Keystone view company

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Stereographs were a very popular entertainment medium from the late 1880s to the 1970s. Many different photographic processes were used to produce stereographs, including dauerreotypes, ambrotypes, wet plate glass positives, salt paper prints, albumen prints, and gelatin prints. Stereographs were formed of two images placed side by side and were commonly produced with cameras that had two lenses side by side. This selection features only paper prints from wet collodion negatives. The Keystone View Company was created in 1892 in Meadville, Pennsylvania by B.L. Singley as a company whose primary focus was to create a large variety of stereographs. By 1905 it was the largest sterographic company in the world. Keystone created and distributed millions of stereographs throughout the United States. In 1898 they organized their highly successful Education Department which produced boxed sets for school instruction of images and descriptive text illustrating culture, industry, commerce and politics world-wide. Stereographs came in different sets marked by a letter. Customers could buy stereographs by the "book", a box shaped like a book which contained 50, 100, or 200 stereographs. This collection prominently features set "P", the educational set designed for elementary school-aged children. While stereographs had been losing popularity shortly after cinema became one of the most popular entertainment mediums, the Keystone View Company continued to produce stereocards until 1972 when it went out of business.

From the description of Keystone View Company stereograph collection, 1895-1905. (San Jose Public Library). WorldCat record id: 705583758

From 1892 to 1963, the Keystone View Company produced thousand of images of people and places from the United States and around the world. The photos are of historical, social, cultural, and geographic interest. The company was founded in Meadville, Pennsylvania in 1892 by B.L. Singley, an amateur photographer who began by selling glass slides of local interest. The slides soon became a popular form of entertainment and the company grew to include some 50,000 images. As other forms of entertainment replaced the viewing of lantern slides, the company's growth slowed. It was purchased in 1963 by the Mast Development Company. Mast retained a Keystone division for a short time that manufactured products for the optical profession.

From the description of Industrial lantern slide collection. [ca. 1900-1920] (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 62314617

The Keystone View Company was formed in 1892 in Meadville, Pennsylvania by B.L. Singley, a former salesman at Underwood & Underwood. Incorporated in 1895, the company went on to become the largest publisher of stereographs. In 1898, it organized its highly successful Education Department, which produced boxed sets of images and descriptive text illustrating culture, industry, commerce, and politics for classroom use. Although the company hired its own professional photographers, it also purchased rights to other negatives, including a series of Underwood & Underwood negatives in 1912. The Keystone View Company continued operations until the 1970s.

From the description of Keystone View Company lantern slides, ca. 1892-ca. 1912. (College of Charleston). WorldCat record id: 69341966

The Keystone View Company was a major distributor of stereographic images, and was located in Meadville, Pennsylvania. From 1892 through 1963 Keystone produced and distributed both educational and comic/sentimental stereoviews, and stereoscopes. By 1905 it was the world's largest stereographic company. In 1963 Department A (stereoviews sold to individual families) and the Education Departments were closed down, but Keystone continued to manufacture eye-training stereographic products as a subsidiary of Mast Development Company. In 1972 Mast closed the Meadville manufacturing site.

From the description of Calumet & Hecla Mining Company Stereographs, Circa 1910. (Michigan Technological University). WorldCat record id: 717283000

The Keystone View Company was founded in Meadville, Pennsylvania in 1892. By 1905 it was the foremost producer of stereo views in the world. From 1892 to 1963 Keystone produced both educational and comic/sentimental view images using staff photographers whose work was not credited. In 1963 the company was sold and its home-sales stereo view division was closed.

From the guide to the Keystone View Company "Tour of the World" Stereographs 88-374., ca. 1892-1933, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

The Keystone View Company was founded in 1892 by B.L. Singley in Meadville, Penn. Its produced stereographs for wide distribution.

From the description of Keystone View Company stereographs, circa 1900s. (Brigham Young University). WorldCat record id: 123235403

Publisher of stereographs, travel views, and related educational material.

From the description of Stereographs, ca. 1892- ca. 1930. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 122476506

From the description of Stereographs, ca. 1892- ca. 1930. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 18182371

Thomas Moran (1837-1926) was a painter from California.

The Keystone View Company was a producer of stereographic views, est. 1891 in Meadville, Pa.

