Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939

Alternative names
Birth 1856-05-06
Death 1939-09-23
English, German, French

Biographical notes:

Austrian neurologist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Vienna, to an unidentified recipient, 1932 Aug. 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270870831

Eisler was the secretary of the Sigmund Freud archive in New York City; Urban was a professor in Mainz, Germany, who was editing a volume of materials on the reception of psychoanalysis.

From the description of Correspondence with Franz Werfel and Adolf Klarmann, 1926, 1970-1971. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155863290

Founder of psychoanalysis.

From the description of Sigmund Freud papers, circa 6th century B.C.-1998 (bulk 1871-1939). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981682

Biographical Note

  • 1856, May 6: Born Sigismund Schlomo Freud, Freiberg, Moravia
  • 1860: Moved with family to Vienna, Austria
  • 1873: Graduated summa cum laude, Leopoldstädter Kommunal-Real-und Obergymansium, Vienna, Austria
  • 1875: Changed first name to Sigmund
  • 1876 - 1882 : Conducted research on the nervous system at Ernst Brücke's Institute of Physiology, Vienna, Austria
  • 1879 - 1880 : Fulfilled compulsory military service
  • 1881: M.D., University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
  • 1882: Clinical assistant in Hermann Nothnagel's Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital, Vienna, Austria Met and became engaged to Martha Bernays
  • 1883: Worked in Theodor Meynert's psychiatric clinic, General Hospital, Vienna, Austria
  • 1884: Joined Department of Nervous Diseases, General Hospital, Vienna, Austria Began studying the effects and potential medical uses of cocaine
  • 1885: Appointed lecturer in neuropathology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria Received grant to study neuropathology with Jean-Martin Charcot in Paris, France
  • 1886: Established private practice, Vienna, Austria Married Martha Bernays
  • 1887: Began corresponding with Wilhelm Fliess
  • 1889: Traveled to Nancy, France, to study Hippolyte Bernheim's hypnotic techniques
  • 1891: Established residence and office at Bergasse 19, Vienna, Austria, where he would remain until 1938
  • 1892: Treated “Elizabeth von R.” (Ilona Weiss) in what Freud described as his first full length analysis of hysteria
  • 1895: Published with Josef Breuer Studien über Hysterie [ Studies in Hysteria] (Leipzig: F. Deuticke. 269 pp.)
  • 1896: First used the term “psychoanalysis”
  • 1900: Published Die Traumdeutung [ The Interpretation of Dreams] (Leipzig: F. Deuticke. 371 pp.)
  • 1901: Published Zur Psychopathologie des Alltagslebens [ Psychology of Everyday Life] (Berlin: S. Karger. 80 pp.)
  • 1902: Founded the Psychologische Mittwoch-Gesellschaft (renamed the Wiener Psychoanalytische Vereinigung in 1908) Appointed Professor Extraordinarius, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
  • 1905: Published “Bruchstück einer Hysterie-Analyse” (“Dora” case study), Monatsschrift für Psychiatrie und Neurologie, 18:285-310 Published Der Witz und seine Beziehung zum Unbewussten [ Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious] (Vienna: F. Deuticke. 205 pp.) Published Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie [ Three Contributions to the Sexual Theory] (Leipzig: F. Deuticke. 83 pp.)
  • 1908: First International Congress of Psychoanalysis, Salzburg, Austria
  • 1909: Lectured on psychoanalysis at Clark University, Worcester, Mass. Published “Analyse der Phobie eines fünfjährigen Knaben” (“Little Hans” case study), Jahrbuch für psychoanalytische und psychopathologische Forschungen, 1:1-109 Published “Bemerkungen über einen Fall von Zwangsneurose” (“Rat Man” case study), Jahrbuch für psychoanalytische und psychopathologische Forschungen, 1:357-421
  • 1910: Published Über Psychoanalyse [ The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis] (Vienna: F. Deuticke. 62 pp.)
  • 1912: Establishment of the “Committee,” a group composed of Freud's closest associates including Karl Abraham, Sándor Ferenczi, Ernest Jones, Otto Rank, and Hanns Sachs who consulted regularly on issues relating to Freud and the psychoanalytic movement
  • 1913: Published Totem und Tabu: einige Übereinstimmungen im Seeleben der Wilden und der Neurotiker [ Totem and Taboo] (Leipzig: H. Heller. 149 pp.)
  • 1918: Published “Aus der Geschichte einer infantilen Neurose” (“Wolf-Man”case study), Sammlung kleiner Schriften zur Neurosenlehre IV (Vienna: F. Deuticke. 139 pp.)
  • 1920: Published Jenseits des Lustprinzips [ Beyond the Pleasure Principle] (Vienna: Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag. 60 pp.)
  • 1923: Diagnosed with cancer of the jaw and palate Published Das Ich und das Es [ The Ego and the Id] (Vienna: Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag. 77 pp.)
  • 1930: Awarded the Goethe Prize by the city of Frankfurt, Germany Published Das Unbehagen in der Kultur [ Civilization and Its Discontents] (Vienna: Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag. 136 pp.)
  • 1931: Bronze plaque erected by the city of Príbor, Czechoslovakia (formerly Freiberg, Moravia) at Freud's birthplace
  • 1933: Published with Albert Einstein Warum Krieg? [ Why War?] (Paris: International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation. 61 pp.)
  • 1938: Left Vienna, Austria, and settled in London, England
  • 1939: Published Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische Religion [ Moses and Monotheism] (Amsterdam: A. de Lange. 241 pp.)
  • 1939, Sept. 23: Died, London, England

From the guide to the Sigmund Freud Papers, circa 6th century B.C.-1998, (bulk 1871-1939), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)


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