Buchan, John, 1875-1940

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John Buchan, Baron Tweedsmuir, was a Scottish diplomat, barrister, journalist, historian, poet and novelist.

From the description of Letter from John Buchan to Joseph Harrington O'Brien, 1890-1941, 1921, Nov. 8. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 228769757

English author and statesman, author of The Thirty-Nine Steps; 1st baron Tweedsmuir.

From the description of Typed letters signed (4) : Elsfield Manor, Oxford, and Government House, Ottawa, to Edward Wagenknecht, 1933-1938. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270868247

1901 called to the bar, Middle Temple; 1901-1903 private secretary to the high commissioner for South Africa; 1903 returned to the bar; 1916-1917 on the headquarters staff of the British army in France; 1917-1918 director of information under the prime minister; 1927-1935 Member of Parliament for the Scottish Universities; 1933-1934 lord high commissioner to the Church of Scotland; 1935-1940 governor-general of Canada.

Epithet: author, historian and Governor-General of Canada

Title: 1st Baron Tweedsmuir

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001296.0x000221

John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, was born in Scotland in 1875. Displaying literary talent at an early age, he won a scholarship to Oxford where he graduated with a First Class in Humane Letters in 1899. He was called to the Bar in 1901, but soon left his legal practice to serve as a private secretary under Lord Milner in South Africa during the Boer War.

Buchan returned to his legal career in 1903. By 1907 he again gravitated to a more congenial vocation, this time as a partial partner of, and editor for, Thomas Nelson and Sons Publishers . His prolific writing in his early period tended toward romantic adventure stories, novels, and some poetry. Buchan is perhaps best known for his 1915 novel Thirty-nine steps, later made into a movie by Alfred Hitchcock (1935).

World War I brought Buchan a commission in Intelligence. Later in the conflict he showed marked administrative ability while serving at the British Department of Information. His writing now took a more historical turn. In addition to his multi-volume history of the war, his fiction also reflected his wartime experiences. He also moved into biography, successfully treating such diverse subjects as Julius Caesar, Cromwell, Sir Walter Scott, and the Marquis of Montrose.

In 1927 he was elected to Parliament as Conservative member for the Scottish universities. Eight years later came elevation to the peerage and appointment as Governor General of Canada. A popular and active Governor General, he still found some time for writing in the nonfiction vein. Buchan died in 1940.

