Boston symphony orchestra

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Founded 1881.

From the description of Boston Symphony Orchestra collection, 1769-1965. (Boston University). WorldCat record id: 70971133

The orchestra was founded in 1881 by Henry Lee Higginson.

From the description of Programs 1934-1955 (bulk 1934-1941). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 53893223

Born on January 10, 1910 in Lyon, the French conductor and composer, Jean Martinon entered the Lyon and Paris conservatoires to study the violin. At Lyon, his teacher was Maurice Foundray and at the Paris Conservatory, he studied violin technique with Jules Boucherit. While at the Paris conservatory, Martinon took composition with Albert Roussel and Vincent d’Indy. After completing the composition courses, he studied conducting with Charles Munch and Désormière. He graduated from the Paris Conservatory in 1928, winning a premier prix.

Martinon’s familiarity with conducting started in France, followed by various appointments in Europe, the Middle East, and the United States. In 1946, he embarked on a conducting career directing the Concerts du Conservatoire in Paris and the Bordeaux Symphony. The successful debut with the LPO led to his appointment as associate conductor of the orchestra in 1947. From 1947-1950 Martinon directed the Radio Eireann orchestra, Dublin and in 1951, he returned to Paris to conduct the Concerts Lamoureux until 1957. From 1957-1959, Martinon conducted the Israel Philharmonic. His appointment as the next conductor of the Düsseldorf Symphony occurred in 1959. Martinon was in Düsseldorf until 1963 when the Chicago Symphony Orchestra selected him as their music director, a position he held until 1968. During that same year, he returned to France to direct the French National Radio Orchestra and served as the principal conductor of the Hague Residentie–Orkest from 1974 until shortly before his death in 1976.

Martinon’s extensive experience as a composer led to his approach to conducting. The Symphoniette pour orchestre á cordes, piano, harpe et timbales, op. 16, from 1935, is one of three first attempts at composition. After enlisting in the war, Martinon’s imprisonment in a German camp, Stalag IX A, resulted in several new compositions, Psaume 136, le Chant des Captifs, Musique d’Exil, Sonatina No.3, Sonatina No. 4 for wind instruments, and various choral works. In 1946, the city of Paris awarded a prize to his composition le Chant des Captifs. After the war, other notable compositions include Symphonie no. 3 (Irlandaise), the Concerto no. 2 pour violin et orchestre, op. 5, dedicated to Szeryng, and the Concerto pour cello et orchestre, op. 52, composed for Pierre Fournier. For the stage Martinon composed two works, the ballet Ambohimanga ou la Cité Bleue and in 1949 the opera Hécube with a libretto by Serge Moreux. Symphony no.4 Altitudes was the outcome of a commission from the Chicago Symphony to commemorate its 75th anniversary.

Martinon had recently taken on a position at the Paris Conservatory to teach conducting when he died from a serious illness on March 1, 1976.

