Raine, Kathleen, 1908-2003

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Kathleen Raine was born in London, her father was a schoolmaster, and the family strict Methodists. She was sent to stay with an aunt in rural Northumberland for the duration of World War I, an idyllic childhood period she later recalled in 'Farewell Happy Fields' (1973). She was educated at Ilford County High School and came to Girton as an Exhibitioner to read Natural Sciences then Moral Sciences 1926-29. While she was at Cambridge she began writing poetry and also made long-term friendships with other aspiring writers. She had a brief marriage to a fellow student, Hugh Sykes Davies, then to fellow poet and sociologist Charles Madge with whom she had 2 children, a son and a daughter (the daughter came to Girton 1952). The marriage broke up in 1940. Her first volume of poetry 'Stone and Flower' illustrated with drawings by Barbara Hepworth was published in 1943. There followed a prolific output of work which continued throughout her life. In addition to poetry, she wrote scholarly and critical work particularly on Blake and Yeats. In 1955, towards the end of her relationship with the naturalist and writer Gavin Maxwell (with whom she shared a love of Northumbria and a fascination in the occult), she returned to Girton as Research Fellow working on Blake (work which led to the Mellon lectures 'Blake and Tradition') and also lectured in English for College 1955-61. In 1981 she co-founded Temenos Review of the Arts of the Imagination with the ambition to affirm 'at the highest level of scholarship and talent, and in terms of the contemporary situation, of the Sacred' and soon became sole editor with a devoted international following. Nine years later she established the Temenos Academy, a teaching organisation which received the patronage of the Prince of Wales. She received numerous awards and honours including honorary doctorates from Leicester, Durham and Caen Universities, the Queens Gold Medal for Poetry (1992) and the CBE (2000). She taught and lectured in the USA, India and Ireland, published 4 volumes of autobiography, and her work has been translated into French, Spanish, Japanese and Hindi.

From the guide to the Personal Papers of Kathleen Raine, 1998-1999, (Girton College Library, University of Cambridge)

Poet.

Kathleen Raine was born in 1908 in Ilford, an East London suburb. Except for a few brief periods, she has always lived in London. She attended school at Cambridge as a student, 1926-1929, and as a research fellow at Girton College, 1955-1961. Raine married Hugh Sykes Davies after her third year at Cambridge. After their divorce, she married Charles Madge, the father of her two children, James and Anna. After her second marriage ended, Raine lived alone.

In 1980, Raine co-founded the review Temenos. She was founder of Temenos Academy in London in 1990, a program of lecture and seminars at the Prince of Wales' Institute of Architecture in London.

From the description of Kathleen Raine collection, 1932-1998. (Florida State University). WorldCat record id: 50680649

Kathleen Raine is a poet and literary scholar who has written extensively on Blake and Yates.

She was born in London, England on June 14, 1908. Raine began her career as a poet shortly after receiving her master's degree in natural sciences from Girton College, Cambridge in 1929. She published her first volume of poems, Stone and flower, in 1943. In addition to her poetry and numerous scholarly writings, Raine has published several autobiographical works. She has received numerous awards and honorary doctorates; was a research fellow at Girton College, Cambridge from 1955-1961; and served in 1962 as Andrew Mellon Lecturer at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. As of 2001 Raine resides in London.

From the description of Kathleen Raine papers, ca. 1913-1986 (bulk 1950-1975). (University of California, Irvine). WorldCat record id: 47793091

Biography

Kathleen Raine, a poet and literary scholar, was born on June 14, 1908 in London. She was educated at County High School in Ilford and Girton College in Cambridge and received a master's degree in natural sciences from Girton in 1929. Raine began her literary career as a poet, publishing her first volume of poetry, Stone and Flower: Poems 1935-43, in 1943. She later wrote extensively on both Yeats and Blake in works such as Yeats, The Tarot, and The Golden Dawn (1973) and From Blake to a Vision (1979), and she frequently reviewed books by other literary scholars. She also wrote several autobiographical works, including Farewell Happy Fields (1973), The Land Unknown (1975) and The Lion's Mouth (1977).

Raine was a research fellow at Girton College from 1955 to 1961, and in 1962 she was the Andrew Mellon Lecturer at the National Gallery of Art in Washington D.C. She received honorary doctorates from universities in the United Kingdom, France and the United States and has won numerous awards and honors, including the Harriet Monroe Memorial Prize (1952), Arts Council Award (1953), Oscar Blumenthal Prize (1961), the Smith Literary Award (1972), and the Queen's Medal for Poetry (date unknown).

