Linnean Society of London correspondence of American scientists, 1738-1865 1738-1865

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Linnean Society of London correspondence of American scientists, 1738-1865, 1738-1865

Linnean Society of London correspondence of American scientists, 1738-1865 1738-1865

Letters and papers to or from American scientists or about America, selected from the Linnean Society's collections. Includes letters to William Swainson from John Abbott, John J. Audubon, Constantine S. Rafinesque, Isaac Lea, and John E. LeConte; letters to Sir James Edward Smith from Jacob Bigelow, DeWitt Clinton, J.F. Correia da Serra, David Hosack, Theodore Lyman, William Dandridge Peck, Rafinesque, and Gotthilf H.E. Muhlenberg; letters to William Darlington; letters to Asa Gray; letters of John Bartram; letters of Peter Collinson to J.F. Gronovius; letters and papers of John Ellis, including letters from Alexander Garden, Samuel Martin, and Bernard Romans; letters to Carl Linnaeus from John Bartram, John Clayton, Cadwallader Colden, Correia da Serra, Peter Kalm, Adam Kuhn, James Logan, John Mitchell, and Charles Wrangel.

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Related Entities

There are 32 Entities related to this resource.

Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zx29c7 (person)

DeWitt Clinton (March 2, 1769 – February 11, 1828) was an American politician and naturalist who served as a United States Senator, Mayor of New York City and sixth Governor of New York. In this last capacity, he was largely responsible for the construction of the Erie Canal. Clinton was a major candidate for the American presidency in the election of 1812, challenging incumbent James Madison. A nephew of long-time New York Governor George Clinton, DeWitt Clinton served as his uncle's secreta...

Lea, Isaac, 1792-1886

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62v2gxq (person)

Charles Lucian Bonaparte was a naturalist and ornithologist. From the guide to the Correspondence, 1824-1855, from American scientists, 1824-1855, (American Philosophical Society) Isaac Lea, a scientist and member of the American Philosophical Society, was the father of Henry Charles Lea. From the description of Correspondence with Henry Charles Lea, 1881. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 122621761 Isaac Lea was a geologist and p...

Bartram, John, 1699-1777

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rv0qpx (person)

John Bartram was the first native American botanist and made many journeys through the southern frontier, collecting seeds and bulbs for transplanting. From the description of Papers, 1738-1796. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122364926 From the description of Correspondence, 1735-1775. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122464663 From the guide to the John Bartram papers, 1738-1796, 1738-1796, (American Philo...

Wrangel, Charles

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gg3ht3 (person)

Peck, William Dandridge, 1763-1822

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60v9mqq (person)

Peck graduated from Harvard in 1782 and taught natural history at Harvard. From the description of Papers of William Dandridge Peck, 1777-1827 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 76972837 ...

Bigelow, Jacob, 1786-1879

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vx0qsw (person)

Physician and botanist of Boston, Mass. From the description of Jacob Bigelow letter, 1822-1833, [Boston]. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 34847536 Jacob Bigelow (Harvard University, A.B. 1806 and University of Pennsylvania, M.D. 1810) taught at Harvard Medical School from 1815-1855. With Dr. Francis Boott he began work on a flora of New England but this project was given up. From 1817-1820 he published American medical botany for which he drew many of the plates and ...

Kuhn, Adam, 1741-1817

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gf0wpc (person)

Dr. Adam Kuhn was a physician. From the description of Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1806, n.d. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155886088 ...

Darlington, William, 1782-1863

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xd10rk (person)

William Darlington was a physician and naturalist. From the description of Papers, 1777-1863. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122589373 From the description of Letters, 1836-1857. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122316436 From the guide to the William Darlington papers, 1777-1863, 1777-1863, (American Philosophical Society) From the guide to the William Darlington letters, 1836-1857, 1836-1857, (Am...

