Fox, Charles-James, 1749-1806

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Charles James Fox was born in London on January 24, 1749. After attending Eton and Oxford, his first political success came with his election to Parliament in 1768. Though he initially supported the government's efforts against the populist machinations of John Wilkes, Fox's political views began to shift after receiving and resigning a number of political appointments, leading him to increasingly ally himself with the Rockingham Whigs. During the early 1770s, Fox opposed the British economic policies that later sparked the American Revolution. In July 1780, he was elected to the first of many parliamentary terms representing Westminster, and from 1782-1784 he served in the ministry of Rockingham and Shelburne. After the failure of an unlikely coalition with Lord North in 1783, Fox's antipathy toward King George III increased dramatically, defining the remainder of his political career. During William Pitt's term as Prime Minister, Fox became an outspoken supporter of Irish Home Rule and a prominent opposition leader. He died on September 13, 1806.

From the guide to the Charles James Fox papers, Fox, Charles James papers, 1760-1837, 1783-1806, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

English statesman.

From the description of Document signed : London, 1782 Dec. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270480609

From the description of Letter in third person (not autograph) : London, to Admiral Lacrosse, 1806 Jul. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270482260

From the description of Autograph letter signed : St. Anne's Hill, to Mr. Serj. Adair, 1793 Jun. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270472428

From the description of Secretarial letter in third person : St. James, to the Comte d'Adhémar, 1793 Aug. 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270483620

From the description of Letter signed : London, to an M.P., 1792 Feb. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270482541

From the description of Autograph letter signed : St. James's Place, to Sir William (Johnstone) Pulteney, 1783 Dec. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270472478

From the description of Document signed : London, 1773 Jul. 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270480594

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Chertsey, to Thomas Stepney, 1804 Jan. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270466657

From the description of Letter signed : London, to Sir William Hamilton, 1782 May 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270482582

From the description of Autograph postscript signed with initials : Chertsey, to Dennis O'Bryen, 1799 Jul. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270476992

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Chertsey, to the Rev. H. Bate Dudley, 1800 May 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270466625

From the description of Autograph letter in third person : St. Jame's Place, to Sir William (Johnstone) Pulteney, 1784 Apr. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269606115

Charles James Fox, English Whig politician. A supporter of the American and French Revolutions, he was also a campaigner against slavery, and an advocate of religious tolerance. Fox's scandalous predelictions for gambling and women led to his dubious distinction of being satirized in political cartoons more than any other figure in late 18th century Britain.

From the description of Charles James Fox manuscript material : 4 items, ca. 1793-1802 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 225885626

Charles James Fox, a well-known orator and Foreign Secretary in the British government under Rockingham, was an outspoken champion of reform and dominated opposition politics during the second half of the eighteenth century.

From the description of Liberty, reform and the politics of opposition: the papers and correspondence of Charles James Fox, 1764-1842 (inclusive), [microform]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122391247