From the description of Thomas Moran, celebrated artist, sketching near Yavapai Point, Grand Canon [sic] Nat. Park / [graphic] Keystone View Company. [ca. 1890] (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 744434095

The Keystone View Company was founded in 1892 by B.L. Singley, an amateur photographer from Meadville, Pennsylvania. The company grew to be the largest and most prominent publisher of stereoscopic photographs in the United States. Indeed, by the 1920s Keystone was the only major publisher of stereoscopic photographs in the world with offices in London, Paris, Sidney, Capetown, Rio de Janeiro and Tokyo. In 1918, Keystone became one of the only publishers permitted to photograph World War I battlefields and military operations. In 1939 competition from the motion picture and the radio industries led Keystone to cease regular production; however, the company continued to fill individual orders and manufacture stereoscopes for optometric purposes until the late 1960s.

The photographer of the World War I series was Andrew S. Iddings. Joseph Mills Hanson authored the text accompanying the photographs. Keystone first published the World War I collection in 1923 with several subsequent additions. The company produced four collections of various sizes (75, 100, 200 and 300) using the World War I stereoscopic photographs.

From the description of World War I stereographic library, 1918-1921. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 85016112

Thomas Moran (1837-1926) was a painterfrom California.

The Keystone View Company was a producer of stereographic views, est. 1891 in Meadville, Pa.

From the description of [Thomas Moran] [graphic] / Keystone View Company. [ca. 1890] (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 220213423

The Keystone View Company was founded in Meadville, Pennsylvania in 1892.

By 1905 it was the foremost producer of stereo views in the world. From 1892 to 1963 Keystone produced both educational and comic/sentimental view images using staff photographers whose work was not credited. In 1963 the company was sold and its home-sales stereo view division was closed.

From the description of Keystone View Company "Tour of the World" Stereographs, ca. 1892-1933. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 698358732

Biography

The Keystone View Company was founded by amateur photographer, B. L. Singley of Meadville, Pennsylvania, in 1892. Taking advantage of the public's curiosity in viewing disasters, Singley launched the company into the stereo market with sets of thirty stereo cards that recorded the flooding of the nearby French Creek. The growth of stereo photography, depicting national and international subjects, paralleled the emergence of modern America on the world's stage. Other factors which bolstered stereography's popularity was the novelty of experiencing explicit three-dimensional detail in a stereo card and the potential for card owners to frequently revisit views of world events in privateor during social gatherings. Stereographs were to nineteenth century generations, what television and the Internet are to contemporary culture, and enabled armchair observers to have vicarious experiences in faraway places.

Dates attributed to Keystone-Mast images range from late-nineteenth to mid-twentieth century (with the strengths between 1895 and 1928). The collection is a composite of several stereographic publishing companies. By 1920,the Keystone View Company cornered the market by acquiring the negative collections of all major stereograph publishers such as B. W. Kilburn, H. C. White, Underwood and Underwood, and C. H. Graves. In 1939, Keystone View Company was marketing over 40,000 stereoview titles.

A large number of sales were generated through the efforts of door-to-door salesmen, often groups of college students who would canvasentire towns. The stereograph's combination of educational value and entertainment potential appealed to the emerging middle-class families. An excerpt from Keystone sales literature states, "The stereograph gives reality to the World Tour and is exceeded only by the actual experiences of travel." While this assumption is opento criticism, it remains a powerful sales incentive today and is one element inthe current popular fascination with the Internet and World Wide Web [Howard Becker, "Stereographs: Local, National, and International Art Worlds,"Points of View: The Stereograph in America, A Cultural History, Edward W. Earle, ed., Rochester: Visual Studies Workshop Press, 1979. pp. 89-96. Edward W. Earle, "Millennium: The End of the World As We Know It," SF Camerawork, (21:2) Fall/Winter, 1994, pp. 12-19. Edward W. Earle, "Millennium," (an evolving essay on photography, American history, and networked information at http://www.cmp.ucr.edu/collections/whitepapers/1995/edward_earle/millenium/ )]

Another sales engine that powered Keystone View Company's success well into the twentieth century was its marketing ofeducational systems. Schools, libraries, and other educational institutions were provided with boxed sets of stereo cards at competitive prices. In 1922, Keystone boasted that every school district in a city with a population of over 50,000 had the Keystone System for each of its school. Notable educators, historians, and authors were commissioned as consultants; among the editorial advisors were the poet Carl Sandburgand Ernest Thompson Seton. Keystone engaged the popular travel lecturer, BurtonH olmes, to author much of the company's literature. Inspired marketing and broad ranges of worldwide imagery perpetuated the stereographs as popular objects for enjoyment and education. Keystone's stereo publishing reign continued through 1930s.

