Casals, Pablo, 1876-1973

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1876-12-29
Death 1973-10-22
Spaniards
Spanish; Castilian, French, English

Biographical notes:

Catalan violoncellist.

From the description of Letters, 1952 July 29 - 1971 Sept. 15, to Milly Stanfield. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122378665

From the guide to the Letters, 1952 July 29 - 1971 Sept. 15, to Milly Stanfield, (The New York Public Library. Music Division.)

Catalan cellist, conductor, pianist, and composer.

From the description of Autograph note signed on his visiting card, dated : [n.p., Prades?], 6 January 1939, to Mr. & Mrs. [Harry Harkness] Flagler, 1939 Jan. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270564195

From the description of Autograph letter signed, dated : [n.p.], 18 April 1912, to E[mil] Gutmann, 1912 Apr. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270564199

From the description of Autograph note signed on his visiting card, dated : [n.p., n.d.], to an unidentified recipient, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270899294

Epithet: cellist and composer

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000206.0x00026e

Violoncellist.

From the description of Pablo Casals letter to Mrs. Anderson, 1956 Nov. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 650839498

Dr Ernest Murray and his wife Blanche lived in Budapest, Hungary during the 1930s.

From the description of Letters and photographs. 1927-1938. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 221455765

Pablo Casals was a Catalan violoncellist.

From the description of ALS, 1939 Mar. 30, London, to Dr. Fehl. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122597670

From the description of Correspondence, 1945 March 21 - 1972 Oct. 6, to Maurice and Paula Eisenberg. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122408246

From the description of Diary, 1945, Oct.13 to Nov. 9. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122686914

From the guide to the Correspondence, 1945 March 21 - 1972 Oct. 6, to Maurice and Paula Eisenberg, (The New York Public Library. Music Division.)

From the guide to the Diary, 1945, Oct.13 to Nov. 9, (The New York Public Library. Music Division.)

From the guide to the ALS, London, to Dr. Fehl, 1939 Mar. 30, (The New York Public Library. Music Division.)

Alan Shulman was a composer, cellist and arranger. Born in Baltimore on June 4, 1915, his early studies were with Bart Wirtz (cello) and Louis Cheslock (harmony) at the Peabody Conservatory.

In 1928 the family moved to New York, where Shulman played in the National Orchestral Association under Leon Barzin. He received a New York Philharmonic Scholarship, studying cello with Joseph Emonts and harmony with Winthrop Sargent. From 1932-1937, he attended the Juilliard School where he was a fellowship student, studying cello with Felix Salmond and composition with Bernard Wagenaar. While still a student, he composed music for the American Children's Theatre production of Hans Christian Anderson's The Chinese Nightingale (1934). He continued his studies of cello with Emanuel Feuermann, and of composition with Paul Hindemith.

Shulman was the cellist of the Kreiner String Quartet (1935-38). Later, he and his brother, violinist/conductor Sylvan Shulman, co-founded the Stuyvesant String Quartet. During the 1940s and 1950s this group was noted for its performances and recordings of contemporary quartets of Bloch, Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Malipiero, Hindemith and Kreisler, among others. In 1941 they played the American premiere of the Shostakovich Piano Quintet at Carnegie Hall (on a bill which included Benny Goodman), and recorded it for Columbia Records.

Simultaneously with his Kreiner Quartet activities, Shulman was arranging and performing classical themes in a jazz style with an ensemble consisting of string quartet, bass, guitar and harp. The group, called the New Friends of Rhythm, recorded for RCA Victor and sold 20,000 records in 1939 and 1940. They recorded with Buster Bailey for Victor before World War II, and with Maxine Sullivan for International Records after the war.

Shulman was a charter member of the NBC Symphony Orchestra under Arturo Toscanini from 1937-1942, served in the U.S. Maritime Service from 1942-1945, and rejoined NBC from 1948-1954. While in the Maritime Service, he taught orchestration to Nelson Riddle, who went on to write celebrated arrangements for Frank Sinatra, Ella Fitzgerald and Nat "King" Cole. After NBC disbanded the Symphony in 1954, he helped form and manage the group's short-lived successor, the Symphony of the Air.

During the 1930s and 1940s Shulman was active as an arranger for Leo Reisman, Andre Kostalanetz, Arthur Fiedler and Wilfred Pelletier's Metropolitan Opera Auditions of the Air. Later, Shulman worked with opera singer Risë Stevens, producing "crossover" arrangements for her which she recorded from 1945-1947.

Shulman's first successful composition was Theme and Variations for Viola and Orchestra, which received its première over NBC in 1941 with Emanuel Vardi as soloist. The piece was recorded several times and is in the repertoire of most American viola soloists. Among his many successful compositions are the Suite on American Folk Songs (one movement of which, Cod Liver 'Ile, was recorded by Jascha Heifetz); Waltzes for Orchestra, premiered by the NBC Symphony with Milton Katims conducting; Threnody (For the Fallen Soldiers of Israel), premiered by the NBC String Quartet in February, 1950; Rendezvous, written for Benny Goodman and recorded by Artie Shaw and Richard Stoltzman; and the Concerto for Violoncello and Orchestra, premiered by Leonard Rose with the New York Philharmonic under Dimitri Mitropoulos. His Suite Miniature for Octet of Celli was written in 1956 for the Fine Arts Cello Ensemble of Los Angeles.

In the 1950s, Shulman wrote popular songs with entertainer Steve Allen and arranged for Skitch Henderson, Raoul Poliakin and Felix Slatkin. During the 1960s and 1970s, Shulman was busy in recording and television studios, and composed teaching material and works for band including Three Faces of Glen Cove, Interstate 90, The Corn Shuckers and Mazatlan, and arranged for singer-songwriter Cris Williamson's debut recording on Ampex Records.

Shulman founded the Violoncello Society in 1956 and was President from 1967 to 1972. He was cellist of the Philharmonia Trio (1962-1969), the Vardi Trio, An Die Musik (1976-1977), and the Haydn Quartet (1972-1982). Shulman taught cello at Sarah Lawrence College, Juilliard, SUNY-Purchase, Johnson State College (Vermont) and the University of Maine. He was made a Chevalier du Violoncelle by the Eva Janzer Cello Center at Indiana University in 1997. Shulman died on July 10, 2002.

Sources: Margaret Campbell. "Shulman, Alan." In Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/subscriber/article/grove/music/52906 (accessed September 22, 2011).

"The Music of Alan Shulman." http://capital.net/com/ggjj/shulman/index.html (accessed September 22, 2011).

From the guide to the Alan Shulman papers, 1924-2005, 1933-1988, (The New York Public Library. Music Division.)

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Ark ID:
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Subjects:

  • Brass ensembles, Arranged--Scores and parts
  • Music--Manuscripts
  • Violoncello music (Violoncellos (8))--Scores
  • Composers--Correspondence
  • Violoncellists--Correspondence
  • Concertos (Violoncello)--Cadenzas
  • String octets (Violoncellos (8))--Scores
  • Conductors (Music)--Correspondence

Occupations:

  • Orchestra conductors
  • Composers
  • Arrangers
  • Violoncellists
  • Musicians

Places:

  • Spain (as recorded)