Toscanini, Arturo

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Conductor.

From the description of Arturo Toscanini souvenir card, 1952 summer. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 501180914

Italian conductor, considered one of the greatest of the early 20th century. Started his career in Italy and spent much of his later years in the United States.

From the description of Autograph letter signed, from Toscanini to Mme Emmy Destinn, n.d. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754872455

Italian conductor.

From the description of Printed document signed, dated : New York, 12 March 1934, 1934 Mar. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270873942

From the description of Photograph, signed and dated, of Bronislaw Huberman, Toscanini, and an unidentified orchestra : Tel Aviv, 26 December 1936, 1936 Dec. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270677789

From the description of Autograph letter signed and telegram, dated : [Milan], 8 March and 3 April 1908, to Claude Debussy, 1908 Mar. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270677776

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London, n.d.], to an unidentified recipient, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270677786

From the description of Printed card of Arturo and Carla Toscanini with unidentified handwriting, dated : [New York?, 1933?], to an unidentified recipient, 1933?. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270677782

From the description of Telegram and printed invitation, dated and undated : New York, February 1928, and [n.d.], to Harry Harkness Flagler, 1928 Feb. and n.d. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270677778

Arturo Toscanini was born in Parma, Italy, on March 25, 1867, and died in Riverdale, New York, on January 16, 1957. Many regard him as one of the world's greatest conductors. In addition, Toscanini's anti-Fascist stance during World War II distinguished him as a symbol of freedom and humanity. His extraordinarily long career began in 1886, when Italian orchestral conductors were still relatively few in number, and extended into the 1950s, by which time his radio and television broadcasts had transformed him into a cultural icon.

From the description of The Toscanini Legacy papers, 1686-1993 (bulk 1800-1970). (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 144652159

Arturo Toscanini was a renowned Italian conductor famous for his work with the NBC Symphony Orchestra from 1937 to 1954.

Born in Parma, Italy in 1867, Toscanini was educated at the Parma Conservatory. He first conducted in Rio de Janeiro in 1886; by 1898, he was chief conductor at La Scala, where he was to work until 1929. During this period, he also conducted at the Metropolitan Opera (1908-1915) and was a guest conductor for the New York Philharmonic (1926-1928).

In 1928, he accepted the conductorship of the newly formed Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra of New York, where he stayed until his first retirement in 1936. In 1937, NBC persuaded him to return to conduct a series of concerts with the NBC Symphony ORchestra, an orchestra created especially for him. He led this orchestra until he was forced into a second retirement in 1954.

Toscanini's other important engagements included the BBC Symphony Orchestra (1935, 1937-1939), the Bayreuth Festival (1930, 1931), the Vienna Philharmonic (1933, and at the Salzburg Festival 1934-1937), and the Lucerne Festival (1938, 1939). He also worked with many famous performers, including Jussi Björling, Emanuel Feuermann, Jascha Heifetz, Vladimir Horowitz, Alexander Kipnis, Zinka Milanov, Jan Peerce, and William Primrose. He died in Riverdale, N.Y. on January 16, 1957.

From the description of The Toscanini Legacy collection of sound recordings [sound recording], 1926-1968, 1940-1957 (bulk). (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122575894

Arturo Toscanini was born in Parma, Italy, on March 25, 1867, and died in Riverdale, New York, on January 16, 1957. Many regard him as the world's greatest conductor. In addition, Toscanini's anti-Fascist stance during World War II distinguished him as a symbol of freedom and humanity.

Toscanini received his musical training at the Parma Conservatory, and by thirteen he was playing cello in the local opera orchestra. A stint with a traveling opera company led to one of the most remarkable debuts in musical history: for a performance of Verdi's Aida in Rio de Janeiro the nineteen-year-old Toscanini was pulled out of the cello section to substitute for the absent conductor. Toscanini, who had never conducted professionally, led the entire performance from memory.

Returning to Italy, Toscanini honed his craft by conducting at second-rank theaters. He continued to play the cello and was in the orchestra at the first performance of Verdi's Otello. In 1895 Toscanini was appointed musical director of the Teatro Regio in Turin, and in 1896 he conducted his first symphonic concerts. The following summer he married Carla De Martini, and their son, Walter, was born in 1898. Daughters Wally and Wanda followed in 1899 and 1907, respectively.

