Franklin, John Hope, 1915-2009

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Dean of African American historians, John Hope Franklin was born January 2, 1915 in Rentriesville, Oklahoma. His family relocated to Tulsa, Oklahoma shortly after the Tulsa Disaster of 1921. Franklin's mother, Mollie was a teacher and his father, B.C. Franklin was an attorney who handled lawsuits precipitated by the famous Tulsa Race Riot. Graduating from Booker T. Washington High School in 1931, Franklin received an A.B. from Fisk University in 1935 and went on to attend Harvard University, where he received his A.M. and Ph.D. degrees in history.

Franklin began his teaching career at Fisk University before moving on to St. Augustine's College. It was at North Carolina Central University, in 1945, with a $500 advance from Alfred A. Knopf, and help from his wife, Aurelia, that Franklin began writing the classic African American history text, From Slavery to Freedom. The book, co-authored by Alfred A. Moss, Jr. is now in its seventh edition and is published in several different languages. Franklin taught at Howard University for nine years, before becoming the first black to chair the History Department at Brooklyn College in 1956. He was then hired by the University of Chicago in 1964 and chaired the History Department from 1967 to 1970. There, he served as the John Matthews Manly Distinguished Service Professor from 1969 to 1982, when he was made Professor Emeritus. In 1982, Franklin joined the faculty at Duke University as the James B. Duke Professor Emeritus of History.

Active in professional organizations, Franklin has been president of the Southern Historical Society, the Organization of American Historians and the American Historical Association. He is a life long member of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History, where he served on the editorial board of the Journal of Negro History. In 1997, he was appointed by President Bill Clinton as chairman of the advisory board for One America, the President's Initiative on Race. Franklin has written hundreds of articles and at least 15 books. His recent works include Runaway Slaves: Rebels on the Plantations with Loren Schweninger, George Washington Williams: A Biography and a book about his father My Life and an Era: the Autobiography of Buck Colbert Franklin as well as his own autobiography, The Vintage Years. In 1978 Who's Who in America selected Franklin as one of eight Americans who have made significant contributions to society. Among his many other awards are the Organization of American Historians Award for Outstanding Achievement and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In June 1997, PBS aired First Person Singular: John Hope Franklin, a film produced by Lives and Legacies Films.

Still sought after as a lecturer and advisor, Franklin lives in Durham, North Carolina, where he cultivates orchids.

Franklin was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on November 28, 2003.

Bibliography

Franklin, John Hope. The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790 - 1860. University of North Carolina Press, 1943. ---. From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans. Alfred A. Knopf, 1947. Revised 1957, 1967, 1974, 1980, 1984, 1994. ---. The Militant South, 1800 - 1860. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1956. ---. Reconstruction After the Civil War. University of Chicago Press, 1961. ---. The Emancipation Proclamation. Doubleday & Company, 1963. ---. Land of the Free, with John W. Caughey and Ernest R. May. Franklin Publications, Benziger Brothers, 1965. ---. Illustrated History of Black Americans. Time-Life, Inc., 1970. ---. A Southern Odyssey: Travelers in the Ante-bellum North. Louisiana State University Press, 1976. ---. Racial Equality in America. University of Chicago Press, 1976. ---. George Washington Williams: A Biography. University of Chicago Press, 1985. ---. Race and History: Selected Essays 1938 - 1988. Louisiana State University Press, 1990. ---. The Color Line: Legacy for the Twenty-First Century.. University of Missouri Press, 1993.