From the guide to the John Buchan papers, Buchan (John) papers, 1898-1958, (John Hay Library Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn The Reginald Farrer Collection, 1880 - 2004 Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1869-1942. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers of Sir Malcolm Seton, India Office official 1898-1933, and papers of Lady Seton, including material relating to Ireland and to gardening, 1860-1960 British Library
referencedIn Arthur Willert papers, 1907-1973 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf WRENCH PAPERS. Vol. IV. 1928-1937. ff. 348. 350 x 250mm.includes:ff. 5, 61 Enoch Arnold Bennett, author: Letters to Sir Evelyn Wrench from Enoch Arnold Bennett: 1928-1929: Signed. f. 6 Bernard Richard Meirion Darwin, sportswriter and essayist; son o..., 1928-1937 British Library
referencedIn Walter de la Mare Correspondence, 1940-1956
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1921-1951. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario Collection. Board directors 1955-1975, FWIO officers 1960-70, convention areas and officers 1976-1982, Tweedsmuir competition and files, F.W.I.C. conventions and reports, Farmers' Institutes and W.I. of Ontario reports 1904-1926. University of Guelph
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. Letter, 1932 July 12, Elsfield Manor, Oxford [Eng.] to Lilias Cowan, St. Kilda, Sidmouth, [Eng.]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Daniell, David. David Daniell collection. [1975]. University of Victoria Libraries, UVic
creatorOf Buchan, John. Diary of my trip abroad [manuscript] / [John Buchan]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Rattigan Papers. Vol. ccc (ff. 19). A collection of autographs compiled by Frank Rattigan, 1836-1919, n.d.includes:f. 1 Sir Jeffrey Wyatt, afterwards Wyatville; architect: Autograph of: n.d.f. 1 Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st Baronet; the elder..., 1836-1919 British Library
referencedIn Papers of Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd., 1861-1961 Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Edgar Huidekoper Wells papers, 1912-1933. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. Autograph letter signed John Buchan to: Mr. Mackay June 28, 1907. Wellesley College
creatorOf G. K. CHESTERTON PAPERS. VOL. CCXCIX (ff. 274). Miscellaneous papers and correspondence relating to Chesterton, and other papers from the Chesterton papers; 1889-1976, n.d.Contents:1. ff. 1-2v. Extract of entry in Who's Who for George Laval Chesterto..., 1882-1976 British Library
creatorOf Mix, Katherine Lyon. Letters received concerning The Yellow book, 1930-1960. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn MISCELLANEOUS LETTERS AND PAPERS, viz.:-A. Letter from Maxim Litvinoff, Plenipotentiary for Great Britain of the Russian People's Commissary for Foreign Affairs, to the Director of the British Museum, accompanying the gift of a replica of the Commis..., 14th century-20th century British Library
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. [John Buchan miscellaneous articles. Brown University, Brown University Library
referencedIn Buchan, Alastair, 1918-1976. Letter, 1940 March 1, Ottawa, Ont., to Robert C. Hastings / Alastair Buchan. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf John Lane Company. Records of the John Lane Company, 1856-1933 (bulk, 1894-1930). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Vol. LXXXVIII (ff. 289). 1904-1908.includes:ff. 1, 41-44v. Edmund Boulnois, MP: Letters to Lord Cecil from Edmund Boulnois: 1904, 1906.ff. 2, 10, 13, 16 Lord George Francis Hamilton, PC; MP: Letters to Lord Cecil from Lord George Francis Hamilton..., 1904-1908 British Library
creatorOf L.M. Montgomery Collection. Sir Walter Scott. Toronto, Longmans, 1935. University of Guelph
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. Letters, 1922-1926, to Philip D Sherman, Oberlin, Ohio. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf WRENCH PAPERS. Vol. III. 1912-1928. ff. iii+148. 272 x 200mm.includes:ff. 1-3 Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, Viscount Northcliffe: Letters to Sir Evelyn Wrench from Alfred Charles William Harmsworth: 1912-1913: Signed.f. 4 General Sir Robert ..., 1912-1928 British Library
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. Ho the merry Masons [microfilm] / John Buchan ; [Hutcheson's Grammar School Notebook]. Rogers Public Library
referencedIn Sir William Rothenstein correspondence and other papers, 1887-1957. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Bentley, E. C. (Edmund Clerihew), 1875-1956. Letters, 1897-1920. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf OAC Review Index (University of Guelph). Visit of Their Excellencies the Lord and Lady Tweedsmuir to the Ontario Agricultural College, OAC Review, v.49, no.7, Apr.-May 1937, p. 436-438, con't on p.446. University of Guelph