Toscanini was appointed musical director of the Teatro alla Scala in 1898. While there, he set standards that reinvigorated traditional operatic interpretations. In 1908 Toscanini transferred his talents to the Metropolitan Opera. After seven seasons in New York, he resigned and returned to Europe. With Italy's entry into World War I, he conducted patriotic benefit concerts and even led an army band on the battlefield. After the war Toscanini returned to La Scala, where he supervised a complete overhaul of the company. As a result, La Scala enjoyed a decade of unprecedented artistic success, including the orchestra's tours of North America. At this time Toscanini made his first phonograph recordings.

With the political situation in Europe worsening, in 1926 Toscanini accepted an invitation to conduct the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. He continued to appear at La Scala through the 1929 season. Toscanini made his first appearance at the Bayreuth Festival in 1930, despite the protest of members of Richard Wagner's family who objected to a non-German on the podium. In 1931 Toscanini became embroiled in a political incident with worldwide repercussions: after refusing to play the Fascist hymn at a concert in Bologna, he was beaten by a group of thugs. He was subsequently warned to leave the city, and his passport was confiscated. The international outcry was phenomenal, and Toscanini's battle with Mussolini became a symbol of the struggle for democracy in Europe.

As World War II approached, Toscanini continued to assert his political beliefs. In 1933 he refused Hitler's invitation to perform at the Bayreuth Festival. The following summer he conducted at the Salzburg Festival, initiating a legendary series of concert and opera performances. Toscanini continued to perform in Salzburg until 1938, when the political situation in Austria compelled him to resign. He participated instead in the inaugural concerts of the Palestine Symphony Orchestra. In 1944 Toscanini appeared in a pro-democracy film entitled Hymn of the Nations.

Toscanini continued as principal conductor of the New York Philharmonic through April 1936. At that time, David Sarnoff, the president of RCA, proposed the formation of an elite radio orchestra expressly for Toscanini's use. The NBC Symphony broadcast its first concert under Toscanini's direction on Christmas night in 1937. The impact of the NBC Symphony's live and recorded performances on America's cultural life was immense, helping to initiate the music appreciation movement of the 1940s.

In 1946 Toscanini returned to Italy in triumph to open the renovated Teatro alla Scala, which had been demolished during the war. Besides his NBC duties, which included a tour of the United States in 1950, he continued to conduct in Europe. In 1954 Toscanini made his last concert appearance, conducting the NBC Symphony Orchestra in an all-Wagner concert. He died three years later, two months shy of his ninetieth birthday.

From the guide to the The Toscanini Legacy papers, 1686-1993, 1800-1970, (The New York Public Library. Music Division.)

Alan Shulman was a composer, cellist and arranger. Born in Baltimore on June 4, 1915, his early studies were with Bart Wirtz (cello) and Louis Cheslock (harmony) at the Peabody Conservatory.

In 1928 the family moved to New York, where Shulman played in the National Orchestral Association under Leon Barzin. He received a New York Philharmonic Scholarship, studying cello with Joseph Emonts and harmony with Winthrop Sargent. From 1932-1937, he attended the Juilliard School where he was a fellowship student, studying cello with Felix Salmond and composition with Bernard Wagenaar. While still a student, he composed music for the American Children's Theatre production of Hans Christian Anderson's The Chinese Nightingale (1934). He continued his studies of cello with Emanuel Feuermann, and of composition with Paul Hindemith.

Shulman was the cellist of the Kreiner String Quartet (1935-38). Later, he and his brother, violinist/conductor Sylvan Shulman, co-founded the Stuyvesant String Quartet. During the 1940s and 1950s this group was noted for its performances and recordings of contemporary quartets of Bloch, Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Malipiero, Hindemith and Kreisler, among others. In 1941 they played the American premiere of the Shostakovich Piano Quintet at Carnegie Hall (on a bill which included Benny Goodman), and recorded it for Columbia Records.

Simultaneously with his Kreiner Quartet activities, Shulman was arranging and performing classical themes in a jazz style with an ensemble consisting of string quartet, bass, guitar and harp. The group, called the New Friends of Rhythm, recorded for RCA Victor and sold 20,000 records in 1939 and 1940. They recorded with Buster Bailey for Victor before World War II, and with Maxine Sullivan for International Records after the war.

