Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902

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She was born near Lexington, Virginia, the second child of Thomas Hart Benton (1782–1858) and Elizabeth McDowell (1794–1854). She was born in the home of her mother's father, James McDowell. Her father, Senator Benton, had been wanting a son, but went ahead and named her in honor of his father, Jesse Benton.

Jessie was raised in Washington, D.C., more in the manner of a 19th century son than daughter, with her father, who was renowned as the "Great Expansionist," seeing to her early education and introducing her to the leading politicians of the day, an unusual thing for the period. Jessie was very close to her father and stuck by his side. He shared with her the many books and maps in the valise that always accompanied him on their trips to and from Missouri and Virginia. She began, too, to share his dream of a nation stretching from ocean to ocean. In this manner, she became well educated in the ways of social structure and the disciplines of politics, history, literature and languages. After attaining some fluency in French and Spanish, Jessie helped in the translation of government documents.

In 1840 at age 15, while studying and living at Georgetown Seminary, she met Lieutenant John C. Frémont who was in Washington preparing a report on explorations (with Joseph Nicollet as commander) he had made between the Missouri River and the northern frontier of the United States. They became engaged, but her parents objected to a marriage at that time because of her age. Probably through the influence of Col. Benton, Frémont then received an order from the war department to make an examination of the Des Moines River on the western frontier. Shortly after their return they were married on October 19, 1841.

For a while after their marriage, Jessie and her husband lived on Army posts, until Frémont was assigned the task of exploring the West and scouting land for future U.S. territorial expansion. It was this assignment that began the couple's rise to fame.

A reconciliation occurred between Jessie and her father when he promoted Frémont's famous explorations of the West. Senator Benton had been persuaded by his ailing wife to accept the marriage, and the couple moved into the Benton home. Frémont left his pregnant wife behind in the spring of 1842 to lead his first expedition to mark the trails West. He returned, however, days before the birth of their eldest child, Elizabeth Benton "Lily" Frémont, who was born November 15, 1842, in Washington D.C. He then headed off again and Jessie and the baby remained behind.

Frémont became known as the "Pathfinder to the West", after James Fenimore Cooper's novel, the Pathfinder Jessie, intensely interested in the details of his expedition, became his recorder, making notes as he described his experiences. Adding human-interest touches to these printed reports, she wrote and edited best-selling stories of the adventures Frémont had while exploring the West with his scout, Kit Carson. Thus, she involved herself in her most happy life's work, interpreting her husband and his actions for a public eager for information about the opening of the West. Written during a time when the concept of Manifest Destiny was becoming increasingly popular, these narratives were received with great enthusiasm.

Her husband was instrumental in the conquest of California, successfully taking it from Mexico as a Territory of the United States. He served as the 3rd Military Governor, in 1847. At the time of the court-martial of Frémont, during which he attempted to defend his actions in the Bear Flag Revolt, Jessie gave birth to a son, Benton Frémont, on July 24, 1848, in Washington, D.C. The baby's death, within the year in St. Louis, she blamed on her husband's accuser, General Kearny.

In 1849, Jessie and Lily made a harrowing and treacherous journey aboard ship to join Frémont in California. After disembarking and crossing the Isthmus of Panama, they boarded another vessel to San Francisco. With income from their gold mines, the Frémonts established a home and settled into San Francisco society. As a politically informed woman, Jessie was known to get involved in city politics and discuss with the men any issues that were of importance at the time.

John C. Frémont served from September 9, 1850, to March 3, 1851, as a Senator from California. Their third child, John C. Frémont Jr., was born on April 19, 1851, at Las Mariposas, California. While the couple was visiting Paris, France, their fourth child, Anne Beverly Frémont, was born on February 1, 1853. Anne died five months later, on July 11, in Washington, D.C. Their fifth and final child, Francis Preston Frémont, was born on May 17, 1855, in Washington.

