Olney, Richard, 1835-1917

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U.S. attorney general, U.S. secretary of state, and lawyer.

From the description of Richard Olney papers, 1830-1928 (bulk 1893-1917). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131217

Counsel for Boston & Maine Railroad; Secretary of State under Grover Cleveland (1893-1897).

From the description of Richard E. Olney collection, 1895-1974. (Falmouth Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 70969627

Biographical Note

  • 1835, Sept. 15: Born, Oxford, Mass.
  • 1851: Graduated, Leicester Academy, Worcester, Mass.
  • 1856: A.M., Brown University, Providence, R.I.
  • 1858: LL.B., Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Mass.
  • 1859: Admitted to the bar, Boston, Mass.
  • 1859 - 1893 : Practiced corporate law
  • 1861: Married Agnes P. Thomas
  • 1874: Elected to Massachusetts house of representatives
  • 1893: Appointed attorney general
  • 1894: Ordered the use of federal troops in quelling the Pullman Strike
  • 1895: Defended income tax provisions of the Wilson-Gorman Tariff before the Supreme Court of the United States
  • 1895: Appointed secretary of state
  • 1895 - 1897 : Arbitrated boundary dispute between Venezuela and Great Britain and proposed a general arbitration agreement between the United States and Great Britain
  • 1897: Returned to private law practice, Boston, Mass.
  • 1913: Declined ambassadorship to Great Britain
  • 1914: Declined membership on the Federal Reserve Board
  • 1915: Member, International Commission, under treaty between the United States and France
  • 1917, Apr. 8: Died, Boston, Mass.