Shulman was a charter member of the NBC Symphony Orchestra under Arturo Toscanini from 1937-1942, served in the U.S. Maritime Service from 1942-1945, and rejoined NBC from 1948-1954. While in the Maritime Service, he taught orchestration to Nelson Riddle, who went on to write celebrated arrangements for Frank Sinatra, Ella Fitzgerald and Nat "King" Cole. After NBC disbanded the Symphony in 1954, he helped form and manage the group's short-lived successor, the Symphony of the Air.

During the 1930s and 1940s Shulman was active as an arranger for Leo Reisman, Andre Kostalanetz, Arthur Fiedler and Wilfred Pelletier's Metropolitan Opera Auditions of the Air. Later, Shulman worked with opera singer Risë Stevens, producing "crossover" arrangements for her which she recorded from 1945-1947.

Shulman's first successful composition was Theme and Variations for Viola and Orchestra, which received its première over NBC in 1941 with Emanuel Vardi as soloist. The piece was recorded several times and is in the repertoire of most American viola soloists. Among his many successful compositions are the Suite on American Folk Songs (one movement of which, Cod Liver 'Ile, was recorded by Jascha Heifetz); Waltzes for Orchestra, premiered by the NBC Symphony with Milton Katims conducting; Threnody (For the Fallen Soldiers of Israel), premiered by the NBC String Quartet in February, 1950; Rendezvous, written for Benny Goodman and recorded by Artie Shaw and Richard Stoltzman; and the Concerto for Violoncello and Orchestra, premiered by Leonard Rose with the New York Philharmonic under Dimitri Mitropoulos. His Suite Miniature for Octet of Celli was written in 1956 for the Fine Arts Cello Ensemble of Los Angeles.

In the 1950s, Shulman wrote popular songs with entertainer Steve Allen and arranged for Skitch Henderson, Raoul Poliakin and Felix Slatkin. During the 1960s and 1970s, Shulman was busy in recording and television studios, and composed teaching material and works for band including Three Faces of Glen Cove, Interstate 90, The Corn Shuckers and Mazatlan, and arranged for singer-songwriter Cris Williamson's debut recording on Ampex Records.

Shulman founded the Violoncello Society in 1956 and was President from 1967 to 1972. He was cellist of the Philharmonia Trio (1962-1969), the Vardi Trio, An Die Musik (1976-1977), and the Haydn Quartet (1972-1982). Shulman taught cello at Sarah Lawrence College, Juilliard, SUNY-Purchase, Johnson State College (Vermont) and the University of Maine. He was made a Chevalier du Violoncelle by the Eva Janzer Cello Center at Indiana University in 1997. Shulman died on July 10, 2002.

Sources: Margaret Campbell. "Shulman, Alan." In Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/subscriber/article/grove/music/52906 (accessed September 22, 2011).

"The Music of Alan Shulman." http://capital.net/com/ggjj/shulman/index.html (accessed September 22, 2011).

From the guide to the Alan Shulman papers, 1924-2005, 1933-1988, (The New York Public Library. Music Division.)

Arturo Toscanini was a renowned Italian conductor famous for his work with the NBC Symphony Orchestra from 1937 to 1954. Born in Parma, Italy in 1867, Toscanini was educated at the Parma Conservatory. He first conducted in Rio de Janeiro in 1886; by 1898, he was chief conductor at La Scala, where he was to work until 1929. During this period, he also conducted at the Metropolitan Opera (1908-1915) and was a guest conductor for the New York Philharmonic (1926-1928).

In 1928, he accepted the conductorship of the newly formed Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra of New York, where he stayed until his first retirement in 1936. In 1937, NBC persuaded him to return to conduct a series of concerts with the NBC Symphony ORchestra, an orchestra created especially for him. He led this orchestra until he was forced into a second retirement in 1954.

Toscanini's other important engagements included the BBC Symphony Orchestra (1935, 1937-1939), the Bayreuth Festival (1930, 1931), the Vienna Philharmonic (1933, and at the Salzburg Festival 1934-1937), and the Lucerne Festival (1938, 1939). He also worked with many famous performers, including Jussi Björling, Emanuel Feuermann, Jascha Heifetz, Vladimir Horowitz, Alexander Kipnis, Zinka Milanov, Jan Peerce, and William Primrose. He died in Riverdale, N.Y. on January 16, 1957.

