Sun Company

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The Sun Company, first incorporated under the laws of New Jersey on May 2, 1901, and successor to the Sun Oil Company (Ohio) formed in 1890, is an international energy company with oil, gas and coal reserves in 24 states, Canada, the British North Sea and Venezuela.

From the description of Corporate records, 1890-1984. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86119238

The Sun Company, first incorporated under the laws of New Jersey on May 2, 1901, and successor to the Sun Oil Company (Ohio) formed in 1890, is an international energy company with oil, gas, and coal reserves in 24 states, Canada and the British North Sea and Venezuela.

From the description of Records, 1889-1984. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86134075

The Sun Company, first incorporated in New Jersey on May 2, 1901 as successor to the Sun Oil Company (Ohio) founded in 1890, is an international energy company with oil, gas and coal reserves in 24 states, Canada, the British North Sea and Venezuela.

From the description of Administrative correspondence, 1886-1933. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122516060

The Sun Company absorbed the Sunray DX Oil Company by merger in 1968 in order to enhance its competitive position. Sunray DX was a medium-sized oil company operating primarily in the Gulf States and the Southwest.

The principal predecessor company, Sunray Oil Corporation, was incorporated in Arizona in 1920. In 1950 it acquired the Barnsdall Oil Company, a major operator in the West and Southwest, and in 1955 it merged with the Mid-Continent Petroleum Corporation to form the Sunray Mid-Continent Petroleum Corporation. Mid-Continent traced its origins to Cosden & Co., founded in Baltimore in 1913 to exploit the recent discovery of oil in Oklahoma (the Glenn Oil Pool of 1907). Mid-Continent's strength in refining complemented Sunray's strength in production.

From the description of Sunray DX merger files, 1860-1968. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122558601

The Sun Company was incorporated under the laws of New Jersey on May 2, 1901, for the purpose of acquiring the assets of the Sun Oil Company (Ohio), formed in 1890. It was renamed the Sun Oil Company on December 15, 1922. As part of a general restructuring, a new Sun Oil Company was formed under the laws of Pennsylvania on August 4, 1971, as a holding company which acquired all the subsidiaries of the former New Jersey corporation, effective September 30, 1971. At the same time, two new subsidiaries were created: the Sun Oil Company of Pennsylvania, which assumed the operation of all domestic transportation and marketing facilities; and the Sun Oil Comapny of Delaware, which assumed all domestic exploration. The holding company was renamed the Sun Company, Inc., on April 27, 1976. The modern Sun Company is an international energy company with oil, gas, and coal reserves in 24 states, Canada and the British North Sea and Venezuela.

In the winter of 1876, Joseph Newton Pew (1848-1912) and Edward O. Emerson formed a partnership to explore for natural gas in the area around Bradford, Pa. This was a fringe area in which the dominant company, the Standard Oil Company, had shown little interest. By 1881, Emerson and Pew had concluded that there was a potential market for this relatively inexpensive form of energy and formed the Keystone Gas Company. The next year they established the Penn Fuel Company and three years later, the People's Natural Gas Company. During the decade, the partners consciously sought to exploit a cheap by-product of the oil boom to create a small but profitable industry in an area not controlled by the Standard Oil Trust.

The 1885 oil strike in Lima, Ohio, encouraged Pew and Emerson to take the first steps into the oil business proper. In 1886 they organized the Sun Oil Line Company to lease wells and build pipelines, tank cars and storage facilities. In 1890 the partners formed the Sun Oil Company (Ohio), and four years later they joined in the formation of the Diamond Oil Company, which purchased the Crystal Refinery in Toledo. Pew and Emerson soon bought out their partners and became sole owners of the refinery, which went into production in 1895. Pew bought out Emerson's interest in the company in 1899.

