Chapin, Katherine Garrison, 1890-1977

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Poet and author. Mrs. Francis Biddle.

From the description of Katherine Garrison Chapin papers, 1930-1972. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77651764

Poet; wife of Francis Biddle.

From the description of Correspondence to Maxwell Struthers Burt, [after 1938]. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 122583171

Katherine Garrison Chapin Biddle was born on Sept. 4, 1890, in Waterford, Connecticut. She was the daughter of Lindley Hoffman Chapin and Cornelia Garrison Van Auken. On April 27, 1918, Katherine Biddle married Francis Biddle (U.S. attorney general, 1942-45). They had two sons, Edmund Randolph and Garrison Chapin (1923-30) Educated in private schools, she also studied music with Kurt Schindler, founder of the Schola Cantorum; acting with playwright Rachel Crothers; and philosophy under the tutelage of Max Eastman. She was a prolific writer, particularly on poetry, with essays and reviews appearing in The American scholar, Botteghe oscure (Rome), Contemporary poetry, Harper's, Poetry magazine, Prairie schooner, The saturday review of literature, The Sewanee review, and many others. A published poet, her works include Outside of the world (1930); Bright mariner, written in memory of her son Garrison Chapin Biddle (1933); Time has no shadow (1936); Lament for the stolen, written in response to the kidnapping of the Lindbergh baby (1938); Plain chant for America (1942); The other journey (1959); and The Chinese deer (1975). Katherine Biddle's poetry has been translated into French and Spanish. Her own translations include the poetry of Gabriela Mistral, Raphael Alberti, and Paul Claudel. Plays include The tapestry for the duchess, performed at the Heckscher Theatre, New York (1925); and Sojourner Truth, performed by the American Negro Theatre (1948). Throughout her life, Katherine Biddle maintained a tireless and enthusiastic schedule of lectures on contemporary poetry at schools, colleges, and clubs. In 1944, Archibald MacLeish appointed her one of the original Fellows in American Letters of the Library of Congress, a title she held for ten years, thereafter becoming an honorary consultant in American letters. Although she was never measured against the luminaries whose company she shared, her "quiet, unpretentious verse...openly concerned with universal experience and emotion," (in the words of critic B. A. Robie) won Katherine Biddle the admiration of many of the most prominent writers of the day. Katherine Biddle's love and patronage of the performing and visual arts provided lasting friendships and voluminous correspondence with notables in both fields. A staunch advocate for the civil rights of minorities, Katherine Biddle numbered among her friends eminent African Americans such as Langston Hughes and Alain Locke. She died on Dec. 30, 1977, in Devon, Pennsylvania.

From the description of Katherine Biddle papers, 1907-1977 (bulk 1935-1969). (Georgetown University). WorldCat record id: 79838454

Chapin was an American poet, patron of literature and the arts. Numerous poems of hers were set to music by prominent composers of her day. She served as a Fellow in American Literature at the Library of Congress (1944-1955). Her husband, Francis Biddle, was the U.S. Attorney General (1942-1945) and judge at the Nuremberg Trials.

From the description of [Poems] / Katherine Garrison Chapin. [193_ -195_] (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 184741849

Biographical Note

Katherine Garrison Chapin was born in Waterford, Connecticut, on September 4, 1890, and died in Pennsylvania on December 30, 1977. She was educated at Columbia University and beginning in the 1920s became published as a poet in such publications as Harper's, Scribner's, Saturday Review, North American Review, Poetry, and the Ladies' Home Journal . Other of her works were set to music and performed by leading orchestras. In 1918 she married Francis Biddle, later attorney general in the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt during World War II.

