Eichelberger, Robert L.

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Graduated from USMA as 1st lieutenant (1909); assigned to 10th Infantry (1909-1911); with the 22nd Infantry in Mexico (1915); sent to Washington as general staff officer and accompanied General Graves on American Expeditionary Force to Siberia (1918-1920); attache to American Embassy, Tokyo (1920-22); commanded 30th Infantry at Presidio (1938-1939); became brigadier general, Supt. of USMA (1940); commanded 77th Division (1941) and I Corps (1942). Made major general (1941-1942); worked with 1st Austrialian Army, saw action in Buna, New Guinea campaign; commanded 8th Army (1944-46) and saw action in the Philippines; commanding general of occupation forces in Japan (1946-1948). Retired 1948; wrote book entitled: Our jungle road to Tokyo. Died 1961.

From the description of The Robert L. Eichelberger papers, 1942-1961. (US Army, Mil Hist Institute). WorldCat record id: 21071779

Robert Lawrence Eichelberger was born Mar. 9, 1886 in Urbana, OH; entered Ohio State Univ. in 1903, leaving two years later to attend the US Military Academy, where he graduated in 1909; assigned as second lieutenant to the Tenth Infantry Regiment, which was transferred to the Panama Canal Zone in 1911; returned to US in 1915 and named operations officer of the Eighth Division in 1918; ordered to Vladivostok to protect American interests during the Russian Revolution; became asst. chief of staff and later intelligence officer for General William S. Graves; remained in military intelligence, traveling in Japan and China before returning to the US in 1921; promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1934, and assigned to War Dept. in 1935 as secretary to the General Staff; promoted to brigadier general in 1940 and named superintendent of West Point; assigned command of 77th Infantry Division, and in charge of first offensive victory against Japanese land forces in Buna, Papua, New Guinea in Jan. 1943; further successful action in New Guinea and the Philippines in 1944-45; commander of the army of occupation in Japan, 1946-48; author of Our jungle road to Tokyo (1950) and Dear Miss Em : General Eichelberger's war in the Pacific, 1942-1945; retired to Asheville, NC; he died on Sept. 26, 1961.

From the description of Papers, 1940-1947. (University of California, Los Angeles). WorldCat record id: 38942435

Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (1886-1961) was born in Urbana, Ohio. He graduated from West Point in 1909 and commissioned in the infantry in the same year. During World War I, he was deputy chief of staff of the American Expeditionary Force in Siberia in 1918. From 1935 to 1938, he served as secretary of the War Department General Staff. In 1938 he became commanding officer of 30th Infantry. In 1940 he made brigadier general and assumed the position of Superintendent of West Point, which he held until 1942. He made major general in March 1942 and lieutenant general in October 1942. During World War II, he was commanding general of I Corps from September 1942 to September 1944. The Army appointed him commanding general of 8th Army in September 1944. He retired from service in September 1948. He authored Our Jungle Road to Tokyo, published in 1950. His awards include two Distinguished Service Crosses, five Distinguished Service Medals, three Silver Stars, the Legion of Merit, Bronze Star, and Air Medal. In 1954 the U.S. Congress promoted him to the rank of full general.

From the description of Eichelberger, Robert L. (Robert Lawrence), 1886-1961 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10567666

United States Army Officer.

From the description of Robert L. Eichelberger Papers, 1728-1984 (bulk 1942-1949). (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19406113

U.S. Army officer. Served in the Siberian Expedition, 1918-1920; during World War II; and commanded the U.S. occupation forces in Japan; from Asheville (Buncombe Co.), N.C.

From the description of Robert L. Eichelberger Papers, 1728-1998 (bulk 1942-1949). (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 122661639

Biography

Robert Lawrence Eichelberger was born March 9, 1886 in Urbana, Ohio; entered Ohio State University in 1903, leaving two years later to attend the U.S. Military Academy, where he graduated in 1909; assigned as second lieutenant to the Tenth Infantry Regiment, which was transferred to the Panama Canal Zone in 1911; returned to U.S. in 1915 and named operations officer of the Eighth Division in 1918; ordered to Vladivostok to protect American interests during the Russian Revolution; became assistant chief of staff and later intelligence officer for General William S. Graves; remained in military intelligence, traveling in Japan and China before returning to the U.S. in 1921; promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1934, and assigned to War Department in 1935 as secretary to the General Staff; promoted to brigadier general in 1940 and named superintendent of West Point; assigned command of 77th Infantry Division, and in charge of first offensive victory against Japanese land forces in Buna, Papua, New Guinea in January 1943; further successful action in New Guinea and the Philippines in 1944-45; commander of the army of occupation in Japan, 1946-48; author of Our Jungle Road to Tokyo (1950) and Dear Miss Em: General Eichelberger's War in the Pacific, 1942-1945 ; retired to Asheville, North Carolina; he died on September 26, 1961.

From the guide to the Robert L. Eichelberger Papers, 1940-1947, (University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.)

