Reiner, Fritz, 1888-1963

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Robert Russell Bennett was an American composer, orchestrator and conductor.

From the guide to the Robert Russell Bennett papers, 1911-1981, (Music Library)

Reiner was born in Budapest in 1888. He graduated from the Budapest Academy of Music in 1908 where he studied with Bela Bartok. Various conducting and directing appointments followed in Budapest and in Dresden, including that of chief conductor of the Royal Opera House in Dresden for 1914-1922. An acquaintance of Richard Strauss, Reiner was influenced by conductor Arthur Nikisch and Hungarian composer Leo Weiner. In 1922 Reiner left Europe to become the appointed director of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, a post he held until 1930. In 1928 he became an American citizen. He married his second wife, Cincinnati actress Carlotta Irwin, in 1930.

From 1931-1941 Reiner served as head of the orchestra and opera departments at the Curtis Institute of Music, where Leonard Bernstein was his student. He supervised activities of the Philadelphia Academy of Music and was a frequent guest conductor at the Philadelphia Grand Opera. During that time he also participated in opera festivities at Covent Gargen in honor of King Edward VIII's coronation and Wagner performances at the San Francisco Opera from 1936-1938.

In 1938 Reiner was appointed conductor and music director of the Pittsburgh Symphony, resigning in 1948 over financial disputes. He became conductor at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City where he debuted with an historic performance of Strauss' Salome on February 4 1949. Among the 113 performances conducted during that brief tenure were acclaimed performances of Tristan und Isolde and Der Rosenkavalier and the organization's premiere of Stravinsky's The Rake's Progress.

From 1953-1962 Reiner conducted the Chicago Symphony. He died in New York City on November 15 1963.

From the description of Frits Reiner papers, 1916-1983. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 317114458

Born on January 10, 1910 in Lyon, the French conductor and composer, Jean Martinon entered the Lyon and Paris conservatoires to study the violin. At Lyon, his teacher was Maurice Foundray and at the Paris Conservatory, he studied violin technique with Jules Boucherit. While at the Paris conservatory, Martinon took composition with Albert Roussel and Vincent d’Indy. After completing the composition courses, he studied conducting with Charles Munch and Désormière. He graduated from the Paris Conservatory in 1928, winning a premier prix.

Martinon’s familiarity with conducting started in France, followed by various appointments in Europe, the Middle East, and the United States. In 1946, he embarked on a conducting career directing the Concerts du Conservatoire in Paris and the Bordeaux Symphony. The successful debut with the LPO led to his appointment as associate conductor of the orchestra in 1947. From 1947-1950 Martinon directed the Radio Eireann orchestra, Dublin and in 1951, he returned to Paris to conduct the Concerts Lamoureux until 1957. From 1957-1959, Martinon conducted the Israel Philharmonic. His appointment as the next conductor of the Düsseldorf Symphony occurred in 1959. Martinon was in Düsseldorf until 1963 when the Chicago Symphony Orchestra selected him as their music director, a position he held until 1968. During that same year, he returned to France to direct the French National Radio Orchestra and served as the principal conductor of the Hague Residentie–Orkest from 1974 until shortly before his death in 1976.

Martinon’s extensive experience as a composer led to his approach to conducting. The Symphoniette pour orchestre á cordes, piano, harpe et timbales, op. 16, from 1935, is one of three first attempts at composition. After enlisting in the war, Martinon’s imprisonment in a German camp, Stalag IX A, resulted in several new compositions, Psaume 136, le Chant des Captifs, Musique d’Exil, Sonatina No.3, Sonatina No. 4 for wind instruments, and various choral works. In 1946, the city of Paris awarded a prize to his composition le Chant des Captifs. After the war, other notable compositions include Symphonie no. 3 (Irlandaise), the Concerto no. 2 pour violin et orchestre, op. 5, dedicated to Szeryng, and the Concerto pour cello et orchestre, op. 52, composed for Pierre Fournier. For the stage Martinon composed two works, the ballet Ambohimanga ou la Cité Bleue and in 1949 the opera Hécube with a libretto by Serge Moreux. Symphony no.4 Altitudes was the outcome of a commission from the Chicago Symphony to commemorate its 75th anniversary.