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library.
creatorOf VERNON BARTLETT. Vol. I (ff. 165). Abdul Rahman Putra -Joad.includes:f. 1 Abdul Rahman Putra, Tunku; Prime Minister of Malaysia: Letter to V. Bartlett from Abdul Rahman Putra: 1963: Signed. ff. 2-8 William Maxwell Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook: Lett... British Library
creatorOf MANSBRIDGE PAPERS. Vol. LIX. Correspondence with politicians and civil servants; 1899-1952. Arranged alphabetically.Henry Brooke, Baron Brooke of Cumnor: Letters to A. Mansbridge from Henry Brooke: 1938-1952.Sir Lewis Amherst Selby-Bigge, 1st Baronet..., 1899-1952 British Library
creatorOf OAC Review Index (University of Guelph). Governor-General's medal winners, OAC Review, v.49, no.7, Apr.-May 1937, p. 438-439. University of Guelph
referencedIn Records of the Scottish Universities’ Unionists Association, political organisation, 1906-1947, 1906-1947 Glasgow University Library, Special Collections Department
creatorOf Vol. ii. (ff. 169). July-December 1918.Committee for Propaganda in Enemy Countries: Correspondence and papers of Committee for Propaganda in Enemy Countries: 1918: Partly printed and copy.includes:ff. 1-11 Committee for Propaganda in Enemy Countrie... British Library
referencedIn Barry Gough fonds. Laurier Library, Wilfrid Laurier University Library
referencedIn William Morris Colles Papers, 1888-1928. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Ontario Agricultural College. President. Correspondence, newspaper clippings, menus, itineraries, and Governor-General's medal booklet relating to visit of Governor-General Lord Tweedsmuir, May 21, 1937. University of Guelph
creatorOf Ontario Agricultural College. President. Pictures of special events including visits of Edward, Prince of Wales, 1919, Governor-General Lord Bessborough 1932 to open new Administration Building, Lord Tweedsmuir 1939, Viscount Alexander, 1947, Dept. of Agriculture staff, etc. University of Guelph
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. Letter from John Buchan to Joseph Harrington O'Brien, 1890-1941, 1921, Nov. 8. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Houghton Mifflin Company. Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn A.P. Watt (Firm). A.P. Watt records, 1888-1982. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf CECIL OF CHELWOOD PAPERS. Vol. XXII (ff. 316). Correspondence with Frederick Dixon, Editor of The Christian Science Monitor, Boston, U.S.A.; 1915-1923. Including (ff. 23-288) memoranda and telegrams sent by Dixon through Frederick Leay, Consul-Genera..., 1915-1923 British Library
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. Typed letters signed (4) : Elsfield Manor, Oxford, and Government House, Ottawa, to Edward Wagenknecht, 1933-1938. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf G. K. CHESTERTON PAPERS. VOL. L (ff. 196). Correspondence with:1. ff. 1-2. A. A.; 1926. Enclosing at f. 2v copy of "Bonus Latro" by R. L. Gales, in the hand of A. A.2. ff. 3-4. Arthur St John Adcock; 1925. Partly signed.3. ff. 5-5v. Grant Duff Dougla..., 1895-1936 British Library
referencedIn Notestein, Wallace, 1878-1969. Wallace Notestein papers, 1899-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Allen, John G. Papers, 1899-1970. Operational Archive Branch, Naval History Center
referencedIn Lamont, Thomas W. (Thomas William), 1870-1948. Papers, 1894-1948 (inclusive). Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. Letters, 1898-1927. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Papers of Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd., 1861-1961 Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf OAC Review Index (University of Guelph). Photographs : events of the week of May 16-22nd, 1937, OAC Review, v.49, no.7, Apr.-May 1937, p. 440-441. University of Guelph
creatorOf Vol. CXIV (ff. 349). Sept. 1939-Jan. 1940.includes:ff. 1, 13, 21 Dr Franz Wolff, German refugee in England: Miss Irene M. Butler, Secretary to Lord Cecil: Correspondence between Dr Franz Wolff and Miss Irene M. Butler: 1939: Signed. ff. 2, 9 Sir Leon... British Library
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. Scott : typescript : Selkirk, 1932 Jun. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. [John Buchan miscellaneous articles. No. 2 [microfilm]. Brown University, Brown University Library
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. Letter to Henry S. Canby. Oxford. 1924 June 12. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Papers of Sir Francis Younghusband (1863-1942) and other members of his family, 1836-1981 British Library
referencedIn Alexander Woollcott correspondence, ca. 1856-1943 (inclusive), 1920-1943 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Lyman G. Bloomingdale correspondence and collection on John Buchan, Bloomingdale (Lyman G.) correspondence and collection on John Buchan, circa 1915-1994 John Hay Library, Special Collections