From The HistoryMakers™ biography: https://www.thehistorymakers.org/biography/A2003.281

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Alice M. Rivlin Papers, 1963-1988 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Politics in the American South, 1984. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Julie Andrews collection, 1970. University of Maryland Libraries
referencedIn Duke University. Auxiliary Services. Media Services. Media Services audio and video recordings, 1963-2005. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Graham, Frank Porter, 1886-1972. Frank Porter Graham papers, 1908-1990. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Thurgood Marshall Papers, 1949-1991, (bulk 1961-1991) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Horace Mann Bond Papers, 1830-1979, 1926-1972 Special Collections and University Archives, UMass Amherst Libraries
referencedIn Woodward, C. Vann (Comer Vann), 1908-1999. C. Vann Woodward papers, 1804-2004 (inclusive), 1804-2000 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Johnson, Charles Spurgeon, 1893-1956. Charles Spurgeon Johnson records, 1858-1956. John Hope and Aurelia E. Franklin Library. Special Collections & Archives
referencedIn Sampson, Edith S. (Edith Spurlock), 1901?-1979. Papers, 1927-1979 (inclusive) 1934-1979 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Franklin, John Hope, 1915-2009. Lecture notes in History 12, 1936. Harvard University, Archives
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. Series V., Editor Files, 1873-1984 (bulk 1960-1980). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Herbert George Gutman papers, 1949-1985 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Southern Christian Leadership Conference. President's Office tape recordings, 1965-1969. Martin Luther King, Jr., Memorial Center
referencedIn Logan, Rayford Whittingham, 1897-. Papers, 1916-1982. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
creatorOf Briggs, Asa, 1921-. Papers of the Page-Barbour and Richard Lecture Committees, 1963-1989. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Carlton C. Qualey papers, 1865, 1904-1988. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Branton, Wiley A. Papers, 1946-1989. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
referencedIn Eggan, Joan Rosenfels, 1906-1999. Joan Rosenfels Eggan papers, 1958-1998 (inclusive) University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Franklin, John Hope, 1915-2009. Lyman Abbott and the social gospel / by John Hope Franklin. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn United Church Board for Homeland Ministries. Race Relations Dept (1943-1970). Archives. 1943-1970. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Emanuel, James A. James A. Emanuel papers, 1922-1995 (bulk 1960-1995). Library of Congress
referencedIn Feeney, Mark. Mark Feeney papers, 1991. Yale University Library
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. : Series II., Alfred A. Knopf Personal, 1874-1984 (bulk 1953-1984). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Eppse, Merl R. (Merl Raymond), b. 1893. Merl R. Eppse papers, 1927-1961. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
referencedIn Durr, Virginia Foster. Papers: Series I, 1919-1988 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Weston, M. Moran, 1910-. Papers, 1824-1994. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Robinson, Armstead L. Papers of Armstead Robinson [manuscript], ca. 1964-1995. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn James A. Emanuel Papers, 1922-1995, (bulk 1960-1995) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Green, Constance McLaughlin, 1897-1975. Constance McLaughlin Green papers, 1920-1969 (bulk 1953-1963). Library of Congress
referencedIn Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993. Thurgood Marshall papers, 1949-1991 (bulk 1961-1991). Library of Congress
referencedIn Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993. Papers, 1949-1991 (bulk 1961-1991). Library of Congress
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. : Series I., General Correspondence, 1922-1977 (bulk 1946-1966). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Shepard, James E. James E. Shepard papers, 1905-1947 (bulk 1940-1947). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Boorstin, Daniel J. (Daniel Joseph), 1914-2004. Daniel J. Boorstin papers, 1882-1995 (bulk 1944-1994). Library of Congress
creatorOf Phelps Stokes Fund. Correspondence : with Marian Anderson, 1962-1976. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Texas African-American Heritage Organization, Inc. Records 90-201; 90-231; 90-281; 91-198; 2003-155., 1938-2003 (bulk 1960-1967, 1980-1990) Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Julius Rosenwald Fund. Julius Rosenwald Fund records, 1917-1948. John Hope and Aurelia E. Franklin Library. Special Collections & Archives
