Jackson, Jesse, 1941-

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The Reverend Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr., founder and president of the Rainbow PUSH Coalition, is one of America’s foremost civil rights, religious and political figures. Over the past forty years, he has played a pivotal role in virtually every movement for empowerment, peace, civil rights, gender equality, and economic and social justice. On August 9, 2000, President Bill Clinton awarded Reverend Jackson the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor.

Reverend Jackson has been called the “Conscience of the Nation” and “the Great Unifier,” challenging America to be inclusive and to establish just and humane priorities for the benefit of all. He is known for bringing people together on common ground across lines of race, culture, class, gender and belief.

Born on October 8, 1941 in Greenville, South Carolina, Jesse Jackson graduated from the public schools in Greenville and then enrolled in the University of Illinois on a football scholarship. He later transferred to North Carolina A&T State University and graduated in 1964. He began his theological studies at Chicago Theological Seminary but deferred his studies when he began working full-time in the Civil Rights Movement with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. He was ordained on June 30, 1968 by Rev. Clay Evans and received his earned Master of Divinity degree from Chicago Theological Seminary in 2000.

For his work in human and civil rights and nonviolent social change, Reverend Jackson has received more than 40 honorary doctorate degrees and frequently lectures at major colleges and universities including Howard, Yale, Princeton, Morehouse, Harvard, Columbia, Stanford and Hampton. He was made an Honorary Fellow of Regents Park College at Oxford University in the UK in November 2007, and received an Honorary Fellowship from Edge Hill University in Liverpool, England. In March 2010, Reverend Jackson was inducted into England’s prestigious Cambridge Union Society. In April 2010, he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 9/26/80 [1]
referencedIn District of Columbia. Statehood Commission. Records of the Statehood Commission, 1941-1994. District of Columbia Public Library
referencedIn Warner, John W., 1927-. Senator John Warner papers, 1979-2009. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Bustamante, Albert Garza,. Oral history interview with Albert Garza Bustamante, 2004 [videorecording]. University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Assistant President. ILGWU. Gus Tyler papers, 1956-1996. Cornell University Library
referencedIn National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Office of Field Director of Louisiana. Records. 1964-1976. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Federal surveillance of African Americans, 1920-1984 [electronic resource]. University of California, Irvine. Library. Department of Special Collections
referencedIn 1984 Texas Jackson-for-President Campaign Collection RG F 021., 1984 Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library,
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 7/21/78
contributorOf DEMOCRATIC PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Amote Sias papers, 1945-1993 Brooklyn Historical Society
referencedIn Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966. Papers, 1862-1986. bulk 1930-1969. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Schomer, Howard, 1915-2001. Howard Schomer. Papers, 1928-2001 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
referencedIn Chaplik, Dorothy. Dorothy Chaplik papers, 1984-2005. Cudahy Library
creatorOf Jackson, Jesse, 1941-. The Rainbow Coalition, 1984. Temple University, Blockson Afro-American History Collection
referencedIn Hansen, Merle (Merle Elwin), 1919-2009. Papers, 1932-1999. Iowa State University, Parks Library
referencedIn Tom McCall Forum Collection, 1982-2007 Pacific University Archives
referencedIn [Videotape collection] [videorecording], 1984-1990 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn General Faculty and Faculty Council of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Records, 1799-2011 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. University Archives.
referencedIn David-Friedman, Ellen. Ellen David Friedman Rainbow Coalition collection, 1986-1987. Vermont Historical Society
referencedIn Obsitnik, Larry,. Garfield Parker, Jesse Jackson, Mrs. Daisy Bates and L.C. Bates at the National Black Convention [graphic] / Larry Obsitnik [photographer]. Arkansas History Commission
referencedIn National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Records, 1842-1999, (bulk 1919-1991) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Brown, Willie L. First among equals : California legislative leadership, 1964-1992 / Willie Lewis Brown ; with an introduction by John De Luca ; interviews conducted by Gabrielle Morris in 1991 and 1992. University of California Berkeley Law Library, Boalt Law Library; McEnerney Law Library; BerkeleyLaw Library
referencedIn Pitcher, W. Alvin. Papers, 1928-1993 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Monterey Public Library. California History Room. Distinguished visitors clippings 1903-2007 Monterey Public Library
