Morgenthau, Hans J. (Hans Joachim), 1904-1980

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Political scientist, educator, and author. Born in Germany, emigrated to the United States in 1937.

From the description of Hans J. Morgenthau papers, 1858-1981 (bulk 1925-1981). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70983006

Biographical Note

  • 1904, Feb. 17: Born, Coburg, Germany
  • 1923 - 1927 : Student, University of Berlin, University of Frankfurt, and University of Munich, Germany
  • 1927: Passed first law examination, University of Munich, Munich, Germany, and admitted to the bar
  • 1927 - 1930 : Practiced law
  • 1928 - 1930 : Assistant to Hugo Sinzheimer, University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1929: Awarded Juris Utriusque Doctor, University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany Published Die internationale Rechtspflege, ihr Wesen und ihre Grenzen. Leipzig: Universitätsverlag von Robert Noske
  • 1931 - 1933 : Acting president, labor law court, Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1932: Postgraduate study, Graduate Institute for International Studies, Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1932 - 1935 : Instructor in German public law, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1933: Published La notion du "politique" et la théorie des différends internationaux. Paris: Librairie du Recueil
  • 1934: Published La réalité des normes, en particulier des normes du droit international. Paris: Librarie Félix Allcan
  • 1935: Married Irma Thormann
  • 1935 - 1936 : Taught international law at the Institute of International and Economic Studies, Madrid, Spain
  • 1937: Immigrated to the United States
  • 1937 - 1939 : Instructor, Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, N.Y.
  • 1939 - 1943 : Assistant professor, law, history, and political science, University of Kansas City, Kansas City, Mo.
  • 1943: Naturalized as U.S. citizen Admitted to the Missouri bar
  • 1943 - 1971 : Professor of political science and modern history, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1946: Published Scientific Man vs. Power Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
  • 1948: Published Politics Among Nations. New York, Knopf
  • 1949 - 1951 : Consultant, State Department
  • 1950: Published with Kenneth W. Thompson, Principles and Problems of International Politics. New York: Alfred A. Knopf
  • 1950 - 1968 : Director, Center for the Study of American Foreign Policy, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1951: Published In Defense of the National Interest. New York, Knopf
  • 1958: Published Dilemmas of Politics. Chicago, University of Chicago Press
  • 1960: Published The Purpose of American Politics. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
  • 1961 - 1965 : Consultant, Defense Department
  • 1962: Published Politics in the Twentieth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 3 vols.
  • 1968 - 1974 : Leonard Davis Distinguished Professor, City College, City University of New York, New York, N.Y.
  • 1969: Published A New Foreign Policy for the United States. New York: F. A. Praeger.
  • 1970: Published Truth and Power. New York: F. A. Praeger
  • 1974: Appointed University Professor, New School for Social Research, New York, N.Y.
  • 1980, July 19: Died, New York, N.Y.

From the guide to the Hans J. Morgenthau Papers, 1858-1981, (bulk 1925-1981), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

German-born American political scientist, historian, and a leading analyst of the role of power in international politics. Born February 17, 1904, in Coburg (Germany), died July 19, 1980, New York, NY (USA)

Educated at the universities of Berlin, Frankfurt, and Munich, Morgenthau trained as a passed to bar and practiced in Munich from 1927 to 1930, when he became a teaching assistant at the University of Frankfurt. From 1931 to 1933 he served as acting president of the Frankfurt labor court. In 1932, he went also to Geneva to teach public law for a year, but because of Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany in 1933, he stayed on until 1935. In 1935/36, he taught in Madrid, where he was professor of international law at the Madrid Institute of International and Economic Studies. Morgenthau immigrated to the United States in 1937 (naturalized 1943).