From the guide to the The Toscanini Legacy collection of sound recordings [sound recording], 1926-1968, 1940-1957, (The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn National Broadcasting Company, inc. Arturo Toscanini concert program, 1938. Lehman College Library, Leonard Lief Library
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referencedIn Robert Hupka Collection of Toscanini Test Pressings and Dom Baron Chant Recordings, 1902-2006, 1944-1964 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Edward Johnson Collection. Travel diary kept by E. Johnson during his vacation to Florence, Italy. He has also included addresses, and an extensive account of his visit to La Verna, references to his medal of Arturo Toscanini. University of Guelph
referencedIn Paul Affelder papers, 1930-1975 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Kahn, Albert, 1869-1942. Albert Kahn papers, 1875-1970, bulk 1875-1945. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Guelph Spring Festival Archives. R.C.A. Victor reproductions of watercolour portraits of recording artists, 1977. University of Guelph
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referencedIn Puccini, Giacomo, 1858-1924. Correspondence, 1894-1924. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Greenway, Lauder. Opera and recital collection [sound recording], 1901-1972. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Kurt Herbert Adler papers, 1921-1990, bulk 1954-1987 The Bancroft Library.
creatorOf Toscanini, Arturo, 1867-1957. Printed document signed, dated : New York, 12 March 1934, 1934 Mar. 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Mrs. Lionello Perera Papers, 1888-1966, 1930-1965 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn The Papers of Vladimir and Wanda Toscanini Horowitz., 1784-1991 Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
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referencedIn Jascha Heifetz Collection, 1911-1972 Archive of Recorded Sound, Stanford University Libraries
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creatorOf Wagner, Richard, 1813-1883. [Album leaf in the hand of Arturo Toscanini], 1933 Apr. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
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creatorOf Toscanini, Arturo, 1867-1957. Photograph, signed and dated, of Bronislaw Huberman, Toscanini, and an unidentified orchestra : Tel Aviv, 26 December 1936, 1936 Dec. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Ara, Ugo, 1876-1936. Autograph letters signed (2), dated : New York, 22 and 27 July 1920, to Harry Harkness Flagler, 1920, 22 July. Pierpont Morgan Library.
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referencedIn Musicians and composers : letters, 1937-1981. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
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referencedIn Farrar, Geraldine, 1882-1967. Geraldine Farrar collection, 1895-1943 (bulk 1898-1939). Library of Congress
referencedIn Toscanini, Carla. Autograph letter signed, dated : London, [24 May 1937], to Louise Alvar, 1937 May 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
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referencedIn Sigel, Madeleine Bartfeld, b. 1924. Madeleine Bartfeld Sigel collection of autographs and performing arts memorabilia, 1899-2003 (1930-2001). University of Maryland Libraries, UMD Libraries
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creatorOf The Toscanini Legacy collection of sound recordings [sound recording], 1926-1968, 1940-1957 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
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referencedIn The Bell Telephone Hour collection of sound recordings [sound recording], 1940-1968 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
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creatorOf Toscanini, Arturo, 1867-1957. Pensiero melodico : per soprano / parole di P.A. Vassallo ; [musica di] A. Toscanini. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Debussy, Claude, 1862-1918. À Madame Vasnier. / Fetes Galantes. / Poesies de Verlaine. / Musique de / ClAch. Debussy. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Antek, Samuel. Samuel Antek papers, 1905-1975. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn The Papers of Vladimir and Wanda Toscanini Horowitz., 1784-1991 Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco Papers, 1822-1998, (bulk 1920-1968) Music Division Library of Congress