referencedIn Rosamond B. Loring collection of printed endpapers, 1900-1950 (inclusive), 1920-1941 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Vol. XXXII (ff. 362). Feb. 1902-1904.includes:f. 1 b 'Geologist, An Amused.': Letter, so signed, to Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman: 1902.f. 3 Hon Anna Maria Heywood Barlow, wife of J E Barlow, 1st Baronet 1907: Letter to Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman: 190... British Library
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. Literary manuscripts, [ca. 1901-1920]. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn A. P. Watt and Son records, 1861-1971, 1880-1949 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Miscellaneous Canadian papers, 1646-1935. Houghton Library.
creatorOf John Buchan papers, Buchan (John) papers, 1898-1958 John Hay Library, Special Collections
creatorOf NORTHCLIFFE PAPERS. Vol. IX (ff. 210). 1. ff. 1-71v. William Maxwell Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook; 1911-1922. 2. ff. 72-160v. H. G. Wells; 1910-1919. Partly printed. Partly French. 3. ff. 161-210. John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir; 1915-1918.include..., 1910-1922 British Library
referencedIn John Lane Company Records TXRC00-A11., 1856-1933, bulk 1894-1930 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Hitchcock, Alfred, 1899-1980. Les 39 marches [Multimédia multisupport] / Alfred Hitchcock, réal. ; John Buchan, aut adapté ; Charles Bennett, Alma Reville, scénario ; Madeleine Carroll, Robert Donat, Lucie Mannheim...[et al], act. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Buchan, John, 1875-1940. Letter, 1924 October 6, New York, N.Y., to Walter Bailey, Boston, Mass. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Colles, William Morris, 1855-1926. William Morris Colles papers, 1888-1928. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf MACMILLAN ARCHIVE. Vol. CLXXXVI. Correspondence with: 1. Alfred E. W. Mason; 1896-1937, n.d. 2. John Buchan; 1908-1939.John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir: Correspondence with Macmillan and Co.: 1908-1939.Alfred Edward Woodley Mason, author: Correspond..., 1896-1939 British Library
referencedIn Wallace Notestein papers, 1899-1969 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Vol. xxix. (ff. 209). Nov. 1930-1933.includes:ff. 1, 6, 9, 21 George E. Roberts, Vice-President, National City Bank of New York (France): Correspondence with H. Wickham Steed of George E. Roberts: 1930: Partly signed and copy.ff. 2, 18, 172, 177 ... British Library
creatorOf John Buchan Letter. Letter from John Buchan, Elsfield Manor, Oxford, to Jewish historian, Cecil Roth, Royal Societies Club, London, 24th January, 1934. University of Guelph
creatorOf John Buchan Collection (Brown University). [The John Buchan scrapbook. Brown University, Brown University Library
referencedIn J.M. Dent & Sons. J.M. Dent & Sons records, 1834-1986 (author files Bi-By). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Clark, Robert Sterling, 1877-1956. Sterling and Francine Clark Papers: Reading Library, 1707-1961. Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, The Clark
creatorOf Hitchcock, Alfred, 1899-1980. Les 39 marches [Multimédia multisupport] / Alfred Hitchcock, réal. ; John Buchan, aut adapté ; Charles Bennett, Alma Reville, scénario ; Madeleine Carroll, Robert Donat, Lucie Mannheim...[et al], act. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Ontario Agricultural College. Dept. of English. Canadian author lecture-recital programs, 1932-1941. University of Guelph
referencedIn Vol. XXIV (ff. 299). 1924-1940, n.d.includes:ff. 1-3 Thomas Robbins, Lloyds agent in Berlin: Letter, etc., to Lord D'Abernon: 1924.: Signed.ff. 4-6 Hans Luther, German Chancellor: Letter, etc., to, from Lord D'Abernon: 1925.: Typewritten.ff. 8-11..., 1924-1940 British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, John G. person
associatedWith A. P. Watt and Son corporateBody
associatedWith A.P. Watt (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Asquith, Raymond. person
associatedWith Bailey, Walter Channing. person
associatedWith Baker, Harold, 1877-1960 person
associatedWith Beerbohm, Max. person
associatedWith Belloc, Hilaire. person
associatedWith Bennett, Arnold, 1867-1933. person
associatedWith Bentley, E. C. (Edmund Clerihew), 1875-1956. person
associatedWith Bloomingdale, Lyman G. (Lyman Gustave), 1912- person
associatedWith Buchan, Alastair, 1918-1976. person
associatedWith Buchan, J. Walter (James Walter), 1882-1954 person
associatedWith Canby, Henry Seidel, 1878-1961, person
associatedWith Clark, Robert Sterling, 1877-1956. person
associatedWith Colles, William Morris, 1855-1926. person
associatedWith Conrad, Joseph, 1857-1924. person
associatedWith Daniell, David. person
associatedWith De la Mare, Walter, 1873-1956. person