From the guide to the Katherine Garrison Chapin Papers, 1930-1972, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Bedell family. Biddle family letters, 1777-1973 (bulk 1860-1960). Georgetown University, Joseph Mark Lauinger Memorial Library
referencedIn Papers, 1877-1959 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Still, William Grant, 1895-1978. Papers, 1877-1992, n.d. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Victoria Ocampo papers, 1908-1979. Houghton Library
referencedIn William Stanley Braithwaite Papers, 1916-1962 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Robert Lowell papers, 1861-1976 (inclusive) 1935-1970 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Chapin, Katherine Garrison, 1890-1977. Katherine Biddle papers, 1907-1977 (bulk 1935-1969). Georgetown University, Joseph Mark Lauinger Memorial Library
referencedIn James P. McGranery and Regina Clark McGranery, 1909-1975, (bulk 1943-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Levin, Harry. Harry Levin Papers. 1920-1995. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Chapin, Katherine Garrison, 1890-1977. Katherine Garrison Chapin papers, 1930-1972. Library of Congress
referencedIn McGranery, James P. (James Patrick), 1895-1962. James P. McGranery and Regina Clark McGranery papers, 1909-1975 (bulk 1943-1975). Library of Congress
creatorOf Chapin, Katherine Garrison, 1890-1977. Letter to Paul Engle. Washington, DC. 1943 Feb. 22. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Katherine Garrison Chapin Papers, 1930-1972 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Literary Society of Washington (Washington, D.C.). Records of the Literary Society of Washington, Washington, D.C., 1873-1987. Library of Congress
creatorOf Chapin, Katherine Garrison, 1890-1977. Autograph letter signed Katherine Biddle to: Mrs. Holmes December 17, [1959]. Wellesley College
creatorOf Chapin, Katherine Garrison, 1890-1977. Letter to Paul Engle. Washington, DC. [1943] May 16. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn E. E. Cummings papers, 1870-1969. Houghton Library
creatorOf Chapin, Katherine Garrison, 1890-1977. Correspondence to Maxwell Struthers Burt, [after 1938]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Papers, 1897-1930. Houghton Library
referencedIn George Biddle Papers, 1863-1973, (bulk 1916-1973) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Chapin, Cornelia Van Auken, 1893-. Papers, 1877-1959 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Chapin, Katherine Garrison, 1890-1977. 2 ALS, Christmas Card, 1962 Nov 11; [1963] Oct. 13; [n.d.], 1669 31st St., Washington, D.C. to Muriel Rukeyser. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Adamic, Louis, 1899-1951,. Letters to Alfred Kreymborg [manuscript], 1921-1956. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn E. E. Cummings additional papers, 1870-1969. Houghton Library
creatorOf Winslow, Marcella Comès. Marcella Comès (Winslow) papers, 1915-1982 [and undated]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Chapin, Katherine Garrison, 1890-1977. [Poems] / Katherine Garrison Chapin. Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf McDonald, Harl, 1899-1955. Lament for the stolen / Harl McDonald ; [text by Katherine Garrison Chapin]. Free Library of Philadelphia, Parkway Central Library
referencedIn Poetry mss., 1954-2002 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
creatorOf Chapin, Katherine Garrison, 1890-1977. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, [between 1947 and 1962]. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Carpenter, Margaret Haley. Papers of Margaret Haley Carpenter [manuscript], 1898-1985, bulk 1953-1985. University of Virginia. Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Aiken, Conrad, 1889-1973 person
correspondedWith Aiken, Mary Hoover, 1907- person
correspondedWith Arvey, Verna, 1910-1987 person
correspondedWith Barber, Samuel, 1910-1981 person
correspondedWith Bedell family. family
correspondedWith Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959 person
correspondedWith Biddle, Francis, 1886-1968 person
correspondedWith Biddle, George, 1885-1973 person
correspondedWith Bosquet, Alain, 1919-1998 person
correspondedWith Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962 person
correspondedWith Caetani, Marguerite person
correspondedWith Calkins, Clinch person
associatedWith Carpenter, Margaret Haley. person
associatedWith Chapin, Cornelia Van Auken, 1893- person
associatedWith Cornelia Van Auken Chapin, 1893- person
correspondedWith Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962 person
correspondedWith Eastman, Max, 1883-1969 person
associatedWith Engle, Paul, 1908-1991, person
associatedWith Eyges, Doris Holmes. person
correspondedWith Fossi, Nannina person
correspondedWith Gardner, Isabella person
correspondedWith Graves, Robert, 1895-1985 person
correspondedWith Holt, Elizabeth Basye Gilmore person
correspondedWith Kenyon, Bernice Lesbia person
correspondedWith Léger, Dorothy, d. 1985 person
associatedWith Levin, Harry, 1912-1994 person
associatedWith Literary Society of Washington (Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Locke, Alain LeRoy, 1886-1954 person
correspondedWith Lowell, Robert, 1917-1977 person
correspondedWith McCarter, Henry, 1864-1942 person
associatedWith McDonald, Harl, 1899-1955. person
correspondedWith McGranery, James P. (James Patrick), 1895-1962. person
correspondedWith McGranery, Regina Clark, 1907-1975 person
associatedWith Modern Poetry Association corporateBody
correspondedWith Ocampo, Victoria, 1891- person
correspondedWith Origo, Iris, 1902-1988 person
correspondedWith Raine, Kathleen, 1908-2003 person
associatedWith Rukeyser, Muriel, 1913-1980, person
correspondedWith Saint-John Perse, 1887-1975 person
correspondedWith Salomon, Isidore Lawrence, 1899-1985 person
correspondedWith Smith, William Jay, 1918- person
correspondedWith Steiner, Herbert, 1892-1966 person
associatedWith Still, William Grant, 1895-1978. person
correspondedWith Tate, Allen, 1899-1979 person
associatedWith Winslow, Marcella Comès. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Literature
Poetry
American poetry
American literature
Occupation
Poets
Authors
Function

Person

Birth 1890

Death 1977

Americans

Italian,

English,

French,

Spanish; Castilian

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60r9t33

Ark ID: w60r9t33

SNAC ID: 38839738