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referencedIn Moldenhauer Archives at the Library of Congress, circa 1000-circa 1990 Music Division Library of Congress
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referencedIn Papers, 1878-1972. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
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referencedIn The Max Smith Papers, 1879-1933 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
creatorOf Toscanini, Arturo, 1867-1957. Autograph letter signed, from Toscanini to Mme Emmy Destinn, n.d. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
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referencedIn Alberto Cupelli Papers, 1933-1973 University of Minnesota Libraries. Immigration History Research Center [ihrc]
referencedIn Gillis, Don, 1912-,. Interview conducted by Ben Grauer, 1964 [sound recording]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
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referencedIn Tibor Serly letters to Henry Pleasants, 1931-1951 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Robert Haven Schauffler Correspondence, TXRC96-A17., 1872-1964 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
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referencedIn Celli, Vincenzo. Vincenzo Celli papers, 1936-1982. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Stoller, Alexander. Alexander Stoller papers, 1943-1947. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Collection of items associated with Arturo Toscanini, ca. 1882-1967 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Joseph Schillinger collection of noncommercial recordings, 1937-1943 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn Bampton, Rose,. Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, Nov. 19, 1978 [sound recording]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Puccini, Giacomo, 1858-1924. Autograph letter signed : Torre del Lago, to Sybil Seligman, 1919 Mar. 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
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referencedIn Robert Benney research materials, 1926-1978 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Schuller, Arthur,. Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, Sept. 8, 1978 [sound recording]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Persinger, Louis, 1887-1966. Typewritten letter signed, dated : New York, 8 May 1932, to Mr. [Harry Harkness] Flagler, 1932 May 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Alan Shulman papers, 1924-2005, 1933-1988 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Mendelssohn, Eleanora, 1900-1951. Eleanora Mendelssohn papers, 1880-1949. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Harmati, Sándor, 1892-1936. Autograph letters signed (4), typewritten letter signed, and telegram dated : Omaha Feb. 13 1928, New York, February-March [1933], and Paris Apr. 18 [n.y.] to Mr. [Harry Harkness] Flagler, 1928 Feb. 13 and 1933 Feb. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn The Henry Gilbert Papers, 1821-1980 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Albert Kahn papers, 1875-1970 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Zirato, Bruno,. Interview conducted by Ben Grauer, [n.d.] [sound recording]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Opera Air Check Recordings collection, 1937-1956 University of California, Santa Barbara. Library. Dept. of Special Collections.
creatorOf Toscanini, Arturo, 1867-1957. Correspondence received, 1902-1939. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Theatre Arts Monthly, collection of portraits, ca., ca., 1924-1939 (bulk), 1916-1964 (inclusive). Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Philadelphia Orchestra. Transcription of WFLN radio broadcast [sound recording], 1965 January 2. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
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referencedIn Armsby, Leonora Wood. Papers, 1880-1959. Museum of Performance & Design
creatorOf Toscanini, Walter, 1898-1971,. The Walter Toscanini Collection of research materials in dance: A. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn National Broadcasting Company history files, 1922-1986 Recorded Sound Reference Center, Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division Library of Congress
referencedIn La Piana, George, 1879-1971. Papers, 1878-1972 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
