graphic], ca. 1950-...
The United Food and Commercial Workers International Union (UFCW), Local 1245 is based in Northern New Jersey and represents workers in the supermarket industry and other smaller industries. During the 1960s and 1970s the union, formerly the Retail Clerks International Association Local 1245 (AFL-CIO), was led by president Frank DeVito and membership included supermarket workers in North Jersey, Hockland County, Staten Island, New York City and Long Island. The UFCW was ...
On March 27, 1964, at approximately 5:36 p.m. Alaska Standard Time, the "Good Friday" Earthquake (also known as the Great Alaska Earthquake) shook all of Southcentral Alaska. The quake's epicenter was 80 miles east of Anchorage in Prince William Sound. The quake's magnitude was originally recorded between 8.4 and 8.6 on the Richter scale, but later upgraded to 9.2. The earthquake was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded in North America. It was the second largest earthquake ever recorded, ...
The AFL and CIO merged in 1955 as an umbrella organization for skilled trade and industrial unions. Its regional office in Baltimore represented worker interests against this railroad merger. From the description of AFL-CIO response to merger of Pennsylvania and New York Central railroads, 1962-1963. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 238572652 Created by merger of American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1955. ...
The Glass Bottle Blowers' Association of the United States and Canada (GBBA) was organized in 1868 as the Independent Druggist Ware Glass Blowers' League. It affiliated with the Knights of Labor in 1886 and withdrew from this affiliation in 1891 to become the United Green Glass Workers' Association of the United States and Canada, assuming its present name in 1895. From the description of Glass Bottle Blowers' Association of the United States and Canada records, 1890-1940. (Cornell U...
The family firm of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company was established in 1802 and during the 19th century it became one of the United States' most important manufacturers of black powder. In 1902 three younger du Pont cousins: T. Coleman, Alfred I., and Pierre S. took over the company and within three years succeeded in bringing 75% of the American explosives industry (which at that time included black powder, dynamite, and smokeless powder) under their control. During the first decade of the...
Founded 1963, Martin Marietta Inc.; predecessor companies to 1913. Corporate interests include: defense/military systems; reconnaissance systems; telecommunications. From the description of Records. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80630241 ...
Rohm & Haas was founded by Dr. Otto Rohm and Mr. Otto Haas in Esslingen, Germany in 1907. In 1911 Haas opened a U.S. branch in Philadelphia. The company prospered through sale of such products as Oropon and Plexiglas acrylic. The firm also branched out into textiles. In 2008, it was purchased by Dow Chemical Company. From the description of The Rohm & Haas Company archives, 1743-1998 (bulk 1907-1983). (Chemical Heritage Foundation). WorldCat record id: 643519161 The ...
Founded 1906. Manufacturer of computer peripherals and software; office/business equipment. From the description of Archives. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79322255 ...
George John Rath (b. 1821) was a merchant based in Dubuque, Iowa. He eventually expanded into a pork packing operation, and in 1891, his son E.R. Rath and cousin, John W. Rath, opened the Rath Packing Company in Waterloo, Iowa. The company focused on hogs, beef, and lamb, and thrived throughout the early 20th century. By 1941, Rath had grown into the nation's single largest facilities with branches in 12 states. During the post-war period, the company faced labor trouble...
The Consolidated Rail Corporation (Conrail) was incorporated in Pennsylvania on February 10, 1976, for the purpose of taking over the viable portions of the Penn Central Transportation Company and other bankrupt Northeastern railroads as determined by the 1975 Final System Plan of the United States Railway Association. Conrail''s securities were owned by the federal government for funds advanced, and by its employees for wage and hours givebacks. Initial operation was as troubled and unprofitabl...
Founded 1892. Corporate interests include: Broadcasting; Electric Components; Household Appliances; Lighting Equipment; Motors; Telecommunications; Electromedical Industry. From the description of Technical records. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84865339 Founded 1892. From the description of General Electric Company in Camden, N.J., collection, 1878-1989. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979711 Schenectady, NY. From the description of Electr...