Muhlenberg, Henry, 1753-1815

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hd8kcm (person)

Henry Muhlenberg was a Lutheran clergyman and botanist. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1785. From the description of Observationes botanicae de plantis Americae septentrionalis, 1807-1811. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122380086 From the description of Correspondence, 1779-1815. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122644685 Henry Muhlenberg was a Lutheran clergyman and botanist; he wa...

Swainson, William, 1789-1855

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qn88m9 (person)

Epithet: naturalist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000679.0x0001a6 Swainson, a notable naturalist, was also a skilled botanical draughtsman and a competent water color artist. From the guide to the Birds of North America, Circa 1822-1824, (American Philosophical Society) William Swainson (1789-1855) was born in Liverpool. He joined H.M. Customs in 1803 and transferred to the C...

Audubon, John James, 1785-1851

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m32tvb (person)

Naturalist, ornithologist, and artist, known for his Birds of America. From the description of Letters received, 1831-1853. (Buffalo History Museum). WorldCat record id: 56506202 Audubon was an American artist and ornithologost. From the guide to the John James Audubon letters and drawings, 1805-1892 (inclusive), 1805-1847 (bulk)., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University) John James Audubon was a painter and ornithologist. Born in ...

Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f47rx3 (person)

Portuguese statesman; scholar and botanist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to [Thomas Jefferson], 1817 Feb. 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270530939 José Francisco Correia da Serra was a Portuguese scholar, naturalist, and diplomat. Caspar Wistar was a Philadelphia physician. From the description of Note nécrologique sur le Docteur Wistar, 1818. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122539921 J...

Colden, Cadwallader, 1688-1776

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6np23ff (person)

Scientist, New York colonial official. From the description of Cadwallader Colden Papers, 1677-1832 (bulk 1711-1775). (New York University). WorldCat record id: 476912237 Governor of New York (Colony) and scientist. From the description of Cadwallader Colden family papers, 1686-1830. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79453882 Colonial New York philosopher and scientist, and political official. From the description of Letter : New York, [N.Y.], t...

Ellis, John

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tc0xjd (person)

Epithet: of Add MS 29533 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000980.0x0001e2 Epithet: FRS; naturalist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000980.0x0001df Epithet: Archdeacon of Merioneth British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000980.0x0001da Epithet: of Slo...

Martin, Samuel

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xt5jhq (person)

Epithet: of Whitehaven British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001301.0x000198 Epithet: merchant, of Whitehaven British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001301.0x000196 Epithet: the elder of Antigua, father of Samuel Martin MP British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Descr...

Abbott, J. J. C. (John Joseph Caldwell), Sir, 1821-1893

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w7736w (person)

Epithet: of Nenagh, county Tipperary British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000676.0x00021f ...

Mitchell, John

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gg0m1w (person)

Epithet: of Add MS 40374 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000474.0x0003a8 Epithet: RN British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000474.0x0003ac Epithet: Lieutenant-Colonel; Major -General 1855 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000474.0x0003a4 Epithet: Ald...

Kalm, Pehr, 1716-1779

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60d5jpf (person)

Pehr Kalm (b. March 6, 1716 –d. November 16, 1779) was a Finnish explorer, botanist, naturalist, and agricultural economist. In 1747 he was commissioned by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to travel to the North American colonies and to bring back seeds and plants that might be useful to agriculture. Among his many scientific accomplishments, Kalm can be credited with the description of Niagara Falls written by a trained scientist; he described this phenomenon along the border of New Yo...

Romans, Bernard, 1741?-approximately 1784

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p852dw (person)

Engineer, naturalist, army officer, author, and surveyor. From the description of Papers of Bernard Romans, 1776. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71015444 ...

Collinson, Peter, 1694-1768

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6td9zxh (person)

John Bartram was the first native American botanist and made many journeys through the southern frontier, collecting seeds and bulbs for transplanting. From the guide to the John Bartram correspondence, 1735-1775, 1735-1775, (American Philosophical Society) Peter Collinson was a London merchant and naturalist. From the description of Letters, [ca. 1740]-1770. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122489517 From the description of ...

