Kallen, Horace Meyer, 1882-1974

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Jewish American philosopher and author; friend and pupil of William James.

From the description of H.M. Kallen letter to [Harry?] Salpeter, 1918 November 5. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 76924359

From the description of H. M. Kallen letter to [Harry?] Salpeter [manuscript], 1918 November 5. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647999274

Philosopher and educator.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (13) and autograph postcards signed (3) : various places, to Herbert J. Seligmann, 1972 Nov. 9-1974 Feb. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270871178

Educator and philosopher.

From the description of Papers, 1902-1975. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70925055

Horace Kallen was an American philosopher and educator. He was one of the original core faculty of the New School for Social Research in New York City, where he was Professor of Social Philosophy.

Hadley Cantril in1936 became professor at the Princeton University psychology department. He remained a member of the department until his death in 1969.

From the description of Human beings and psychological systems, manuscript / by Horace M. Kallen, [1954] (Peking University Library). WorldCat record id: 74214249

Philip W. Lown (1890-1976)

Philip W. Lown was born in Lithuania in 1890, which was then occupied by Russia, on the seventh day of Hanukah. When he was eleven, he attended a rabbinical school in Vilna. At the age of fourteen or fifteen he participated in the Russian Revolution in Lithuania in which he protested the czar and risked the brutality of the Cossacks in 1905. After the Revolution was crushed, he needed to escape the social unrest and poor living conditions so he immigrated to the United States in 1907, part of a mass exodus of Lithuanians from their country during 1868-1914. 2

In the United States, Lown found work as a milkman, a paper hanger, and a shoe factory worker in Maine. He hired a private teacher to obtain an elementary education so he could go to Lynn Classical high school at age twenty-two. When he turned twenty-five, Lown attended the University of Maine in 1914 and received his B.S. in 1918 for chemical engineering. When World War I began in 1914, Lown joined the army and worked as a researcher to combat chemical warfare. After he served his new country, he worked for seven years in the textile dyes industry. He proved himself successful in business and purchased a factory. When the business became less profitable he sold it and in 1926 became a joint owner of Pilgrim Shoe Company. He later became president of Penobscot Shoe Company in Old Town, Maine and Lown Shoes, Inc., in Auburn, Maine.

Starting in 1937, Lown invested his profits into the small Jewish community in Maine and tried to help Jews that faced danger in Europe. Until his death in 1976, he worked tirelessly on boards for Jewish education: the American Association for Jewish Education, B’nai B’rith Hillel Foundations, Maine Jewish Council, World Council on Jewish Education, and the Y.M.C.A. of Auburn, Maine, amongst others. He established Camp Lown in 1946, a summer camp for children that focused on teaching Jewish history and education. He founded the Lown School for Near Eastern and Judaic Studies and the Graduate Center for Contemporary Jewish Studies at Brandeis University, became the President and Chairman of Hebrew College in Massachusetts and served as President of the American Association for Jewish Education, the Y.M.C.A. of Auburn Maine, and the Community Chest of Lewiston, Maine. Lown also became involved in Zionist activities and was present at a meeting on July 1, 1945, where he met with David Ben-Gurion and helped plan critical assistance to the Hagana. He received countless awards and honors for his work in Zionism, Jewish education in America, and Jewish communal institutions.

Lown received his Doctorate at University of Maine and Brandeis University. His first wife, Anna, was born in New York in 1900. His second wife, Sally Lown, was also dedicated to Jewish education and was present with Lown in many of his activities. He worked with the same organizations into his late eighties, up until his death on November 1, 1976 at Miami Beach. 3

  • 1890: Born in Lithuania.
  • 1901: Attended Rabbinical School in Vilna, Lithuania.
  • 1905: Participated in Russian Revolution in Lithuania.
  • 1907: Arrived in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1911: Attended Lynn Classical High School.
  • 1914: Served in United States Army as a researcher to combat chemical warfare.
  • 1914 - 1918 : Attended University of Maine and received B.S. in Chemical Engineering.
  • 1926: Became joint owner of Pilgrim Shoe Co.
  • 1937: Became involved in Jewish Education in New England.
  • 1939: Helped to form Maine Jewish Council for United Jewish Appeal.
  • 1946: Camp Lown opened in Oakland, Maine.
  • 1953: Chairman of the Second National Conference for Jewish Education.
  • 1955: President of American Association for Jewish Education.
  • 1959: Chairman, Program Committee, B’nai B’rith Hillel Committee.
  • 1961: Received Henrietta Szold award from Boston University.
  • 1961: Received the 14th Annual T. Kenyon Holly Memorial Plaque.
  • 1972: Lown School for Near Eastern and Judaic Studies and Graduate Center for Contemporary Jewish Studies opened at Brandeis University.
  • 1976: Died at Miami Beach on November 1st.
Footnotes 1 Information used in this finding aid is from the following sources and other sources as indicated: Materials from the collection. 2Encyclopedia Britannica. “Lithuania.” 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/343803/Lithuania> May 24, 2012. 3The Lewiston Daily Sun November 3, 1976. <http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1928&dat=19761103&id=GT0pAAAAIBAJ&sjid=3WUFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2538,444986> May 31, 2012.