creatorOf Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937. ALS, 1930 Sept. 9, to [Arturo Toscanini]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Mayes, Samuel H.,. Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, Nov. 27, 1976. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Dukas, Paul, 1865-1935. [Sonate en mi bemol mineur pour piano] IV. [Lent / Paul Dukas]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Alexeyeva, Ayenara. Letter, 1927 Oct. 31, New York, from Ayenara Alexeyeva and Holger Alexeyev, to Arturo Toscanini, Milan. [2] p. on 1 fold. l. 21 cm. New York Public Libraries for the Performing Arts, Dance Collection
referencedIn National Broadcasting Company. Arturo Toscanini concert program, 1938. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Jack Lund Collection, 1887-2009 Archive of Recorded Sound, Stanford University Libraries
referencedIn Zanella, Amilcare, 1873-1949. Autograph letter signed, dated : Pesaro, 20 December 1917, to an unidentified lawyer and friend, 1917 Dec. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Shulman, Alan. Alan Shulman papers, 1924-2005 (bulk 1933-1988). New York Public Library System, NYPL
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referencedIn Berv, Harry,. Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, Nov. 19, 1976 [sound recording]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Correspondence received, 1902-1939 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Juilliard School collection of autograph letters and other documents, 1793-1985. The Juilliard School, Lila Acheson Wallace Library
referencedIn Leonard, Richard,. Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, Apr. 24, 1978 [sound recording]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Al Block Broadcast Collection, 1943-1958 Archive of Recorded Sound
referencedIn Shulman, Alan,. Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, Mar. 4, 1980 [sound recording]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Shumsky, Oscar,. Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, Dec. 7, 1977 [sound recording]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Correspondence from Arturo Toscanini and Leopold Stokowski to Clare Conway, 1942-1952 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adler, Kurt Herbert. person
associatedWith Affelder, Paul B., 1915- person
associatedWith Albanese, Licia, person
associatedWith Alexeyeva, Ayenara. person
associatedWith Allen, Steve, 1921-2000 person
associatedWith American Music Collection corporateBody
associatedWith Amfiteatrov, Aleksandr, 1862-1938. person
associatedWith Antek, Samuel person
associatedWith Antek, Samuel. person
associatedWith Ara, Ugo, 1876-1936. person
associatedWith Arimondi, Arimondi. person
associatedWith Armsby, Leonora Wood. person
associatedWith Austin, Art, person
associatedWith Bampton, Rose, person
associatedWith Bampton, Rose. person
associatedWith Bankhead, Tallulah, 1902-1968 person
associatedWith Barber, Samuel, 1910-1981, person
associatedWith Barlow, Howard, 1892-1972, person
associatedWith Bayreuther Festspiele. corporateBody
associatedWith BBC Symphony Orchestra. corporateBody
associatedWith Beckett, Henry. person
associatedWith Beethoven, Ludwig van, 1770-1827. person
associatedWith Benney, Robert, 1904-2001 person
associatedWith Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990. person
associatedWith Berv, Harry, person
associatedWith Bistolfi, Leonardo, 1859-1933. person
associatedWith Björling, Jussi, 1911-1960. person
associatedWith Blech, Leo, 1871-1958. person
associatedWith Block, Al person
associatedWith Bloom, Robert, oboist, person
associatedWith Bolognini, Remo person
associatedWith Bolognini, Remo, person
associatedWith Busch Quartet. person
associatedWith Busoni, Ferruccio, 1866-1924. person
associatedWith Cantelli, Guido. person
associatedWith Carnegie Hall (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Casals, Pablo, 1876-1973 person
associatedWith Casella, Alfredo, 1883-1947. person
associatedWith Castelbarco, Wally Toscanini person
associatedWith Castelbarco, Wally Toscanini. person
correspondedWith Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Mario, 1895-1968. person
associatedWith Celli, Vincenzo, 1900-1988, person
associatedWith Chambers, James, 1920-1989, person
associatedWith Chausson, Ernest, 1855-1899. person
associatedWith Compinsky, Manuel. person
associatedWith Coolidge, Elizabeth Sprague, 1864-1953. person
associatedWith Cooper, Betty Miller, person