Martinon had recently taken on a position at the Paris Conservatory to teach conducting when he died from a serious illness on March 1, 1976.

From the guide to the Jean Martinon papers, 1923-1994, (Music Library)

BIOGHIST REQUIRED Reiner was born in Budapest in 1888. He graduated from the Budapest Academy of Music in 1908 where he studied with Bela Bartok. Various conducting and directing appointments followed in Budapest and in Dresden, including that of chief conductor of the Royal Opera House in Dresden for 1914-1922. An acquaintance of Richard Strauss, Reiner was influenced by conductor Arthur Nikisch and Hungarian composer Leo Weiner. In 1922 Reiner left Europe to become the appointed director of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, a post he held until 1930. In 1928 he became an American citizen. He married his second wife, Cincinnati actress Carlotta Irwin, in 1930.

BIOGHIST REQUIRED From 1931-1941 Reiner served as head of the orchestra and opera departments at the Curtis Institute of Music, where Leonard Bernstein was his student. He supervised activities of the Philadelphia Academy of Music and was a frequent guest conductor at the Philadelphia Grand Opera. During that time he also participated in opera festivities at Covent Gargen in honor of King Edward VIII's coronation and Wagner performances at the San Francisco Opera from 1936-1938.

BIOGHIST REQUIRED In 1938 Reiner was appointed conductor and music director of the Pittsburgh Symphony, resigning in 1948 over financial disputes. He became conductor at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City where he debuted with an historic performance of Strauss' Salome on February 4 1949. Among the 113 performances conducted during that brief tenure were acclaimed performances of Tristan und Isolde and Der Rosenkavalier and the organization's premiere of Stravinsky's The Rake's Progress.

BIOGHIST REQUIRED From 1953-1962 Reiner conducted the Chicago Symphony. He died in New York City on November 15 1963.

From the guide to the Fritz Reiner Papers, 1916-1983, (Columbia University Rare Book and Manuscript Library, )