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Marquis de Lafayette Papers, 1457-1990, (bulk 1736-1880) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn John Lee papers, Lee, John papers, 1763-1851 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Autograph manuscript signed : Cambridge, England, 1801 Nov. 3. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Donald Hyde and Mary Hyde Eccles Autograph Collection, 1505-1957 (inclusive), 1702-1854 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn East India Company Manuscript Collection, 1598-1914, 1750-1850 Cleveland Public Library
referencedIn Binns, Thomas. Miscellaneous manuscripts, vol. 4 [Commonplace book]; Liverpool, 1799. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Document signed : London, 1773 Jul. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820. Letter to the Earl of Fauconberg on the use of his proxy in support of Fox's East India bill ; and a summons to Lord Macartney to be made Knight of the Bath, signed by the King. Cleveland Public Library, Main Library
referencedIn Letters of Samuel Johnson, LL.D., collected and edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1413-1900 (inclusive), 1775-1839 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806,. Autograph letter signed from Charles James Fox, St. Anne's Hill, to an unknown recipient [manuscript], 18th-19th century. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Portland, William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of, 1738-1809. Duke of Portland autograph letter signed to David Hartley, 1783 April 2. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Letter signed : London, to Sir William Hamilton, 1782 May 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume IX, Miscellany, 1766-1808. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Metcalfe, Philip, 1735-1818. Papers concerning the Sir Joshua Reynolds estate, 1785-1901 (inclusive), 1791-1799 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. Papers of the marquis de Lafayette, 1457-1990. Library of Congress
referencedIn More, Hannah, 1745-1833,. Autograph letter signed from Hannah More, Cowslip Green, to Mrs. Garrick [manuscript], 1797 November 16. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Hartley, David, 1732-1813. David Hartley papers, 1783-1785. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Fox, Elizabeth, 1750-1842. Elizabeth Fox manuscript material : 12 items, ca. 1794-1803 New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Autograph letter signed : St. James's Place, to Sir William (Johnstone) Pulteney, 1783 Dec. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Letter in third person (not autograph) : London, to Admiral Lacrosse, 1806 Jul. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers of Charles, 2nd Earl Grey, 1762-1875 (predominantly 1800-1837)
creatorOf Burke, Edmund, 1729-1797. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to [Charles James Fox ?], 1789. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Cumberland, George, 1754-1848. To C. J. Fox [manuscript] / GC [George Cumberland]. University of Toronto, Robarts Library, Robarts Library
referencedIn Gulston, Joseph. The effusions of fancy and fun, 1784 / compiled by Joseph Gulston. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Francis, Philip, Sir, 1740-1818. Autograph document signed with initials : [London], to Mr. Fox, 1796 Apr. 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Mitford, John, 1781-1859. [Collection of 233 letters], [18th and 19th century]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Burke, Edmund, 1729-1797. Observations on the conduct of the minority : particularly in the last session of parliament, addressed to the Duke of Portland and Lord Fitzwilliam / by the right hon. Edmund Burke : manuscript, [1793] Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Walsingham, Charlotte, 1738-1790. On Mr. Fox's offering the P. of W. 100,000£ pr. ann. [manuscript], 1783. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn David Hartley papers, Hartley, David papers, 1783-1785 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Masclet, Joseph, 1760-1820. Autograph letter : [London], A. Masson, n.p., 1796 Dec. 8. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Clinton, Henry, Sir, 1738?-1795. Henry Clinton papers, 1736-1850. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Strahan family. Parliamentary characters, from the Public Ledger, 1779, and the English Chronicle, 1780, & 1781, 1779-1781. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Correspondence [manuscript] 1804-14. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Papers concerning the Sir Joshua Reynolds estate, 1791-1906 (inclusive), 1791-1799 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Bonaventure Lafayette Collection (University of Chicago). Autograph manuscript, [circa 1794?]. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Pindar, Peter, 1738-1819. Never published, Persian love elegies by the late Doctor John Wolcot from the original manuscripts written during his residence in Jamaica, 1832. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Purviance, John Henry, 1763-1820. Letters to Purviance [manuscript] 1795-1814. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Fox, Elizabeth Armistad, 1751-1842. Diaries and journal of Elizabeth Bridget Fox. Iowa State University, Parks Library