referencedIn Piven, Frances Fox. Papers 1957-1999. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn [Jesse Jackson 1988 Presidential campaign]. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn Lola M. Jones videotapes, 1983-1995 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Begle, Howell, 1944-. Howell Begle collection, 1949-2008. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Evans, Rowland, 1921-2001. Rowland Evans Jr. and Robert D. Novak papers, 1948-2008. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn O'Dell, Jack H. Jack O'Dell collection, 1970-1993 (bulk 1988-1992). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Morton, Hugh M. Hugh Morton photographs and films: People and events, late 1920s-early 2000s (bulk 1940s-1990s) (Series 2). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Litvak, Simi H. Papers, 1961-1993. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Negatives Collection, 1930-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn McNamee, Wally, 1932-2017. Wally McNamee Photographic Archive, ca. 1950-2017 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Sturkey, Don. Don Sturkey photographic materials, 1951-1989. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Hussein Makled papers, 1956-1999 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Gingiss, Benjamin J., 1911-1999. Benjamin Gingiss papers, 1905, 1925-1987 (bulk 1965-1985). Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Cox, James F., 1959-. Research files on slavery reparations for articles published in USA Today [manuscript], 1835-2002 (bulk 1997-2002.) University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Sallie Bingham Papers, 1900-2011 and undated, (bulk 1940s-2011) David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Steinman, Wayne. Wayne Steinman papers, 1982-1990, 1984-1989 (bulk). New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Zweig, Martha,. Political Newspapers Collection California State University, Dominguez Hills, CSUDH
referencedIn McNamee, Wally, 1932-2017. Wally McNamee Photographic Archive, ca. 1950-2017 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn David Dinkins Papers, 1941-2001, [Bulk Dates: 1985-1993]. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Jordan, June, 1936-2002. Videotape collection of June Jordan [videorecording]. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Jordan, June, 1936-2002. Audio collection of June Jordan [sound recording]. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn [Portrait of Jess Jackson, Healdsburg, Calif.] [picture]. Sonoma County Library
referencedIn Schomer, Howard, 1915-2001. Papers, 1928-2001. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn Makled, Husein. Hussein Makled papers photographs series. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn ILGWU. Gus Tyler papers, 1956-1996 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn Yvonne Brathwaite Burke papers: California State Assembly, U.S. Congress, Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, and California Attorney General campaign, Bulk, 1966-1980, 1959-1980 USC Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Operation PUSH. [Miscellaneous pamphlets, etc.]. Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Hugh Morton Photographs and Films,  , late 1920s-2006, (bulk 1940s-1990s) University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. North Carolina Collection.
referencedIn García, Herlinda,. Oral history interview with Herlinda Garcia, 1996 [videorecording]. University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
creatorOf Jackson, Jesse, 1941-. Jesse Jackson : commercials, 1988. University of Oklahoma, Political Community Archives
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 1/31/80 [1]
referencedIn Martin Luther King, Jr., birthday celebration [videorecording], 1987 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Rainbow Coalition of Vermont. Rainbow Coalition of Vermont records, 1984-1991. Vermont Historical Society
creatorOf Bond, Julian, 1940-. Julian Bond papers [manuscript], circa 1943-2006. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Leslie Cagan Papers, 1966-2009 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Dominic J. Badolato Papers, undated, 1918-2003 Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 3/18/80 [1]
referencedIn City Club of Cleveland Forum sound recordings, 1960-1989, 1948-2011 Cleveland State University
creatorOf King, Larry, 1933-. Selected radio programs from The Larry King show [sound recording]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Hoffman Family Papers., undated, 1933-1998. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn Frady, Marshall. Marshall Frady papers, 1950-2004. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn October 1995 (#4063) Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn Chuck Stone Papers, 1931-2007 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Fife, Sara Ann Graves Strickler, 1845-1920. Papers of Sara Ann Graves Strickler Fife, 1918- 1985, (bulk 1918-1919). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Boyer, Ernest L. Cassette tapes of University of Virginia events [manuscript], 1981-1990. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Papers of Florynce Kennedy, (inclusive), (bulk), 1915-2004, 1947-1993 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Schlitz Brewing Company and Operation PUSH contract signing photographs, undated. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 8/9/79
referencedIn Records of the Office of Education. 1870 - 1980. Office Files