From the guide to the Philip W. Lowan, Papers, undated, 1913-1975 [bulk 1944-1974], (American Jewish Historical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Kallen, Horace Meyer, 1882-1974. H. M. Kallen letter to [Harry?] Salpeter [manuscript], 1918 November 5. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972, 1929-1957 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Higham, John. John Higham student notes, 1937-1939. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Otto, Max Carl, 1876- . Papers, 1860-1963. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Mark Anthony De Wolfe Howe additional papers, 1880-1959. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1911-1944 (inclusive), 1929-1937 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America records, 1914-1980, 1920-1950 (bulk) Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
creatorOf Kallen, Horace Meyer, 1882-1974. Correspondence, 1920, from Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Wise, Stephen S. (Stephen Samuel), 1874-1949. Papers, 1893-1969. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972 (inclusive), 1929-1957 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Norbert Wiener papers, 1898-1966 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections
creatorOf New Palestine Society. Letter, 1921, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Papers, 1894-1960 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Kallen, Horace Meyer, 1882-1974. Letters, 1920-1972, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Kallen, Horace Meyer. Autograph letters signed (13) and autograph postcards signed (3) : various places, to Herbert J. Seligmann, 1972 Nov. 9-1974 Feb. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Henry Wise, Papers, 1941-2010 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Papers, 1860-1928. Houghton Library.
referencedIn I. Leo. Sharfman papers, 1914-1962 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Papers of the Solis-Cohen Family, undated, 1808-1990 American Jewish Historical Society
creatorOf Kallen, Horace Meyer, 1882-1974. Correspondence file, 1927-1930, from Boni & Liveright and Horace Liveright, Inc. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Facsimiles of the correspondence of Sir Alfred Zimmern and of Lord Eustace Percy, photocopies (originals 1911-49) University of Oxford, Bodleian Library
referencedIn Komroff, Manuel, 1890-1974. Manuel Komroff papers, 1897-1979. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Witter Bynner papers, 1829-1965. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Kallen, Horace Meyer, 1882-1974. Papers, 1902-1975. American Jewish Archives
creatorOf Wendell family. Wendell family papers, ca. 1620-1921. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Szold, Henrietta, 1860-1945. Papers, 1875-1982, 1875-1945 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn William James manuscripts for, Some problems of philosophy, 1909-1925. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Paul Blanshard Papers, 1912-1979 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Needle Trades Workers Industrial Union (U.S.). Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1933. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Contreras, Belisario R., 1916-. Belisario Contreras papers, 1958-1984. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Marvin Lowenthal, papers, undated, 1871-1959 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Billikopf, Jacob, 1883-1950. Papers, 1900-1951. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Cardozo, Benjamin N. (Benjamin Nathan), 1870-1938. Benjamin N. Cardozo papers, 1885-1940. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Dewey, John, 1859-1952. Sidney Hook collection of John Dewey, 1926-1972. Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
referencedIn Weiss-Rosmarin, Trude, 1908-1989. Papers, 1931-1984. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. Sidney Hillman correspondence, 1911-1929, 1914-1929 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn William James manuscripts for, Some problems of philosophy, 1909-1925. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Collier, John, 1884-1968. John Collier papers, 1910-1987 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Philip W. Lowan, Papers, undated, 1913-1975 [bulk 1944-1974] American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn William James correspondence, 1856-1910. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sharfman, I. Leo (Isaiah Leo), 1886-1969. Isaiah Leo Sharfman papers, 1914-1962. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn John Collier papers, 1910-1987 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Kallen, Horace Meyer, 1882-1974. H.M. Kallen letter to [Harry?] Salpeter, 1918 November 5. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Correspondence, 1860-1979. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Johnson, Grace A., 1871-1952. Papers: Subseries A-E, 1840-1952 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Barnard, Harry, 1906-1982. Harry Barnard collection, 1889-1975. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Training Bureau for Jewish Communal Service (New York, N.Y.). Records, 1946-1951. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn George Sarton additional papers, 1901-1956. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Antioch Review mss., 1940-2007 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Collier, John, 1884-1968. John Collier papers, 1910-1987 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Wendell family papers, ca. 1620-1921. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Letters to William James from various correspondents and photograph album, 1865-1929. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Cronbach, Abraham, 1882-1965. Papers, 1902-1965. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1840-1952 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Richards, Bernard G. (Bernard Gerson), 1877-1971. Papers, 1903-1960. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn William James papers, 1803-1941 (inclusive) 1862-1910 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Records of the Jewish Education Service of North America, 1922-1999, bulk 1940-1987 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Wendell family papers, ca. 1620-1921. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Browne, Maurice, 1881-1955. Ellen Van Volkenburg-Maurice Browne general correspondence, 1911- University of Michigan