creatorOf Balcarres, Alexander Lindsay, Earl of, 1752-1825. Autograph letter signed : Haigh Hall, Wigan, to the Rt. Hon. Mr. [Charles James] Fox, 1806 Feb. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Secretarial letter in third person : St. James, to the Comte d'Adhémar, 1793 Aug. 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Autograph letter signed : St. Anne's Hill, to Mr. Serj. Adair, 1793 Jun. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn George Sackville Germain papers, Germain, George Sackville papers, 1683-1785 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Inscriptions on monuments sculptured by Nollekens, [early 19th century]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Extra-illustrated Life of Nollekens, 1708-1875, 1768-1836 Yale Center for British Art
creatorOf Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785. George Sackville Germain papers, 1683-1785. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Lewis, M. G. (Matthew Gregory), 1775-1818. Lines Written on returning from The Funeral Of the Rt. Honble. C.J. Fox, on Friday, Octr. 10th. 1806. Addrest to Lord Holland. ... : [London] : manuscript poem signed, 1806. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers, 1665-1885. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Cumberland, George, 1754-1848. [A description of] Mr. Fox's house at St. Anns Hill [manuscript] / [George Cumberland]. University of Toronto, Robarts Library, Robarts Library
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Autograph letter signed : Chertney, to Caroline Fox, 1802 June 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Autograph letter signed : Chertsey, to Thomas Stepney, 1804 Jan. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn James Douglas papers, Douglas, James, papers, 1738-1850, 1738-1787 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Autograph letter in third person : St. Jame's Place, to Sir William (Johnstone) Pulteney, 1784 Apr. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Collection of engravings, [16--]-1939. Flugschriften des Fruhen 16 Jahrhunderts
referencedIn Bonaventure Lafayette Collection (University of Chicago). Autograph manuscript, [circa 1794?]. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Masclet, Joseph, 1760-1833. Autograph letter : [London?], to [Barbault?], n.p., 1796 Nov. 19. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Opie, John, 1761-1807. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Mr. Chamier, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Autograph letter signed, and two written in the third person : [n.p.], to Sir Peter Burrell, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn William Smith and family: Papers, 1678-1951 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Henry Clinton papers, Clinton, Henry papers, 1736-1850 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Hogg, Edward. Edward Hogg letters received, 1807-1830. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn North, Frederick, Lord, 1732-1792. Order to the paymaster general to pay contractor John Durand : manuscript, 1773 July 30. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn HORNER, Francis, 1778-1817, Politician, 1795-1817 British Library of Political and Economic Science
referencedIn Collection of transcripts of French diplomatic dispatches relating to England and Holland acquired by Charles James Fox (1749-1806), statesman, 1802, 1802 The University of Nottingham
referencedIn Fall, Charles G. (Charles Gershom), 1845-1932. Studies in eloquence : Thomas Erskine [and] Charles James Fox : typescript, 1909. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn George Frisbie Hoar autograph collection, 1598-1945. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Autograph manuscript signed : Cambridge, England, 1801 Nov. 3. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Document signed : London, 1782 Dec. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Charles James Fox papers, Fox, Charles James papers, 1760-1837, 1783-1806 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Liberty, reform and the politics of opposition: the papers and correspondence of Charles James Fox, 1764-1842 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Walpole, Horace 1717-1797. Fugitive tracts, [late 18th century]. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
referencedIn Election songs, Northumberland, [1822 or later]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Autograph letter signed : Chertsey, to the Rev. H. Bate Dudley, 1800 May 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Charles James Fox manuscript material : 4 items, ca. 1793-1802 New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Amy Lowell autograph collection, 1523-1930. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806,. Autograph letter signed from Charles James Fox, St. James's Place, to William Eden, Baron Auckland [manuscript], 18th or 19th century. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Charles Townshend papers, Townshend, Charles papers, 1660-1804, 1748-1767 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Masclet, Joseph, 1760-1820. Autograph letter : [London?], to [Barbault?], n.p., 1796 Nov. 19. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Allen, John, 1771-1843. [Letter to Cl... on the death of Charles James Fox]. University of Sheffield, Sheffield University
referencedIn Jordan, Dorothy, 1761-1816. Papers of Dorothy Jordan, 1794-1852 (bulk1794-1812). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Autograph postscript signed with initials : Chertsey, to Dennis O'Bryen, 1799 Jul. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Church, Angelica Schuyler, 1756-1815. Correspondence of Angelica Schuyler Church and other family members [manuscript], 1716-1865. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Autograph File, F, 1447-1994. Houghton Library.