creatorOf Duke University. Living History Program. Records, 1974-2000 and n.d. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Anaya, Toney. Toney Anaya papers, 1965-2005. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Fayetteville State University. Photographs, 1880-1990 (bulk 1960-1990). Fayetteville State University, Charles W. Chesnutt Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 8/10/79
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 5/30/79
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 8/6/79 [2]
referencedIn Frances Fox Piven Papers MS 238., 1957 - 2011 [ongoing] Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Roots of the Rainbow Exhibit Collection, 1943-1988 (bulk, late 1960s-1988). University of Massachusetts at Boston, Healey Library
creatorOf Jackson, Jesse L. [Personal papers of Jesse L. Jackson] University of Kansas Archives / MSS / Rare Books, Kenneth Spencer Research Library
referencedIn Globalvision, Inc. South Africa Now collection, 1978-1994 (inclusive), 1988-1991 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs. Presidential Election Study. Presidential Election of 1988 Study Collection, 1984-1992. University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn David-Friedman, Ellen. Ellen David Friedman papers, 1980-1990. Vermont Historical Society
referencedIn San Francisco Rainbow Coalition. San Francisco Rainbow Coalition records, 1984-1989. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn ABC PROFILES: DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATES FOR PRESIDENT United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn NOW Legal Defense & Education Fund. [Videotape collection: reels 1-48] [videorecording]. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Southern Elections Fund. Papers, 1965-1975 of the Fund and of the chairman of the Board of Trustees, Julian Bond [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Oliver Tambo, Papers, undated, 1960-1992. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn Marx, Robert J., 1927-. Rabbi Robert J. Marx papers, 1946-2002 (bulk 1960-1980s). Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Pryor, Janis A. Papers of Janis A. Pryor, 1940-1995. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Ellison, Ralph. Letter to Bert Krantz, 1990 February 23. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Political Newspapers Collection, 1953-1994, bulk 1969-1992 California State University, Dominguez Hills Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Cox, James F., 1959-. Research files on slavery reparations for articles published in USA Today [manuscript], 1776-2002 (bulk 1997-2002.). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Seattle (Wash.). Mayor. Mayor Norman Rice photographs, 1990-1997. Seattle Municipal Archives
referencedIn Cook, Celestine Shannon Strode, 1924-1985. Papers. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Sellers, Cleveland, 1944-. Cleveland L. Sellers, Jr. papers, 1934-2003 (bulk 1960-1980). College of Charleston, Marlene and Nathan Addlestone Library
referencedIn Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005. Rosa L. Parks papers, 1955-1976. Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
referencedIn Democratic Presidential Candidates Debate (1984 : Dartmouth College). Records, 1984. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Martin Luther King, Jr., birthday celebration : video recording, 1987. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Harvard Law School Forums Records Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Thurman, Howard, 1900-1981. Howard Thurman collection, 1924-1981 (bulk 1952-1967). Boston University. School of Medicine
referencedIn Dinkins, David N. David Dinkins papers, 1941-2001 [Bulk Dates: 1985-1993]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Rabinowitz, Joni. Joni Rabinowitz papers, 1961-2008. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 7/25/78
creatorOf NONMUSIC RECORDING (COLLECTION) Audio materials, 1956-1977 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Audio materials, 1956-1977 [sound recording]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 8/17/79 [1]
referencedIn North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University. Jesse Jackson collection, 1950-1964. North Carolina A&T State University, F.D. Bluford Library, Ferdinand Douglass Bluford Library
referencedIn Woodard, Bertha 1916-. Speech to the Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of Northern Nevada, Sept. 11, 1983. University of Nevada, Reno, Mathewson-IGT Knowledge Center
referencedIn Toney Anaya Papers, 1965-2005 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
referencedIn Artists for Jackson : PAD/D pamphlet file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Clark, Septima Poinsette, 1898-1987. Septima P. Clark papers, ca. 1910-ca. 1990. College of Charleston, Marlene and Nathan Addlestone Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 7/25/78
referencedIn September 1994 (#4050) Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn Grimsley, Edward. Papers of Edward Grimsley,1961-1997. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Davis, Thulani. Thulani Davis collection, 1967-1997. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Vigil, Maurilio E., 1941-. The Hispanic vote and the Jackson candidacy / by Maurilio E. Vigil. New Mexico Highlands University, Donnelly Library
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf The HistoryMakers Video Oral History with Reverend Jesse L. Jackson The HistoryMakers
Relation Name
associatedWith Anaya, Toney person
associatedWith Anaya, Toney. person
associatedWith Badolato, Dominic J. person
associatedWith Begle, Howell, 1944- person
