Judd, Walter H., 1898-1994

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Physician, congressman, missionary.

From the description of Reminiscences of Walter H. Judd : oral history, 1970. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122376703

United States representative from Minnesota, 1943-1963; founder, Aid Refugee Chinese Intellectuals; co-founder, Committee of One Million.

From the description of Walter Henry Judd papers, 1922-1988. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754872154

Biographical Note

  • 1898 Sept. 25: Born, Rising City, Nebraska
  • 1923: M.D., University of Nebraska
  • 1925 - 1926 : Medical missionary, Nanking, China
  • 1926 - 1931 : Medical missionary, Shaowu, Fukien, China
  • 1934 - 1938 : Medical missionary, Fenchow, Shansi, China
  • 1938 - 1940 : Lecturer on foreign policy
  • 1941 - 1942 : Physician and surgeon, Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • 1943 - 1963 : U.S. Congressman, Fifth Minnesota District
  • 1950: 1958: U.S. Delegate to World Health Organization assemblies
  • 1951: U.S. Delegate, First Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe
  • 1957: U.S. Delegate to the United Nations
  • 1964 - 1970 : Radio commentator, "Washington Report", sponsored by the American Security Council

From the guide to the Walter Henry Judd papers, 1922-1988, (Hoover Institution Archives)

Walter Henry Judd was born in Rising City, Nebraska on September 25, 1898, the son of Horace Hunter and Mary Elizabeth (Greenslit) Judd. He was educated at the University of Nebraska, receiving both his B.A. and M.D. degrees there, the latter in 1923. From 1920 to 1924 he also taught zoology at the University of Omaha.

In 1925 he began his career as a medical missionary in China. He worked under the auspices of the Congregational Foreign Mission Board in Nanking from 1925 to 1926, and in the Shaowu and Fukien hospitals from 1926 to 1931. In 1931 he returned to the United States and studied surgery under a fellowship at the Mayo Clinic. He returned to China in 1934 where he supervised a 125-bed hospital in Fenchow, Shansi Province. Following the Japanese invasion of China in 1937, Judd remained at the Fenchow hospital although his family returned to the United States. For five months he remained under Japanese rule before returning to the United States in 1938. After his return to the United States, he resigned from the mission field. He spent two years lecturing throughout the country on the crisis in the Far East, particularly voicing disapproval of American shipments of raw materials to Japan that could be made into war materials. In 1941 he opened a private medical practice in Minneapolis.

Backed by liberal Republicans and independents, he entered Minnesota's fifth congressional district race in 1942. In the Republican primary he defeated the isolationist incumbent, Oscar Youngdahl. He went on to win the general election, defeating the Farmer-Labor candidate, Joseph Gilbert, and the Democratic candidate, Thomas P. Ryan. In the nine succeeding congressional elections, he defeated his Democratic-Farmer-Labor opponents. In 1962, following redistricting, he lost to DFL candidate Donald Fraser.

During his congressional service, Judd served as the U.S. Delegate to the World Health Assemblies (1950, 1958), the U.S. Delegate to the First Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe (1951), and the U.S. Delegate to the United Nations (1957).

After his retirement from Congress, Judd remained in the Washington, D.C. area and maintained a rigorous speaking schedule, lecturing on public affairs, China, foreign policy, and religion and ethics. From 1964 to 1970 he was a radio commentator on the "Washington Report," sponsored by the American Security Council.

Walter Judd married Miriam Louise Barbar on March 13, 1932. They had three daughters: Mary Louise, Carolyn Ruth, and Eleanor Grace. Walter Judd died February 13, 1994 and Miriam Judd died June 23, 1994.

