Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941

Alternative names

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Sculptor.

From the description of Gutzon Borglum letters to John A. Stewart, 1914 and [undated]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122515632

American, 1867-1918.

From the description of John Ruskin, Seated [sculpture]. [19--] (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270906576

Artist, author, and sculptor. Full name: John Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum.

From the description of Gutzon Borglum papers, 1895-1960 (bulk 1912-1941). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77110808

Sculptor; Texas and mid-west.

Brother of Solon Borglum, also a sculptor. Gutzon is most famous for carving the portraits of Lincoln, Washington, Jefferson, and Theodore Roosevelt on Mt. Rushmore.

From the description of Gutzon Borglum collection, 1926-1981. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82380397

Biographical Note

  • 1867, Mar. 25: Born near Bear Lake, Idaho
  • 1890 - 1893 : Studied art in Europe
  • 1909: Married Mary Williams Montgomery
  • 1912: Helped organize the Association of American Painters and Sculptors
  • 1912 - 1916 : Active in Progressive Party politics
  • 1915 - 1925 : Worked on Stone Mountain, Ga., Confederate memorial
  • 1916: Initiated investigation of United States military aircraft production
  • 1927 - 1941 : Worked on Mount Rushmore sculpture, Black Hills, S. Dak.
  • 1941, Mar. 6: Died, Chicago, Ill.