Atari, Inc. was incorporated in California in 1972 to engage in the design, manufacture and sale of electronic entertainment systems. It was a pioneer in arcade games, home video game consoles, and home computers. The donor, Allan Alcorn, was Vice-President, Research, for the company. He designed and developed Pong video game, as well as Space Race, Gotcha, and Pong Doubles among other computer video amusement games. From the description of Atari, Inc. business plans, 1974-1975. (Unk...
CIBA-GEIGY Corporation is a large, diversified chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturer with headquarters in Ardsley, New York. In 1980, CIBA-GEIGY initiated the Exceptional Black Scientist Poster Program to acquaint the general public with the achievements of some black scientists and to encourage minorities to pursue careers in science, medicine and mathematics. CIBA-GEIGY Corporation selected black individuals each year who made significant contributions to their resp...
The Society of the Plastics Industry was organized on May 11, 1937, by several engineers and salesmen connected with the manufacture of plastics feedstocks, finished products, and processing machinery. As a general trade association, the Society was somewhat unusual in that it represented both the giant chemical firms and small finishers and molders. In its early years, the Society was a loose organization which brought its members together for socializing and informal exchanges ove...
In January 1980, William C. Norris began planning for Control Data Corporation (CDC) executives to write histories of the major business segments of the company. After compiling a list of potential contributors, selected current and former CDC executives were requested to write narratives, with as much supporting documentation as possible, on specific business areas or topics in mid-1980. By late 1981, all the narratives had been completed. From the description of Control Data Corpor...
The Industrial Research Unit of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania was founded in 1921 as the Industrial Research Department with a mission to "study the economic and social problems of business." Sponsored by the Trustees of the University and financially assisted by the Carnegie Corporation, the Department worked in close relationship with a group of representative Philadelphia firms, which furnished data for research and analysis. From its inception to World War...
The Multics operating system was developed at MIT's Project MAC in cooperation with Bell Laboratories and General Electric beginning in 1964. It was written in PL/I, a high level programming language, and designed to adapt to future needs. When Honeywell took over General Electric's computer section it marketed Multics as a commercial product. From the description of Multics records, 1965-1982. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 63295362 From the gui...
The United Steelworkers of America (USWA) was established 22 May 1942, by a convention of representatives from the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers (AAISTW) and the Steel Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC) after an intensive organizing initiative by the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in the 1930s. After mergers in 2005, it was renamed United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union (USW...
The Western Electric Company was a subsidiary of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company. The firm manufactured a wide variety of telephone equipment at its Hawthorne Works in Chicago, Illinois. A notable series of worker efficiency experiments known as the Hawthorne Studies were staged at the plant between 1924 and 1933. From the description of Photograph album, 1925. (Harvard Business School). WorldCat record id: 52815587 From the description of Western Electric Com...
Founded 1930, Geophysical Service; 1951, Texas Instruments. Provider of consulting and engineering services; manufacturer of computer components; electronic components; laboratory equipment; semiconductors. From the description of Archives. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154306188 Organized in 1930 as Geophysical Service, the company was formed to provide oil exploration services using the reflection seismograph. This technology used sound waves to look deep int...
The Lackawanna Iron and Coal Company, formed in Pennsylvania during the 1840's moved to a West Seneca, N.Y. site in 1899. Steelmaking began in 1903 and by 1909 the City of Lackawanna had been established around the steel plant. Purchased by Bethlehem Steel in 1922, the facility expanded until employment reached over 20,000 in the mid - 1950's. Decline in the 1970's led to the closing of the Lackawanna Plant in 1983. From the description of Bethlehem Steel Corporation photographs, 194...
The Caterpillar Tractor Company was formed in 1925 by the merger of the Holt Manufacturing Company of Stockton, California, and Peoria, Illinois, and the C.L. Best Tractor Company of San Leandro, California. In the years before World War I, Benjamin Holt invented the "caterpillar tractor," which moved on heavy, belted-metal tracks rather than wheels. The tracks prevented the vehicle from sinking in the mud. The Caterpillar Tractor Company mounted extensive marketing campaigns during the late 192...