In January 1901 J.N. Pew and his nephew Robert C. Pew were among the first of the oil entrepreneurs to go to Texas to investigate the Spindletop strike that began the Texas oil rush. Pew moved to Philadelphia, incorporated the Sun Company in New Jersey, and constructed a refinery on the Delaware River at Marcus Hook to which Texas crude could be shipped by tanker, bypassing the pipelines and railroads dominated by Standard Oil. Sun's early commercial efforts focused on the European market, which it penetrated with considerable success. By the time of J. N. Pew, Sr., death in 1912, the Sun Company was established as a strong, aggessive, integrated, independent oil company with a worldwide market for its line of Sun Red lubricating oils and the first commercially viable asphalt, Hydrolene. J.N. Pew was succeeded by his second son J. Howard Pew. Under Pew's sons, the company began retailing its lubricating oils in 1919 and opened its first gasoline service station in 1920.

In the 1930s the company entered into a joint venture with the French engineer Eugene Houdry which developed the Houdry process for refining oil into high-octane gasoline by catalytic cracking. This made Sun a major force in the oil industry for the first time.

In 1947 J. Howard Pew retired and was succeeded by Robert G. Dunlop as the first non-family CEO. He introduced modern methods of professional management and functional departmentalization. The Pew family continued to exercise control and set overall policy through the board of directors. J. Howard Pew was the driving force behind the Great Canadian Oil Sands Limited project of the 1960s, aimed at developing the Athabasca tar sands. By the mid-60s, activity on this scale was no longer possible for Sun, and in 1968 Sun merged with Sunray DX Oil Company of Tulsa, Oklahoma, a regional company of similar size and outlook.

Throughout its history Sun has remained relatively small compared to the petroleum giants often described as the "Seven Sisters." It nevertheless maintained a significant market share in the industry. In 1975 it was number 22 on the Fortune 500 list.

From the description of Agency history record. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86094028

Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
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associatedWith 669 Leasing Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Ace-Hi Drilling Company. corporateBody
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associatedWith Almeda Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith American Junkers Company, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith American Petroleum Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Anchor Petroleum Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Anchor Production Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Arnoldin, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Atlantic Petroleum Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Audio Magnetics (Asia Pacific) Sales Limited. corporateBody
associatedWith Audio Magnetics Corporation (Far East) Limited. corporateBody
associatedWith Barnsdall Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Barnsdall Oil Company (Delaware). corporateBody
associatedWith Barnsdall Oil Company (New Jersey). corporateBody
associatedWith Barnsdall Oil Company of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Barnsdall Refineries, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Barnsdall South American Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Barnsdall, Theodore N. 1851-1917. person
associatedWith Barnsdall, William. person
associatedWith Barringer Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bay Terminal Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bear Oil Company, Ltd. corporateBody
associatedWith Beaver Valley Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Beaver Valley Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Beaver Valley Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Becton, Dickinson & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bentex Oil Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Blackwelder Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith B. & M. Transportation Company. corporateBody
associatedWith B. & N. Cartage Company, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Bolivian Sun Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bragg Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Brazos Oil Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith British Petroleum Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Brown Instrument Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bryan Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bryan-Smith Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bryan Transport Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Buck Young Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Burtis, Theodore A. person
associatedWith Calvert Exploration Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Calvert Funds, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Calvert Geothermal Resources, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Calvert Western Exploration Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Capital Petroleum Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Cardinal Service Stations, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Cheap Gasoline of North Carolina, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Chilton Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Commerce Oil & Products Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Compañia Sunoco de Cuba. corporateBody
associatedWith Compañia Sunoco de Cuba, S.A. corporateBody
associatedWith Cordero Mining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Coro Petroleum Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Cosden and Company (Delaware). corporateBody
associatedWith Cosden and Company (Oklahoma). corporateBody
associatedWith Cosden, Joshua S., 1882-1940. person
associatedWith Cosden Oil and Gas Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Cuban Sun Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith D. A. Marshall Service Stations, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Daniels Realty Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Darby Petroleum Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Detroit Southern Pipe Line Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Diamond Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Diamond Petroleum Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Dickinson, Fairleigh S. 1919- . person
associatedWith Donohue, Robert W. 1916- . person
associatedWith Dunlop, Robert G. 1909-1995. person
associatedWith DX Sunray Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Elk River Resources, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Emerson, Edward O. b. 1833. person
associatedWith Farm Journal, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Fast Shopper, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Ferguson, Darwin W. person
associatedWith Foss, R. E. 1910- . person
associatedWith France, Jacob, 1882-1962. person
associatedWith Gaffill DX Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith General Development Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Grace Oil and Minerals, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Great Canadian Oil Sands Limited. corporateBody
associatedWith Greta Oil Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Guatemala Sun Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Hamilton Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Hamilton Corporation of Cambridge, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Hamilton Corporation of Pawtucket, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Hamilton Corporation of Springfield, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Hardwood Package Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Harry Newman Motor Sales Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Hazelton Crude Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Herman Oil Heating Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Hillhouse, Gordon E. 1925- . person
associatedWith Homaokla Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Horse Heaven Mines, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Houdry, Eugene Jules, 1892-1962. person
associatedWith Houdry Process Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Houdry Process Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Houston Supply Company of Oklahoma, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith In-N-Out Stores, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Jantha Producing Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Kar Products, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Keystone Gas Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Kiowa Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Layton, J. R. 1921- . person
associatedWith Linden Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Linden Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Linden Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Lindsay Oil Company, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Lukens Steel Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Magna Oil and Refining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Maine Hamilton Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Maitland, Harold. person
associatedWith Marnet Oil and Gas Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Marshall Oil Company, D.A. corporateBody
associatedWith Marshall Service Stations, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Mayes, Fred M. person
associatedWith McClements, Robert, 1928- . person
associatedWith McDowell, Robert W. 1895- . person
associatedWith McKinsey and Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Mercer Land Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Mid-Continent Oil and Gas Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Mid-Continent Petroleum Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Mid-State Oil Company of Salisbury, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Mid-State Oil Company of Statesville, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Mid-Valley Pipe Line Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Midwest Improvement Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Mineral Hill Consolidated Copper Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Modern Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Monark Petroleum Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Moody Oil Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Motor Tankship Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Nelson Development Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Newburgh Gas and Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Ninth and Detroit Building Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith North Chester Realty Company. corporateBody
