Albers, Josef

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Josef Albers was born in Bottrop, Germany, on March 19, 1888. He studied art in schools in Berlin, Essen, and Munich before joining the Bauhaus school in 1920. From the completion of his studies in 1923 until the school was closed by the Nazis in 1933, Albers remained at the Bauhaus as a teacher. In 1933 Albers joined the faculty of Black Mountain College in North Carolina, where he remained until 1950 when he accepted an appointment as chairman of the Yale University Department of Design. He retired in 1958 and died on March 25, 1976.

From the guide to the Josef Albers papers, 1899-1973, (Manuscripts and Archives)

B. March 19,1888, Bottrop, Germany; d. March 25,1976.

From the description of Josef Alber : Artist File. (International Center of Photography). WorldCat record id: 457068441

Abstract painter, glass designer, photographer, and typographer

From the guide to the Josef Albers letters to the New York Public Library, 1954, 1972, undated, (The New York Public Library. New York Public Library Archives.)

Josef Albers (1888-1976) of Dessau, Germany, Black Mountain, North Carolina, and New Haven, Connecticut, was a painter, printmaker, and art teacher advocating a disciplined approach to composition, form, and color.

Josef Albers was born on March 19, 1888 in Bottrop, Westphalia, Germany, the only child of Lorenz Albers, a housepainter, and Magdelena (Schumacher) Albers. He attended the Präparanden-Schule in Langenhorst from 1902 to 1905 and then the teachers college in Büren, graduating in 1908. He became an instructor in several Westphalian primary schools.

Albers studied at the Royal Art School in Berlin, the Arts and Crafts School (Folkwang School)in Essen, and at the Art Academy in Munich under Franz Stuck before enrolling at the Bauhaus in Weimar in 1920. In 1923, he became an instructor and in 1925, when the school was transplanted to Dessau, he became a Bauhausmeister, teaching his fundamental design course. He remained in that position in Dessau and Berlin until 1933, when under pressure from National Socialism, the school was shut down. In that year, Albers emigrated to the United States, becoming a professor of painting at Black Mountain College in North Carolina.

In 1949, Albers moved to Yale University where he taught in the Department of Design and served as Chairman of the Art Department. Following his retirement in 1960, Albers continued to live in New Haven with his wife, textile artist Anni Albers.

Albers served as a guest teacher in Ulm, Germany, and in many colleges and art schools in the United States, Mexico, and South America. He was also an author of poems and books concerning art theory.

Josef Albers died on March 25, 1976 in New Haven, Connecticut.

From the guide to the Josef Albers papers, 1929-1970, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Brooklyn Museum. Dept. of Photography. Records, Exhibition negatives: installations. Thirty Years of Collecting by Una E. Johnson. 1969. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn George Grosz papers, 1893-1981 (inclusive) 1919-1959 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Eva Lee Gallery records, 1921-1973 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn King-Lui Wu papers, 1942-1991 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Walter Gropius papers, 1925-1969 (inclusive), 1937-1969 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Josef Albers papers, 1929-1970 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Albers, Josef, 1888-1976. Josef Alber : Artist File. International Center of Photography
referencedIn Bauhaus student work, 1919-1933 Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Herbert Matter papers, ca. 1937-1984 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars records, 1927-1949, 1933-1945 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Hans and Lily Hildebrandt papers, 1899-1979 Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Josef Albers papers, 1899-1973 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Wassily Kandinsky papers, 1911-1940, 1921-1937 Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Assorted papers relating to Bauhaus designers, 1919-1984 Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Howard Dearstyne Papers, 1911-1986, (bulk 1953-1971) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Josef Albers letters to the New York Public Library, 1954, 1972, undated The New York Public Library. New York Public Library Archives.
referencedIn Tiger's Eye records, 1939-1955 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Katharine Kuh papers, 1875-1994, bulk 1930-1994 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Albers, Josef, 1888-1976. [Josef Albers] : artist file John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art Library, Ringling Museum Library
referencedIn Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Papers, 1921-1969, (bulk 1938-1969) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Charles G. Shaw Papers, 1916-1964 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Walter Gropius papers in the Bauhaus-Archiv, ca. 1919-1937. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Vaclav Vytlacil papers, 1885-1990 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Stanford University, Art Department, files regarding Albers Wall, 1973-1980 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Bauhaus typography collection, 1919-1937, undated The Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Lydia Winston Malbin papers, 1891-1997, 1938-1997 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Photographs of twentieth-century artists, exhibitions, installations, and studio views, circa 1900-1990 Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Papers of Trude Guermonprez, 1947-1976 The Paul Mills Library and Archives of California Art
referencedIn R. Buckminster Fuller papers, ca. 1920-1983 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Katherine S. Dreier papers / Société Anonyme archive, 1818-1952, 1920-1951 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993 (bulk 1909-1969) Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Albers, Anni person
associatedWith Albers, Josef. person
associatedWith Albers, Josef, 1928- person
associatedWith American Federation of Arts corporateBody
associatedWith Arp, Jean, 1887-1966 person
associatedWith Baltimore Museum of Art corporateBody
associatedWith Bauhaus corporateBody
associatedWith Baumeister, Willi, 1889-1955 person
associatedWith Black Mountain College (Black Mountain, N.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Brooklyn Museum. Dept. of Photography. corporateBody
correspondedWith Dearstyne, Howard. person
associatedWith Dreier, Katherine Sophie, 1877-1952 person
associatedWith Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars corporateBody
associatedWith Eva Lee Gallery corporateBody
associatedWith Feininger, Lyonel, 1871-1956 person
associatedWith Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster), 1895-1983 person
associatedWith Getty Research Institute corporateBody
associatedWith Getty Research Library corporateBody
correspondedWith Gropius, Walter, 1883-1969 person
correspondedWith Grosz, George, 1893-1959 person
associatedWith Guermonprez, Trude, 1910-1976 person
associatedWith Harvard University. Graduate School of Design. corporateBody
associatedWith Hildebrandt, Hans person
associatedWith Hildebrandt, Lily, 1889-1974 person
associatedWith Kandinsky, Wassily, 1866-1944 person
associatedWith Kuh, Katharine person
associatedWith Leake, Eugene, 1911- person
associatedWith Matter, Herbert. person
correspondedWith Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig, 1886-1969 person
associatedWith Schlemmer, Oskar, 1888-1943 person
associatedWith Shaw, Charles Green, 1892- person
associatedWith Stanford University. Art Department. corporateBody
associatedWith Taeuber-Arp, Sophie, 1889-1943 person
associatedWith The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Vytlacil, Vaclav person
associatedWith Winston, Lydia, 1897- person
associatedWith Wu, King-Lui. person
associatedWith Yale University. Faculty. corporateBody
associatedWith Yale University. School of Art and Architecture. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Art--Study and teaching
Painters
Art, Modern--20th century
Art--Philosophy
Artists--United States
Photocollage
Printmakers
Occupation
Painter
Function

Person

Birth 1888-03-19

Death 1976-03-25

Americans

German

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