From the guide to the Gutzon Borglum Papers, 1895-1960, (bulk 1912-1941), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1871-1941. Card signed Christmas greetings from Borglum Ranch to: [?]. Wellesley College
referencedIn Historic sites -- Borglum studio. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
creatorOf Maxim, Hudson, 1853-1927. Hudson Maxim papers, 1883-1927, bulk (1890s-1927). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Allen Tupper True and True family papers, 1841-1987 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Roberts, Mary Fanton, 1871-1956. Mary Fanton Roberts papers, 1880-1956. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Robert H. Davis papers, 1871-1946, 1908-1942 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Mt. Rushmore Memorial [model]. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn Seydell, Mildred, 1889-1988. Mildred Seydell papers, 1842-1978. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Gage, Merrell, 1892-1981. Merrell Gage interviews, 1964 May 27 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Borglum, Mary. Autograph letter signed : Stamford, Conn., to Isadora Duncan, undated [1910 or later]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Thomson, William H. William H. Thomson papers, 1912-1950. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Montgomery Family Papers, 1771-1974, (bulk 1858-1974) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Abraham Lincoln Portraits and Memorabilia, 1860-1940. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. [Mount Rushmore National Memorial] [model]. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931. Daniel Chester French papers, circa 1848-1968 (bulk 1911-1945). Library of Congress
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Gutzon Borglum : artist file : study photographs and reproductions of works of art with accompanying documentation 1930?-1990 [graphic] [compiled by staff of The Museum of Modern Art, New York]. Frick Art Reference Library of The Frick Collection
referencedIn Stone Mountain Confederate Monumental Association. Papers, 1916-1927. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Hudson Maxim papers, 1883-1927, 1890s-1927 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Maxwell, Perriton, 1868-1947,. Perriton Maxwell collection, 1931-1932. Library of Congress
referencedIn Mallin, Millard F., 1891- . Papers, 1891-1968. Landmarks of Science Microform Service
referencedIn Daniel Carter Beard Papers, 1798-1941, (bulk 1931-1935) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Photographs, 1896-1941, n.d. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Beals, Jessie Tarbox. Photographs, 1896-1941 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Solon H. Borglum and Borglum family papers, 1864-2002 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Papers, 1847-1933. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Mary Fanton Roberts papers, 1880-1956 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn James Frank Dobie Papers 85-98; 90-021; 91-144; 93-214; 97-336; 2008-161; 2008-235; 2009-050; 2009-273., 1923-2008 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn De Vivo, Michael,. Mount Rushmore monument photographs, [ca. 1938-1939]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Gutzon Borglum letters to John A. Stewart, 1914 and [undated]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn New Yorker records, ca.1924-1984 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Gutzon Borglum papers, 1895-1960 (bulk 1912-1941). Library of Congress
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. ALS, [1927?], Metropolitan Club, Washington, D.C., to Jessie Gove Tucker. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Gordon, Armistead C. (Armistead Churchill), 1855-1931. Letters of Armistead C. Gordon, 1919-1931. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941,. Sacco and Vanzetti bas-relief [art original]. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Gutzon Borglum letters to F.E. Elwell, 1902-1903. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Bloomfield, Robert, 1766-1823,. Letters pertaining to Thomas Paine, 1804-1936. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Mayor, Harriet Hyatt, 1901-1980. Correspondence, 1862-1928. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Gurzon Borglum letter to F.E. Elwell, undated. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Borglum, Gutzon : Biographical file. Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center
creatorOf Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910. John Quincy Adams Ward papers, 1857-1915. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Letter to John G. Bowman. New York, NY. 1911 Oct. 5. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn National Sculpture Society correspondence, 1899-1904 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf The Shrine of Democracy [model] : Mt. Rushmore National Memorial. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. George Alexander Forsyth : [collection] : 1861-1920 ;. History Colorado
referencedIn Gage, Merrell, b. 1892,. Oral history interview with Merrell Gage, 1964 May 27 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. John Ruskin, Seated [sculpture]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf National Sculpture Society (U.S.). National Sculpture Society correspondence, 1899-1904. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Joseph Stephen Cullinan Collection MSS 69., ca. 1895-1939 Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library,
referencedIn Millard F. Malin papers, 1923-1968 J. Willard Marriott Library, University of UtahManuscripts Division
creatorOf Yandell, Enid. Enid Yandell papers, 1878-1982. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Wetmore, George Peabody, 1846-1921. George Peabody Wetmore papers, 1885-1916. Library of Congress
referencedIn Davies, Monica Borglum, 1903-. Oral history interview with Monica Borglum Davies, 1990 May 8-Aug. 27. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1871-1941. Typed letter signed Gutzon Borglum to: Miss Pendleton June 30, 1921. Wellesley College
creatorOf Sacco-Vanzetti 70th Anniversary Exhibition (August 23, 1997). Typescripts, 1997 Aug. 23. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