associatedWith Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Galsworthy, John, 1867-1933. person
associatedWith Gissing, George, 1857-1903. person
associatedWith Graves, Charles. person
associatedWith Greene, Graham, 1904- person
associatedWith Grenfell, Julian. person
associatedWith Heron, Flodden W., person
associatedWith Hillgarth, Alan, 1898- person
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith James, Henry, 1843-1916. person
associatedWith J.M. Dent & Sons. corporateBody
associatedWith John Buchan Collection (Brown University) corporateBody
associatedWith John Buchan Letter. corporateBody
associatedWith John Lane Company corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784. person
associatedWith Knox, Ronnie. person
associatedWith Lamont, Thomas W. (Thomas William), 1870-1948. person
associatedWith Leach, Henry Goddard, 1880-1970 person
associatedWith Letters written by Walter de la Mare to Lucy Kipps. person
associatedWith L.M. Montgomery Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Loring, Rosamund B. (Rosamond Bowditch), 1889-1950 person
associatedWith Mackay, Mr. person
associatedWith Mackenzie, Compton, Sir, 1883-1972. person
associatedWith Masterman, Charles F. G. person
associatedWith Mix, Katherine Lyon. person
associatedWith Newbolt, Henry. person
associatedWith Newbolt, Henry John, Sir, 1862-1938 person
associatedWith Notestein, Wallace, 1878-1969. person
associatedWith OAC Review Index (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith OAC Review Index (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith OAC Review Index (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith O'Brien, Edward Joseph Harrington, 1890-1941, person
associatedWith Oliver, Frederick Scott. person
associatedWith Ontario Agricultural College. Dept. of English. corporateBody
associatedWith Ontario Agricultural College. President. corporateBody
associatedWith Ontario Agricultural College. President. corporateBody
associatedWith Oppenheim, E. Phillips (Edward Phillips), 1866-1946. person
associatedWith Oxenham, John. person
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
associatedWith Perry, Bliss, 1860-1954 person
associatedWith Perry, Peter. person
associatedWith Pierpont Morgan Library. Wagenknecht Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Pinker, James B. person
associatedWith Pope-Hennessy, Una, Dame. person
associatedWith Reginald Farrer, Farrer family and Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh family
associatedWith Richards, Grant, 1872-1948. person
associatedWith Ridge, W. Pett (William Pett), 1860-1930. person
correspondedWith Rothenstein, William, Sir, 1872-1945 person
associatedWith Scottish Universities' Unionist Association (Political organisation: 1906-1947: Glasgow, Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland, Aberdeen, Scotland, St.Andrews, Scotland) corporateBody
associatedWith Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. person
associatedWith Sherman, Philip D. (Philip Darrell), 1881-1957, person
associatedWith Sitwell, Osbert. person
associatedWith Tavern Club (Boston, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Thomas Nelson & Sons. corporateBody
associatedWith Tweedsmuir, John Norman Stuart Buchan, Baron, 1911 person
associatedWith Tweedsmuir, Susan, b. 1882 person
associatedWith Wagenknecht, Edward, 1900-2004, person
associatedWith Walpole, Hugh, Sir, 1884-1941. person
associatedWith Watson, H. B. Marriott (Henry Brereton Marriott), 1863-1921. person
associatedWith Wells, Edgar Huidekoper, 1875-1938 person
associatedWith Wells, H. G. (Herbert George), 1866-1946. person
associatedWith Willert, Arthur, Sir, 1882-1973 person
associatedWith Williamson, A. M. (Alice Muriel), 1869-1933. person
associatedWith Williamson, C. N. (Charles Norris), 1859-1920. person
correspondedWith Woollcott, Alexander, 1887-1943 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
Gilgit, Kashmir
South Africa, Africa
Chitral State, India
Mount Everest, Tibet
Leven District, Fifeshire
Afghanistan, Asia
South Africa, Africa
Paris, France
Ireland, Europe
Canada, North America
Stirling, Scotland
Gobi Desert, China
Manchuria, China
Bhutan, Asia
Chesterfield House, London
Central Asia, Asia
North-West Frontier, India
Tibet, Asia
Turkestan, Asia
Rhodesia, Africa
Australia, Australia
Pamir, India
Gulmarg, Kashmir
United States, North America
United States
Strait of Lepanto, Greece
Abu, Rajputana
China, Asia
Tonk State, India
Switzerland, Europe
Europe
Hunza, Kashmir
Ireland, Europe
Indore State, India
Russia, Europe, Asia
Great Britain
Australia, Australia
London, England
Himalaya Mountains, Tibet
Mustagh Pass, Kashmir
Srinagar, Kashmir
Bundi State, India
Colworth House, Bedford
Subject
Publishers and Publishing
Authors, Scottish 20th century Correspondence
Architecture
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1875-08-26

Death 1940-02-11

Britons

English

Information

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