Finally, production of stereo cards stopped in 1939. The company's production moved from stereographs to producing instructional lantern slides for schools. Sets of these 4x5 inch glass-mounted transparencies were published into the 1950s. The Keystone View Company was sold to the Mast Development Company in 1963. The Keystone division of the Mast Company continued to manufacture stereoscopic viewing devices for vision testing. However, they had no market forthe enormous collection of prints, glass and film negatives. In 1977, Mead Kibbey, a businessman from Sacramento, California, successfully negotiated the donation of the Keystone View Company's archive to the University of California. After thirty-eight years of nearly idle storage, family members of the late Gifford Mast of Davenport, Iowa donated the collection intact to UCR/California Museum of Photography. In a tribute to the Mast family, the collection is subsequently known as the Keystone-Mast Collection.

In 1990, the collection was moved from the UC Riverside campus into a state-of-the-art collection room of a renovated 3-story structure, redesigned specifically for UCR-California Museum of Phototgraphy. The collection will be moved one final time to the adjacent Art and Barbara Culver Center of the Arts, where the negatives will bestored in new cabinets on seismically isolated bases.

From the guide to the Keystone-Mast Collection, 1870-1963, (UCR/California Museum of Photography)

"The Keystone View Company was founded in 1892 by amateur photographer B.L. Singley of Meadville, Pennsylvania. Singley began his venture by marketing sets of thirty stereo-cards that recorded the flooding of nearby French Creek. Eventually additional photographers were employed and the Keystone View Company became the largest company of its kind concentrating on national and international subjects under 'geographic' and 'social science' headings. The images capture individuals, buildings, and landscapes from around the world. While photographs of statesmen, inventors, and industrialist were included, most of the shots of people are of industrial or rural work scenes.

"The Keystone lantern slides quickly became a popular form of entertainment. The company's collection of images continued to grow and by the 1920's, the company cornered the market, having acquired the collections of several large image publishers. The advent of film and television from the 1930's through 1950's, caused the company to shift its focus from entertainment to education. In 1963 the Mast Development Company purchased the Keystone View Company. By this time there was no longer a market for the slides and production was terminated. From its peak from 1895 through the 1920's Keystone manufactured hundreds of thousands, of slides of its more than 50,000 images."

Bibliography:

Smith, Steven. Finding aid for "Keystone View Company lantern slides." Historical Society of Pennsylvania, collection V-29. Accessed November 23, 2011. http://www.hsp.org/sites/www.hsp.org/files/migrated/findingaidv29keystone.pdf