referencedIn Smith, H. Shelton (Hilrie Shelton), 1893-1987. Hilrie Shelton Smith papers, 1941-1983. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Gutman, Herbert G. (Herbert George), 1928-1985. Herbert George Gutman papers, 1949-1985. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Rivlin, Alice M. Alice M. Rivlin papers, 1963-1988. Library of Congress
creatorOf Redding, Jay Saunders, 1906-1988. Papers, [ca. 1940-1980]. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Texas Educational Media Program. KLRU-TEMP Video Collection, 1961-1963 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Lorenzo Johnston Greene Papers, 1680-1988, (bulk 1933-1972) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Carter Godwin Woodson Papers, 1736-1974, (bulk 1915-1950) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Franklin, John Hope, 1915-2009. Papers, (uncataloged) 1927-1998 (bulk 1960-1998. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Kluger, Richard. Brown vs. Board of Education collection, 1950-1975 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Durr, Virginia Foster. Papers, 1904-1991. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Julie Andrews Collection, 1970, 1970 University of Maryland
referencedIn M. Moran Weston Papers, 1824-1994 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn KLRU-TEMP Video Collection 67-164., 1961-1963 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Elwood, William A. Papers of William A. Elwood, 1984-1989. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Elwood, William A. William A. Elwood Civil Rights Lawyers Project collection [manuscript], 1984-1989. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Greene, Lorenzo J. (Lorenzo Johnston), 1899-1988. Lorenzo Johnston Greene papers, 1680-1988 (bulk 1933-1972). Library of Congress
creatorOf NONMUSIC RECORDING (COLLECTION) Audio materials, 1956-1977 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Audio materials, 1956-1977 [sound recording]. Library of Congress
creatorOf Davis, Russell Howard, 1897-1976. Papers, 1897-1976. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Bellamy, Edward, 1850-1898. Compositions, 1860-1939. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Constance McLaughlin Green Papers, 1920-1969, (bulk 1953-1963) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Roper, John Herbert, 1948-. John Herbert Roper papers, 1979-2003. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Hesseltine, William Best, 1902-1963. Papers, 1856-1964. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Daniel J. Boorstin Papers, 1882-1995, (bulk 1944-1994) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Greene, Lorenzo J. (Lorenzo Johnston), 1899-1988. Papers, 1680-1988 (bulk 1933-1972). Library of Congress
referencedIn Lincoln University (Pa.). Office of the President. Marvin Wachman records, 1958-1970. Lincoln University, Langston Hughes Memorial Library, Langston Hughes Memorial Library
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf The HistoryMakers Video Oral History with John Hope Franklin The HistoryMakers
Relation Name
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correspondedWith Boorstin, Daniel J. (Daniel Joseph), 1914-2004. person
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associatedWith Davis, Russell Howard, 1897-1976. person
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associatedWith Eppse, Merl R. (Merl Raymond), b. 1893. person
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correspondedWith Green, Constance McLaughlin, 1897-1975. person
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correspondedWith Lincoln University (Pa.). Office of the President. corporateBody
correspondedWith Logan, Rayford Whittingham, 1897- person
correspondedWith Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993. person
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. corporateBody
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associatedWith Redding, Jay Saunders, 1906-1988. person
correspondedWith Rivlin, Alice M. person
associatedWith Robinson, Armstead L. person
associatedWith Roper, John Herbert, 1948- person
associatedWith Sampson, Edith S. (Edith Spurlock), 1901?-1979. person
associatedWith Shepard, James E. person
associatedWith Smith, H. Shelton (Hilrie Shelton), 1893-1987. person
associatedWith Southern Christian Leadership Conference. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas African-American Heritage Organization, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Texas Educational Media Program corporateBody
associatedWith United Church Board for Homeland Ministries. Race Relations Dept (1943-1970) corporateBody
associatedWith Weston, M. Moran, 1910- person
associatedWith Williams, David A. (David Alvernon), 1925- person
correspondedWith Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950 person
associatedWith Woodward, C. Vann (Comer Vann), 1908-1999. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Durham (N.C.)
Rentriesville (Okla.)
Subject
Occupation
African American History Professor
Function

Person

Birth 1915-01-02

Death 2009-03-25

Birth 19150102

Death 20090325

Americans

English

Information

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