Johnson, Adelaide, 1859-1955

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Sculptor and suffragist. Born as Sarah Adeline Johnson.

From the description of Papers of Adelaide Johnson, 1873-1947. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79604691

Biographical Note

  • 1859, Sept. 26: Born Sarah Adeline Johnson, near Plymouth, Ill.
  • 1877: Diploma, School of Design, St. Louis, Mo. First and second prizes for wood carving at a Missouri state exposition competition with professional wood carvers
  • 1878: Changed name to Adelaide Johnson
  • 1883: Studied painting, Dresden, Germany
  • 1884: Moved to Rome, Italy; studied under Giulio Monteverde for eleven years and established a studio in Rome that she maintained for twenty-five years, along with other studios at various periods in Carrara, Italy; London, England; New York, N.Y.; Chicago, Ill.; and Washington, D.C.
  • 1893: Exhibited busts of Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Caroline B. Winslow, Woman's Pavilion, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1896: Married Alexander Frederick Jenkins (divorced 1908); he assumed the name of Johnson and was known as Mr. Johnson as well as Mr. Jenkins Johnson.
  • 1904: As suffragist, changed allegiance from National American Woman Suffrage Association in Washington, D.C., to National Woman's Party in New York, N.Y. Charter member, Lyceum Club, London, England, and its American organizer
  • 1921: Sculpture “The Woman Movement,” containing busts of Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Susan B. Anthony, presented to the nation on behalf of the National Woman's Party and maintained in the Capitol
  • 1936: Bust of Susan B. Anthony in “The Woman Movement” used as model for the three-cent postage stamp
  • 1939: Faced eviction and sale of her home to pay back taxes; in frustration, mutilated many of her sculptures; congressional intervention prevented her eviction
  • 1955, Nov. 11: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Adelaide Johnson Papers, 1873-1947, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Lutz, Alma,. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists: Part 1 (Ad-Lip), 1775-1943 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Susan B. Anthony Papers, 1846-1934, (bulk 1846-1906) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. Susan B. Anthony papers, 1846-1934 (bulk 1846-1906). Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1922 - 1961 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Adelaide Johnson Papers, 1873-1947 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers of Olympia Brown, ca.1849-1963 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Collection, n.y., n.d., 1775-1943 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Johnson, Adelaide. Papers. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Meyer, Ellen. Adelaide Johnson : women and art as creative forces in history. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Brown, Olympia, 1835-1926. Papers, ca. 1849-1963 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Johnson, Adelaide, 1859-1955. Papers of Adelaide Johnson, 1873-1947. Library of Congress
referencedIn Burroughs, John, 1837-1921. Letter to Martia A. Vanamee [manuscript], 1904 September 25. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. Papers, 1868-1897 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Powell, Rose Arnold, 1876-1961. Papers, 1922-1961 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1868-1897 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith ALMA LUTZ, 1890-1973 person
associatedWith Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. person
associatedWith Biedler, Lily. person
associatedWith Brisbane, Arthur, 1864-1936. person
associatedWith Brown, Olympia, 1835-1926. person
associatedWith Burroughs, John, 1837-1921. person
associatedWith Campbell-Copeland, T. (Thomas) person
associatedWith Ferris, Edith M. person
associatedWith Gardener, Helen H. (Helen Hamilton), 1853-1925. person
associatedWith Hall, Agnes. person
associatedWith Harding, Gena R. person
associatedWith Harper, Ida Husted, 1851-1931. person
correspondedWith Jenkins family family
associatedWith Jenkins family. family
associatedWith Johnson, Alexander Frederick. person
correspondedWith Johnson family family
associatedWith Johnson family. family
associatedWith Lutz, Alma, person
associatedWith Meyer, Ellen. person
associatedWith Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880. person
associatedWith Murphy, Elizabeth Hale Falkner. person
associatedWith OLYMPIA BROWN, 1835-1926 person
associatedWith Pankhurst, Emmeline, 1858-1928. person
associatedWith Paul, Alice, 1885-1977. person
associatedWith Powell, Rose Arnold, 1876-1961. person
associatedWith Richmond, Cora L. V. (Cora Linn Victoria), 1840-1923. person
associatedWith Robson, May, 1865-1942. person
correspondedWith Rogers, Henry person
associatedWith Rogers, Henry. person
associatedWith Rose Arnold, 1876-1961 person
associatedWith Sewall, May Wright, 1844-1920. person
associatedWith Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902. person
associatedWith Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura), 1876-1933. person
associatedWith Thursby, Emma Cecilia, 1845-1931. person
associatedWith United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Upton, Sara Carr, 1843- person
associatedWith Whitney, Henry G. person
associatedWith Wilcox, Ella Wheeler, 1850-1919. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Portrait sculpture
Monuments--Washington (D.C.)
Art, American


Birth 1859-09-26

Death 1955-11-10



Ark ID: w6gq7d92

SNAC ID: 15427114