referencedIn North, Frederick, Lord, 1732-1792. Order to the paymaster general to pay contractor John Durand : manuscript, 1773 July 30. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Woodward, G. M. (George Moutard), ca. 1760-1809. A friendly visit to the dramatic manufactory, or Preparations for next season [art original], 1806. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1748-1806. Letter, 1799 August 2, Chelsey, to Dennis O'Bryen, Strand. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Lee, Mary Hutchinson. John Lee papers, 1763-1851. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Letter signed : London, to an M.P., 1792 Feb. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Richard Brinsley Sheridan additional papers, 1753-1868. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Masclet, Joseph, 1760-1833. Autograph letter : [London], A. Masson, n.p., 1796 Dec. 8. Texas Christian University
referencedIn William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers, Shelburne, William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of, papers, 1665-1885 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adair, James, 1743?-1798, person
associatedWith Adhémar de Montfalcon, Jean Balthagan, comte d', 1731-1791, person
associatedWith Allen, John, 1771-1843. person
correspondedWith Auckland, William Eden, Baron, 1744-1814 person
associatedWith Balcarres, Alexander Lindsay, Earl of, 1752-1825. person
associatedWith Bayning of Foxley, Charles Townshend, Baron, 1728-1810. person
associatedWith Binns, Thomas. person
associatedWith Bonaventure Lafayette Collection (University of Chicago) corporateBody
associatedWith Bonaventure Lafayette Collection (University of Chicago) corporateBody
associatedWith Burke, Edmund, 1729-1797. person
associatedWith Charles, 2nd Earl Grey (1764-1845), and members of his family family
associatedWith Charles James Fox, 1749-1806 person
associatedWith Church, Angelica Schuyler, 1756-1815. person
associatedWith Clinton, Henry, 1771-1829 person
associatedWith Clinton, Henry, Sir, 1738?-1795. person
associatedWith Cumberland, George, 1754-1848. person
associatedWith Douglas family family
associatedWith Dudley, H. Bate (Henry Bate), Sir, 1745-1824, person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Fall, Charles G. (Charles Gershom), 1845-1932. person
associatedWith Fitzpatrick, Richard, 1747-1813. person
associatedWith Fox, Caroline, person
associatedWith Fox, Elizabeth, 1750-1842. person
associatedWith Francis, Philip, Sir, 1740-1818. person
associatedWith George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820. person
associatedWith George IV, King of Great Britain, 1762-1830. person
associatedWith Great Britain. Parliament. corporateBody
associatedWith Gulston, Joseph. person
associatedWith Hamilton, William, Sir, 1730-1803, person
associatedWith Hartley, David, 1732-1813. person
associatedWith Hoar, George Frisbie, 1826-1904 person
associatedWith Hogg, Edward. person
associatedWith Holland, Henry Fox, Baron, 1705-1774 person
associatedWith Horner, Francis, 1778-1817 person
correspondedWith Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784 person
associatedWith Jordan, Dorothy, 1761-1816. person
associatedWith Lacrosse, Jean Baptiste Raymond, Baron de, 1765-1829, person
associatedWith Lafayette, Marie Adrienne de Noailles, marquise de, 1759-1807 person
associatedWith Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. person
associatedWith Lansdowne, William Petty, Marquis of, 1737-1805 person
associatedWith Lee, Mary Hutchinson person
associatedWith Lee, Mary Hutchinson. person
associatedWith Lee, Mary Tabitha person
associatedWith Lewis, M. G. (Matthew Gregory), 1775-1818. person
correspondedWith Lowell, Amy, 1874-1925 person
associatedWith Masclet, Joseph, 1760-1820. person
associatedWith Masclet, Joseph, 1760-1833. person
associatedWith Masham of Otes, Samuel Masham, Baron, 1712-1776. person
associatedWith Metcalfe, Philip, 1735-1818. person
associatedWith Mitford, John, 1781-1859. person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831. person
associatedWith More, Hannah, 1745-1833, person
associatedWith North, Frederick, Lord, 1732-1792. person
associatedWith O'Bryen, Dennis, 1755-1832, person
associatedWith O'Bryen, Dennix, 1755-1832. person
associatedWith Onslow, George Onslow, Earl of, 1731-1814. person
associatedWith Opie, John, 1761-1807. person
associatedWith Pindar, Peter, 1738-1819. person
associatedWith Portland, William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of, 1738-1809. person
associatedWith Pulteney, William, person
associatedWith Purviance, John Henry, 1763-1820. person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785. person
correspondedWith Sheridan, Richard Brinsley, 1751-1816 person
associatedWith Stepney, Thomas, person
associatedWith Strahan family. family
associatedWith Townshend, Charles, 1725-1767 person
associatedWith University of Chicago. Library. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Chicago. Library. Special Collections Research Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Upcott, William, 1779-1845 person
associatedWith Upper Ossory, John Fitzpatrick, 2nd earl of, 1745-1818. person
associatedWith Walpole, Horace 1717-1797. person
associatedWith Walsingham, Charlotte, 1738-1790. person
associatedWith Whig Party (Great Britain) corporateBody
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith William Smith and family family
associatedWith Woodward, G. M. (George Moutard), ca. 1760-1809. person
associatedWith Zamboni, Karl person
Place Name Admin Code Country
France
Great Britain
Pondicherry (India)
Great Britain
France
France
Subject
Opposition (Political science)
Liberty
Politicians--Correspondence
Anglo--French War, 1793-1802
Great Britain--Politics and government--1760-1820
Regency
Occupation
Politicians
Reformers
Function

Person

Birth 1749-01-24

Death 1806-09-13

Britons

English

Information

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