From the guide to the Richard Olney Papers, 1830-1928, (bulk 1893-1917), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908. Letters of Charles Eliot Norton [manuscript] 1885, 1904. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn William Woodville Rockhill papers, 1826-1941. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Hatch, Albert Ruyter, 1817-1882. Papers, 1841-1893. New Hampshire Historical Society Library
creatorOf Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914. William Woodville Rockhill papers, 1826-1941. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn William Roscoe Thayer papers, 1762-1927 (inclusive), 1872-1921 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Daniel Scott Lamont Papers, 1853-1928, (bulk 1893-1905) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Clara Barton Papers, 1805-1958, (bulk 1861-1912) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn P. Phillips Family Papers, 1832-1914 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Robert Grant papers, 1809-1940. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Olney, Richard, 1835-1917. Papers, 1894. William & Mary Libraries, The Wolf Law Library
creatorOf Richard Olney Papers, 1830-1928, (bulk 1893-1917) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Dickinson, Donald McDonald, 1846-1917. Donald McDonald Dickinson papers, 1863-1917. Library of Congress
referencedIn W. Cameron (William Cameron) Forbes papers, 1900-1946. Houghton Library.
referencedIn General Records of the Department of Justice. 1790 - 2002. Photographs of Attorneys General
referencedIn Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908. Grover Cleveland papers, 1743-1945 (bulk 1885-1908). Library of Congress
referencedIn Barton, Clara, 1821-1912. Clara Barton papers, 1805-1958 (bulk 1861-1912). Library of Congress
creatorOf Lee, Fitzhugh, 1835-1905. Papers of Fitzhugh Lee [manuscript], 1731-1952. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIj, 1898-1988 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Lamont, Daniel Scott, 1851-1905. Papers of Daniel Scott Lamont, 1853-1928. Library of Congress
referencedIn Thomas Ewing Family Papers, 1757-1941, (bulk 1815-1896) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn William Warland Clapp correspondence, 1790-1891 (inclusive), 1840-1891 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Olney, Richard, 1835-1917. Richard E. Olney collection, 1895-1974. Falmouth Historical Society
referencedIn Melville Weston Fuller Papers, 1794-1949, (bulk 1849-1910) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Evans family. Evans family papers, 1866-1918. University of Michigan
referencedIn Letters and family papers, 1783-1957. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898. Thomas F. Bayard papers, 1780-1899 (bulk 1860-1898). Library of Congress
referencedIn Charles S. Hamlin Papers, 1869-1968, (bulk 1880-1938) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn James B. Angell Papers, 1845-1916 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Warren, Winslow, 1838-1930. Letters to Winslow Warren, 1886-1908. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Grover Cleveland Papers, 1743-1945, (bulk 1885-1908) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Additional papers, 1870-1912. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Morgan, John Tyler, 1824-1907. Papers of John Tyler Morgan, 1840-1907 (bulk 1882-1907). Library of Congress
referencedIn Hamlin, Charles S. (Charles Sumner), 1861-1938. Charles S. Hamlin papers, 1869-1968 (bulk 1880-1938). Library of Congress
creatorOf Adams, Henry, 1838-1918. Endicott family special collection, 1773-1938. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Borah, William Edgar, 1865-1940. Papers of Robert Baylor Tunstall and Virginia Hunter Lyne Tunstall [manuscript], 1803-1972, bulk 1868-1972. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Duffield, W. W. (William Ward), 1823-1907. Copies of correspondence between W.W. Duffield, United States boundary commissioner, International Boundary Commission, and W.F. King, Her Britannic Majesty's commissioner, regarding the report of T.C. Mendenhall, former United States commissioner. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn Henry Adams autograph album, 1833-1939. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Wendell family papers, ca. 1620-1921. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Smoot, Reed, 1862-1941. Reed Smoot papers, 1896-1928. Library of Congress
referencedIn Hammond, John Hays, 1855-1936. John Hays Hammond, Sr. papers, 1893-1936 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Hay, John, 1838-1905. Correspondence, 1854-1914, "Nicolay" to "Palmer". Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Collins, Patrick Andrew, 1844-1905. Patrick A. Collins Papers, 1868-1908, (bulk 1880-1890). Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
referencedIn Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871. Thomas Ewing family papers, 1757-1941 (bulk 1815-1896). Library of Congress
referencedIn William Woodville Rockhill papers, 1826-1941. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Mellen, Charles S. (Charles Sanger), 1851-1927. Papers, 1888-1922. New Hampshire Historical Society Library
creatorOf Olney, Richard, 1835-1917. Richard Olney papers, 1830-1928 (bulk 1893-1917). Library of Congress
referencedIn Foster, John Watson, 1836-1917. John Watson Foster papers, 1872-1917 (bulk 1872-1905). Library of Congress
creatorOf Olney, Richard, 1835-1917. Letter, no year August 22 : Falmouth. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
referencedIn Barrows family papers, 1861-1931. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Phillips, P. (Philip), 1807-1884. Family papers of P. Phillips, 1832-1914. Library of Congress