From the guide to the Jean Martinon papers, 1923-1994, (Music Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Craig, Helen M.,. Scrapbook of musical programs, between 1865 and 1904. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Boston Symphony Orchestra. Boston Symphony Orchestra collection, 1769-1965. Boston University. School of Medicine
creatorOf Thomas, Theodore, 1835-1905. Theodore Thomas music library manuscript collection, [1840]-1900. Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Rosenthal Archives
referencedIn Henry Cowell collection of noncommercial recordings [sound recording], 1940-1953 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn Lewis H. Weinstein papers, undated, 1947-1992 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Correspondence from the Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge Foundation Collection, 1894-1953, (bulk 1920-1953) Music Division Library of Congress
referencedIn J. Walter Thompson Company. Domestic Advertisements Collection, 1875-2001 and undated, bulk 1920s-1990s David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Dunbar, Gladys. Gladys Dunbar collection, 1916-1980 (bulk 1940-1970). Worcester Historical Museum
referencedIn Almy family. Papers, 1649-1984 (inclusive), 1832-1984 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn William Schuman collection sound recordings, 1939-1992 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
creatorOf Aitken, Webster. [Theater and concert programs from the Papers of Jeanne S. Mintz]. Library of Congress
creatorOf Guelph Spring Festival Archives. Correspondence, contract and program notes related to the perfomance of the Boston Symphony Chamber Players, May 4, 1982. University of Guelph
referencedIn Poets' Theatre (Cambridge, Mass.) records, 1936-1989 (inclusive), 1950-1960 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Rogers Memorial Collection: Henry Munroe Rogers papers, 1812-1937 (inclusive), 1862-1937 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Alexei Haieff papers, circa 1900-1985 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Greene, Jerome Davis, 1874-1959. Papers of Jerome D. Greene, 1894-ca. 1955 (inclusive). Harvard University, Archives
creatorOf Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Felix, 1809-1847. Le songe d'une nuit d'été. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Papers, 1884-1971 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Higginson, Henry Lee, 1834-1919. Business records, 1799-1919 (inclusive), 1870-1919 (bulk). Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
creatorOf Druckman, Jacob, 1928-1996. Jacob Druckman collection of noncommercial sound recordings [sound recording]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Humphrey, Laning, 1895-1988. Serge Koussevitzky scrapbooks / compiled by Laning Humphrey. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
creatorOf Bowman, Robert, 1925-. Robert Bowman collection of music recordings from radio broadcasts [sound recording], 1952-1963. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Boston Symphony Orchestra. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1929-1965. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Papers, 1853-2005 (inclusive), 1939-2003 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Boston Symphony Orchestra. Correspondence with Eugene Ormandy, 1962-1983. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Hatvary, Bertha Humez, 1923-. Papers of Bertha Humez Hatvary, 1892-2000 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Browning, Bruce F. Bruce F. Browning - Boston Theater Collection, 1895-1920. Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
referencedIn Correspondence, 1860-1979. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1911-1969 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Sibelius, Jean, 1865-1957. Sibelius. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Joseph Schillinger collection of noncommercial recordings, 1937-1943 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn Small Music and Theater Scrapbooks, 1924-1947 Cleveland Public Library
referencedIn Almy family. Additional papers, 1832-1984 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Boston Symphony Orchestra collection [ca.1915-ongoing]. Museum of Performance & Design
referencedIn Voisin, Roger, 1918-2008,. Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, May 1, 1978 [sound recording]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Jean Martinon papers, 1923-1994 Music Library
creatorOf Boston Symphony Orchestra. Programs 1934-1955 (bulk 1934-1941). Raymond H. Fogler Library
creatorOf Armed Forces Radio Service. Collection of broadcast recordings [sound recording], 1942-1949. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Stange, Gustav, 1868-1935. Stange-Weidig collection, 1893-1986. Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Rosenthal Archives
referencedIn Daniels, Mabel W. (Mabel Wheeler), 1878-1971. Papers, 1884-1971 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn The Autobiography of Mary M. Barr-Koon, 1984 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
referencedIn Kirchner, Leon. Leon Kirchner papers, 1939-2009. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Gruenberg, Eugene, 1854-1928. Eugene Gruenberg papers, 1865-1984 (inclusive), 1873-1928 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn James Russell Lowell additional papers, 1736-1951. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Rogers Memorial Collection: Musical and theatrical programs, 1794-1937 (inclusive), 1845-1937 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Articles and photographs related to the Boston Symphony Orchestra scrapbook 1881-1951 Harvard Musical Association