From the guide to the Keystone View Company lantern slides, circa 1900-1905, (Millbrook Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Keystone View Company stereographs, circa 1900s. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Stereographic library tour of the world, before 1940. University of Georgia Main Library
creatorOf Kilburn, B. W. (Benjamin West), 1827-1909,. Collection of stereographs, circa 1893-1905. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Stereographs, ca. 1892- ca. 1930. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Black, James Wallace, 1825-1896,. Saltonstall-Brooks-Lewis photographs, ca. 1830-ca. 1945. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Stereographs, circa 1860s-1910s. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Slides. University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Edith Garland Dupre Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Vanishing woodland path lantern slide undated. Boulder Public Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Keystone View Company lantern slides, ca. 1892-ca. 1912. College of Charleston, Marlene and Nathan Addlestone Library
creatorOf Elmendorf, Dwight L. (Dwight Lathrop), 1859-1929. Theodore Roosevelt Collection: visual materials, 185- -<ongoing>. Houghton Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company. World War I stereographic library, 1918-1921. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Stereographs of the University of Virginia and Edwin A. Alderman, ca. 1917. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Visual Instruction Department Lantern Slides, circa 1900-1940 Oregon State University Libraries University Archives
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Reprints of Keystone-Mast stereographs of the Exposition universelle internationale de 1900. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Kathrine R. Everett and R. O. Everett Papers, 1851-1993 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf World War I stereograph collection [graphic]. North Dakota State University Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Stereographs, ca.1900. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn Stanford University. Archives. Stereograph collection, 1865-ca. 1920. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Walter Gropius papers in the Bauhaus-Archiv, ca. 1919-1937. Houghton Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Virginia photographs [graphic], 1903, 1907, undated. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Cowboys : stereo views, ca. 1933-1934. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Stereographic Library Collection, ca. 1800-1910. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Elmer E. Rasmuson Library
creatorOf San José State University. World War I stereograph collection, 1914-1917. San Jose State University
creatorOf Keystone View Company. [Thomas Moran] [graphic] / Keystone View Company. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Eastern United States : stereo views, c. 1925. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Thomas Moran, celebrated artist, sketching near Yavapai Point, Grand Canon [sic] Nat. Park / [graphic] Keystone View Company. Archives of American Art
referencedIn U.S. West Landscapes Photograph Collection, 1880-1910 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
creatorOf Moreland, Steven. California stereograph collection, 1906-1925. San Jose State University
creatorOf Oregon State System of Higher Education. General Extension Division. Visual Instruction Department lantern slides, ca. 1900-1940. Oregon State University Libraries
referencedIn Stanford University stereograph collection, 1865-circa 1920 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Central Press Photograph (London). Press photographs of early twentieth century artists and sculptors. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Snow scene: cottage among the trees lantern slide undated. Boulder Public Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Stereographs, ca. 1892- ca. 1930. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Stereoscopic Views, ca. 1889-1898 University of California, Santa Barbara. Davidson Library. Department of Special Collections.
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Stereograph collection on World War I, 1907 - 1918. University of California, Irvine. Library. Department of Special Collections
creatorOf Keystone View Company lantern slides, circa 1900-1905 Millbrook Society
referencedIn Brady, John Archibald,. John Archibald Brady collection, circa 1900-1902 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Willson, George Crapo, 1871-1938. George Crapo Willson papers 1904-1938. Kettering University
creatorOf Singley, B. L. (Benjamin Lloyd). Chickamauga Park, Georgia, stereoptic view, 1898. University of Georgia Main Library
creatorOf Andrieu, J., 1816-after 1876. Stereograph Collection. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Thomas Alva Edison Photoprints National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center
creatorOf Doubleday, Page & Company. Stereographic views of Russia. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Stereographic card collection, 1860-1928. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company "Tour of the World" Stereographs 88-374., ca. 1892-1933 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
creatorOf Stereo Travel Company. Stereographs of Ceylon and India, 1896-1908. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Collection of spirit stereographs, 1893-1894 L. Tom Perry Special CollectionsPhotograph Archives
referencedIn Michael Cirelli collection on Northwest photography, 1865-2000, 1890s-1910s Museum of History & Industry Sophie Frye Bass Library
creatorOf University of Colorado, Boulder. Bureau of Visual Instruction. Robins lantern slides undated. Boulder Public Library
referencedIn Andrew S. Iddings Papers, 1803-1974, 1900-1971 Wright State University, Special Collections and Archives
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Keystone View Company "Tour of the World" Stereographs, ca. 1892-1933. University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Children of the wild lantern slide undated. Boulder Public Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company (Meadville, Pa.). Cotton is king stereograph, circa 1930. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Calumet & Hecla Mining Company Stereographs, Circa 1910. Michigan Technological University, J.R. Van Pelt & Opie Library; Michigan Tech