  • 1886 March 9: Born Urbana, Ohio
  • 1903 - 1905 : Attended Ohio State University
  • 1909: Graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point
  • 1913: Married Emma Gudger
  • 1918 - 1920 : Served in Siberia as Assistant Chief of Staff, Operations Division, and Chief Intelligence Officer with the American Expeditionary Forces
  • 1920 - 1921 : Served in Japan, China, and the Philippines in connection with military intelligence activities
  • 1921 - 1924 : Served in the Military Intelligence Division, War Department General Staff in Washington, D.C.
  • 1925 - 1929 : Student and instructor at the Command and General Staff School, Ft. Leavenworth, Kan.
  • 1930: Graduated from Army War College in Washington, D.C.
  • 1939 - 1940 : Assumed command of the 30th Infantry, Presidio of San Francisco
  • 1940 - 1942 : Appointed Superintendent of the United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1942 Jan.: Designated Commander of the Seventy-seventh Army Division, organized at Fort Jackson, S.C.
  • 1942 Dec. - 1943 Jan. : Participated in the Buna and Sanananda, New Guinea campaigns
  • 1943 Sept.: Promoted to Brigadier General
  • 1944 April: Commanded task force which captured Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea
  • 1944 June: Commanded Biak Task Force which retook land from the Japanese
  • 1944 Sept.: Became commanding general, Eighth Army
  • 1945 Jan - 1945 Aug. : Eighth Army under Eichelberger's command fought on every occupied island of the Philippine Archipelago
  • 1945 Aug 30: Participated in the occupation of Japan by landing at Atsugi Air Field in Honshu with the Eighth Army and a detachment from the 11th Airborne Division
  • 1946 Jan. 1: Assumed control of all ground occupation troops in Japan
  • 1948 Dec. 31: Retired from the Army
  • 1949: Eichelberger's memoir, Our Bloody Jungle Road to Tokyo, was serialized in the Saturday Evening Post
  • 1954: Promoted to the rank of four star general by an Act of Congress
  • 1961 Sept. 26: Died, buried in Arlington National Cemetery

Eichelberger received the following medals and honors: Distinguished Service Cross with one oak leaf cluster, Distinguished Service Medal with three clusters, Combat Infantry Badge, Distinguished Service Medal (Navy), Silver Star with two clusters, Legion of Merit, Bronze Star Medal, the Presidential Unit Citation with one cluster, Honorary Knight Commander of the Military Division of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, Grand Officer of the Order of Orange Nassau with swords (Holland), Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor (France), Grand Officer of the Order of the Crown of Belgium, the Croix de Guerre with palm (Belgium), and Order of ABDON Calderon First Class (Ecuador). He was granted the Distinguished Service Star, the Liberation Medal, and the Legion of Honor by the Republic of the Philippines. He also received the decoration, Grand Officer of the Military Order of Italy.