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Cooper, Betty Miller,. Betty Miller Cooper photograph collection, [1932-1986]. Museum of Performance & Design
referencedIn Foss, Lukas, 1922-2009,. Interview : conducted by Oliver Daniel, Dec. 1, 1976. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn League of Composers/ISCM records, 1906-2009, 1923-2009 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Stefan Auber papers, 1920-1982 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
creatorOf Greenway, Lauder. Opera and recital collection [sound recording], 1901-1972. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Nicolas Slonimsky Collection, 1873-1997, (bulk 1920-1990) Music Division Library of Congress
referencedIn Klein, Walther, 1882-1961. Walther Klein papers, 1923-1987. The California Digital Library
creatorOf OAC Review Index. Macdonald : Spring's challenge, OAC Review, v.38, no.8, April 1926, p.396. University of Guelph
referencedIn Antheil, George, 1900-1959. George Antheil papers, 1919-1959. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Miquelle, Georges, 1894-1977. Scrapbook : of Georges Miquelle, 1927-1969. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Fritz Reiner Papers, 1916-1983 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Bartók, Béla, 1881-1945. Concerto for orchestra [Multimédia multisupport]. Final, pesante : opening / Bartok, comp. ; Chicago symphony orchestra ; Fritz Reiner, dir. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Vincent Persichetti papers, 1901-1996, 1930-1987 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
creatorOf Jean Martinon papers, 1923-1994 Music Library
referencedIn The Henry Gilbert Papers, 1821-1980 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Serge Koussevitzky Archive, 1920-1976, (bulk 1924-1951) Music Division Library of Congress
referencedIn Persichetti, Vincent, 1915-1987. Vincent Persichetti papers, 1901-1996 (bulk 1930-1987) New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Oldberg, Arne, 1874-1962. Arne Oldberg collection, circa 1887-1962. Library of Congress
referencedIn Otto Luening papers, 1800-1996, 1870-1996 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Jascha Heifetz Collection, 1911-1972 Archive of Recorded Sound, Stanford University Libraries
creatorOf Reiner, Fritz, 1888-1963. Frits Reiner papers, 1916-1983. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Bartók, Béla, 1881-1945. Concerto for orchestra [Multimédia multisupport]. Final, pesante : opening / Bartok, comp. ; Chicago symphony orchestra ; Fritz Reiner, dir. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Gilbert, Henry F. B. (Henry Franklin Belknap), 1868-1928. The Henry Gilbert papers, 1821-1980 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Lucille Lortel papers, 1902-2000 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Records of the Marketing and Communications/Public Relations Department, 1891-[ongoing]. Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Rosenthal Archives
referencedIn Whitley, Edna Talbott, 1891-. Edna Talbott Whitley scrapbook, 1920-1932. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn E. Robert Schmitz Papers, 1909-1991 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
creatorOf Reiner, Fritz, 1888-1963. Tribute to Marian Anderson [sound recording] : radio program prepared at Wayne State University, Nov. 1965. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Arne Oldberg Collection, circa 1887-1962 Music Division Library of Congress
creatorOf Rodgers, Richard, 1902-1979. Collection of musicals and interviews [sound recording], 1926-1980. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf [Selected scrapbooks in the Music Division, New York Public Library [microform] : Reiner, Ricci, Dobbs, Scots Guards, Sebastian, Sopkin, Lettvin]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Gilbert, Henry F. B. (Henry Franklin Belknap), 1868-1928. The Henry Gilbert papers, 1821-1980 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn Hart, Philip, 1914-2000,. Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, Nov. 29, 1976. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Robert Russell Bennett papers, 1911-1981 Music Library
referencedIn Chicago Symphony Orchestra. President. Records of the Manager/Executive Director/President, 1891-[ongoing] (bulk 1967-[ongoing]). Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Rosenthal Archives
referencedIn The Moldenhauer Archives at Harvard University: Correspondence, literary manuscripts, sound recordings, and other material, 1873-2001. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Richard Rodgers collection of musicals and interviews [sound recording], 1926-1980 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
creatorOf Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Fritz Reiner marked scores collection, [ca. 1880]-1961. Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Rosenthal Archives
referencedIn Bookspan, Martin. WQXR great artists series, 1949-1983 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn International Society for Contemporary Music. League of Composers/ISCM records, 1906-2009 (bulk 1923-2009). New York Public Library System, NYPL
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adler, Larry person
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associatedWith Auber, Stefan person
associatedWith Babin, Victor, 1908-1972. person
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associatedWith Barber, Samuel, 1910- person
associatedWith Barraud, Henry, 1900-1997 person
associatedWith Bartók, Béla, 1881-1945. person
associatedWith Baudo, Serge, 1927- person
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associatedWith Charles, Edouard person
