Hugo, Victor, 1802-1885

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1802-02-26
Death 1885-05-22
Gender:
Male
French
English, French

Biographical notes:

Victor Hugo, French poet, novelist and playwright.

From the description of Victor Hugo collection, 1816-1876. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702159680

From the description of Victor Hugo collection, 1816-1876. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84010646

French writer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : place not specified, to M. Cassin, 1831 Dec. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759121359

French poet, novelist, dramatist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed "V.H.", June 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269539428

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Marian Terrace, 1855 Mar. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269530149

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Guernsey, to Emile Allix, [1867] Nov. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269525036

From the description of Autograph signature and one line of writing : à Jersey, to Madame Pianciani, 1855 Feb. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269548300

French man of letters.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2), dated : Guernsey Feb. 8 and 16 April 1857, to the publisher Le Beau Ainé in Paris, 1857 Feb. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270666501

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Paris, to Augustin Harel du Tancrel, editor of l'Avenir, [1831] Mar. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269533814

From the description of Aux Allemands. Aux Français : [Paris] : autograph drafts (3), heavily corrected, with title, of the addresses, 1870. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269550176

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [Paris], to Madame Laurent, the actress, [1843] June 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269532746

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to an unidentified recipient, "Lundi." (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269530369

From the description of Autograph ms. initialed, [1833?]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122510731

From the description of Autograph letter signed, dated : [n.p., 1849 (in another hand)], to an unidentified recipient, [1849]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270873438

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [Paris], to the Director of the Theatre de la Porte-Saint-Martin, 1845 Oct. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270871076

French man-of-letters.

From the description of Autograph manuscript signed : [n.p., n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269546474

French author.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : to M. Le Beau, editor, 1857 Feb. 13-1857 Apr. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269543228

Author.

From the description of Letter of Victor Hugo, no year Nov. 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79451075

Victor-Marie Hugo (1802-1885) was a French novelist, poet, and dramatist best known for his works the Notre-Dame de Paris ( The Hunchback of Notre-Dame ) (1831) and Les Misérables (1862).

Hugo was born February 26, 1802 in Besançon, France to Léopold and Sophie Hugo. His father was a high-ranking officer in Napoleon's army while his mother held strong royalist views. The result was a disjointed marriage. Hugo's father was sent to Spain in 1809, where he was named governor of two Spanish provinces, Ernani and Torquemada. His mother moved Hugo and his two brothers to his father's estate, but returned the family to Paris by 1812.

Hugo wrote his first play in 1816. By 1819, Hugo and his two brothers, Abel and Eugène, began production of a royalist review titled Conservateur littéraire . In 1822 Hugo married Adèle Foucher with whom he had five children. Shortly after, Foucher began an affair with Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve while Hugo started a relationship with actress Juliette Drouet.

Around mid-century Hugo became involved in politics. He was elected to the National Assembly in 1848 and to the Legislative Assembly in 1849. After his son, Charles, was imprisoned, Hugo opposed Napoleon III openly. As a result, when Napoleon III came to power in 1851 Hugo was forced to flee to Brussels. His family eventually settled on the island of Guernsey, with Drouet living next door. Hugo returned to France in 1870 where he continued his political involvement. He was elected to the National Assembly in 1870 and to the Senate in 1876.

Hugo had a successful literary career, serving as a central figure in French romanticism. Hugo died on May 22, 1885. His body lay in state under the Arc de Triomphe and the government ordered a period of national morning.

  • 1823: Odes Han d'Islande ( Han of Iceland)
  • 1826: Bug-Jargal ( The Slave-King) Odes et Ballades
  • 1827: Cromwell
  • 1830: Hernani, ou l'Honneur castillan ( Hernani; or, The Honour of a Castilian)
  • 1831: Les Feuilles d'automne Notre-Dame de Paris ( The Hunchback of Notre Dame) Marion Delorme
  • 1832: Le Roi s'amuse ( The King's Fool)
  • 1833: Lucrèce Borgia ( Lucretia Borgia, a Dramatic Tale) Marie Tudor
  • 1835: Angelo, Tyran de Padoue ( Angelo) Les Chants du crépuscle ( Songs of Twilight)
  • 1837: Les Voix intérieures
  • 1838: Ruy Blas ( Ruy Blas: A Romantic Drama)
  • 1842: Les Rayons et les ombres
  • 1853: Les Châtiments
  • 1856: Les Contemplations
  • 1859: La Légende des siècles ( The Legend of the Centuries)
  • 1862: Les Misérables
  • 1866: Les Travailleurs de la mer ( The Toilers of the Sea)
  • 1872: L'Année terrible
  • 1878: Le Pape
  • 1881: Les Quatre Vents de l'esprit
  • 1882: Torquemada

From the guide to the Victor Hugo Collection, 1839-1878, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

Epithet: Vicomte author

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000975.0x0000f5

Epithet: writer of plays

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000623.0x000313

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Subjects:

  • Authors, French--19th century
  • French literature--19th century
  • Prompt-book
  • Art--French (?)--Reproductions
  • Manuscripts, French
  • French poetry--19th century
  • Drama (French)
  • Franco--Prussian War, 1870-1871
  • Actors--France
  • Nationalism--History--19th century
  • Literature--French
  • Poetry
  • Authors, French
  • Novelists, French
  • Arts, French
  • French poetry

Occupations:

  • Authors
  • Novelists

Places:

  • Paris, A8, FR
  • Besançon, 27, FR