referencedIn Mark Anthony De Wolfe Howe additional papers, 1880-1959. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Baxter, Percival Proctor, 1876-1969,. Percival P. Baxter collection of theater programs, 1895-1901. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Schuman, William, 1910-1992. Papers and records, 1933-1986. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Jascha Heifetz Collection, 1911-1972 Archive of Recorded Sound, Stanford University Libraries
referencedIn Leon Kirchner papers, 1939-2009 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Strassburg, Robert. Strassburg's notes on Bloch's works performed by the Boston Symphony. University of Florida
referencedIn Voice of America collection of broadcast recordings, 1942-1955 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn Hilles, Susan Morse, 1905-. Transcript of oral history, 1986. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Voice of America. Voice of America collection of broadcast recordings [sound recording], 1942-1955. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Rudolf Kolisch papers, 1886-1978. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Theater, entertainment, sports, and popular culture realia, 1772-2008 and undated. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Shirk, Norman. Correspondence from Eugene Ormandy, 1956. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn [Materials related to Seiji Ozawa]. Minuteman Library Network
creatorOf Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute. Director's Office Records of Receptions, Events, and Lectures, 1957-1989. Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, The Clark
referencedIn New England Conservatory of Music scrapbooks, 1900-1949 [microform]. New England Conservatory of Music, Harriet M. Spaulding Library
referencedIn General Service Foundation (Saint Paul, Minn.). General Service Foundation records, 1946-1995. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Bowman, Robert. Collection of music recordings from radio broadcasts [sound recording], 1952-1963. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Paul Jacobs collection of noncommercial recordings [sound recording], 1967-1983 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn Will Rapport papers, 1931-1964. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Otto Luening collection of non-commercial sound recordings [sound recording], 1950-1983 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn William Schuman papers and records, 1933-1986 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Munch, Charles, 1891-1968. Charles Munch collection, 1935-1966. Boston University. School of Medicine
referencedIn Miklos Rozsa Papers, 1918-1996 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Robert Bowman collection of music recordings from radio broadcasts [sound recording], 1952-1963 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn Armed Forces Radio Service collection of broadcast recordings, 1942-1949 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn Eugene Gruenberg papers, 1865-1984 (inclusive), 1873-1928 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences publications and ephemera, Bulk, 1904-1986, 1877-1998 Brooklyn Historical Society
referencedIn General Service Foundation records, 1946-1998. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Stanford Music Broadcast Tapes Collection, 1951-1969 Archive of Recorded Sound
referencedIn Nicolas Slonimsky Collection, 1873-1997, (bulk 1920-1990) Music Division Library of Congress
referencedIn Rogers Memorial Collection: Clara Kathleen Rogers papers, 1860-1934. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Jacob Druckman collection of noncommercial sound recordings [sound recording] The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn Papers, 1911-1944 (inclusive), 1929-1937 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Gericke, Wilhelm, 1845-1925. Papers, 1876-1940. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Gericke, Katharine M. Portrait of a musician in letters from friends and contemporaries : typescript, undated. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Vera Zorina papers, 1910-2001 (inclusive), 1933-2001 (bulk). Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Almy family. person
associatedWith Almy family. family
associatedWith Armed Forces Radio Service. corporateBody
associatedWith Baltimore Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Barraud, Henry, 1900-1997 person
associatedWith Bassett, Leslie, 1923- person
associatedWith Baudo, Serge, 1927- person
associatedWith Baxter, Percival Proctor, 1876-1969, person
associatedWith Berliner Philharmoniker corporateBody
associatedWith Bernell, William. person
associatedWith Birdwell, Edward R. person
associatedWith Böhm, Karl, 1894-1981 person
associatedWith Borsari, Amédée, 1905-1999 person
associatedWith Bowman, Robert. person
associatedWith Brisson, Pierre, 1896-1964 person
associatedWith Brooklyn Academy of Music. corporateBody
associatedWith Brooklyn Botanic Garden. corporateBody
associatedWith Brooklyn Children's Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences. corporateBody
associatedWith Brooklyn Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith Browning, Bruce F. person
associatedWith Cage, John. person
associatedWith Canarina, John, 1934- person
associatedWith Casadesus, Francis, 1870-1954 person
associatedWith Charles, Edouard person
associatedWith Chicago Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Chouraqui, André, 1917-2007 person
associatedWith Cleveland Public Library Literature Department corporateBody
associatedWith Cole, Maria. person
associatedWith Comissiona, Sergiu person