From the guide to the Robert L. Eichelberger Papers, 1728-1998, (bulk 1942-1949), (Duke University. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Eichelberger, Robert L. Robert L. Eichelberger Papers, 1728-1998 (bulk 1942-1949). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of War Information. 1926 - 1951. Motion Picture Films from "United News" Newsreels. 1942 - 1945. U.S. PLANS TESTS OF ATOM BOMB ON PACIFIC ATOLL, ETC
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCES IN SIBERIA, 1918-1919
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [FEB. 12]
creatorOf Eichelberger, Robert L. The Robert L. Eichelberger papers, 1942-1961. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
creatorOf Eichelberger, Robert L. Papers, 1940-1947. University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn Papers, 1942-1947 Harvard Law School, HarvardUniversity
referencedIn Winslett, Edmund J. Edmund J. Winslett photograph collection. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
creatorOf Robert L. Eichelberger Papers, 1728-1998, (bulk 1942-1949) David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Taylor, Virginia Cooper Westall, 1921-. Virginia Cooper Westall Taylor papers, 1918-1992. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of War Information. 1926 - 1951. Motion Picture Films from "United News" Newsreels. 1942 - 1945. ALLIED FORCES LAND IN JAPAN
creatorOf Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967. Papers of Carl Sandburg [manuscript], 1940-1955. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Indiana Medicine, 1993 Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memoryhttp://www.indiana.edu/~cshm
referencedIn Doherty, Thomas F.,. Oral history interview with Thomas Doherty, [videorecording], 2002. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [MAY 29]
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the "Campaign Reports" Program Series. 1944 - 1945. APPOINTMENT IN TOKYO
referencedIn Virginia Cooper Westall Taylor papers, 1918-1992 Hoover Institution Archives.
creatorOf Eichelberger, Robert L. Robert L. Eichelberger Papers, 1728-1984 (bulk 1942-1949). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Eichelberger, Robert Lawrence, 1886-1961. Letter, 1932 August 1, West Point [to] L.R. Culbertson, Zanesville, Ohio. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Records of the Army Staff. 1903 - 2009. Photographs of U.S. and Foreign Military Personnel, Defense Department and Other Government Officials, Royalty, and Heads of State United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Henry Harley Arnold Papers, 1903-1963, (bulk 1940-1946) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967. Letters of tribute to Carl Sandburg [manuscript], 1951-1952. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Robert L. Eichelberger Papers, 1728-1998, (bulk 1942-1949) David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Papers, 1942-1947 Harvard Law School, HarvardUniversity
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [SEPT. 8]
creatorOf Robert L. Eichelberger Papers, 1940-1947 University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
referencedIn Robert L. Eichelberger Papers, 1728-1998, (bulk 1942-1949) David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. ARRIVAL OF LT. GEN. EICHELBERGER, USA, AT ATSUGI AIRPORT
referencedIn Schanze, A. E. The A.E. Schanze papers, 1912-1962. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ALLIES IN JAPAN
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith 77th Division corporateBody
associatedWith Akihito, Prince person
correspondedWith Algase, Gertrude person
associatedWith Army Mutual Aid Association corporateBody
correspondedWith Arnold, Henry Harley, 1886-1950 person
correspondedWith Asheville Chamber of Commerce Review Board corporateBody
associatedWith Barbey, Daniel Edwards person
associatedWith Blamey, Thomas Albert person
associatedWith Brown, Joe E. person
associatedWith Byers, Clovis Ethelbert person
associatedWith Churchill, Winston, 1874-1965 person
associatedWith Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer person
associatedWith Clark, Mark Wayne person
associatedWith Cole, Frank L. person
associatedWith Collins, Joseph Lawton person
associatedWith Cook, J. A. person
associatedWith Cooper, Gary person
associatedWith Creel, George person
associatedWith Culbertson, L. R. person
associatedWith Doherty, Thomas F., person
associatedWith Draper, William H. person
associatedWith Dunn, Floyd person
associatedWith Edelberg, Jerome person
associatedWith Edwards, Daniel Kramer person
associatedWith Eichelberger, Emma Gudger. person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969. person
associatedWith Eisenhower's person
associatedWith Elizabeth II, Queen of Great Britain person
associatedWith Emigh, Harry person
associatedWith Far East Command corporateBody
associatedWith Felder, Helen person
associatedWith Frazier Hunt's person
associatedWith General Eichelberger, Colonel Stoval, Colonel Gray, Colonel Erkenbeck, Colonel Beans, Mr. Christensen (Announcer), Lieutenant Busbey person
associatedWith Gruenther, Alfred Maximilian person
associatedWith Halsey, William Frederick person
associatedWith Handy, George person
associatedWith Hatfield, Lansing person
associatedWith Health Research Foundation corporateBody
associatedWith Herring, Edmund Francis person
associatedWith Hoover, Herbert person
associatedWith Howard, Roy person
associatedWith Hugh Sanders person
associatedWith Hunt, Frazier person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith James Monroe person
associatedWith James Prentice person
associatedWith Kawamura, Gozo person
associatedWith Keenan, Joseph Berry, 1888-1954 person
associatedWith Klein, Juluis person
associatedWith Krueger, Walter person
associatedWith MacArthur, Douglas, 1880-1964. person
associatedWith MacArthur, Douglas, 1880-1965 person
associatedWith Marshall, George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959. person
associatedWith Masahito, Prince person
associatedWith McCloy, John J. person
associatedWith McKinley, Jim person
associatedWith Merkel, Una person
associatedWith National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific corporateBody
associatedWith North Carolina Ports Authority corporateBody
associatedWith North Carolina State Ports Authority. corporateBody
associatedWith Northcott, John) person
associatedWith Packard, Laurence B. person
associatedWith Pechkoff, M. Zenovi person
associatedWith Phillip, Karl person
associatedWith Richardson, Robert C. person
associatedWith Robert L. and Emma Eichelberger person
associatedWith Robertson, Horace person
associatedWith Rogers, Gordon person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin Delano person
associatedWith Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967. person
associatedWith SCAP (Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers) corporateBody
associatedWith Schanze, A. E. person
associatedWith Sherman, Frederick C. person
associatedWith Stimson, Henry L. person
associatedWith Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) corporateBody
associatedWith Taylor, Virginia Cooper Westall, 1921- person
associatedWith Trupp, Eugene person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Army, 8th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Corps, 1st. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Division, 77th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Division, 77th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Military Academy corporateBody
associatedWith Van Oyen, Ludolf Henrik person
associatedWith Wainwright, Jonathan Mayhew person
associatedWith Winslett, Edmund J. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Papua New Guinea--Buna
United States
Philippines
Siberia (Russia)
Japan
Fort Jackson (S.C.)
Japan
Japan
Soviet Union
New Guinea
Pacific Ocean
Philippines
Subject
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns
Generals--Archival resources
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Photographs
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American
Occupation
Generals--United States--Archival resources
Function

Person

Birth 1886-03-09

Death 1961-09-26

English

Information

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