Kubelík, Rafael, 1914-1996

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Born on January 10, 1910 in Lyon, the French conductor and composer, Jean Martinon entered the Lyon and Paris conservatoires to study the violin. At Lyon, his teacher was Maurice Foundray and at the Paris Conservatory, he studied violin technique with Jules Boucherit. While at the Paris conservatory, Martinon took composition with Albert Roussel and Vincent d’Indy. After completing the composition courses, he studied conducting with Charles Munch and Désormière. He graduated from the Paris Conservatory in 1928, winning a premier prix.

Martinon’s familiarity with conducting started in France, followed by various appointments in Europe, the Middle East, and the United States. In 1946, he embarked on a conducting career directing the Concerts du Conservatoire in Paris and the Bordeaux Symphony. The successful debut with the LPO led to his appointment as associate conductor of the orchestra in 1947. From 1947-1950 Martinon directed the Radio Eireann orchestra, Dublin and in 1951, he returned to Paris to conduct the Concerts Lamoureux until 1957. From 1957-1959, Martinon conducted the Israel Philharmonic. His appointment as the next conductor of the Düsseldorf Symphony occurred in 1959. Martinon was in Düsseldorf until 1963 when the Chicago Symphony Orchestra selected him as their music director, a position he held until 1968. During that same year, he returned to France to direct the French National Radio Orchestra and served as the principal conductor of the Hague Residentie–Orkest from 1974 until shortly before his death in 1976.

Martinon’s extensive experience as a composer led to his approach to conducting. The Symphoniette pour orchestre á cordes, piano, harpe et timbales, op. 16, from 1935, is one of three first attempts at composition. After enlisting in the war, Martinon’s imprisonment in a German camp, Stalag IX A, resulted in several new compositions, Psaume 136, le Chant des Captifs, Musique d’Exil, Sonatina No.3, Sonatina No. 4 for wind instruments, and various choral works. In 1946, the city of Paris awarded a prize to his composition le Chant des Captifs. After the war, other notable compositions include Symphonie no. 3 (Irlandaise), the Concerto no. 2 pour violin et orchestre, op. 5, dedicated to Szeryng, and the Concerto pour cello et orchestre, op. 52, composed for Pierre Fournier. For the stage Martinon composed two works, the ballet Ambohimanga ou la Cité Bleue and in 1949 the opera Hécube with a libretto by Serge Moreux. Symphony no.4 Altitudes was the outcome of a commission from the Chicago Symphony to commemorate its 75th anniversary.

Martinon had recently taken on a position at the Paris Conservatory to teach conducting when he died from a serious illness on March 1, 1976.

From the guide to the Jean Martinon papers, 1923-1994, (Music Library)

