McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989

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John Jay McCloy (March 31, 1895 – March 11, 1989) was an American lawyer, diplomat, banker, and a presidential advisor. He served as Assistant Secretary of War during World War II under Henry Stimson, helping deal with issues such as German sabotage, political tensions in the North Africa Campaign, and opposing the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. After the war, he served as the president of the World Bank, U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, chairman of Chase Manhattan Bank, chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations, a member of the Warren Commission, and a prominent United States adviser to all presidents from Franklin D. Roosevelt to Ronald Reagan.

Today, he is best remembered as a member of the foreign policy establishment group of elders called "The Wise Men", a group of statesmen marked by nonpartisanship, pragmatic internationalism, and aversion to ideological fervor.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Schwartz, Thomas A. Thomas A. Schwartz writings, 1986. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-1982. Papers of Archibald MacLeish, 1907-1981 (bulk 1925-1970). Library of Congress
referencedIn Leffingwell, R. C. (Russell Cornell), 1883-1960. Russell Cornell Leffingwell papers, 1883-1979 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. Reminiscences of John Jay McCloy : oral history, 1972. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Tape recordings of the National Security hearings, introduction to Godkin lecture; and resignation of James Conant, 1953. Harvard University, Archives
creatorOf Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Oval Office tape number 878
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. McCloy papers, series 2-6, 1916-1986. Amherst College. Library
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. McCloy papers, 1897-1989 (bulk 1940-1979). Amherst College. Library
referencedIn Felix Frankfurter Letters to his sister Estelle, 1933-1964 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Cabinet Room tape number 57 Richard Nixon Library
referencedIn Archibald MacLeish Papers, 1907-1981, (bulk 1925-1970) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. McCloy papers, series 26-29, 1967-1981. Amherst College. Library
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. Reminiscences of John Jay McCloy : oral history, 1970. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Armstrong, Hamilton Fish, 1893-1973. Hamilton Fish Armstrong papers, 1893-1973 (bulk 1916-1973). Princeton University Library
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Robert E. Sherwood papers, 1917-1968 (inclusive), 1934-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989,. Oral history interview with John Jay McCloy, 1985 Mar. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Robert L. Eichelberger Papers, 1728-1998, (bulk 1942-1949) David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. McCloy papers, series 16-20, 1946-1983. Amherst College. Library
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. McCloy papers, series 12 : Eberstadt Committee, 1945-1949 (bulk 1948). Amherst College. Library
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. McCloy papers, series 7-11, 1924-1989. Amherst College. Library
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. McCloy papers, series 30-32 and 34, 1897-1986 (bulk 1920-1986). Amherst College. Library
referencedIn Lester Hood Woolsey Papers, 1831-1958, (bulk 1909-1929) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. Reminiscences of John Jay McCloy : oral history, 1971. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Russell Cornell Leffingwell papers, 1883-1979 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Neel, Samuel E. (Samuel Ellison), 1914- . Papers, 1941. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950. Henry Lewis Stimson papers, 1846-1966. Yale University Library
referencedIn Wolff, Perry. Papers, 1945-1989. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn W. Averell Harriman Papers, 1869-1988, (bulk 1895-1986) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-1982. Papers, 1907-1981 (bulk 1925-1970). Library of Congress
referencedIn Robert Abercrombie Lovett papers, 1919-1986 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Executive Office Building tape number 298
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. McCloy papers, series 15 : Jenner-McCarthy, 1952-1955. Amherst College. Library
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. McCloy papers, series 13-14, 1946-1986. Amherst College. Library
referencedIn Blair Moody Papers, 1928-1954, 1934-1952 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Powell, Lewis F. Lewis F. Powell, Jr. papers [part 4]. 1921-1998. The Library at Washington and Lee University School of Law, Law Library
referencedIn Prescott S. Bush Papers., undated, 1952-1962. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
referencedIn Harris, L. mss., 1931-1977 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Lindbergh, Anne Morrow, 1906-2001. Anne Morrow Lindbergh papers, 1906-1997 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Ferry, Elinor. Papers, 1944-1988 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Debevoise, Eli Whitney. Debevoise papers, 1949-1962. Amherst College. Library
referencedIn Scandrett, Richard Brown, 1891-1969. Richard Brown Scandrett papers, 1907-1966, 1907-1951 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Scott Millross Buchanan papers, 1911-1972. Houghton Library
creatorOf Frost, Robert, 1874-1963. Letter, [1957] April 25, to John J. McCloy, [Amherst, Mass.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Hamilton Fish Armstrong Papers, 1893-1973, 1916-1973 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Public Policy Papers.