Raine married and later divorced Charles Madge with whom she had two children. She resides in London as of 1998.

From the guide to the Kathleen Raine Papers, ca. 1913-1986 (bulk 1950-1975), (University of California, Irvine. Library. Special Collections and Archives.)

Kathleen Raine was born in London in 1908, the adored only child of a schoolmaster and Methodist lay-preacher and his Scottish wife. Kathleen was sent to stay with an aunt in Northumberland for the duration of the First World War and always recalled this period as idyllic.

Kathleen was a gifted child who wrote poetry from a very early age but when she went up to Cambridge in 1926 it was to read Natural Sciences and then Moral Sciences. At Cambridge she began writing poetry seriously, was married briefly to a fellow student and then to Charles Madge, a fellow poet and sociologist with whom she had two children. This marriage broke up in 1940 and Kathleen's first book of poetry was published in 1943.

The love of Kathleen's life was the homosexual writer Gavin Maxwell, with whom she shared a love of Northumberland, but the relationship was doomed and ended in acrimony. After Maxwell's death in 1969 Kathleen Raine blamed herself for his misfortune and decline.

Throughout her life Kathleen Raine remained true to her vocation as a poet, writing and publishing regularly. She also wrote four volumes of very frank autobiography and several critical studies of William Blake and other writers.

In 1980 Kathleen's life took a new turn when, with a group of like-minded artists and writers, she launched Temenos, a review devoted to the arts of the imagination. For the rest of her life through this and the related Temenos academy Kathleen promoted the link between the arts and the sacred. Kathleen Raine died in 2003 at the age of 93.

