Murphy, James B. (James Bumgardner), 1884-1950

Variant names

Hide Profile

James Bumgardner Murphy was a pathologist. His research at the Rockefeller Institute (1909-1950), and indeed his career, centered on cancer studies: the role of lymphocytes in tuberculosis, studies in X-ray effects, and the nature of malignant tumors in fowls.

From the description of Papers, [ca. 1918]-1950. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 86165436

A native North Carolinian, the cancer researcher James B. Murphy was born into a medical family. The son of Patrick Livingston Murphy, Director of the Western North Carolina Insane Asylum, and Bettie Waddell (Bumgardner), Murphy was raised in Morganton, N.C., and educated at the University of North Carolina (BS, 1905) and at the medical school at Johns Hopkins (MD, 1909). Drawn by inclination toward research rather than practice, Murphy nevertheless demonstrated particular skill in dissection and in experimental technique. Fresh out of medical school, he obtained a position under the psychiatrist, Adolf Meyer, in New York, and when Meyer was hired at Johns Hopkins in 1911, Murphy was prepared to return to Baltimore.

Florence Rena Sabin, however, suggested that Murphy accept an offer at the Rockefeller Institute to work in the pathology department under Peyton Rous. Rous's recent work on the viral origins of cancer was just beginning to garner wide notice and seemed to harbor great potential. Making full use of his laboratory skills, Murphy provided valuable assistance in demonstrating that the transmissible agent in the cellular extracts remained active after freezing and drying, and he played a similarly important part in demonstrating that embryos did not reject transplanted tissues, as adult tissues did. His work on the role of lymphocytes in regulating immune response was sufficiently out of step with the main currents of immunology at the time that it received little

During the 1920s, Murphy became a nationally prominent figure in cancer research, serving for many years as an officer in the American Society for the Control of Cancer and its successor the American Cancer Society, on the Advisory Council of the National Cancer Institute, and on the Committee on Growth of the National Research Council. He filled similar guiding roles with the American Bureau of Medical Aid to China, the Bar Harbor Medical and Surgical Hospital, the Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Lab, the Memorial Hospital for the Treatment of Cancer (ca. 1932-1950); and the National Advisory Cancer Council; New York Academy of Medicine (1923-1950).

Murphy died at his summer home in Bar Harbor, Maine, one year after his retirement from Rockefeller.

From the guide to the James Bumgardner Murphy Papers, Circa 1918-1950, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Harold Lindsay Amoss Papers, 1918-1922 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Murphy, James B. (James Bumgardner), 1884-1950. Papers, [ca. 1918]-1950. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf James Bumgardner Murphy Papers, Circa 1918-1950 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Amoss, Harold Lindsay, 1886-1956. Papers, 1918-1922. American Philosophical Society Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Association for Cancer Research. corporateBody
associatedWith American Bureau for Medical Aid to China. corporateBody
associatedWith American Cancer Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Amoss, Harold Lindsay, 1886-1956. person
associatedWith Aub, Joseph Charles, 1890-1873 person
associatedWith Aub, Joseph Charles, 1890-1973. person
associatedWith Bar Harbor Medical and Surgical Hospital. corporateBody
associatedWith Bayne-Jones, Stanhope, 1888-1970. person
associatedWith Bloodgood, Joseph Colt, 1867-1935. person
associatedWith Bronson, Margaret L. person
associatedWith Bronson, Margaret L. person
associatedWith Casey, Albert Eugene, 1903-. person
associatedWith Caspari, Ernst Wolfgang, 1909- . person
associatedWith Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944. person
associatedWith Chesney, Alan Mason, 1888-1964. person
associatedWith Cowdry, E. V. (Edmund Vincent), 1888-1975. person
associatedWith Cramer, Charles person
associatedWith Cramer, Charles. person
associatedWith Cutler, Max. person
associatedWith Duran-Reynals, Francisco. person
associatedWith Dyott, George Miller, b.1883. person
associatedWith Erdman, Rhoda person
associatedWith Erdman, Rhoda. person
associatedWith Ewing, James person
associatedWith Ewing, James. person
associatedWith Favilli, Giovanni person
associatedWith Favilli, Giovanni. person
associatedWith Flexner, Simon, 1863-1946. person
associatedWith Gasser, Herbert S. (Herbert Spencer), 1888-1963. person
associatedWith Gates, Frederick L. person
associatedWith Goldfeder, Anna person
associatedWith Goldfeder, Anna. person
associatedWith Hogeboom, George person
associatedWith Hogeboom, George. person
associatedWith Jacobs, John L. person
associatedWith Jacobs, John L. person
associatedWith Kennaway, Ernest L. person
associatedWith Kennaway, Ernest L. person
associatedWith Lathrop, Abbie E. C. person
associatedWith Lathrop, Abbie E. C. person
associatedWith Leddy, Percy Allen person
associatedWith Leddy, Percy Allen. person
associatedWith Lewis, Margaret Reed. person
associatedWith Lewis, Richard H., 1918-. person
associatedWith Little, C. C. (Clarence Cook), 1888-1971. person
associatedWith Little, Clarence C., (Clarence Cook), b. 1888 person
associatedWith Loeb, Leo, 1869-1959. person
associatedWith Longcope, Warfield T. (Warfield Theobald), 1877-1953. person
associatedWith MacNider, William de Berniere, 1881-1951. person
associatedWith Maisin, Joseph person
associatedWith Memorial Hospital for the Treatment of Cancer. corporateBody
associatedWith Minot, George Richards, 1885-1950. person
associatedWith Morton, John T. person
associatedWith Morton, John T. person
associatedWith Murphy, J. B person
associatedWith Nakahara, Warō, 1896-1976. person
associatedWith National Advisory Cancer Council (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith New York Academy of Medicine. corporateBody
associatedWith Osterhout, W. J. V. (Winthrop John Van Leuven), 1871-1964. person
associatedWith Porter, Keith R. person
associatedWith Rhoads, Cornelius Packard, 1898-1959. person
associatedWith Rockefeller Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith Rous, Peyton, 1879-1970. person
associatedWith Russell, Frederick Fuller, 1870-1960. person
associatedWith Sabin, Florence Rena, 1871-1953. person
associatedWith Schram, Mildred W. S. person
associatedWith Schram, Mildred W. S. person
associatedWith Shope, Richard E. 1901-1966. person
associatedWith Smith, Edric B person
associatedWith Smith, Edric B. person
associatedWith Sokoloff, Boris, 1889-1979. person
associatedWith Sokoloff, Boris, 1893- person
associatedWith Spies, John W. person
associatedWith Spies, John W. person
associatedWith Strong, Leonell C. (Leonell Clarence), 1894-. person
associatedWith Sturm, Ernest, 1878-1936. person
associatedWith TenBroeck, Carl, 1885-1966. person
associatedWith Warren, Shields, 1898-1980. person
associatedWith Weed, Lewis H. (Lewis Hill), 1886-1952. person
associatedWith Welch, William Henry, 1850-1934. person
associatedWith Wilson, Edwin Bidwell, 1879-1964. person
associatedWith Zinsser, Hans, 1878-1940. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Cancer--Research
Medicine--Research
Radiation--Physiological effect
Immunology
Tuberculosis--Research
X-rays
World War, 1914-1918--Medical care
Hospitals--New York (State)--New York
Mice as laboratory animals
Lymphocytes
Cancer--Radiotherapy
Medical sciences
Tumors in animals
Medicine, Military
Pathology
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1884

Death 1950

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pr9058

Ark ID: w6pr9058

SNAC ID: 15801293