referencedIn Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Academy of Political Science letters, 1923-1970 Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Danford, Robert M. (Robert Melville), b. 1879. The Robert M. Danford papers, 1918-1967, bulk 1918-1942. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Letters received, 1954-1962. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Cabinet Room tape number 96
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. McCloy papers, series 33 : correspondence, 1946-1987. Amherst College. Library
referencedIn Academy of Political Science letters, 1923-1970. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966. William Ernest Hocking Papers, 1860-1979 Houghton Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Records Relating to Israel and Arab - Israel Affairs, 1951 - 1976 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Blair Moody Papers, 1928-1954, 1934-1952 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn John J. McCloy Papers, 1897-1989, 1940-1979 Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn International Institute of Rural Reconstruction. Records, 1914-1999. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. McCloy papers, series 21-25, 1944-1982 (bulk 1961-1979). Amherst College. Library
creatorOf Powell, Lewis F. Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Papers [part 7]. 1921-1998. The Library at Washington and Lee University School of Law, Law Library
referencedIn Lester Hood Woolsey Papers, 1831-1958, (bulk 1909-1929) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Swift, Kay, 1897-1993. The Kay Swift papers, 1894-1993 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
creatorOf John J. McCloy Papers, 1897-1989, 1940-1979 Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1986. Papers of W. Averell Harriman, 1869-1988 (bulk 1895-1986). Library of Congress
referencedIn John Mason Brown papers, 1922-1967. Houghton Library
referencedIn Ford Foundation. Oral history collection, 1975-1986.
referencedIn Robert Frost papers concerning the Kennedy inaugural, 1960-1962. Houghton Library
referencedIn The Bruno Walter papers, ca. 1887-ca. 1966 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Leach, Walter Barton. W. Barton Leach Papers. 1920-1971. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Richard Brown Scandrett papers, 1907-1966, 1907-1951 (bulk) Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn John Foster Dulles oral history collection, 1964-1967 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Public Policy Papers.
referencedIn Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961, Papers, 1822, 1831, 1845, 1903-2007 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
creatorOf McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989. McCloy papers, series 1 : personal affairs, 1916-1986. Amherst College. Library
referencedIn Bowie, Robert R. (Robert Richardson), 1909-. Papers of Robert R. Bowie, 1952. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Thomas A. Schwartz writings, 1986 Hoover Institution Archives
referencedIn Eli Whitney Debevoise Papers, 1949-1962 Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Chase Manhattan Corporation. Oral history collection, 1960-1987. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn The Kay Swift Papers, 1894-1993 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Hand, Learned, 1872-1961. Papers, 1840-1961 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Lovett, Robert A. (Robert Abercrombie), 1895-. Robert Abercrombie Lovett papers, 1919-1986 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Thomas J. Dodd Papers, undated, 1919-1971. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Academy of Political Science (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Acheson, Dean, 1893-1971 person
associatedWith Adenauer, Konrad, 1876-1967 person
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1916. McCloy. corporateBody
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1916. McCloy. corporateBody
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1916. McCloy. corporateBody
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1916. McCloy. corporateBody
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1916. McCloy. corporateBody
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1916. McCloy. corporateBody
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1916. McCloy. corporateBody
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1916. McCloy. corporateBody
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1916. McCloy. corporateBody
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1916. McCloy. corporateBody
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1916. McCloy. corporateBody
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1916. McCloy. corporateBody
correspondedWith Armstrong, Hamilton Fish, 1893-1973. person
associatedWith Barrett, Edward W., person
associatedWith Bowie, Robert R. (Robert Richardson), 1909- person
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. person
associatedWith Brown, Harold, 1927- person
correspondedWith Brown, John Mason, 1900-1969 person
associatedWith Buchanan, Scott Millross, 1895-1968 person
correspondedWith Buchanan, Scott Millross, 1895-1968 person
associatedWith Bundy, McGeorge. person
associatedWith Bundy, McGeorge. person
associatedWith Bush, Prescott Sheldon. person
associatedWith Byroade, Henry A. (Henry Alfred), 1913- person
associatedWith Carter, Jimmy, 1924- person
associatedWith Chase Manhattan Bank. corporateBody
associatedWith Chase Manhattan Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Clark, Grenville, 1882-1967 person
associatedWith Clay, Lucius D. (Lucius DuBignon), 1897-1978. person
associatedWith Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany. corporateBody
associatedWith Critchfield, James H. person
associatedWith Danford, Robert M. (Robert Melville), b. 1879. person
associatedWith Debevoise, Eli Whitney person
associatedWith Dobrynin, Anatoliy Fedorovich, 1919- person
associatedWith Dodd, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph), 1907-1971 person
associatedWith Eberstadt, Ferdinand. person
associatedWith Eberstadt, Ferdinand. person
associatedWith Eichelberger, Robert L., 1886-1961 person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969. person