In 1856, Frémont's antislavery position was instrumental in his being chosen as the first-ever Republican candidate for President. Jessie played an extremely active role in the campaign, rallying support for her husband. One particular campaign slogan read, "Frémont and Jessie too." Her father, however, a lifelong Democrat, refused to endorse her husband's bid for the presidency. This did not stop the supporters of Frémont from continuing to refer to her as the "first lady in the land," a title her admirers continued to use throughout her life.

Frémont garnered many Northern votes, but ultimately lost the election to James Buchanan, though he did surpass the American Party candidate, Millard Fillmore. Frémont was unable to carry the state of California. If he had taken the state of Pennsylvania he would have won.

In the years following, the couple moved several times, living in California, St. Louis, and New York. She played an active role in the anti-Secession movement in California in 1861 and enlisted both Unitarian minister Thomas Starr King and writer Bret Harte to her crusade. When Lincoln appointed Frémont as the Commander of the Department of the West in 1861, they returned to St. Louis.

Jessie Frémont served as her husband's unofficial aide and closest adviser. The two shared the belief that St. Louis was unprepared for war and needed reinforcements and supplies, and both pressured Washington to send more supplies and troops. She threw herself into the war effort, helping to organize a Soldier's Relief Society in St. Louis, and becoming very active in the Western Sanitary Commission, which provided medicine and nursing to soldiers injured in the war.

One of the most impressive feats of her political career came shortly after Frémont lost his position during the Civil War for issuing his own edict of emancipation, summarily freeing all of the slaves in Missouri, which antedated Lincoln's own Emancipation Proclamation. Jessie actually traveled to Washington and pleaded with Lincoln on behalf of her husband, but to no avail.

The Frémonts would not live in St. Louis again, moving to New York and then California. In the Panic of 1873, John C. Frémont, who had invested heavily in railroad stock, lost everything and declared bankruptcy. Undaunted by their financial situation, Jessie began writing books to help support the family, namely A Year of American Travel: Narrative of Personal Experience (1878), a story about her journey to California in 1849, and Souvenirs of My Time (1887).

From 1878 to 1881, John C. Frémont served as Governor of the Territory of Arizona. Three months after being allowed to resign from the Army with pension, he died in 1890 in a hotel in New York.

After the death of her husband, the Congress, in recognition of his valued services, granted Jessie a widow's pension of $2,000 a year. In 1891, she moved into a home at the corner of 28th and Hoover Streets in Los Angeles, that was presented to her by a committee of ladies of the city as a token of their great regard. She remained in good health until about two and a half years before her death when an accident made her an invalid, but she was able to use a wheelchair and enjoy the outdoors.

Jessie Benton Frémont died at age 78 at her home in Los Angeles. A huge box of fragrant and beautiful roses was sent on December 29, 1902, by Mrs. James A. Garfield. The rites of the Episcopal Church were conducted at 10:30 a.m. on December 30, at Christ Church, on the corner of Pico and Flower Streets. She was cremated and her ashes interred in Rosedale Cemetery.