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Central Park after the storm lantern slide, undated. Boulder Public Library
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Exhibition of Society of Woman Artists. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Industrial lantern slide collection. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Archives Center Stereograph Collection National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center
creatorOf Keystone View Company. Keystone View Company stereograph collection, 1895-1905. San Jose State University
referencedIn George D. Eagleton Stereoview Collection, ca. 1860s-2004 University of California, Santa Barbara. Davidson Library. Department of Special Collections.
creatorOf Keystone View Company. New Mexico Landscapes photograph collection [picture]. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Keystone-Mast Collection, 1870-1963 UCR/California Museum of Photography
creatorOf Stereograph collection on World War I, 1907-1918 University of California, Irvine. Library. Department of Special Collections
creatorOf Keystone View Company (Meadville, Pa.). Mississippi River Delta stereograph, circa 1930. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Jacobsen, Jacques Noel,. Jacques N. and Marion M. Jacobsen collection, 1882-1967 [graphic]. Alaska state library
creatorOf Stereo Views from Alaska to Mexico Bancroft Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alderman, Edwin Anderson, 1861-1931 person
associatedWith American Stereoscopic Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Amundsen, Roald, 1872-1928. person
associatedWith A. S. Hood person
associatedWith Baldwin Locomotive Works. corporateBody
associatedWith B. H. Gurnsey person
associatedWith Blosser Scenic Art Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Brady, John Archibald, person
associatedWith Calumet and Hecla Mining Company corporateBody
associatedWith Century of Progress International Exposition (1933-1934 : Chicago, Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith Cirelli, Michael, 1944-2002 person
associatedWith Continent Stereoscopic Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933. person
associatedWith Cox, Percy person
associatedWith C. W. Woodward person
associatedWith Eagleton, George D. person
associatedWith E. Dossetter person
associatedWith Edward De Groff person
associatedWith Everett, Kathrine R. (Kathrine Robinson), 1893-1992 person
associatedWith Everett, R. O. (Reuben Oscar), 1879-1971 person
associatedWith Faneuil Hall (Boston, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith F. Jay Haynes person
associatedWith Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords corporateBody
correspondedWith Gropius, Walter, 1883-1969 person
associatedWith H.C. White Company (North Bennington, Vt.) corporateBody
associatedWith H.C. White Company (North Bennington, Vt.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hiawatha, 15th cent. person
associatedWith Iddings, Andrew S., 1880-1974. person
associatedWith Jacobsen, Jacques Noel, person
associatedWith J. Carbutt person
associatedWith Kilburn Brothers corporateBody
associatedWith La Roche Photo corporateBody
associatedWith Liberty Brand corporateBody
associatedWith Lindbergh, Charles A. 1902-1974. person
associatedWith Longfellow House (Cambridge, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Moran, Thomas, 1837-1926 person
associatedWith Moreland, Steven person
associatedWith Newell, John H., person
associatedWith Online Archive of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon State System of Higher Education. General Extension Division. corporateBody
associatedWith Peary Arctic Expedition (1896) corporateBody
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 person
associatedWith San José State University. corporateBody
associatedWith San Jose State University Library Special Collections & Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Scott (Mexico), and A. Briquet. corporateBody
associatedWith Second Church (Boston, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Singley, B. L. (Benjamin Lloyd) person
associatedWith Stanford University. Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Strohmeyer & Wyman corporateBody
associatedWith Tower of London (London, England) corporateBody
associatedWith Underwood & Underwood corporateBody
associatedWith Underwood & Underwood. corporateBody
associatedWith Underwood & Underwood. corporateBody
associatedWith Underwood & Underwood. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Mint. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Colorado, Boulder. Bureau of Visual Instruction. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Colorado, Boulder. Bureau of Visual Instruction. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia. Carr's Hill corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia. Chapel corporateBody
associatedWith Waite Photo (C. B. Waite) corporateBody
associatedWith W. B. Ingersoll person
associatedWith W. E. Hook person
associatedWith Weitfle, Charles person
associatedWith Westminster Abbey corporateBody
associatedWith W. G. Chamberlain person
associatedWith Willson, George Crapo, 1871-1938. person
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Saturn (Planet)
Morehouse comet
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Pennsylvania
Africa
Uranus (Planet)
France
Tacuba (Mexico City, Mexico)
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Subject
African American agricultural laborers
African American soldiers
Agriculture
Airplanes
Animal Husbandry
Animals
Automobile factories
Birds
Birds
Cattle
Church buildings
Cities
Commerce
Copper mines and mining
Copper mines and mining
Cotton picking
Cowboys
Cowboys
Dakota Indians
Dams
Elk
Ethnic groups
Factories
Farms
Forests and forestry
Geography
Glaciers
Great Sphinx (Egypt)
Harbors
Historic sites
Horses
Immigrants
Incas
Indians of North America
Indians of North America
Inuit
Iron industry
Kangaroos
Landscape
Landscape photography
Lantern slides
Liberty Bell
Manufacturing industries
Markets
Mines and mineral resources
Natural areas
Natural areas
Painters
Parks
Peddlers
Penguins
Petroleum industry
Pyramids of Giza (Egypt)
Quarries and quarrying
Railroad car industry
Railroads
Railroad stations
Rivers
Rodeos
School gardens
Snow
Snow
Social history
Stereoscopic views
Teaching
Textile factories
Trails
Trees
Trees
Vineyards
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1914-1918
Winter
Winter
Wooden-frame houses
Wool industry
Occupation
Activity
Photographers

Corporate Body

Americans

English

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