Logan, Jim (James)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6447b41 (person)

Gronovius, Johannes Fredericus, 1686-1762

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6669tht (person)

Gronovius was a Dutch naturalist who wrote a number of books on botany. Bartram is considered the first native-born American botanist. From the description of [Letter] 1751 Jun. 16, Leyden [to] Mr. Bartram / Joh. Fred. Gronovius. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 231366979 Epithet: Professor at Deventer and Leyden British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001089.0x000222 Dutch botanist. ...

Garden, Alexander, 1757-1829

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p84bz0 (person)

Charleston, S.C author, Revolutionary War officer, and South Carolina state legislator. From the description of Letters from Rusticus, 1794. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 36865813 Charleston, S.C. author, Revolutionary War officer, and South Carolina state legislator. From the description of Letter : to General [Pinckney], 1819 Oct. 19. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 36865725 Alexander Garden w...

Clayton, John, Senior

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q62jfm (person)

Epithet: Prebendary of Christ Church, Dublin British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001476.0x000309 Epithet: of Add MS 38286 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001476.0x000307 Epithet: Reverend; of Hackney Grove British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001476.0x00030b ...

Rafinesque, C.S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r211c2 (person)

Charles Lucian Bonaparte was a naturalist and ornithologist. From the guide to the Correspondence, 1824-1855, from American scientists, 1824-1855, (American Philosophical Society) Naturalist. From the description of Letter of C. S. Rafinesque, 1826. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79449937 From the description of Letter : Lexington, Ky., to Thomas Leaming, Philadelphia, 1821 Apr. 12. (Bryn Mawr College). WorldCat record id: 29458820 C. S. Rafines...

Linnean society of London

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66f0kkt (corporateBody)

The Linnean Society of London was founded in 1788. From the description of Correspondence of American scientists, 1738-1865. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122488801 From the guide to the Linnean Society of London correspondence of American scientists, 1738-1865, 1738-1865, (American Philosophical Society) ...

Linné, Carl von, 1707-1778

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6th8rk6 (person)

John Bartram was the first native American botanist and made many journeys through the southern frontier, collecting seeds and bulbs for transplanting. From the guide to the John Bartram correspondence, 1735-1775, 1735-1775, (American Philosophical Society) Swedish botanist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Upsala, to M. DuChesne, 1767 Sept. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591543 From the description of Autograph letter signed : to...

Hosack, David, 1769-1835

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hd7x3s (person)

Physician, botanist and minerologist of New York. From the description of Papers, 1801-1827, New York, New York. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35092174 David Hosack was a New York physician and horticulturist; he was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1810. From the guide to the David Hosack letters and papers, 1795-1835, 1795-1835, (American Philosophical Society) David Hosack was a New York physician and horticulturist, and was e...

Gray, Asa, 1810-1888

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62v2hg9 (person)

Botanist, ardent supporter of Charles Darwin, first professor appointed to the faculty of the University of Michigan, and Professor of Botany at Harvard University. From the description of Asa Gray collection, 1871-1885. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 68802268 Asa Gray is an American botanist. He was made Professor of Natural History at Harvard University in 1842 and held that position until 1873. He was the author of several works including Manual of the bota...

Lyman, Theodore, 1792-1849

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j67mpx (person)

Smith, James Edward, 1759-1828

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61g15r8 (person)

José Francisco Correia da Serra (1750–1823, APS 1812) was an abbot, diplomat, scholar and botanist. In his work as a botanist he was particularly concerned with the systematic classification of vegetable species. Thomas Jefferson described him as “profoundly learned in several branches of science he was so above all others in that of Botany; in which he preferred an amalgamation of the methods of Linnaeus [1707-1778, APS 1769] and of Jussieu [1686-1758] to either of them exclusively...

LeConte, John Eatton, 1784-1860.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bw5dq5 (person)