Epithet: conductor

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000975.0x00020c

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Potter, Howard E. Papers, 1929-1961. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Correspondence files: concerts and general; 1951 (ff. 197).includes:f. 1 Emmie M. Tillett, née Bass; of Ibbs and Tillett: Redvers Llewellyn, musician: Alan J. Kirby, OBE; conductor; Secretary, Royal Philharmonic Society: Letter to Alan J. Kirby fro..., 1951 British Library
creatorOf Jean Martinon papers, 1923-1994 Music Library
referencedIn Howard E. Potter papers, 1929-1961 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Robert Bowman collection of music recordings from radio broadcasts [sound recording], 1952-1963 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
creatorOf BOULT PAPERS: (SERIES II) Vol. l a. ‘A Letter from his Friends at Maida Vale’; 15 July 1950. Comprising letters, tributes, signatures, telegram and a photograph. Printed letter followed by numerous signatures.ff. 31. 272 x 218mm. Bound in black leath... British Library
creatorOf Kubelík, Rafael, 1914-1996. Correspondence to Eugene Ormandy, 1971-1979. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Chicago Business Men's Orchestra. Chicago Business Men's Orchestra Records, 1941-1962. Newberry Library
creatorOf Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856. Concerto pour piano op. 54 [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Records of the Marketing and Communications/Public Relations Department, 1891-[ongoing]. Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Rosenthal Archives
creatorOf ‘Original letters’: Joachim – Lane (ff. 242); 1815-1912, 1952, n.d.includes:f. 1 Joseph Joachim, violinist: H. Joachim, brother of Joseph Joachim: George Hogarth, music critic and composer; Secretary, Philharmonic Society: Letter to George Hogarth ..., 1815-1952 British Library
creatorOf Bowman, Robert, 1925-. Robert Bowman collection of music recordings from radio broadcasts [sound recording], 1952-1963. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Jiskra, Vaclav, 1880-1962. Vaclav Jiskra collection, 1899-[ca. 1960]. Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Rosenthal Archives
creatorOf Kubelík, Rafael, 1914-1996. [Sketches from Cornelia Faroli] / Rafael Kubelik. Northwestern University
creatorOf MS Mus. 1173. Eugene Goossens Collection. Vol. iii. Glyndebourne–Knight; 1931-1962, n.d.ff. 213. 280 x 275mm.includes:ff. 1-2 Sir Aynsley Eugene Goossens, conductor and composer: John Christie, founder of the Glyndebourne opera: Copy of a letter..., 1931-1962 British Library
creatorOf Bowman, Robert. Collection of music recordings from radio broadcasts [sound recording], 1952-1963. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf BOULT PAPERS: (SERIES II) Vol. xvi. General correspondence; June – December 1979.ff. 166. Overall size 330 x 246mm.includes:f. 1 Elizabeth Matesky Odens, violinist: Letter to Sir A. C. Boult: 1979: Autogr.f. 3 Mrs E. Rosalind Brain, of the Univer... British Library
referencedIn Alix Jeffry additional papers Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Correspondence files: concerts and general; 1952-53 (ff. 233).includes:f. 1 Sir John Battista Barbirolli, conductor: Royal Philharmonic Society: Emmie M. Tillett, née Bass; of Ibbs and Tillett: Edith Warburton, assistant secretary, Hallé Concert So..., 1952-1953 British Library
referencedIn Nicolas Slonimsky Collection, 1873-1997, (bulk 1920-1990) Library of Congress. Music Division
creatorOf MS Mus. 1616. Rosenthal Correspondence. Vol. viii (ff. 241). Ill -Kur.includes:f. 1. Harold David Rosenthal, writer on music: Dr Hans Illing, President, The Wilhelm Furtwängler Society: Letter to Harold David Rosenthal from Dr Hans Illing: 1976: Typ... British Library
creatorOf Cooper, Ruskin. Ruskin Cooper, piano [sound recording] University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
creatorOf Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856. Concerto pour piano op. 54. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf BOULT PAPERS: (SERIES II) Vol. x. General correspondence; 1964-1972.ff. 237. Overall size 331 x 254mm.includes:f. 1 Ivy D. R. Couch, singer: Letter to Sir A. C. Boult: 1964: Autogr.f. 4 John Carol Case, singer: Letters to Sir A. C. Boult: 1964-19..., 1964-1972 British Library
creatorOf Correspondence files: concerts and general; 1954-57 (ff. 167).includes:f. 1 Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky, composer: Royal Philharmonic Society: Chappell and Co; music publishers: Card relative to the press tickets allocation for the Stravinsky conce..., 1954-1957 British Library