associatedWith Corbett, John, person
associatedWith Cranston, Alan MacGreegor person
associatedWith Cranston, Alan MacGreegor. person
associatedWith Creston, Paul, 1906-1985, person
associatedWith Cupelli, Alberto, b. 1905. person
associatedWith Damrosch, Walter, 1862-1950. person
associatedWith Daniel, Oliver person
associatedWith D'Annunzio, Gabriele, 1863-1938. person
associatedWith Davenport, Marcia, 1903-1996, person
associatedWith Debussy, Claude, 1862-1918, person
associatedWith Destinnová, Ema, 1878-1930. person
associatedWith Dolbin, Benedikt F. person
associatedWith Downes, Olin, 1886-1955. person
associatedWith Dukas, Paul, 1865-1935. person
associatedWith Edward Johnson Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955. person
associatedWith Epstein, Leslie, person
correspondedWith Farrar, Geraldine, 1882-1967. person
associatedWith Feuermann, Emanuel, 1902-1942. person
associatedWith Flagler, Harry Harkness, person
associatedWith Fornaroli, Cia, 1888-1954. person
associatedWith Foss, Lukas, 1922-2009, person
associatedWith Franchetti, Alberto, 1860-1942. person
associatedWith Frank, Philip, person
associatedWith Gabrilowitsch, Ossip, 1878-1936. person
associatedWith Gilbert, Henry F. B. (Henry Franklin Belknap), 1868-1928. person
associatedWith Gillis, Don, 1912-, person
associatedWith Gilman, Lawrence, 1878-1939. person
associatedWith Ginzburg, L. S. (Lev Solomonovich), 1907-1981 person
associatedWith Golschmann, Vladimir, 1893-1972. person
associatedWith Gould, Glenn, person
associatedWith Gould, Morton, 1913-1996, person
associatedWith Greenway, Lauder. person
associatedWith Grubicy de Dragon, Vittore, 1851-1920. person
associatedWith Guelph Spring Festival Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Harmati, Sándor, 1892-1936. person
associatedWith Haverlin, Carl, 1899-1985, person
associatedWith Heifetz, Jascha, 1901- person
associatedWith Heifetz, Jascha, 1901-1987 person
associatedWith Henderson, Skitch, 1918-2005 person
associatedWith Hilger, Elsa, person
associatedWith Hirschmann, Ira Arthur, 1901-, person
associatedWith Horowitz, Vladimir, 1904- person
associatedWith Horowitz, Wanda Toscanini. person
associatedWith Huberman, Bronisław, 1882-1947. person
associatedWith Hubermann, Bronislaw person
associatedWith Hupka, Robert. person
associatedWith Illica, Luigi, 1857-1919. person
associatedWith Internationale Musikalische Festwochen (Lucerne, Switzerland) corporateBody
associatedWith Iturbi, José, 1895-1980. person
associatedWith Julius J. Spector person
associatedWith Kahn, Albert person
associatedWith Kahn, Albert, 1869-1942. person
associatedWith Katims, Milton, 1909-2006, person
associatedWith Kipnis, Alexander, 1891-1978. person
associatedWith Klemperer, Otto, 1885-1973, person
associatedWith Kostelanetz, Andre, 1901-1980, person
correspondedWith Koussevitzky, Serge, 1874-1951 person
associatedWith La Guardia, Fiorello H. (Fiorello Henry), 1882-1947. person
associatedWith Lange, Hans, 1884-1960. person
associatedWith La Piana, George, 1879-1971. person
associatedWith Legge, Walter, 1906-1979, person
associatedWith Lehmann, Lotte person
associatedWith Lehmann, Lotte. person
associatedWith Leonard, Richard, person
associatedWith Lewertoff, Else Thalheimer. person
associatedWith Lotte Lehmann. person
associatedWith Love family. family
associatedWith Lucy Prindle Love and Helen Love Scranton person
associatedWith Ludwig, Emil, 1881-1948. person
associatedWith Lund, Jack H. person
associatedWith Mackay, Clarence Hungerford, 1874-1938. person
associatedWith Madison, David, 1907-, person
associatedWith Mameli, Goffredo, 1827-1849. person
associatedWith Marek, George R. (George Richard), 1902-1987, person
associatedWith Mary Flagler Cary Music Collection (Pierpont Morgan Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Mason, Daniel Gregory, 1873-1953 person
associatedWith Max Smith person
associatedWith Mayes, Samuel H., person
associatedWith Mendelssohn, Eleanora, 1900-1951. person
associatedWith Metropolitan Opera (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Milanov, Zinka person
associatedWith Milanov, Zinka. person
associatedWith Mitropoulos, Dimitri, 1896-1960 person
associatedWith Moldenhauer, Hans. person
associatedWith Montemezzi, Italo, 1875-1952. person
associatedWith Muschenheim, Frederick A person
associatedWith National Broadcasting Company. corporateBody
associatedWith National Orchestral Association (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith NBC Symphony Orchestra. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Philharmonic. corporateBody