From the guide to the Walter H. Judd papers., 1921-1993 (bulk 1940-1980)., (Minnesota Historical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Edwards, Lee. Lee Edwards papers, 1878-2004. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Louis Lerman papers, 1917-1978 (bulk 1955-1974). Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Blair Moody Papers, 1928-1954, 1934-1952 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Dwight D. Eisenhower Library Oral History Collection. 1962 - 1998. Oral History Transcripts. 1962 - 1998. Oral History Interviews with Walter H. Judd
referencedIn United States Capitol Historical Society Oral History Interviews, 1976-1991 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Waite, Edward F. (Edward Foote), 1860-1958. Edward F. Waite papers, 1764-1958. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Rayburn, Sam, papers 92-172, 92-257, 92-389, 92-415, 94-017, 96-066, 96-177, 97-347, 98-130, 2008-225, 2009-008. 29749116., 1831, 1845, 1903-2007 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Walter Henry Judd papers, 1922-1988 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Archives of the Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions, 1886-1964 Yale University Divinity School Library
creatorOf Spencer, Rose Carolyn, 1891-1967. Rose Carolyn Spencer papers, 1889, 1907-1967. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Leslie, Frank P. Frank P. Leslie papers, 1903-1972 (bulk 1940-1970). Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Jerome, Charles W. (Charles Waldron), 1868-1927. Charles W. and Eva S. Jerome and family papers, undated and 1855-1966. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Brown, Edward Fullerton, 1891-. Edward F. Brown papers, 1915-1962. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Correspondence, 1860-1979. Houghton Library.
creatorOf United States Capitol Historical Society. Oral history collection, 1976-1991. Library of Congress
referencedIn Stuhler, Barbara. Barbara Stuhler papers, 1945-2006. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Luce, Henry Robinson, 1898-1967. Henry Robinson Luce papers, 1917-1967 (bulk 1945-1967). Library of Congress
referencedIn John Foster Dulles oral history collection, 1964-1967 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Public Policy Papers.
creatorOf Clement, Paul, 1892-1984. Paul Clement papers, 1886, 1908-1982. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Judd, Walter Henry, 1898-. Walter H. Judd papers, 1921-1993 (bulk 1940-1980). Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn News Service Biographical Files, ., circa 1930s - 2004 University Archives, Duke University.
referencedIn Republican Workshop of Minnesota. Workshop records, l945-1980. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Pace, Robert S.,. Papers of Robert S. Pace [manuscript], 1669-1993 (bulk 1830-1965). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Minneapolis (Minn.). Mayor. Letters received, 1930-1945. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Younger, J. Arthur (Jesse Arthur), 1893-1967. J. Arthur Younger papers, 1951-1968. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Jacobsen, John Melseth, 1903-1966. John Melseth Jacobsen papers, 1935-1967 (bulk 1935-1949). Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Leonard, George B., 1872-1956. George B. Leonard papers, 1876-1957. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Barnett, Suzanne W. Student papers from HIAS 213, University of Virginia [manuscript], 1973 Fall. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Williams, Milton G., ca. 1903-1963. Milton G. Williams papers, 1947-1963. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Walter H. Judd papers., 1921-1993 (bulk 1940-1980). Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Committee records., 1935-1977. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Association records., 1930-1960. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn George B. Leonard papers., 1876-1957. Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf Judd, Walter Henry, 1898-1994. Walter Henry Judd papers, 1922-1988. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions archives, 1810-1961. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Pew, J. Howard (John Howard), 1882-1971. Files on the Pew Memorial Foundation, 1948-1957. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf East Side Neighborhood Services, Inc. (Minneapolis, Minn.). North East Neighborhood House records, 1889-1961, 2002-2003. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Republican Party (Minn.). State Central Committee. Committee records, 1935-1977. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Upper Mississippi Waterway Association. Association records, 1930-1976. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Lee Edwards papers, 1878-2004 Hoover Institution Archives.
creatorOf Lerman, Louis Edward, 1894-. Louis E. Lerman papers, 1917-1978 (bulk 1955-1974). Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Committee on Resettlement of Japanese Americans. Minneapolis Chapter. Chapter records, 1942-1944. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions. Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions records, 1886-1964 (inclusive). Yale University, Divinity School Library
referencedIn Barbara Stuhler Papers., 1945-2006. Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf Hawkins, Oscar F. (Oscar Ferdinand), 1872-1964. Oscar F. Hawkins and family papers, 1888-1963. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Henry Robinson Luce Papers, 1917-1967, (bulk 1945-1967) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Pew, J. Howard (John Howard), 1882-1971. Files on the Glenmede Trust Company. Committee on Grants, Donations, and Contributions, 1946-68. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Arthur W. Kramer sound recording collection, 1958-1965 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Frank P. Leslie papers., 1903-1972. Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf Judd, Walter Henry, 1898-1994. Reminiscences of Walter H. Judd : oral history, 1970. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Excelsior Fruit Growers Association (Excelsior, Minn.). Association records, 1900-1969. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Kramer, Arthur W., 1906-1998. Arthur W. Kramer sound recording collection, 1958-1965. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn North East Neighborhood House records., 1889-1961, 2002-2003. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Charles W. and Eva S. Jerome and family papers., Undated and 1855-1966. Minnesota Historical Society.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aid Refugee Chinese Intellectuals. corporateBody