referencedIn Correspondence concerning special concert series; 1950-56.ff. 202. largest size 330 x 240mm.As follows:—1. ff. 1-37. Festival of Britain, 1951; 1950-52. With audited accounts for the whole series, and separate balance sheet for the concert of 7 June ..., 1950-1956 British Library
referencedIn William Schuman collection sound recordings, 1939-1992 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn Alix Jeffry photographs Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Baltimore Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Barraud, Henry, 1900-1997 person
associatedWith Baudo, Serge, 1927- person
associatedWith Berliner Philharmoniker corporateBody
associatedWith Böhm, Karl, 1894-1981 person
associatedWith Borsari, Amédée, 1905-1999 person
associatedWith Boston Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Bowman, Robert. person
associatedWith Brisson, Pierre, 1896-1964 person
associatedWith Canarina, John, 1934- person
associatedWith Casadesus, Francis, 1870-1954 person
associatedWith Charles, Edouard person
associatedWith Chicago Business Men's Orchestra. corporateBody
associatedWith Chicago Symphony Orchestra. corporateBody
associatedWith Chouraqui, André, 1917-2007 person
associatedWith Comissiona, Sergiu person
associatedWith Cooper, Ruskin. person
associatedWith Cziffra, Georges, 1921-1994 person
associatedWith Drake University. College of Arts and Sciences corporateBody
associatedWith Düsseldorfer Symphoniker corporateBody
associatedWith Dutilleux, Henri, 1916-2013 person
associatedWith Ferras, Christian, 1933-1982 person
associatedWith Fournet, Jean person
associatedWith Fournier, Jean, 1911-2003 person
associatedWith Fournier, Pierre, 1906-1986 person
associatedWith Francescatti, Zino, 1902-1991 person
associatedWith Gavoty, Bernard person
associatedWith Gingold, Josef person
associatedWith Haitink, Bernard, 1929- person
associatedWith Hamon, Jean person
associatedWith Hasselmann, Roland person
associatedWith Henze, Hans Werner, 1926-2012 person
associatedWith Hétu, Pierre, 1936-1998 person
associatedWith Indiana University. School of Music corporateBody
associatedWith Inghelbrecht, D. E. (Désiré Emile), 1880-1965 person
associatedWith Jean Martinon Society corporateBody
associatedWith Jiskra, Vaclav, 1880-1962. person
associatedWith Jolivet, André, 1905-1974 person
associatedWith Karajan, Herbert von person
associatedWith Landowski, Marcel, 1915-1999 person
associatedWith Lees, Benjamin, 1924-2010 person
associatedWith Leinsdorf, Erich, 1912-1993 person
associatedWith Le Roux, Maurice person
associatedWith Lescuyer, Christian person
associatedWith Loewenguth, Alfred person
associatedWith Lumbroso, Nelly, b. 1877 person
associatedWith Malraux, André, 1901-1976 person
associatedWith Martinon, Jean, 1910-1976 person
associatedWith Menuhin, Yehudi, 1916-1999 person
associatedWith Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992 person
associatedWith Mihalovici, Marcel, 1898-1985 person
associatedWith Moreux, Serge, 1900-1959 person
associatedWith Munch, Charles, 1891-1968 person
associatedWith Norddeutscher Rundfunk corporateBody
associatedWith Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Music Library. General Manuscript Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Nussy Saint-Saëns, Marcel person
associatedWith Ohana, Maurice, 1913-1992 person
associatedWith Orchestre des concerts Lamoureux corporateBody
associatedWith Otterloo, Willem van person
associatedWith Peck, Donald person
associatedWith Potter, Howard E person
associatedWith Potter, Howard E. person
associatedWith Proffit, André person
associatedWith Radiodiffusion française. Orchestre national corporateBody
associatedWith Reiner, Fritz, 1888-1963 person
associatedWith Remoortel, Edouard van, 1926-1977 person
associatedWith Rosenthal, Manuel, 1904-2003 person
associatedWith Roussel, Albert, 1869-1937 person
associatedWith Rózsa, Miklós, 1907-1995 person
associatedWith Ruchpaul, Eva, 1928- person
associatedWith Schmidt-Isserstedt, Hans, 1900-1973 person
associatedWith Schoenberg, Gertrud person
associatedWith Schuman, William, 1910-1992 person
associatedWith Serkin, Rudolf, 1903-1991 person
associatedWith Slonimsky, Nicolas, 1894-1995 person
associatedWith Solti, Georg, 1912-1997 person
associatedWith Starker, Janos person
associatedWith Stern, Isaac, 1920-2001 person
associatedWith St. Louis Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971 person
associatedWith Szeryng, Henryk person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Westminster, Middlesex
Musical sketches


Birth 1914-06-29

Death 1996-08-11



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Ark ID: w6gz52mm

SNAC ID: 85037514