From the guide to the Papers of Kathleen Raine, 1951-1976, (Reading University: Special Collections Services)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Yaddo records, 1870-1980 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Read, Herbert Edward, Sir, 1893-1968. Papers and correspondence of Herbert Read. Brotherton Library, University of Leeds
creatorOf Mellers, Wilfrid, 1914-2008. Spells : for high voice, flute (doublihg alto flute), oboe (doubling cor anglais), viola and percussion (suspended cymbals, tam tam, triangle, claves, small pitched bells) / the poems by Kathleen Raine ; the music by Wilfrid Mellers. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Marx, Erica, 1909-1969. Papers, 1926-1966. Washington University in St. Louis, .
referencedIn Conrad Aiken collection of papers, 1913-1963 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Read, Herbert Edward, Sir, 1893-1968. Sir Herbert Edward Read fonds. [1918-1965]. University of Victoria Libraries, UVic
creatorOf Rice, Warner Grenelle, 1899-. Correspondence, with literary notables, 1955-1961. University of Michigan
referencedIn Jeremy Reed papers, 1960s-2010 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn William McGuire Papers, 1868-1998, (bulk 1967-1997) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Stanford, Donald E. (Donald Elwin), 1913-1998. Donald E. Stanford papers, 1865-1998 (bulk 1941-1998). Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Chapin, Katherine Garrison, 1890-1977. Katherine Biddle papers, 1907-1977 (bulk 1935-1969). Georgetown University, Joseph Mark Lauinger Memorial Library
referencedIn Woodberry Poetry Room (Harvard College Library) poetry readings, 1931- (ongoing). Woodberry Poetry Room, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Tambimuttu Archive, 1936-1989 Charles Deering McCormick Library of Special Collections
referencedIn Derek Parker Collection TXRC96-A45., 1955-1970 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Austin, William W. [Vocal works] / William Austin. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Stanford, Donald E. (Donald Elwin), 1913-1998. Donald E. Stanford papers, 1933-1985. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Baynes, Cary F. Cary F. Baynes papers, 1952-1974. Library of Congress
referencedIn David Gascoyne papers, 1822-2010, n.d. British Library: Western Manuscripts
referencedIn Papers of Kathleen Raine, 1951-1976 Reading University : Special Collections Services
creatorOf Kathleen Raine Papers, ca. 1913-1986 (bulk 1950-1975) University of California, Irvine. Library. Department of Special Collections
creatorOf Cleverdon, Douglas. Papers, 1953-1973. Indiana University
creatorOf Personal Papers of Kathleen Raine, 1998-1999 Girton College Library, University of Cambridge
creatorOf Papers of Kathleen Raine, 1951-1976 Reading University : Special Collections Services
referencedIn Papers of Robert Graves: Correspondence (arranged by correspondent), c1909 to 2004 St John's College, Oxford
referencedIn Kenneth Rexroth papers, Bulk, 1969-1981, 1940-1982 USC Libraries Special Collections
creatorOf Aiken, Conrad, 1889-1973. Conrad Aiken collection of papers, 1913-1963. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Raine, Kathleen, 1908-2003. Kathleen Raine papers, ca. 1913-1986 (bulk 1950-1975). University of California, Irvine. Library. Department of Special Collections
creatorOf Parker, Derek. Collection, 1955-1970. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn McGuire, William, 1917-. William McGuire papers, 1868-1998 (bulk 1967-1997). Library of Congress
creatorOf Mellers, Wilfrid, 1914-2008. Ex nihilo : and Lauds : for mixed chorus a capella / Wilfrid Mellers. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Rexroth, Kenneth, 1905-1982. Kenneth Rexroth papers, 1940-1982 (bulk 1969-1981). University of Southern California, USC Libraries
creatorOf Raine, Kathleen, 1908-2003. Letter [195-?] Apr. 17, Washington, D.C., to Prof. and Mrs. [Warner G.] Rice, Ann Arbor. University of Michigan
referencedIn Dolmen Press. Dolmen Press Collection, Publications Series, 1945-1987. Wake Forest University - ZSR Library, Z. Smith Reynolds Library
creatorOf Betjeman, John, Sir, 1906-. Letters to poet Ian Davie from various correspondents, 1953-1962. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Reed, Jeremy. Jeremy Reed papers, 1960s-2010. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn William Empson papers, 1811-1996 (inclusive), 1911-1984 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Philobiblion (Victoria, B.C.). Philobiblion fonds. [ca. 1940-1990]. University of Victoria Libraries, UVic
referencedIn Blunden, Edmund, 1896-1974. Papers, 1922-1986. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Letters from others to Anthony Bertram, 1920-1971. Houghton Library
creatorOf Raine, Kathleen, 1908-2003. Kathleen Raine collection, 1932-1998. Florida State University
referencedIn Mary Katharine Woodworth papers, 1787-1989 Bryn Mawr College
creatorOf Read, Herbert Edward, Sir, 1893-1968. Papers and correspondence of Herbert Read. Brotherton Library, University of Leeds
creatorOf Gawsworth, John, 1912-1970. Gawsworth (Armstrong)/Shiel/Redonda papers, 1928-1971. University of Iowa Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aiken, Conrad, 1889-1973. person
associatedWith Austin, William W. person
correspondedWith Baynes, Cary F. person
correspondedWith Bertram, Anthony, 1897- person
associatedWith Blake, William, 1757-1827 person
associatedWith Blunden, Edmund, 1896-1974. person
correspondedWith Chapin, Katherine Garrison, 1890-1977. person
associatedWith Cleverdon, Douglas. person
associatedWith Dolmen Press. corporateBody
correspondedWith Empson, William, 1906-1984 person
correspondedWith Gascoyne, David Emery, 1916-2001 person
associatedWith Gawsworth, John, 1912-1970. person
associatedWith Graves, Robert Windham, 1858-1934 person
correspondedWith Harper, George person
associatedWith Horovitz, Frances. person
correspondedWith Marx, Erica, 1909-1969. person
correspondedWith McGuire, William, 1917- person
associatedWith Mellers, Wilfrid, 1914-2008. person
associatedWith Online Archive of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Parker, Derek, 1932- person
correspondedWith Philobiblion (Victoria, B.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Raine, Kathleen person
associatedWith Read, Herbert Edward, Sir, 1893-1968. person
associatedWith Reed, Jeremy. person
associatedWith Reed, Jeremy. person
correspondedWith Rexroth, Kenneth, 1905-1982. person
associatedWith Rice, Warner Grenelle, 1899- person
associatedWith Stanford, Donald E. (Donald Elwin), 1913-1998. person
associatedWith Tambimuttu, 1915- person
associatedWith Wellesley, Dorothy, 1889-1956. person
associatedWith Woodberry Poetry Room (Harvard College Library). corporateBody
associatedWith Woodworth, Elizabeth person
associatedWith Yaddo (Artist's colony) corporateBody
associatedWith Yeats, W. B. (William Butler), 1865-1939. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
India
Tokyo (Japan)
England
Subject
Poetry
Women poets
Arts
Criticism--Archival resources
Mythology, Celtic
Spanish drama
Japanese poetry
Existentialism
English literature--History and criticism--Archival resources
Poetry--History and criticism
Poets--Correspondence
English poetry--20th century--Archival resources
Occupation
Poets
Librettists
Literary critics
Activity

Person

Birth 1908-06-14

Death 2003-07-06

Britons

French,

English,

Spanish; Castilian

Information

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