associatedWith Bingham, Sallie person
associatedWith Bond, Julian, 1940- person
associatedWith Brown, Willie L. person
associatedWith Burke, Yvonne Brathwaite person
associatedWith Bustamante, Albert Garza, person
associatedWith Cagan, Leslie person
associatedWith California State University, Dominguez Hills corporateBody
associatedWith Chaplik, Dorothy. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Chicago Theological Seminary (Chicago, Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith City Club of Cleveland corporateBody
associatedWith Clark, Septima Poinsette, 1898-1987. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Cook, Celestine Shannon Strode, 1924-1985. person
associatedWith Cox, James F., 1959- person
associatedWith David-Friedman, Ellen. person
associatedWith Davis, Thulani. person
associatedWith Democratic National Coalition (1984 : San Francisco, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic Presidential Candidates Debate (1984 : Dartmouth College) corporateBody
associatedWith Dinkins, David N. person
associatedWith Dinkins, David N. person
associatedWith District of Columbia. Statehood Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Duke University. Living History Program. corporateBody
associatedWith Ellison, Ralph. person
associatedWith Evans, Rowland, 1921-2001. person
associatedWith Fayetteville State University. corporateBody
associatedWith Fife, Sara Ann Graves Strickler, 1845-1920. person
associatedWith Frady, Marshall. person
associatedWith García, Herlinda, person
associatedWith Ghana Accra Mission corporateBody
associatedWith Gingiss, Benjamin J., 1911-1999. person
associatedWith Globalvision, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Grimsley, Edward. person
associatedWith Hansen, Merle (Merle Elwin), 1919-2009. person
associatedWith Harvard Law School Forum corporateBody
associatedWith Hoffman Family. family
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Assistant President. corporateBody
parentOf Jackson, Jesse, 1965- person
associatedWith Jesse Jackson for President Campaign corporateBody
associatedWith Jones, Lola M. person
associatedWith Jordan, June, 1936-2002. person
correspondedWith Kennedy, Florynce person
associatedWith King, Larry, 1933- person
associatedWith Litvak, Simi H. person
associatedWith Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs. Presidential Election Study. corporateBody
associatedWith Makled, Husein. person
associatedWith Makled, Hussein. person
associatedWith Marx, Robert J., 1927- person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966. person
associatedWith McNamee, Wally person
associatedWith McNamee, Wally. person
associatedWith Monterey Public Library. California History Room. corporateBody
associatedWith Morton, Hugh M. person
associatedWith Morton, Hugh M. person
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People person
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. corporateBody
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Office of Field Director of Louisiana. corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University. corporateBody
associatedWith NOW Legal Defense & Education Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Obsitnik, Larry, person
associatedWith O'Dell, Jack H. person
associatedWith Operation PUSH. corporateBody
correspondedWith Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005. person
associatedWith Pitcher, W. Alvin person
correspondedWith Piven, Frances Fox person
associatedWith Piven, Frances Fox. person
associatedWith Pryor, Janis A. person
associatedWith Rabinowitz, Joni. person
associatedWith Rainbow Coalition of Vermont. corporateBody
associatedWith San Francisco Rainbow Coalition. corporateBody
associatedWith Schomer, Howard, 1915-2001 person
associatedWith Schomer, Howard, 1915-2001 person
employeeOf S.C.L.C. Operation Breadbasket corporateBody
associatedWith Seattle (Wash.). Mayor. corporateBody
associatedWith Sellers, Cleveland, 1944- person
associatedWith Sias, Amote person
employeeOf Southern Christian Leadership Conference corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Elections Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Steinman, Wayne. person
associatedWith Stone, Chuck person
associatedWith Sturkey, Don. person
associatedWith Tambo, Oliver, 1917- person
correspondedWith Thurman, Howard, 1900-1981. person
associatedWith Tom McCall Forum corporateBody
associatedWith Tyler, Gus. person
associatedWith United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation. corporateBody
almaMaterOf University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign corporateBody
associatedWith University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. General Faculty. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oklahoma. Political Commercial Archive. corporateBody
associatedWith Vigil, Maurilio E., 1941- person
associatedWith Warner, John W., 1927- person
associatedWith Woodard, Bertha 1916- person
associatedWith Zweig, Martha person
associatedWith Zweig, Martha, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Greensboro NC US
Greenville SC US
Champaign IL US
Chicago IL US
District of Columbia DC US
Subject
African American politicians
Advertising, political
Television advertising
Presidents--Election--1984
Radio advertising
Occupation
Minister
Politicians
Social activist
Civil Rights Leader
Television journalists
Function

Person

Birth 1941-10-08

Male

Americans

English,

Spanish; Castilian

Information

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SNAC ID: 85351214