Patton, George S. (George Smith), 1885-1945

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1885-11-11
Death 1945-12-21
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Outstanding American Field Commander of World War II.

From the description of War as I knew it [manuscript], 1947. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 648014804

George S. (George Smith) Patton (1885-1945) was born on November 11, 1885 in San Gabriel, California. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1909 and began his career in the United States Army. In 1917, Patton went with John J. (John Joseph) Pershing (1860-1948) and the American Expeditionary Forces to France. He graduated from the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and from the Army War College. After two tours in Hawaii, Patton was assigned to the 2nd Armored Brigade stationed at Fort Benning, Georgia. Shortly thereafter he was given command of the entire 2nd Armored Division. In 1942 he was assigned to create the Desert Training Corps. He assumed the command of the United States 3rd Army in 1944. Patton and the 3rd Army proceeded from Normandy, France, fighting in four directions at once. They fought at the Battle of the Ardennes, 1944-1945, and were instrumental in liberating France from German occupation.

From the description of Letters by George S. Patton, 1944-1945. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 298264293

George S. (George Smith) Patton (1885-1945) was born on November 11, 1885 in San Gabriel, California. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1909 and began his career in the United States Army. Patton went with John J. (John Joseph) Pershing (1860-1948) and the American Expeditionary Forces to France in 1917. He graduated from the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and from the Army War College. After two tours in Hawaii, Patton was assigned to the 2nd Armored Brigade stationed at Fort Benning, Georgia. Shortly thereafter he was given command of the entire 2nd Armored Division. In 1942 he was assigned to create the Desert Training Corps. He assumed the command of the United States 3rd Army in 1944. Patton and the 3rd Army proceeded from Normandy, France, fighting in four directions at once. They fought at the Battle of the Ardennes, 1944-1945, and were instrumental in liberating France from German occupation.

From the description of Documents of George S. Patton, 1942-1945. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122288773

U.S. Army officer.

From the description of George S. Patton papers, 1807-1979 (bulk 1904-1945). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982853

From the description of Papers, 1864-1979 (bulk 1900-1945). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 31605152

General, United States Army.

From the description of George S. Patton speech transcript, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754868832