creatorOf Borglum, Solon Hannibal, 1868-1922. Solon H. Borglum and Borglum family papers, 1864-2002. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Harriet Collins Allen papers relating to Solon Borglum, 1897-1925 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Birnbaum, Martin, 1878-1970. Martin Birnbaum papers, 1862-1970. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Yandell, Enid Bland, 1869-1934. Enid Yandell : papers, 1875-1982. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Meloney, Marie Mattingly, 1883-1943. Papers, 1891-1943. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988. Oral history interview with Isamu Noguchi, 1973 Nov. 7-Dec. 26. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Elwell, Frank Edwin, 1858-1922. Letters from sculptors, from the correspondence files of the Curator of Ancient & Modern Statuary ; Miscellaneous letters from the correspondence files of the Curator of Ancient & Modern Statuary, 1892-1904. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Stone Mountain Georgia [model]. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn Allen, Harriet Collins. Harriet Collins Allen papers relating to Solon Borglum, 1897-1925. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Artists collection, ca. 1902-1939. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Hughes, Frank J., ca.1881-. Papers, 1925-1940. South Dakota State Archives
referencedIn Hanson, Gladys, 1887-1973. Gladys Hanson papers, 1908-1965. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Jessie Tarbox Beals Photograph Collection, [1900-1940] (Bulk 1904-1920) @ 2011 New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Gutzon Borglum letters and photograph, 1908 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Gutzon Borglum Papers, 1895-1960, (bulk 1912-1941) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Cummings, Homer S. (Homer Stillé), 1870-1956. Papers of Homer S. Cummings, 1886-1956. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Players (Club). Players Club letters, 1848-1941. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Dobie, J. Frank (James Frank), 1888-1964. Dobie, James Frank, papers, 1923-1967. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988. Oral history interview with Isamu Noguchi, 1973 Nov. 7-1973 Dec. 26. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Davies, Monica Borglum, 1903-. Oral history interview with Monica Borglum Davies 1990 May 8-Aug. 27. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1890 October 16 : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf True, Allen Tupper, 1881-1955. Allen Tupper True and True family papers, 1841-1987. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910. John Quincy Adams Ward papers, 1857-1915. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Robinson, Doane, 1856-1946. Papers, 1880-1946. South Dakota State Archives
creatorOf Gage, Merrell, b. 1892. Merrell Gage papers, 1911-1982. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Addresses and articles (bound), 1899-1921. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Mt. Rushmore Nat'l. Memorial, Shrine of Democracy [model]. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn De Vivo, Michael,. Mount Rushmore monument photographs, [ca. 1938-1939]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Davies, Monica Borglum, 1903-. Monica Borglum Davies interview, 1990 May 8 - August 27. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Daniel Chester French Papers, circa 1848-1968, (bulk 1911-1945) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Casey, Robert J. (Robert Joseph), 1890-1962. Robert J. Casey papers, 1907-1964. Newberry Library
referencedIn Stone Mountain Commission photograph, 1924. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1889 September 16 : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Abraham Lincoln papers, Portraits & Memorabilia, 1860-1940. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Gray, Bowman,. Papers relating to World War I, 1915-1916. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn National Association for Universal Military Training Records, 1909-1933, (bulk 1916-1919) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Gutzon Borglum collection, 1926-1981. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Tallman, William Staples, 1906-1997. Papers of William Staples Tallman, 1926-1992. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Powell, Rose Arnold, 1876-1961. Papers, 1922-1961 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Davis, Robert H. (Robert Hobart), 1869-1942. Robert H. Davis papers, 1903-1935. Nevada State Historical Society
referencedIn Gutzon Borglum [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Letter to Norman C. Meier. San Antonio, TX. 1939 Feb. 13. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Liebman, Aline Meyer, 1879-1966. Aline Meyer Liebman papers, 1906-1978. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Malin, Millard F., 1891-. Papers, 1891-1968. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott Library
creatorOf Harris, Julian Hoke, 1906-1987. Julian Hoke Harris papers, 1925-1977. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Borglum, John Gutson de la Mothe, 1867-1941 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Sully, Julia, d. 1948. Papers, 1920-1940. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Papers, 1922 - 1961 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Black Hills [model] : Mt. Rushmore. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
creatorOf Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. Gutzon Borglum letter to Anna Harriet Huntingdon, 1904. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn George Peabody Wetmore Papers, 1885-1916, (bulk 1895-1913) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, Harriet Collins. person
associatedWith Allen Tupper True and True family person
correspondedWith Arnold, Henry Harley, 1886-1950 person
correspondedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937 person
associatedWith Beals, Jessie Tarbox. person
correspondedWith Beard, Daniel Carter, 1850-1941 person
associatedWith Birnbaum, Martin, 1878-1970. person
correspondedWith Boland, John A. (John Abram), 1884-1958 person
associatedWith Borglum family. family