associatedWith North Penn Development Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Norwood Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Oceanway Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Oklahoma Mississippi River Products Line, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Old Dominion Transportation Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Olsen, John L. person
associatedWith OMR Pipe Line Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Operators Oil Company (Delaware). corporateBody
associatedWith Operators Oil Company (Oklahoma). corporateBody
associatedWith Oryx Energy Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Osage Company, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Parry-Fox Fuels, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Peninsular State Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Peoples Natural Gas Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Peoples Natural Gas Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Petroleum Economics Council. corporateBody
associatedWith Pew, Arthur E. 1875-1916. person
associatedWith Pew, Arthur E., 1898-1965. person
associatedWith Pew Charitable Trusts. corporateBody
associatedWith Pew, J. Edgar 1870-1946. person
associatedWith Pew, J. Howard 1882-1971. person
associatedWith Pew, John G., 1902-1982. person
associatedWith Pew, Joseph N. 1848-1912. person
associatedWith Pew, Joseph N. 1886-1963. person
associatedWith Pew, Robert C. 1862-1925. person
associatedWith Pittsburgh Investment Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Pittsburgh Oil and Gas Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Pittsburgh Securities Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Potter Oil Company of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Powhatan Coal Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Publix Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith P-X Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Quality Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Quick Shop Foods, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Reamco Machine Shop Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Red Barn Chemicals, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Red Snapper Pipe Line Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Rich Oil Sales, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Roberts Butane Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Robert Wetherill & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sharbaugh, H. Robert 1928- . person
associatedWith Sharkey Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Socony-Vacuum Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Minerals Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Petroleum Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Petroleum Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Pipeline Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Pipeline Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Standard Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith St. Johnsbury Realty Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith St. Johnsbury Trucking Company, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Stop-N-Go Food Stores, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Calvert Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Company. General Office Employees Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Company. Office of the president, corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Company. Office of the President. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Company. Sun Women's Organization. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Development Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sungas, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Kar Products Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Sunoco Service Corporation of Trenton. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Oil Company (Delaware). corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Oil Line Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Oil Line Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Oil Line Company. corporateBody
associatedWith SunOlin Chemical Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Pipe Line Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Pipe Line Company of Illinois. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun PipeLine, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray Chemical Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray Coastal Pipe Line Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray DX Canada Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray DX Oil Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray Libya, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray Michigan Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray Mid-Continent Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray Mozambique Oil Company, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray Nigeria Oil Company, Ltd. corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray Oil Corporation (Arizona). corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray Oil Corporation (Delaware). corporateBody
associatedWith Sunray Pipe Line Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Royalty Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Royalty Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Services Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Suntide Petroleum Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Suntide Pipe Line Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Suntide Refining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Transportation Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sun Travelers, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Superior Oil and Gas Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Superior Oil Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Superior Oil Producing Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Susquehanna Pipe Line Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sweney Gas & Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Syracuse Oil Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Taliaferro, Paul E. 1905- . person
associatedWith Terminal City Transport, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas Transit Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Tidal Osage Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Transwestern Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Twin State Oil Company (Delaware). corporateBody
associatedWith Twin State Oil Company (Oklahoma). corporateBody
associatedWith UCAN Products Company. corporateBody
associatedWith United Gas Improvement Company. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Recovery Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Price Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Petroleum Administration for War. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Temporary National Economic Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Utica Oil Heating Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Valley States Oils, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Vee Oil Company. corporateBody
associatedWith West Coast Transmission Company, Ltd. corporateBody
associatedWith Wharton School. Industrial Research Unit. corporateBody
associatedWith Wolfe Oil Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Wright, Clarence Herman, 1891- . person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Cuba
Canada
Delaware County (Pa.)
Sarnia (Ont.)
Puerto Rico
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Iran
Texas
Beaumont (Tex.)
United States
Liberia
Toledo (Ohio)
Venezuela
Marcus Hook (Pa.)
Oklahoma
Marcus Hook (Pa.)
Subject
Antitrust law
Athabasca Tar Sands
Business planning
Businesswomen
Catalytic cracking
Catalytic reforming
Chemical engineering
Chemistry, Technical
Coal-handling machinery
Coal mines and mining
Coal-mining machinery
Competition
Consolidation and merger of corporations
Convenience stores
Corporate finance
Cracking process
Employee fringe benefit
Energy development
Energy industries
Energy minerals
Engineering geology
Fossil fuels
Gas drilling (Petroleum engineering)
Gas industry
Gasoline
Gasoline
Gasoline
Gasoline
Gasoline industry
Gas research
Gas well drilling
Gas wells
Houdry process
Industrial relations
Research, Industrial
International business enterprises
Lubricating oils
Lubrication and lubricants industry
Medicine, Industrial
Natural gas
Natural gas
Natural gas
Oil and gas leases
Oil fields
Oil sands
Oil sands industry
Oil-shale industry
Oil well drilling
Oil wells
Petroleum
Petroleum
Petroleum
Petroleum
Petroleum engineering
Petroleum industry and trade
Petroleum refineries
Petroleum refining
Petroleum reserves
Petroleum shipping terminals
Pipelines
Public relations
Railroads
Rubber, Artificial
Service stations
Shipbuilding industry
Shipyards
Tankers
Trucking
World War, 1939-1945
Advertising
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1860

Active 1968

Information

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