He served on the faculties of Brooklyn College (1937-39), the University of Kansas City (1939-43), and from 1943 to 1971 taught international politics at the University of Chicago. In 1950 he became the director of the Center for Study of American Foreign and Military Policy. From 1968 to 1974 he was professor of political science at the City College of New York. Furthermore Morgenthau taught at the New School for Social Research from 1974 to 1980 and also served as consultant to the U.S. Department of State and Defense, as well as commentator on U.S. current affairs.

Morgenthau was a predominant figure in the post-World War II effort to refocus the study of international relations on the observed regularities of human conduct, rather than the idealistic pursuit of abstract norms. This political realism gained wide influence with the publication of his Scientific Man vs. Power Politics (1947) and especially Politics among Nations (1949), a highly regarded study that presented a modern realist approach to international politics, which became the leading text in field. Central to Morgenthau's theory was the concept of power as the dominant goal in international politics and the definition of national interest in terms of power. He called for recognition of the nature and limits of power and for the use of traditional methods of diplomacy, including compromise.

A contributor to numerous scholarly periodicals and journals of opinion, Morgenthau was also the author of In Defense of the National Interest (1951), Dilemmas of Politics (1958), The Purpose of American Politics (1960), Politics in the Twentieth Century, 3 vol. (1962), and Truth and Power (1970). Many of Morgenthau’s writings were translated into foreign languages.

Hans Morgenthau was married to Irma Morgenthau (neé Thormann). Their son Matthew was born in 1942, when Hans Morgenthau was 38 years old. In 1944, a daughter Susanna was born.