The collection contains manuals for a number of different Burroughs computer systems, including the B6700, the B7000/B6000/B5000 families, and large systems in general. They concentrate on the programming languages (ALGOL and COBOL), but also contain primers on CANDE, WFL, and the DMSII system. From the guide to the Burroughs Corporation records. Product literature., 1910-1984, (Bulk: 1961-1982), (University of Minnesota Libraries. Charles Babbage Institute. [cbi]) The HOBO ...
Manufacturer of private aircraft founded in 1911 in Wichita, Kan. From the description of Cessna Aircraft Company Spring Training play book, circa 1972. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 645061026 The Cessna Aircraft Company is a manufacturer of private aircraft founded in 1911 in Wichita, Kansas From the guide to the Cessna Aircraft Company Spring Training Play Book, probably 1972, (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke Univer...
The Crown Zellerbach Corporation was formed in 1928 by the merger of the Zellerbach Paper Company and Crown Willamette Paper Company, both of which had been formed by the mergers of several other companies and their predecessors. In addition, various companies and their subsidiaries were purchased or formed after the 1928 merger, culminating with the acquisition of Crown Zellerbach Corporation by the James River Corporation in 1985. From the description of Crown Zellerbach Corporatio...
The Associated General Contractors of America was founded in 1918 as a trade organization dedicated furthering the interests of the construction industry, and maintaining dialogue between contractors, property owners, and government. From the description of Associated General Contractors of America ledger, 1945-1955. (California State Library). WorldCat record id: 773723382 ...
Burlington Industries, Inc., founded by James Spencer Love (1896-1962), opened its first cotton manufacturing plant in 1924 in Burlington, N.C., with 200 employees. (An early name was Burlington Mills Corporation; the name was changed to Burlington Industries, Inc. in 1955.) The company grew quickly by switching to rayon manufacturing. During the 1920s and 1930s, Burlington added plants, a New York City sales office, and, in 1935, moved its corporate headquarters from Burlington to Greensboro, N...
The Scott Paper Company was incorporated in Pennsylvania on December 21, 1905, as successor to the Scott Paper Company, Ltd., organized in October 1879. The company pioneered the manufacture and marketing of toilet paper and paper towels. The company was founded in Philadelphia by the brothers Clarence and E. Irwin Scott as a general wholesale jobbing business in coarse paper products such as wrapping paper and paper bags. The company soon carved out a niche cutting and ...
Akron, OH. From the description of Trade catalogs, ca.1915. (College of Physicians of Philadelphia). WorldCat record id: 122579155 The B.F. Goodrich Company began in 1870. Originally called Goodrich, Tew and Company, the organization was founded by Benjamin Franklin Goodrich, Harvey W. Tew, Henry S. Sanderson, Robert Newland, and David N. Marvin. Their partnership was intended to make rubber and because of their choice of location in Akron, Goodrich, Tew and Company (GTC) be...
Goodyear put pneumatic tires on 1917 Packard trucks for the first interstate trucking run between its Akron tire factory and Boston to prove that air-filled tires could make long-haul trucking possible. From the description of Wingfoot Express press kit, [ca. 1984-1987]. (Ohio Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 41001463 ...
Koppers is a global, diversified manufacturing company based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The original Koppers Company was founded by Dr. Heinrich Koppers, a young German engineer who developed a new type of coke oven that could economically recover the byproduct chemicals of the coal-cooking process. Koppers came to the United States and built his first ovens in 1907 in Joliet, Illinois. The company was incorporated in Chicago in 1912 before establishing its headquarters in Pittsburgh in 1914. ...
NY. From the description of Folic acid and vitamin B-12. Their interrelationships. Technical bulletin no. 1, 1954. (College of Physicians of Philadelphia). WorldCat record id: 122632877 ...