Biographical Note

  • 1885, Nov. 11: Born, San Gabriel, Calif.
  • 1903 - 1904 : Attended Virginia Military Institute,Lexington, Va.
  • 1909: West Point, N.Y. West Point United States Military Academy Graduated, United States Military Academy,West Point, N.Y. Fort Sheridan, Ill. Fort Sheridan (historical) Comfort Inn Sheridan Fort Sheridan Golf Course Fort Sheridan Cemetery Comfort Inn City Sheridan Fort Sheridan (historical) Fort Myer, Va. Fort Myer Assigned to Fifteenth United States Cavalry,Fort Sheridan, Ill., and Fort Myer, Va.
  • 1910: Married Beatrice Banning Ayer
  • 1912: Member, American team, XII Olympiad, Stockholm, Sweden, finishing fifth in modern pentathlon
  • 1912 - 1913 : Attended French cavalry school, Saumur, France
  • 1913: Graduated, United States Cavalry School,Fort Riley, Kans.
  • 1913 - 1915 : Instructor in weapons, United States Cavalry School,Fort Riley, Kans.
  • 1915 - 1916 : Assigned to Eighth United States Cavalry,Fort Bliss, Tex.
  • 1916 - 1917 : Aide-de-camp to General John J. Pershing,Mexican Punitive Expedition
  • 1917: Aide-de-camp to General John J. Pershing, Commander-in-Chief, American Expeditionary Forces Commanded Headquarters Troop, American Expeditionary Forces
  • 1917 - 1918 : Camplieu, France Detailed as first member of American Tank Corps and attended French Tank School,Camplieu, France Langres, France Langres Organized American Tank School,Langres, France
  • 1918: Promoted to temporary rank of lieutenant colonel
  • 1918 - 1921 : Commander, 304th Tank Brigade
  • 1919 - 1921 : Invented a coaxial gun mount
  • 1921 - 1922 : Commander, First Squadron, Third United States Cavalry,Fort Myer, Va.
  • 1923 - 1928 : Boston, Mass. Boston Hawaii Hawaii United States Army General Staff,Boston, Mass., 1923-1924; Hawaii, 1924-1928
  • 1928 - 1931 : Served in Office of the Chief of Cavalry, United States Army
  • 1932: Graduated, United States Army War College
  • 1932 - 1935 : Executive officer, Third United States Cavalry,Fort Myer, Va.
  • 1934: Promoted to lieutenant colonel
  • 1935 - 1937 : G-2, United States Army General Staff, Hawaiian Department
  • 1938: Fort Clark, Tex. Commander, Fifth United States Cavalry,Fort Clark, Tex. Promoted to colonel
  • 1938 - 1940 : Commander, Third United States Cavalry,Fort Myer, Va.
  • 1940: Promoted to brigadier general
  • 1940 - 1941 : Commander, Second Armored Brigade, Second Armored Division,Fort Benning, Ga.
  • 1941: Promoted to major general
  • 1941 - 1942 : Commander, Second Armored Division,Fort Benning, Ga.
  • 1942: Commander, I Armored Corps, First and Second Armored Divisions
  • 1942 - 1943 : North Africa Northern Africa North Friedensau School (historical) Africa and North American Wildlife Museum North Stelton African Methodist Episcopal Church Greater Fort Worth District African Methodist Episcopal Church New North Street African Methodist Episcopal Church African Baptist Church of North Dallas Epworth African Methodist Episcopal Church (historical) Commanded Western Task Force during Allied landings and subsequent campaign in North Africa Transferred to command of United States II Corps
  • 1943: Sicily Sicily Sicily (historical) Sicily Island High School Sicily Island Strait of Sicily Village of Sicily Island Sicily (historical) Dancing Flamingo Sicily Country Resort Sicily Island Oil and Gas Field Sicilia Plain Sicily Sicily Terrace Sicily-Malta Escarpment Sicily Post Office (historical) Sicilia Sicily Sicily Island Elementary School Sicily Run Township of Sicily Sicilia Sicily Post Office (historical) Sicily Creek Quality Hotel Park Siracusa Sicily Resumed command of I Armored Corps in preparation for invasion of Sicily Promoted to lieutenant general Relinquished command of II Corps to Omar Nelson Bradley
  • 1943 - 1944 : Commanded Seventh United States Army in Sicilian campaign
  • 1944: England England Lac England England Tungland England Cemetery England Number 3 Dam England Ridge England Creek HVDC Quebec-New England - Des Cantons Grounding Electrode England Brothers Number 1 Dam England Branch England Mine New England Park Kampunglandeuh Langland Koringlandskloof Nglandean England Run Veterinary Clinic Springland Longlands Kessingland New England Hall New England Mine France Republic of France Ordered to England to take command of Third United States Army in preparation for invasion of France
  • 1944 - 1945 : France Republic of France Germany Federal Republic of Germany Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia Sokol South Omaha Czechoslovak Museum Czechoslovakian National Cemetery Czechoslovakian Legation Building Czechoslovakia Cemetery Czechoslovakian National Cemetery Austria Republic of Austria Commanded Third United States Army in drive across France,Germany,Czechoslovakia, and Austria
  • 1945: Commander, Fifteenth United States Army
  • 1945, Dec. 21: Died, Heidelberg, Germany

From the guide to the George S. Patton Papers, 1807-1979, (bulk 1904-1945), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Biographical/Historical Note

General, United States Army.

From the guide to the George S. Patton speech transcript, undated, (Hoover Institution Archives)

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Subjects:

  • Sabers
  • Ardennes, Battle of the, 1944-1945
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns
  • Military history, Modern--20th century
  • World War, 1939-1945--Africa, North
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • World War, 1939-1945--Europe
  • Cavalry
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Italy--Sicily
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--France--Normandy
  • Artillery drill and tactics
  • World War, 1939-1945--United States
  • World War, 1914-1918--Europe--Tank warfare
  • World War, 1939-1945--Amphibious operations
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Germany
  • World War, 1914-1918--Tank warfare
  • Generals--Biography
  • Patton Statue (West Point, N.Y.)
  • World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American
  • Tank warfare
  • Soldiers--Conduct of life
  • Denazification
  • Refugees
  • War casualties
  • Desert warfare
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Africa, North

Occupations:

  • Army officers
  • Generals--United States
  • Military cadets--United States
  • Soldiers--United States

Places:

  • Western Front (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Africa, North (as recorded)
  • Italy--Sicily (as recorded)
  • Western front (as recorded)
  • Italy--Sicily (as recorded)
  • Germany (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Africa, North (as recorded)
  • France--Normandy (as recorded)
  • Africa, North (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)