In 1960, actress Lorna Thayer was cast as Jessie Frémont in the episode, "The Gentle Sword" of the syndicated television anthology series, Death Valley Days. In the story line, the Frémonts, in California during the gold rush, become involved in a mining claim dispute; Mrs. Frémont stares down organized claim jumpers.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Fields, James Thomas, 1817-1881. James Thomas Fields Papers and Addenda, 1767-1914 (bulk 1850-1914) Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Jayhawker Party Collection of Materials, 1849-1938 (bulk 1850-1887) The Huntington Library
referencedIn Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. [Letter] 1879 June 12th, [New York? to] Mr. Lester / J.C. Frémont. Jenks Library at Gordon College, Jenks Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, [1868?] June 15 : [s.l.], to Mr. McClure. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf French, J. W. (John William), 1810?-1871. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Burlingame, Anson, 1820-1870. Anson Burlingame and Edward L. Burlingame family papers, 1810-1922. Library of Congress
referencedIn Sherman, Isaac, 1818-1881. Papers of Isaac Sherman, 1832-1913 (bulk 1848-1881). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Stone, Irving, 1903-1989. Irving Stone papers, 1923-1990s (bulk 1934-1989). UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. AMsS, [1890 or 1891] : [Los Angeles], to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Talbot, Theodore, 1825-1862. Papers of Theodore Talbot, 1837-1867. Library of Congress
referencedIn Pickard-Whittier papers, 1815-1915. Houghton Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1886 May 16 : [Washington, D.C.], to Mr. Belford. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914. Papers, 1830-1980 The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Manuscripts Department
contributorOf 1887 - File No. 1972 - Fremont, Jessie Benton - New Mexico United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. AMsS, [18--] : to Mrs. Botta. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, [1862?] December 10 : [s.l.], to unknown. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf John Charles Frémont papers, 1862-1889. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Kohns, Lee, d. 1927,. Lee Kohns memorial collection, ca. 1400-ca. 1900. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ADS, 1872 May 7 : [s.l.]. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Frontier women II microfilm set, 1821-1919, [microform]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1890 October 15 : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf John Charles Frémont and Jessie Benton Frémont Papers, 1828-1980, (bulk 1835-1890) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Letter to Mrs. Merrill, 1897 December 31. Natural History Museum Los Angeles County Foundation, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1895 December 11 : Los Angeles, to Edward William Bok. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, [1881] February 2 : [s.l.], to Mrs. Townsend. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914. Papers of Caroline Maria Seymour Severance, 1830-1980 (bulk) 1860-1914. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Mary Sheldon Barnes Pacific Slope Collection, 1769-1898 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1840 December 13 : [New York], to Mr. [James Thomas] Fields. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Papers, 1834-1959 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Davis, William Morris, 1815-1891. Letters, 1853-1879. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Jessie Benton Frémont letter in defense of Thomas Hart Benton, circa 1850-1902 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887. Papers, 1798-1893 (bulk 1827-1887) Houghton Library
creatorOf Rogers, William King, 1828-1893. William King Rogers papers, 1879-1884. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1901 March 18, Monday : Los Angeles, to Edward William Bok. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. AMs, 1888 May 19 : Los Angeles, California. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. TMsS, [1887]. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. Letters, 1861-1890. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn John C. & Jessie Benton Frémont papers, 1850-1887 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Letter from Jessie Benton Frémont, Washington, to her aunt [manuscript] 1845 July 8. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Frémont letters, 1861-1890 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, [1871?] July 11 : Pocaho, to Mr. Timky. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Benjamin, Walter Romeyn, 1854-1943. Walter Romeyn Benjamin collection, 1823-1928. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, [18--] : [s.l.], to Mrs. Frile. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Approved Pension File for Jessie Benton Fremont, Widow of Major General John C. Fremont, U.S. Army (WC-277227) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Correspondence and other papers, 1831-1891. Houghton Library
creatorOf Royce, Josiah, 1855-1916. Materials relating to General John C. Frémont and the conquest of California, 1885. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1890 October, Tuesday : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Blair, Francis Preston, 1791-1876. Blair family papers, 1755-1968 (bulk 1829-1892). Library of Congress