Founded 1939. Manufacturer of computer components, peripherals, and software; semiconductors; laboratory equipment; measuring devices. From the description of Archives. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83383181 Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard were friends and fellow graduates of Stanford University. Following their graduation from Stanford, the two founded the electronics firm Hewlett-Packard Company in 1938. Their first product was the resistance-capacity audio oscillator (HP 2...
Beutel was the head of the Texas Division in the 1940s for Dow Chemical Company. (This information is from the donor form.) From the description of Plat of Mount Pleasant [Mich.] property, Dow Chemical Company, showing well location, 1918. (Clarke Historical Library). WorldCat record id: 256867304 Dow Chemical Company was founded by Herbert H. Dow in 1897. Headquartered in Midland, Michigan, the company was initially founded upon a method invented by Dow for extracting bromi...
These records are transcripts of the 1994-1995 public hearing on the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) proposed standard for indoor air quality. The hearings were presided over by Judge John Vittone of the Department of Labor. The proposed regulations included rules affecting environmental tobacco smoke. Participants in the hearings included representatives from OSHA, the tobacco industry, small businesses, and trade unions as well as health professi...
The need for the collection of labor statistics was recognized by Congress in 1884 when it established the Bureau of Labor in the Department of the Interior. In 1913 the Bureau was transferred to the newly created Department of Labor under the title Bureau of Labor Statistics. The Commissioner is nominated by the President of the United States. He has advisory committees from labor and management to provide him with practical advice in the preparation and publication of statistics t...
Labor economist; emeritus professor of the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. From the description of Herbert R. Northup collection of Lemuel R. Boulware research materials, 1904-1990. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155862671 ...
The Sun Company, first incorporated under the laws of New Jersey on May 2, 1901, and successor to the Sun Oil Company (Ohio) formed in 1890, is an international energy company with oil, gas and coal reserves in 24 states, Canada, the British North Sea and Venezuela. From the description of Corporate records, 1890-1984. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86119238 The Sun Company, first incorporated under the laws of New Jersey on May 2, 1901, and successor to ...
Monsanto Chemical Works of Saint Louis (Missouri) was founded in 1901 by John Queeny and named for his wife, Olga Monsanto. The company's first commercially successful product was saccharin followed shortly thereafter by refined caffeine, vanillin, and aspirin. Within thirty years, largely under the influence of Queeny's son Edgar, Monsanto Chemical Works expanded its business and product portfolio to include a number of manufacturing facilities in both the United States and abroad. In 1933, the...
Established in 1900, in Cleveland, Ohio, as the Cleveland Cap Screw Co. It began producing automotive parts and underwent several reorganizations, becoming the Electric Welding Products Co. (1908), the Steel Products Co. (1915), and Thompson Products Inc. (1926). It expanded to include branch plants and the production of aircraft parts, and fostered a company union, the Automotive and Aircraft Workers Alliance (later the Aircraft Workers Alliance). It grew during World War II due to defense cont...
The Sperry Rand Corporation was incorporated under the laws of Delaware on June 30, 1955, as a merger of Remington Rand, Inc., and The Sperry Corporation. Sperry Rand was renamed the Sperry Corporation on Aug. 1, 1979. On September 16, 1986 Sperry was merged into the Burroughs Corporation. Burroughs, the surviving corporate entity, was renamed the Unisys Corporation. The firm was a major manufacturer of office machines, computers, electric appliances, feedback control systems and aerospace compo...
Steve Jobs contacted the donor, Mike Rose, who at the time (1976) was part of a small ad agency in Los Altos. Jobs wanted an estimate for design and print production of the first Apple-1 operation manual. Because Jobs did not want to spend anything on the job, the ad agency sent him on to a typesetter who also did pasteup, and he completed the piece. From the description of Apple Computer original advertising file, 1976. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122560698 ...
The Hercules Powder Company was incorporated on October 17, 1912, as part of the government-ordered antitrust breakup of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. Initially inheriting a portion of Dupont's explosives business, Hercules gradually evolved into a diversified chemical company and was renamed Hercules Incorporated on April 29, 1966. From the description of Personnel records, 1914-1990. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122397328 ...