From the guide to the Hans Morgenthau Collection, 1904-1980, (Leo Baeck Institute Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Halle, Louis Joseph, 1910-. Letters to Charlton Ogburn [manuscript], 1936-1984. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Mowrer, Edgar Ansel, 1892-1977. Edgar Ansel Mowrer and Lilian T. Mowrer papers, 1898-1978 (bulk 1933-1978). Library of Congress
creatorOf Halle, Louis Joseph, 1910-. Papers of Louis J. Halle [manuscript], 1915-1985 bulk (1947-1985). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Reinhold Niebuhr Papers, 1907-1997, (bulk 1930-1990) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Kirchwey, Freda. Papers, 1871-1972 (inclusive), 1937-1971 (bulk) [microform]. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Joseph Alsop and Stewart Alsop Papers, 1699-1989, (bulk 1937-1989) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Princeton University. Graduate School. The Gauss Seminars In Criticism records, 1949-1981. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Carnegie Council on Ethics & International Affairs. Carnegie Council on Ethics & International Affairs records, 1914-1996. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Arendt, Hannah, 1906-1975. Hannah Arendt papers, 1898-1977 (bulk 1948-1977). Library of Congress
referencedIn Bingham, June, 1919-2007. June Bingham papers, 1930-1966. Library of Congress
creatorOf Morgenthau, Hans J. (Hans Joachim), 1904-1980. Hans J. Morgenthau papers, 1858-1981 (bulk 1925-1981). Library of Congress
creatorOf Hans J. Morgenthau Papers, 1858-1981, (bulk 1925-1981) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Alsop, Joseph, 1910-1989. Papers of Joseph and Stewart Alsop, 1699-1989 (bulk 1937-1989). Library of Congress
referencedIn Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. Max Lerner papers, 1927-1992 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Carolina Symposium. Records of the Carolina Symposium, 1927- 1986. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Hans Morgenthau Collection, 1904-1980 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
referencedIn Lawyers Committee on American Policy Towards Vietnam. Records, 1962-1979. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Max Lerner papers, 1927-1998 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Edgar Ansel Mowrer and Lilian T. Mowrer Papers, 1898-1978, (bulk 1933-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Rudolf Dreikurs Papers, 1911-1973, (bulk 1937-1972) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1871-1972 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Tamiment Institute Records, 1935-1990s Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Niebuhr, Reinhold, 1892-1971. Papers of Reinhold Niebuhr, 1907-1994 (bulk 1930-1990). Library of Congress
referencedIn Dreikurs, Rudolf, 1897-1972. Papers of Rudolf Dreikurs, 1911-1973 (bulk 1937-1972). Library of Congress
referencedIn Hannah Arendt Papers, 1898-1977, (bulk 1948-1977) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Academic Committee on Soviet Jewry. corporateBody
correspondedWith Acheson, Dean, 1893-1971 person
associatedWith Alsop, Joseph, 1910-1989. person
associatedWith Alsop, Joseph W. (Joseph Wright), 1876-1953 person
associatedWith Alsop, Stewart. Joseph Alsop and Stewart Alsop papers. 1699-1989 person
associatedWith American Academy of Political and Social Science. corporateBody
associatedWith American Jewish Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith Americans for Democratic Action. corporateBody
correspondedWith Arendt, Hannah, 1906-1975. person
correspondedWith Aron, Raymond, 1905-1983 person
correspondedWith Bingham, June, 1919-2007. person
associatedWith Carnegie Council on Ethics & International Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. corporateBody
associatedWith Carolina Symposium. corporateBody
associatedWith Council on Foreign Relations. corporateBody
associatedWith Dreikurs, Rudolf, 1897-1972. person
associatedWith FREDA KIRCHWEY, 1893-1976 person
correspondedWith Gurian, Waldemar, 1902-1954 person
associatedWith Halle, Louis Joseph, 1910- person
correspondedWith Hutchins, Robert Maynard, 1899-1977 person
correspondedWith Ichheiser, Gustav person
correspondedWith Jackson, Henry M. (Henry Martin), 1912-1983 person
correspondedWith Kelsen, Hans, 1881-1973 person
associatedWith Kirchwey, Freda. person
correspondedWith Kissinger, Henry, 1923- person
correspondedWith Kissinger, Henry, 1923- person
correspondedWith Knopf, Alfred A., 1892-1984 person
correspondedWith Landon, Alfred M. (Alfred Mossman), 1887-1987 person
associatedWith Lawyers Committee on American Policy Towards Vietnam. corporateBody
correspondedWith Lefever, Ernest W., 1919- person
correspondedWith Lefever, Ernest W., 1919- person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902- person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
correspondedWith Lippmann, Walter, 1899-1974 person
correspondedWith Morgenthau, Irma Thormann person
associatedWith Mowrer, Edgar Ansel, 1892-1977. person
associatedWith Mowrer, Lilian T. (Lilian Thomson). Edgar Ansel Mowrer and Lilian T. Mowrer papers. 1910-1970 person
correspondedWith Myers, Robert J. (Robert John), 1924- person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith New School for Social Research (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Niebuhr, Reinhold, 1892-1971 person
correspondedWith Nitze, Paul H. person
correspondedWith Nitze, Paul H. person
correspondedWith Princeton University. Graduate School. corporateBody
correspondedWith Riesman, David, 1909-2002 person
associatedWith Rockefeller Foundation. corporateBody
correspondedWith Rusk, Dean, 1909-1994 person
correspondedWith Sisco, Joseph J. person
correspondedWith Sisco, Joseph J. person
associatedWith Tamiment Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Chicago corporateBody
associatedWith University of Chicago. Center for the Study of American Foreign and Military Policy. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Chicago. Center for the Study of American Foreign Policy. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Russia
United States
Russia
United States
Subject
Professions and occupations; historians
Emigration and immigration--1933-1945--USA
Thormann--Morgenthau, Irma
Political science
Vietnam War, 1961-1975
Detente
Deutscher Bundesverdienstorden
Friendship
Morgenthau, Ludwig
Childhood
Morgenthau, Frieda (nee Bachmann)
Professions and occupations; political scientists
United States Army
Power (Social sciences)
Morgenthau, Matthew
International relations
Denazification
Occupation
Educators
Political scientists
Authors
Function

Person

Birth 1904-02-17

Death 1980-07-19

Americans

English

Information

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