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Jessie Benton Frémont letter in defense of Thomas Hart Benton [manuscript], circa 1850-1902. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1889 September 16 : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1883 February 17 : New Brighton, Staten Island, New York, to Mrs. Bracey. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Hamlin, Joanne. Papers, 1975. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, [1890] April 24 : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn King, Thomas Starr, 1824-1864. ALS : San Francisco, to Charlotte B. Whipple, 1860 May 20. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882. Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (bulk 1820-1888) Houghton Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1889 October 29 : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, [1861?] December 30 : [s.l.], to Hon. Schuyler Colfax. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Horace Greeley Papers, 1812-1928, (bulk 1860-1872) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Irving Stone papers, 1923-1990s, (bulk 1934-1989) Bancroft Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Memoirs. By Jessie Benton Fremont and Frank P. Fremont. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1887 May 7 : Washington, D.C., to Edward William Bok. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1884 January 18 : New Brighton, Staten Island, New York, to Mrs. Day. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, [1866?] August 29 : Pocaho near Tarrytown, to [Mr. Cox]. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Green, Julia Boynton. Papers of Julia Boynton Green, 1891-1950. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Frémont family. Frémont family papers, [ca. 1839-1927]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Autograph File, F, 1447-1994. Houghton Library
creatorOf Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. [Documents, 1828-1985, relating to John C. Frémont]. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Barnes, Mary Sheldon, 1850-1898. Mary Sheldon Barnes collection of Pacific Slope materials, 1769-1898. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Letter to Mr. Botta, Saturday and Mrs. Townsend, Aug. 13 / J.B. Frémont. University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
creatorOf Darling, Flora Adams, 1840-1910. Papers, 1862-1908, 1890-1908. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1890 September 5 : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Letter : Washington, D.C., to [Elizabeth] Peabody, n.p., 1886 July 24. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Albert Tracy papers, 1843-1893 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Letters of Jessie Benton Frémont, 1897-1898. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874. Correspondence, 1829-1874 Houghton Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Autograph letters signed (4) : New Brighton, Staten Island, etc., to Harper & Brothers, 1878 Mar. 4-1878 Jun. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, [185-] : [s.l.], to Mr. Blunt. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Tracy, Albert, 1818-1893. Albert Tracy papers, 1843-1893. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. John Charles Frémont and Jessie Benton Frémont papers, 1828-1980 (bulk 1835-1890). Library of Congress
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1866 July 6 : Pocaho, near Tarrytown, to Philip Fendall. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Beale, Edward Fitzgerald, 1822-1893. Beale family papers from the Decatur House, 1794-1957. Library of Congress
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1889 June 15 : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, [1843?] May 22 : to Col. John James Abert. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Jayhawker Party Collection of Materials, 1849-1938 (bulk 1850-1887) The Huntington Library
creatorOf Talbot, Theodore, 1825-1862. Theodore Talbot letters to his family : mss., 1843-1861. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Frémont Family Papers, circa 1839-1927 Bancroft Library
creatorOf Frémont family. Frémont family letters : Los Angeles, Calif., to Mr. & Mrs. N.C. Carter, Sierra Madre, Calif. : ALS, 1895 December 6 & 16. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Oak, Henry Lebbeus, 1844-1905. Henry Lebbeus Oak papers, 1884-1905. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1882 April 12 : Suffern, Rockland County, New York, to Mr. Thomas F. Gantt, Saint Louis. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ANS, 1886 June 1 : Chicago, to the Press. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Spring, Rebecca. Rebecca Spring papers, ca. 1830-1900. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Edward William Bok Papers, 1880-1926, (bulk 1920-1925) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Spencer, Lilly Martin, 1822-1902. Lilly Martin Spencer papers, 1825-1971. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Stephen Johnson Field Letters Addressed to Him, 1862-1896 Bancroft Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, [1847] February 16 : [s.l.], to The President [James K. Polk]. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Flora Adams Darling Papers, 1862-1908 Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Letter : St. Louis, to Mr. Claiborne, 1843 October 30. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Monterey Public Library. California History Room. Authors clippings : "F" [surname] folder 1937-1992. Monterey Public Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Correspondence to George H. Boker, undated. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Houghton, S. O. (Sherman Otis), 1828-1914. Papers of Sherman Otis Houghton, 1831-1914 (bulk 1860-1900). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Gray, Harry. Women of California [sound recording] / recorded by Harry Gray, 1973-1974. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1887 September 8 : Point Pleasant, to John Raines. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1901 March 28 : Los Angeles, to Edward William Bok. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894. Papers, 1840-1896. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Rust, Horatio Nelson, 1828-1906. Papers of Horatio Nelson Rust, 1799-1906 (bulk 1870-1906). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1901 March 13 : Los Angeles, to Edward William Bok. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1890 October 16 : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Letter to Charles Wood Irish. Washington, DC. 1886 May 31. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Autograph File, F, 1447-1994. Houghton Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1902 March 1 : Los Angeles, to J.P. Etheridge, Denver, Colorado. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1890 August 28 : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Pickard-Whittier papers, 1815-1915. Houghton Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, [1861 or 1862] : to Maj. Genl. Fremont, Head Quarters, St. Louis. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn California photographs : album, 1885-1899. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1890 April 7 : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1885 December 25 : New York, to Mr. Farrington. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Blair Family Papers, 1755-1968, (bulk 1829-1892) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Frontier women II microfilm set, 1821-1919 [microform]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Edwards, Sara K. Upton. Letter to her sister, Louise (Mrs. Kellogg B. Finley) : West Point, N.Y. : ALS, 1872, May 20. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Lilly Martin Spencer papers, 1825-1971. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1885 December 16 : New York, to Mr. Farrington. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1889 April 5 : Los Angeles, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Hay, John, 1838-1905. Correspondence, 1854-1914, "Fiske" to "Gilder." Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
creatorOf McDowell, James, 1770-1835. Papers of James McDowell [manuscript], 1752-1878. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Frémont correspondence, 1871-1906 (bulk 1898-1906). Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn Beale Family Papers from the Decatur House, 1794-1957 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Hosmer, Harriet Goodhue, 1830-1908. Papers, 1834-1959 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Anson Burlingame and Edward L. Burlingame Family Papers, 1810-1922 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1891 February 9 : Santa Monica, to Robert Underwood Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. ALS, 1874 April 7, Thursday : 44 Park Avenue, New York, to Albert Bierstadt. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872. Horace Greeley papers, 1812-1928 (bulk 1860-1872). Library of Congress
referencedIn Jayhawker Party. Collection of materials related to the Jayhawker Party, 1849-1938 (bulk 1850-1887). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915 Houghton Library
creatorOf Morton, William J. (William James), 1846-1920. William J. Morton papers, 1873-1890. UC Berkeley Libraries
contributorOf 1866 - Fremont, Jessie Benton - File No. F26 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Lee Kohns collection, ca. 1400-ca. 1900 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Bok, Edward William, 1863-1930. Edward William Bok papers, 1880-1926 (bulk 1920-1925). Library of Congress
creatorOf Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902. Jessie Benton Freḿont letter, 1888. University of the Pacific, William Knox Holt Memorial Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abert, John James, 1788-1863. person
associatedWith Bandini, Arturo. person
associatedWith Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894. person
associatedWith Barnes, Mary Sheldon, 1850-1898. person
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correspondedWith Beale family family
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associatedWith Benjamin, Walter Romeyn, 1854-1943. person
associatedWith Benton, Thomas Hart, family
associatedWith Benton, Thomas Hart, 1782-1858. person
associatedWith Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902. person
correspondedWith Blair family family
associatedWith Blair, Montgomery, 1813-1883. person
associatedWith Blunt, Ellen. person
associatedWith Bok, Edward William, 1863-1930. person
associatedWith Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941. person