associatedWith Chaucer, Geoffrey, -1400 person
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correspondedWith Chicago Symphony Orchestra. President. corporateBody
associatedWith Chouraqui, André, 1917-2007 person
associatedWith Comissiona, Sergiu person
associatedWith Cooper, Betty Miller, person
associatedWith Copland, Aaron, 1900- person
associatedWith Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990. person
associatedWith Cziffra, Georges, 1921-1994 person
associatedWith Dent, Edward J. (Edward Joseph), 1876-1957. person
associatedWith Drake University. College of Arts and Sciences corporateBody
associatedWith Düsseldorfer Symphoniker corporateBody
associatedWith Dutilleux, Henri, 1916-2013 person
associatedWith E. Robert Schmitz person
associatedWith Ferras, Christian, 1933-1982 person
associatedWith Foss, Lukas, 1922-2009, person
associatedWith Foster, Stephen Collins, 1826-1864 person
associatedWith Fournet, Jean person
associatedWith Fournier, Jean, 1911-2003 person
associatedWith Fournier, Pierre, 1906-1986 person
associatedWith Francescatti, Zino, 1902-1991 person
associatedWith Gavoty, Bernard person
associatedWith Gershwin, George, 1898-1937 person
associatedWith Gibson, David, 1928-2004 person
associatedWith Gilbert, Henry F. B. (Henry Franklin Belknap), 1868-1928. person
associatedWith Gingold, Josef person
associatedWith Godowsky, Leopold, 1870-1938. person
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associatedWith Haitink, Bernard, 1929- person
associatedWith Hamon, Jean person
associatedWith Hart, Philip, 1914-2000, person
associatedWith Hasselmann, Roland person
associatedWith Henze, Hans Werner, 1926-2012 person
associatedWith Hétu, Pierre, 1936-1998 person
associatedWith Indiana University. School of Music corporateBody
associatedWith Inghelbrecht, D. E. (Désiré Emile), 1880-1965 person
associatedWith International Society for Contemporary Music. corporateBody
associatedWith Jean Martinon Society corporateBody
associatedWith Jolivet, André, 1905-1974 person
associatedWith Karajan, Herbert von person
associatedWith Kern, Jerome, 1885-1945 person
associatedWith Klein, Walther, 1882-1961. person
correspondedWith Koussevitzky, Serge, 1874-1951 person
associatedWith Kubelík, Rafael, 1914-1996 person
associatedWith Landowski, Marcel, 1915-1999 person
associatedWith Lees, Benjamin, 1924-2010 person
associatedWith Leinsdorf, Erich, 1912-1993 person
associatedWith Le Roux, Maurice person
associatedWith Lescuyer, Christian person
associatedWith Loewenguth, Alfred person
associatedWith Lortel, Lucille person
associatedWith Luening, Otto, 1900-1996 person
associatedWith Lumbroso, Nelly, b. 1877 person
associatedWith Malraux, André, 1901-1976 person
associatedWith Marcello, Benedetto, 1686-1739 person
associatedWith Martinon, Jean, 1910-1976 person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Menuhin, Yehudi, 1916-1999 person
associatedWith Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992 person
associatedWith Mihalovici, Marcel, 1898-1985 person
associatedWith Milhaud, Darius, 1892-1974. person
associatedWith Miquelle, Georges, 1894-1977. person
correspondedWith Moldenhauer, Hans, collector. person
associatedWith Moreux, Serge, 1900-1959 person
associatedWith Munch, Charles, 1891-1968 person
associatedWith New York Philharmonic. corporateBody
associatedWith Nikisch, Arthur, 1855-1922. person
associatedWith Norddeutscher Rundfunk corporateBody
associatedWith Nussy Saint-Saëns, Marcel person
associatedWith OAC Review Index. corporateBody
associatedWith Ohana, Maurice, 1913-1992 person
correspondedWith Oldberg, Arne, 1874-1962. person
associatedWith Orchestre des concerts Lamoureux corporateBody
associatedWith Otterloo, Willem van person
associatedWith Peck, Donald person
correspondedWith Persichetti, Vincent, 1915-1987. person
associatedWith Pfeiffer, John, 1920- person
associatedWith Phillips, Harvey, 1929-2010 person
associatedWith Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra. corporateBody
associatedWith Proffit, André person
associatedWith Radiodiffusion française. Orchestre national corporateBody
associatedWith Raksin, David person
associatedWith Remoortel, Edouard van, 1926-1977 person
associatedWith Rodgers, Richard, 1902-1979. person
associatedWith Rosenthal, Manuel, 1904-2003 person
associatedWith Roussel, Albert, 1869-1937 person
associatedWith Rózsa, Miklós, 1907-1995 person
associatedWith Ruchpaul, Eva, 1928- person
associatedWith Saddler, Donald person
associatedWith Salzedo, Carlos, 1885-1961 person
associatedWith Schmidt-Isserstedt, Hans, 1900-1973 person
associatedWith Schoenberg, Arnold, 1874-1951. person
associatedWith Schoenberg, Gertrud person
associatedWith Schwartz, Arthur, 1900-1984 person
associatedWith Serkin, Rudolf, 1903-1991 person
associatedWith Slonimsky, Nicolas, 1894-1995 person
associatedWith Solti, Georg, 1912-1997 person
associatedWith Starker, Janos person
associatedWith Stern, Isaac, 1920-2001 person
associatedWith St. Louis Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Strauss, Richard, 1864-1949. person
associatedWith Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971. person
associatedWith Szeryng, Henryk person
associatedWith Teasdale, Sara, 1884-1933 person
associatedWith Weiner, Leó, 1885-1960. person
associatedWith Whitley, Edna Talbott, 1891- person
associatedWith Wobisch, Helmut, 1912-1980. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York
Subject
Music--20th century
Opera--20th century
Orchestral music
Music--New York--20th century
Occupation
Conductor
Musicians
Collector
Function

Person

Birth 1888-12-19

Death 1963-11-15

Americans

Information

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