referencedIn Clare Leighton collection, 1949-1953 Yale Center for British Art
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. Sidney Hillman papers, 1930-1946, 1935-1945 (bulk). Cornell University Library
creatorOf Kallen, Horace Meyer, 1882-1974. Human beings and psychological systems, manuscript / by Horace M. Kallen, [1954] Princeton University Library
referencedIn Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972 (inclusive), 1929-1957 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Kallen, Horace Meyer, 1882-1974. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1917-1933. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf James, William, 1842-1910. William James manuscripts for Some problems of philosophy, 1909-1925. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Letters to Rabbi Solomon Goldman, Jan.-Sept. 1946. Drew University Library, Rose Memorial Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith American Association for Jewish Education corporateBody
correspondedWith Ames, Van Meter, b. 1898 person
associatedWith Antioch review. corporateBody
correspondedWith Barnard, Harry, 1906-1982. person
associatedWith Ben-Gurion, David, 1886-1973 person
correspondedWith Billikopf, Jacob, 1883-1950. person
associatedWith Blanshard, Paul, 1892- person
correspondedWith Blood, Benjamin Paul, 1832-1919 person
associatedWith B’nai B’rith Hillel Foundations corporateBody
correspondedWith Brandeis, Louis Dembitz, 1856-1941 person
associatedWith Brandeis University corporateBody
associatedWith Britten, Clarence, 1887- person
correspondedWith Brooks, Rachel Gleason person
associatedWith Browne, Maurice, 1881-1955. person
correspondedWith Bynner, Witter, 1881-1968 person
associatedWith Cantril, Hadley, 1906-1969, person
associatedWith Cardozo, Benjamin N. (Benjamin Nathan), 1870-1938. person
associatedWith Collier, John, 1884-1968. person
associatedWith Contreras, Belisario R., 1916- person
correspondedWith Cronbach, Abraham, 1882-1965. person
correspondedWith De Haas, Jacob, 1872-1937 person
associatedWith Dewey, John, 1859-1952. person
correspondedWith Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965 person
associatedWith Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. person
associatedWith Goldmann, Nachum person
associatedWith Goldmann, Nahum, 1895-1982 person
associatedWith Grace Allen (Fitch) Johnson, 1871-1952 person
associatedWith Hebrew College (Newton Center, Newton, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Higham, John. person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
correspondedWith Howe, M. A. De Wolfe (Mark Antony De Wolfe), 1864-1960 person
correspondedWith Hudson, Manley Ottmer, 1886- person
correspondedWith James, William, 1842-1910 person
associatedWith Jewish Education Service of North America corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Grace A., 1871-1952. person
associatedWith Josiah Wedgwood & Sons. corporateBody
associatedWith Komroff, Manuel, 1890-1974. person
associatedWith Konvitz, Milton R. (Milton Ridvas), 1908-2003 person
associatedWith Leighton, Clare, 1898-1989 person
associatedWith Lowenthal, Marvin person
associatedWith Lown, Philip W. person
associatedWith Maine Jewish Council corporateBody
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Needle Trades Workers Industrial Union (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith New Palestine Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Otto, Max Carl, 1876- . person
associatedWith Pierpont Morgan Library. Seligmann Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Princeton University. Dept. of Psychology. corporateBody
associatedWith Princeton University Faculty corporateBody
associatedWith Princeton University Perception Demonstration Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Richards, Bernard G. (Bernard Gerson), 1877-1971. person
associatedWith Sachar, Abram Leon, 1899-1993 person
associatedWith Sachar, Arbam L. person
associatedWith Salpeter, Harry, person
correspondedWith Santayana, George, 1863-1952 person
correspondedWith Sarton, George, 1884-1956 person
associatedWith Seligmann, Herbert J., person
associatedWith Seligmann, Herbert J., Mrs, person
associatedWith Sharfman, I. Leo (Isaiah Leo), 1886-1969. person
associatedWith Sir Alfred Eckhard Zimmern and Lord Eustace Percy person
associatedWith Solis-Cohen Family family
associatedWith Sonneborn, R. G. (Rudolf Goldschmidt), b. 1898 person
associatedWith Szold, Henrietta, 1860-1945. person
associatedWith Training Bureau for Jewish Communal Service (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
correspondedWith Weiss-Rosmarin, Trude, 1908-1989. person
associatedWith Wendell family. family
associatedWith Wendell family. family
associatedWith Wiener, Norbert, 1894-1964 person
associatedWith Wise, Henry person
correspondedWith Wise, Stephen S. (Stephen Samuel), 1874-1949 person
associatedWith World Council on Jewish Education corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Boston (Mass.)
Israel
United States
United States
Subject
Adult education
Psychology--History--20th century
Consumer education
Zionism--United States
Zionism
Jews--Education
Philosophy
Religion
Civil rights
Philosophers--20th century
Education
Occupation
Jewish philosophers--United States
Editors
Jewish educators--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1882-08-11

Death 1974-02-16

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6jq12bq

SNAC ID: 53970787