associatedWith Boring, Susan M. person
associatedWith Botta, Vincenzo. person
associatedWith Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925. person
associatedWith Burlingame, Anson, 1820-1870. person
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associatedWith Darling, Flora Adams, 1840-1910. person
associatedWith Davis, William Morris, 1815-1891. person
correspondedWith Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887 person
associatedWith Dobbin, James C. (James Cochran), 1814-1857. person
associatedWith Edwards, Sara K. Upton. person
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associatedWith Fields, James Thomas, 1817-1881. person
correspondedWith Field, Stephen Johnson, 1816-1899 person
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correspondedWith Frémont, Jessie Benton, family
associatedWith Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. person
associatedWith Fremont, John Charles, 1851-1911. person
associatedWith Frémont, Lily, b. 1842. person
associatedWith French, J. W. (John William), 1810?-1871. person
associatedWith Gantt, Thomas F. person
associatedWith Goodwin, William Archer Rutherfoord, 1869-1939 person
correspondedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872. person
associatedWith Green, Julia Boynton. person
associatedWith Hamlin, Joanne. person
associatedWith Harper & Brothers, corporateBody
associatedWith HARRIET GOODHUE HOSMER, 1830-1908 person
associatedWith Hay, John, 1838-1905. person
associatedWith Hoar, George Frisbie, 1826-1904 person
associatedWith Hosmer, Harriet Goodhue, 1830-1908. person
associatedWith Houghton, S. O. (Sherman Otis), 1828-1914. person
associatedWith Irish, C.W. (Charles Wood), person
associatedWith Jayhawker Party. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937. person
associatedWith King, Thomas Starr, 1824-1864. person
associatedWith Kohns, Lee, 1864-1927 person
associatedWith Kohns, Lee, d. 1927, person
correspondedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882 person
associatedWith Lyon Gardiner Tyler. person
associatedWith Mahone, William, 1826-1895 person
associatedWith McDowell, James, 1770-1835. person
associatedWith Monterey Public Library. California History Room. corporateBody
associatedWith Morgan, John Tyler, 1824-1907 person
associatedWith Morton, William J. (William James), 1846-1920. person
associatedWith Oak, Henry Lebbeus, 1844-1905. person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
correspondedWith Park, T. W. (Trenor William), 1823-1882 person
associatedWith Parsons, George Whitwell, 1850-1933. person
correspondedWith Parton, James, 1822-1891 person
associatedWith Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer, 1804-1894 person
associatedWith Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869 person
correspondedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Polk, James K. (James Knox), 1795-1849. person
associatedWith Raines, John, 1840-1909. person
associatedWith Roach, John, 1813-1887. person
associatedWith Rogers, William King, 1828-1893. person
associatedWith Royce, Josiah, 1855-1916. person
associatedWith Rust, Horatio Nelson, 1828-1906. person
associatedWith Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914. person
correspondedWith Sherman, Isaac, 1818-1881. person
associatedWith Spencer, Lilly Martin, 1822-1902. person
associatedWith Spring, Rebecca. person
associatedWith Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1812-1883 person
associatedWith Stone, Irving, 1903-1989. person
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
correspondedWith Talbot, Theodore, 1825-1862. person
associatedWith The Jayhawker party corporateBody
associatedWith Tracy, Albert, 1818-1893. person
associatedWith Tracy, Albert Haller, 1793-1859 person
associatedWith United States. Army. Mountain Department. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Western Department. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Wisconsin--Madison. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections. corporateBody
associatedWith Waring, George E. (George Edwin), 1833-1898 person
memberOf Western Sanitary Commission corporateBody
correspondedWith Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892 person
associatedWith William E. Barton Collection of Lincolniana (University of Chicago) corporateBody
associatedWith YMCA of Los Angeles. corporateBody
associatedWith Yount, George Concepcion, 1794-1865. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
District of Columbia DC US
St. Louis MO US
Los Angeles CA US
San Francisco CA US
Prescott AZ US
Rockbridge County VA US
Subject
Periodicals
Missions
Artists, American
Presidents--United States--Election--1856
Authors and publishers
Authors, American
Ships--Launching
political activism
Postal service
Slavery, abolition, and emancipation
Slavery
Voyages and travels
Correspondence
Patriotic societies
Slavery--Public opinion
Daughters of the American Revolution
Explorers
Civil War, 1861-1865
Patents
Bear Flag Revolt, 1846
Railroad travel
Material Types
Mexican War, 1846-1848
General Society of the Daughters of the Revolution
Oregon
Pioneers
presidents
Land titles
National Society, United States Daughters of 1812
Slavery--Public opinion--Oregon
Abolitionism
National parks and reserves
Occupation
Authors
Politicians
Army officers
Explorers
Abolitionists
Activity

Person

Birth 1824-05-31

Death 1902-12-27

Female

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w65t3phs

SNAC ID: 15088686