associatedWith Ferry, Elinor person
associatedWith Ford Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Ford, Gerald R., 1913- person
associatedWith Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965 person
associatedWith Frost, Robert, 1874-1963 person
associatedWith Frost, Robert, 1874-1963. person
associatedWith Haig, Alexander Meigs, 1924- person
correspondedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1986. person
associatedWith Harris, Leon A. person
associatedWith Heald, Henry T., 1908-1975 person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith Hopkins, Harry Lloyd, 1890-1946 person
associatedWith International Institute of Rural Reconstruction. corporateBody
associatedWith International Monetary Fund corporateBody
associatedWith Jenner, William E. (William Ezra), 1908- person
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973 person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963. person
associatedWith Kissinger, Henry, 1923- person
associatedWith Kissinger, Henry, 1923- person
associatedWith Leach, W. Barton (Walter Barton), 1900- person
associatedWith Leffingwell, R. C. (Russell Cornell), 1878-1960 person
associatedWith Leffingwell, R. C. (Russell Cornell), 1883-1960. person
associatedWith Lindbergh, Anne Morrow, 1906-2001. person
associatedWith Lovett, Robert A. (Robert Abercrombie), 1895- person
associatedWith Lovett, Robert A. (Robert Abercrombie), 1895- person
associatedWith Luter, John, person
correspondedWith MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-1982. person
associatedWith Marshall George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959 person
associatedWith Mason, Daniel Gregory, 1873-1953 person
associatedWith McCarthy, Joseph, 1908-1957 person
associatedWith McCloy, John J. person
associatedWith McNamara, Robert S., 1916- person
associatedWith Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, 1919- person
associatedWith Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, 1919-1980. person
associatedWith Moody, Blair, 1902-1954. person
associatedWith Neel, Samuel E. (Samuel Ellison), 1914- . person
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
associatedWith Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913- person
associatedWith Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994. person
associatedWith North Atlantic Treaty Organization. corporateBody
associatedWith Patton, George S. (George Smith), 1885-1945 person
associatedWith Powell, Lewis F., 1907-1998. person
associatedWith Preston, Guy. person
associatedWith Preston, Guy. person
associatedWith Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961 person
associatedWith Reagan, Ronald. person
associatedWith Regan, Donald T. person
associatedWith Richard Brown, Scandrett 1891-1969. person
associatedWith Roberts, Henry L. person
associatedWith Roberts, Henry L. person
associatedWith Rockefeller, David, 1915- person
associatedWith Rockefeller Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Rogers, William P. (William Pierce), 1913- person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962 person
associatedWith Rusk, Dean, 1909- person
associatedWith Rusk, Richard, person
associatedWith Scandrett, Richard Brown, 1891-1969. person
associatedWith Schlabrendorff, Fabian von, 1907- person
associatedWith Schwartz, Thomas A. person
associatedWith Schwartz, Thomas A. person
associatedWith Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. corporateBody
correspondedWith Sherwood, Robert E. (Robert Emmet), 1896-1955 person
associatedWith Shultz, George Pratt, 1920- person
associatedWith Smith, Jean, person
associatedWith Stimson, Henry Lewis, 1867-1950 person
associatedWith Swift, Kay, 1897-1993. person
correspondedWith Theodore Roosevelt Association. corporateBody
associatedWith United Nations corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government (1947-1949). Committee on the National Security Organization. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government, 1947-1949. Committeeon the National Security Organization. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee to Investigate the Administrationof the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of State. Committee on Atomic Energy. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of the US High Commissioner for Germany. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. President's Committee to Study the United States Military Assistance Program. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Warren Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Vance, Cyrus R. (Cyrus Roberts), 1917- person
associatedWith Vincent, John Carter, 1900- person
associatedWith Walter, Bruno, 1876-1962 person
associatedWith Wolff, Perry. person
associatedWith Woolsey, Lester Hood, 1877-1961. person
associatedWith World Bank. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Philadelphia PA US
Cos Cob CT US
Subject
Endowments
Energy policy
Government executives--Interviews
Energy policy--Canada
World War, 1914-1918 Secret service
Negotiation
Presidents--Staff
Nuclear energy--Economic aspects--United States--Sources
World War, 1939-1945
Presidents--Transition periods
Berlin Wall, Berlin, Germany, 1961-1989
Banks and banking
Lawyers--Interviews
World War, 1939-1945--Japanese Americans--Sources
Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962--Sources
Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, Nuremberg, Germany, 1945-1946
Nuclear energy--Economic aspects--Sources
Cabinet officers
Petroleum law and legislation
Disarmament
Communism--United States--Cases
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945--Sources
Presidents--United States--Transition periods
German Americans
Arms control
World War, 1914-1918--Secret service--Germany
Petroleum industry and trade
World politics--1955-1965
World War, 1939-1945--Sources
Communism--Cases
Disarmament--Sources
Banks and banking--United States
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1895-03-31

Death 1989-03-11

Male

Americans

German,

English

Information

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