associatedWith Aid Refugee Chinese Intellectuals. corporateBody
associatedWith American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. corporateBody
associatedWith American Bureau for Medical Advancement in China. corporateBody
associatedWith Association for Unite the Democracies. corporateBody
associatedWith Association of Former Members of Congress (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Association to Unite the Democracies. corporateBody
associatedWith Benson, Ezra Taft. person
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. person
associatedWith Brown, Edward Fullerton, 1891- person
associatedWith Campus Crusade for Christ. corporateBody
associatedWith Carleton College (Northfield, Minn.) corporateBody
associatedWith Carlson, Paul R. (Paul Robins), 1928- person
associatedWith Chiang, Ching-kuo, 1910-1988. person
associatedWith Chiang, Kai-shek, 1887-1975. person
associatedWith Clement, Paul, 1892-1984. person
associatedWith Committee of One Million. corporateBody
associatedWith Committee on Resettlement of Japanese Americans. Minneapolis Chapter. corporateBody
associatedWith Council for National Policy (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Drummond, Rosco, 1924- person
associatedWith Drummond, Roscoe, 1924- person
associatedWith Duke University. News Service. corporateBody
associatedWith East Side Neighborhood Services, Inc. (Minneapolis, Minn.). corporateBody
associatedWith Edwards, Lee person
associatedWith Edwards, Lee. person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969. person
associatedWith Excelsior Fruit Growers Association (Excelsior, Minn.). corporateBody
associatedWith Faith at Work (Organization) corporateBody
associatedWith Flanders, Ralph E. (Ralph Edward), 1880-1970. person
associatedWith Friends of Free China. corporateBody
associatedWith Harding University. corporateBody
associatedWith Hawkins, Oscar F. (Oscar Ferdinand), 1872-1964. person
associatedWith Heritage Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Heritage Foundation (Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hiss, Alger. person
associatedWith Hiss, Alger, 1904- person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace. corporateBody
associatedWith Hopper, Paul, person
associatedWith International Institute of Rural Reconstruction. corporateBody
associatedWith International Institution of Rural Reconstruction. corporateBody
associatedWith Jacobsen, John Melseth, 1903-1966. person
associatedWith Jerome, Charles Theodore, 1840-1899 person
associatedWith Jerome, Charles W. (Charles Waldron), 1868-1927. person
associatedWith Kramer, Arthur W., 1906-1998. person
associatedWith Lattimore, Owen, 1900-1989. person
associatedWith Leonard, George B., 1872-1956. person
associatedWith Lerman, Louis Edward, 1894- person
associatedWith Leslie, Frank P. person
correspondedWith Luce, Henry Robinson, 1898-1967. person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Mayo Clinic. corporateBody
associatedWith Minneapolis Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Minneapolis (Minn.). Mayor. corporateBody
associatedWith Moody, Blair, 1902-1954 person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Northwest Airlines, inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Oklahoma Christian College. corporateBody
associatedWith Pace, Robert S., person
associatedWith Pew, J. Howard (John Howard), 1882-1971. person
associatedWith Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961 person
associatedWith Republican Party (Minn.). State Central Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (Minn.). State Central Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (United States : 1856- ). corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Workshop of Minnesota. corporateBody
associatedWith Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Spencer, Rose Carolyn, 1891-1967. person
associatedWith Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions. corporateBody
associatedWith Stuhler, Barbara. person
associatedWith United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia. corporateBody
associatedWith United Board for Christian Higher Education in China. corporateBody
associatedWith United Nations corporateBody
associatedWith United States Capitol Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Central Intelligence Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government (1947-1949) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Forces. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Upper Mississippi Waterway Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Waite, Edward F. (Edward Foote), 1860-1958. person
associatedWith Williams, Milton G., ca. 1903-1963. person
associatedWith Younger, J. Arthur (Jesse Arthur), 1893-1967. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Minneapolis (Minn.)
Minnesota--Minneapolis
China
China
United States
Taiwan
United States
Silver Bay (N.Y.).
Silver Bay (N.Y.)
Minneapolis (Minn.)
United States
United States
China.
Minnesota
Minnesota
China
China
Subject
Army--McCarthy Controversy, 1954
Anti-communist movements
Korean War, 1950-1953
Conservatism
Aliens
Missions--China
Political conventions
Aliens--United States
International cooperation
Aged--Medical care
Electioneering--Minnesota--Minneapolis
Legislators--Interviews
Communism
Presidents--Election
Political Campaigns
Missions
Missionaries--Interviews
International relief
United Nations--Officals and employees, American
Presidents--United States--Election
Refugees
Political conventions--United States
Civil service
Civil service--United States
Conservatism--United States
Older people--Medical care
Occupation
Missionaries--China
Legislators--United States
Missionaries, Medical--China
Statesmen--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1898-09-25

Death 1994-02-13

English,

Chinese

Information

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SNAC ID: 671284