associatedWith Ott, Donald J., person
associatedWith Peerce, Jan, 1904-1984. person
associatedWith Pelletier, Wilfrid, 1896-1982, person
associatedWith Penha, Michel, person
associatedWith Perera, Carolyn Allen person
correspondedWith Perera, Carolyn Allen. person
associatedWith Persinger, Louis, 1887-1966. person
associatedWith Pfeiffer, John, 1920- person
associatedWith Philadelphia Orchestra. corporateBody
associatedWith Philharmonic-Symphony Society. person
associatedWith Phillips, Edna, 1907-2003, person
associatedWith Pizzetti, Ildebrando, 1880-1968. person
associatedWith Primrose, William, 1904- person
associatedWith Primrose, William, 1904-1982. person
associatedWith Puccini, Giacomo, 1858-1924. person
associatedWith Randegger, Alberto, 1832-1911. person
associatedWith Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937. person
associatedWith RCA Corporation. Office of Company Historian. corporateBody
associatedWith Reinhardt, Max, 1873-1943 person
associatedWith Respighi, Ottorino, 1879-1936 person
associatedWith Ribla, Gertrude. person
associatedWith Rodzinski, Artur, 1892-1958 person
associatedWith Rodzinski, Halina, person
associatedWith Rogers, Henry Munroe, 1839-1937 person
associatedWith Rudhyar, Dane, 1895-1985, person
associatedWith Salvemini, Gaetano, 1873-1957. person
associatedWith Salzburger Festspiele. corporateBody
associatedWith Sargeant, Winthrop, 1903-1986, person
associatedWith Sarnoff, David, 1891-1971. person
associatedWith Schauffler, Robert Haven, 1879-1964 person
associatedWith Schillinger, Joseph, 1895-1943 person
associatedWith Schindler, Kurt, 1882-1935 person
associatedWith Schuller, Arthur, person
associatedWith Scott, Howard, person
associatedWith Serly, Tibor. person
associatedWith Shulman, Alan, person
associatedWith Shulman, Sylvan person
associatedWith Shumsky, Oscar, person
associatedWith Siegmeister, Elie, 1909-1991, person
associatedWith Siepi, Cesare. person
associatedWith Sigel, Madeleine Bartfeld, b. 1924. person
associatedWith Siloti, Alexander, 1863-1945. person
associatedWith Sinigaglia, Leone, 1868-1944. person
associatedWith Slonimsky, Nicolas, 1894-1995 person
associatedWith Smith, Max, 1874-1935. person
associatedWith Spector, Julius J. person
associatedWith Starker, Janos person
associatedWith Steinke, Bettina, 1913-1999. person
associatedWith Stokowski, Leopold, 1882-1977, person
correspondedWith Stoller, Alexander. person
associatedWith Storchio, Rosina, 1872-1945. person
associatedWith Strauss, Richard, 1864-1949. person
associatedWith Strong, Templeton, 1856-1948. person
associatedWith Sturzo, Luigi, 1871-1959. person
associatedWith Sturzo, Luigi, 1871-1959.bib person
associatedWith Swet, Gerson, 1893-1968. person
associatedWith Symphony of the Air corporateBody
associatedWith Teatro alla Scala. corporateBody
associatedWith Teatro alla Scala. Orchestra. corporateBody
associatedWith Thayer, John Eldon, 1899-1980 person
associatedWith Thode-von Bülow, Daniela, 1860-1940. person
associatedWith Toscanini, Carla. person
associatedWith Toscanini, Walfredo. person
associatedWith Toscanini, Walter, 1898-1971. person
associatedWith University of California, Santa Barbara. Archive of Recorded Vocal Music corporateBody
associatedWith Verdi, Giuseppe, 1813-1901. person
associatedWith Violoncello Society corporateBody
associatedWith Wagenaar, Bernard, 1894-1971. person
associatedWith Wagner, Richard, 1813-1883. person
associatedWith Walter, Bruno, 1876-1962. person
associatedWith Wave Hill, inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Wiener Philharmoniker. corporateBody
associatedWith Wild, Earl, person
associatedWith Wolzogen, Hans von, 1848-1938. person
associatedWith Zanella, Amilcare, 1873-1949. person
associatedWith Zirato, Bruno, person
associatedWith Zweig, Stefan, 1881-1942. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Italy
Italy
Subject
Conductors (Music)--Correspondence
Music--20th century
Opera--Scores
Songs (medium voice) with piano
Conductors (Music)--20th century
Music--Manuscripts--Facsimiles
Orchestral music--Scores and parts
Anti-fascist movements
Conductors (Music)--Miscellanea
Patriotic music
Operas--Vocal scores with piano
Occupation
Arrangers
Conductors (Music)
Conductor
Violoncellists
Composers
Function

Person

Birth 1867-03-25

Death 1957-01-16

Italians

Italian,

German,

French,

English

Information

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Ark ID: w65t3mnr

SNAC ID: 53571865