associatedWith Borglum family. family
correspondedWith Borglum, Lincoln, 1912-1986 person
associatedWith Borglum, Mary. person
associatedWith Borglum, Solon Hannibal, 1868-1922. person
associatedWith Boston Public Library corporateBody
associatedWith Bowman, John G. (John Gabbert), 1877-1962, person
associatedWith Casey, Robert J. (Robert Joseph), 1890-1962. person
correspondedWith Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933 person
associatedWith Cullinan, Joseph Stephen person
associatedWith Cummings, Homer S. (Homer Stillé), 1870-1956. person
correspondedWith Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948 person
associatedWith Davies, Monica Borglum, 1903- person
correspondedWith Davis, Robert H. (Robert Hobart), 1869-1942. person
associatedWith De Vivo, Michael, person
associatedWith Dobie, J. Frank (James Frank), 1888-1964 person
correspondedWith Elwell, Frank Edwin, 1858-1922 person
associatedWith Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. person
correspondedWith French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931 person
associatedWith Gage, Merrell, 1892-1981. person
associatedWith Gordon, Armistead C. (Armistead Churchill), 1855-1931. person
associatedWith Gray, Bowman, person
associatedWith Hanson, Gladys, 1887-1973. person
correspondedWith Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923 person
associatedWith Harriet Collins Allen person
associatedWith Harris, Julian Hoke, 1906-1987. person
correspondedWith Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964 person
associatedWith Howell, Warren R., person
associatedWith Howell, Warren R., Mrs, person
associatedWith Hughes, Frank J., ca.1881- person
correspondedWith Huntingdon, Anna Harriet person
correspondedWith Ickes, Harold L. (Harold LeClair), 1874-1952 person
associatedWith JESSIE TARBOX BEALS, 1870-1942 person
correspondedWith King, William Lyon Mackenzie, 1874-1950 person
associatedWith Liebman, Aline Meyer, 1879-1966. person
correspondedWith Lincoln, Robert Todd, 1843-1926 person
associatedWith Malin, Millard F., 1891- person
associatedWith Malin, Millard F., 1891-1974 person
associatedWith Mallin, Millard F., 1891- . person
associatedWith Maxim, Hudson, 1853-1927. person
associatedWith Maxwell, Perriton, 1868-1947, person
associatedWith Mayor, Harriet Hyatt, 1901-1980. person
associatedWith Meier, Norman Charles, 1893- , person
associatedWith Meloney, Marie Mattingly, 1883-1943. person
correspondedWith Montgomery family family
associatedWith Mount Rushmore National Memorial Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Mount Rushmore National Memorial Commission. Mount Rushmore National Memorial Commission records. 1920-1941. corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith National Association for Universal Military Training corporateBody
associatedWith National Sculpture Society (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith New Yorker Magazine, Inc corporateBody
associatedWith Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988 person
correspondedWith Norris, George W. (George William), 1861-1944 person
associatedWith Oglala Sioux Tribe. corporateBody
associatedWith Oglala Sioux Tribe. corporateBody
associatedWith Pendleton, Ellen F. (Ellen Fitz), 1864-1936. person
correspondedWith Pittman, Key, 1872-1940 person
associatedWith Players (Club) corporateBody
associatedWith Powell, Rose Arnold, 1876-1961. person
associatedWith Progressive Party (1912) corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Roberts, Mary Fanton person
associatedWith Roberts, Mary Fanton, 1871-1956. person
associatedWith Robinson, Corinne Roosevelt, 1861-1933 person
associatedWith Robinson, Doane, 1856-1946. person
correspondedWith Rodin, Auguste, 1840-1917 person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919 person
associatedWith Rose Arnold, 1876-1961 person
correspondedWith Rosenwald, Julius, 1862-1932 person
associatedWith Ruskin, John, 1819-1900. person
associatedWith Sacco, Nicola, 1891-1927. person
associatedWith Sacco-Vanzetti 70th Anniversary Exhibition (August 23, 1997) corporateBody
correspondedWith Sargent, Fred W. (Fred Wesley), 1876-1940 person
correspondedWith Schiff, Jacob H. (Jacob Henry), 1847-1920 person
associatedWith Seydell, Mildred, 1889-1988. person
correspondedWith Shaw, Bernard, 1856-1950 person
associatedWith Stewart, John A. person
associatedWith Stone Mountain Confederate Monumental Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Sully, Julia, d. 1948. person
associatedWith Tallman, William Staples, 1906-1997. person
associatedWith Thomson, William H. person
associatedWith True, Allen Tupper, 1881-1955. person
associatedWith Tucker, Jessie Gove. person
associatedWith Vanzetti, Bartolomeo, 1888-1927. person
associatedWith Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910. person
correspondedWith Wetmore, George Peabody, 1846-1921. person
correspondedWith White, William Allen, 1868-1944 person
correspondedWith Williamson, William, 1875-1972 person
correspondedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 person
correspondedWith Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959 person
associatedWith Yandell, Enid. person
associatedWith Yandell, Enid Bland, 1869-1934. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Stone Mountain Memorial State Park (Ga.)
Georgia
United States
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
United States
South Dakota
Stone Mountain Memorial State Park (Ga.)
Mount Rushmore National Memorial (S.D.)
Mount Rushmore National Memorial (S.D.)
Mount Rushmore National Memorial (S.D.)
Subject
Freemasonry
Law in art
Sculptors
Memorials--Georgia
Indians of North America
Progressivism (United States politics)
Presidents--Monuments
Justice in art
Sculpture
Art, American
Sculpture, American
Memorials--South Dakota
Indians of North America--Government relations
World War, 1914-1918--Equipment and supplies
World War, 1914-1918--United States--Equipment and supplies
Military aeronautics equipment industry
Memorials
Presidents--Monuments--United States
Indians of North America--South Dakota
Art--American (?)--Reproductions
Aeronautics--Societies, etc
Highway planning
Occupation
Sculptors
Authors
Artists
Function

Person

Birth 1867-03-25

Death 1941-03-06

Americans

Information

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Ark ID: w6j38vkt

SNAC ID: 32035383