associatedWith Coolidge, Elizabeth Sprague, 1864-1953 person
associatedWith Cowell, Henry, 1897-1965 person
associatedWith Craig, Helen M., person
associatedWith Cziffra, Georges, 1921-1994 person
associatedWith Daniels, Mabel W. (Mabel Wheeler), 1878-1971. person
associatedWith Darling, Nelson J. person
associatedWith Drake University. College of Arts and Sciences corporateBody
associatedWith Druckman, Jacob, 1928-1996. person
associatedWith Dunbar, Gladys. person
associatedWith Düsseldorfer Symphoniker corporateBody
associatedWith Dutilleux, Henri, 1916-2013 person
associatedWith Eccles, Mary Hyde. person
associatedWith Ferras, Christian, 1933-1982 person
associatedWith Fournet, Jean person
associatedWith Fournier, Jean, 1911-2003 person
associatedWith Fournier, Pierre, 1906-1986 person
associatedWith Francescatti, Zino, 1902-1991 person
associatedWith Gavoty, Bernard person
associatedWith General Service Foundation (Saint Paul, Minn.). corporateBody
associatedWith Gericke, Katharine M. person
associatedWith Gericke, Wilhelm, 1845-1925. person
associatedWith Gingold, Josef person
associatedWith Greene, Jerome Davis, 1874-1959. person
associatedWith Gruenberg, Eugene, 1854-1928. person
associatedWith Guelph Spring Festival Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Haieff, Alexei, 1914- person
associatedWith Haitink, Bernard, 1929- person
associatedWith Hamon, Jean person
associatedWith Hasselmann, Roland person
associatedWith Hatvary, Bertha Humez, 1923- person
associatedWith Henze, Hans Werner, 1926-2012 person
associatedWith Hétu, Pierre, 1936-1998 person
associatedWith Higginson, Henry Lee, 1834-1919. person
associatedWith Hilles, Susan Morse, 1905- person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith Howe, M. A. De Wolfe (Mark Antony De Wolfe), 1864-1960 person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith Indiana University. School of Music corporateBody
associatedWith Inghelbrecht, D. E. (Désiré Emile), 1880-1965 person
associatedWith Jacobs, Paul person
associatedWith Jean Martinon Society corporateBody
correspondedWith Jennie L. (Jennie Loitman) Barron, 1891-1969 person
associatedWith Jolivet, André, 1905-1974 person
associatedWith J. Walter Thompson Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Karajan, Herbert von person
associatedWith Kirchner, Leon person
associatedWith Kirchner, Leon. person
correspondedWith Kolisch, Rudolf, 1896-1978 person
associatedWith Kubelík, Rafael, 1914-1996 person
associatedWith Landowski, Marcel, 1915-1999 person
associatedWith Lees, Benjamin, 1924-2010 person
associatedWith Leinsdorf, Erich, 1912-1993 person
associatedWith Le Roux, Maurice person
associatedWith Lescuyer, Christian person
associatedWith Lewis H. Weinstein, 1905- person
associatedWith Loewenguth, Alfred person
associatedWith Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891 person
associatedWith Luening, Otto, 1900-1996 person
associatedWith Lumbroso, Nelly, b. 1877 person
associatedWith Malraux, André, 1901-1976 person
associatedWith Martinon, Jean, 1910-1976 person
associatedWith Masseo, Rosario, 1911- person
associatedWith Menuhin, Yehudi, 1916-1999 person
associatedWith Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992 person
associatedWith Mihalovici, Marcel, 1898-1985 person
associatedWith Moreux, Serge, 1900-1959 person
associatedWith Munch, Charles, 1891-1968. person
associatedWith New York Philharmonic corporateBody
associatedWith Norddeutscher Rundfunk corporateBody
associatedWith Nussy Saint-Saëns, Marcel person
associatedWith Ohana, Maurice, 1913-1992 person
associatedWith Orchestre des concerts Lamoureux corporateBody
associatedWith Otterloo, Willem van person
associatedWith Ozawa, Seiji, 1935- person
associatedWith Peck, Donald person
associatedWith Perry, Thomas D. person
associatedWith Pfeiffer, John, 1920- person
correspondedWith Poets' Theatre (Cambridge, Mass.). corporateBody
associatedWith Proffit, André person
associatedWith Radiodiffusion française. Orchestre national corporateBody
associatedWith Rapport, Will. person
associatedWith Reiner, Fritz, 1888-1963 person
associatedWith Remoortel, Edouard van, 1926-1977 person
associatedWith Rogers, Henry Munroe, 1839-1937 person
associatedWith Rosenthal, Manuel, 1904-2003 person
associatedWith Roussel, Albert, 1869-1937 person
associatedWith Rózsa, Miklós, 1907-1995 person
associatedWith Ruchpaul, Eva, 1928- person
associatedWith Schillinger, Joseph, 1895-1943 person
associatedWith Schmidt-Isserstedt, Hans, 1900-1973 person
associatedWith Schoenberg, Gertrud person
associatedWith Schuman, William, 1910-1992. person
associatedWith Serkin, Rudolf, 1903-1991 person
associatedWith Shirk, Norman. person
correspondedWith Slonimsky, Nicolas, 1894-1995 person
associatedWith Solti, Georg, 1912-1997 person
associatedWith Stange, Gustav, 1868-1935. person
associatedWith Starker, Janos person
associatedWith Steinberg, William. person
associatedWith Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Stern, Isaac, 1920-2001 person
associatedWith St. Louis Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971 person
associatedWith Szeryng, Henryk person
associatedWith Tanglewood (Music Festival) corporateBody
associatedWith Thomas, Theodore, 1835-1905. person
associatedWith United States. Armed Forces Radio Service corporateBody
associatedWith Voice of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Voisin, Roger, 1918-2008, person
correspondedWith Zorina, Vera. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Massachusetts--Boston
Massachusetts--Boston
Subject
Music
Symphony orchestras
Concert programs
Occupation
Function
Collectors

Corporate Body

Active 1952

Active 1963

Americans

Information

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Ark ID: w6129gg9

SNAC ID: 58564325