referencedIn John Tyler Morgan Papers, 1840-1907, (bulk 1882-1907) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Campbell, James Butler, 1808-1883. James Butler Campbell papers, 1826-1901. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Fuller, Melville Weston, 1833-1910. Melville Weston Fuller papers, 1794-1949 (bulk 1849-1910). Library of Congress
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Russell, William E. (William Eustis), 1857-1896. William Eustis Russell papers, 1846-1920; bulk: 1888-1896. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Thomas F. Bayard Papers, 1780-1899, (bulk 1860-1889) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Henry Villard papers, 1604-1948 (inclusive), 1863-1900 (bulk). Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Henry, 1838-1918 person
correspondedWith Adee, Alvey A. (Alvey Augustus), 1842-1924 person
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Angell, James Burrill, 1829-1916 person
correspondedWith Atkins, Edwin Farnsworth, 1850-1926 person
correspondedWith Barrows family. family
correspondedWith Barton, Clara, 1821-1912 person
correspondedWith Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898 person
associatedWith Boston and Maine Railroad. corporateBody
correspondedWith Campbell, James Butler, 1808-1883. person
correspondedWith Chadwick, French Ensor, 1844-1919 person
associatedWith Clapp, William Warland, 1826-1891 person
associatedWith Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908. person
associatedWith Collins, Patrick Andrew, 1844-1905. person
correspondedWith Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948 person
correspondedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Democratic Party (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Dickinson, Donald McDonald, 1846-1917. person
associatedWith Duffield, W. W. (William Ward), 1823-1907. person
correspondedWith Dupuy de Lôme, Enrique person
correspondedWith Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926 person
associatedWith Evans family. family
correspondedWith Ewing family family
correspondedWith Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871. person
correspondedWith Forbes, W. Cameron (William Cameron), 1870-1959 person
correspondedWith Foster, John Watson, 1836-1917. person
correspondedWith Fuller, Melville Weston, 1833-1910. person
correspondedWith Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924 person
correspondedWith Grant, Robert, 1852-1940 person
correspondedWith Gresham, Walter Quintin, 1832-1895 person
correspondedWith Hamlin, Charles S. (Charles Sumner), 1861-1938. person
associatedWith Hammond, John Hays, 1855-1936. person
correspondedWith Harrison, Benjamin, 1833-1901 person
correspondedWith Hatch, Albert Ruyter, 1817-1882. person
correspondedWith Hay, John, 1838-1905 person
correspondedWith Hoar, George Frisbie, 1826-1904 person
associatedWith James, Henry, 1879-1947. person
associatedWith Janvier, Thomas Allibone, 1849-1913 person
associatedWith Lamont, Daniel Scott, 1851-1905. person
correspondedWith Lansing, Robert, 1864-1928 person
associatedWith Lee, Fitzhugh, 1835-1905. person
correspondedWith Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924 person
correspondedWith McClure, S. S. (Samuel Sidney), 1857-1949 person
correspondedWith McKinley, William, 1843-1901 person
correspondedWith Mellen, Charles S. (Charles Sanger), 1851-1927. person
associatedWith Milchrist, Thomas. person
associatedWith Morgan, John Tyler, 1824-1907. person
associatedWith Northern Pacific Railway Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908. person
correspondedWith Olney, Peter B. (Peter Butler), 1843-1922 person
correspondedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
correspondedWith Pauncefote, Julian Pauncefote, Baron, 1828-1902 person
correspondedWith Peabody, Marian Lawrence, 1875- person
associatedWith Phillips, P. (Philip), 1807-1884. person
correspondedWith Pinkerton, Robert A. (Robert Allan), 1848-1907 person
associatedWith Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914. person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, James Roosevelt, 1854-1927 person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919 person
associatedWith Russell, William E. (William Eustis), 1857-1896. person
correspondedWith Scott, James Brown, 1866-1943 person
correspondedWith Smalley, George W. (George Washburn), 1833-1916 person
correspondedWith Smoot, Reed, 1862-1941. person
associatedWith Southern Pacific Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith Tarbell, Ida M. (Ida Minerva), 1857-1944 person
correspondedWith Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923 person
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Department of Justice. Office of the Attorney General. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Justice. Office of the Attorney General. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Sherman Act. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Supreme Court. corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Henry, 1835-1900 person
associatedWith Warren, Winslow, 1838-1930. person
correspondedWith Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915 person
correspondedWith Wendell family. family
correspondedWith White, Henry, 1850-1927 person
correspondedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
British Guiana
United States
United States
Great Britain
United States
Panama Canal (Panama)
Panama Canal (Panama)
Falmouth (Mass.)
Bering Sea
British Guiana
Great Britain
United States
Labor movement
Labor movement--United States
Antitrust law
Farmers--United States
Labor unions--United States
Depressions--1893--United States
Arbitration (International law)
Practice of law
Fisheries--Bering Sea
Railroads--United States
Antitrust law--United States
Practice of law--Massachusetts--Boston
Silver question
Fishery law and legislation
Labor unions
Pullman Strike, 1894
World War, 1914-1918
Cabinet officers--United States
Cabinet officers


Birth 1835-09-15

Death 1917-04-08



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