Oral history interview with Robert S. Shankland, 1974 August 20 and 21.


Oral history interview with Robert S. Shankland, 1974 August 20 and 21.

Family life and early childhood environment; undergraduate studies at Case School for Applied Sciences, 1925-1929; M.S., 1933; influence of Dayton C. Miller; reanalysis of Miller's absolute motion experiments, meetings with Albert Einstein; National Bureau of Standards (NBS) work on ionosphere and standard frequency regulation, 1929-1930; contact with University of Chicago, 1930s and 1940s, thesis work on photon scattering under Arthur H. Compton, 1935; World War II sonar work in submarine warfare; architectural acoustics interests; tasks as Chairman of Physics Department at Case Western Reserve University, 1940-1958; consultant to Argonne National Laboratory, neutrino experiments, 1953-1969. Associations with D. C. Miller and A. H. Compton, their experimental style, personalities and influences on others; climate of opinion around relativity and quantum mechanics; the crucial Michelson-Morley experiments and others in relativity; comments on the resistance of the older generation of physicists; reaction to fission and the atomic bomb; problems of modern physics and comments on relation between pure and applied sciences, the existence of a scientific method, physics as related to other sciences, approaches to the history of science. Also prominently mentioned are: Samuel K. Allison, Luis Walter Alvarez, Samuel Austin, Raymond Thayer Birge, R. Blondlot, Niels Henrik David Bohr, C. P. Boner, Bragg, William Lawrence, Sir, Gregory Breit, Karl Taylor Compton, Walter Dale Compton, Karl Kelchner Darrow, R. L. Doan, Saul Dushman, Carl Henry Eckart, Thomas Alva Edison, Enrico Fermi, Armand Hippolyte Fizeau, Lester L. Foldy, Gustav Ludwig Hertz, Oliver Wendell Holmes, F. R. von Horn, J. W. Horton, William Vermillion Houston, Frank Clark Hoyt, Z. Jeffries, Edwin Crawford Kemble, G. Kuerti, Joseph Larmor, Ernest Orlando Lawrence, F. Leone, Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, W. H. Martin, Emanuel Maxwell, Sidney McCuskey, Albert Abraham Michelson, Dayton C. Miller, Robert Andrews Millikan, Jason John Nassau, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Henri Poincaré, Baron Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Owen Willans Richardson, Henry A. Rowland, Henry Norris Russell, Ernest Rutherford, Harlow Shapley, John Clarke Slater, G. Szell, John Torrence Tate, Geoffrey Ingram Taylor, Joseph John Thomson, Merle Antony Tuve, John Hasbrouck Van Vleck, M. Walsh, M. Walters, Robert Williams Wood; Bell Telephone Laboratories, Case School of Applied Science, George Washington University Law School, Mount Wilson Observatory, Phillips Petroleum Co., United States Navy New London Laboratory, and United States Office of Scientific Research and Development.

Sound recordings: 4 7-inch reels (ca. 8.0 hrs.), 2 sessions.Transcript: 180 p.


SNAC Resource ID: 8289468

Related Entities

There are 42 Entities related to this resource.

Bell Telephone Laboratories, inc.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6650fn9 (corporateBody)

Compton, K. T. (Karl Taylor), 1887-1954

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rw1d2v (person)

Physicist. From the description of K.T. Compton speeches, 1939-1952. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83457426 Karl Taylor Compton (b. Sept. 14, 1887, Wooster, Ohio-d. June 22, 1954, New York City), prominent American physicist and president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1930 to 1948. From the description of Compton, K. T. (Karl Taylor), 1887-1954 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10570905 ...

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t836n5 (person)

Niels Bohr was a Danish physicist who made tremendous contributions to his field, transforming accepted notions of atomic structure, helping to develop nuclear fission, and advocating for international cooperation in crafting responsible nuclear policy. Bohr was born in Copenhagen in 1885 into a family that encouraged his academic pursuits. Christian Bohr, his father, was professor of physiology at the University of Copenhagen. Bohr credited his father for awakening hi...

Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63c6p77 (person)

Albert Einstein was born at Ulm, in Württemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. Six weeks later the family moved to Munich, where he later on began his schooling at the Luitpold Gymnasium. Later, they moved to Italy and Albert continued his education at Aarau, Switzerland and in 1896 he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich to be trained as a teacher in physics and mathematics. In 1901, the year he gained his diploma, he acquired Swiss citizenship and, as he was...

Edison, Thomas Alva, 1847-1931

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66z0150 (person)

Thomas Alva Edison (born February 11, 1847, Milan, Ohio – died October 18, 1931, West Orange, New Jersey), American inventor and businessman who has been described as America's greatest inventor. He developed many devices in fields such as electric power generation, mass communication, sound recording, and motion pictures. These inventions, which include the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and early versions of the electric light bulb, have had a widespread impact on the modern industrial...

Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ns0wbw (person)

Ernest Orlando Lawrence, Nobel prizewinning physicist, inventor of the cyclotron and the founder and first director of the University of California Radiation Laboratory, was born on August 8, 1901 in Canton, South Dakota. His parents Carl Gustavus and Gunda Jacobson Lawrence were the children of Norwegian immigrants. Ernest Lawrence attended St. Olaf College and later the University of South Dakota, where he received his A.B. degree in 1922. He had originally thought to become a medical doctor, ...

Palomar Observatory

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h45nff (corporateBody)

United States. National Bureau of Standards.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kw99kt (corporateBody)

After World War II the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) was charged with the task of following developments in computing. In response, NBS began to index and abstract books, journals, reports and other literature covering a broad range of computer-related topics beginning in the mid-1940s. Eventually the enormity of the task forced NBS to abandon this work in 1978. From the description of Computer Literature Collection, 1956-1978. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat re...

Phillips Petroleum Co.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sv39f8 (corporateBody)

Thomson, J. J. (Joseph John), 1856-1940

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n29x8k (person)

English physicist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Trinity Lodge, Cambridge, to Sir Sydney Cockerell, 1927 Feb. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270572272 Physicist (cathode rays, atomic structure, electrons) and administrator. On the faculty at University of Cambridge (1884-1940): director, Cavendish Laboratory (1884-1918), physics faculty (1894-1919), and master of Trinity College (1918-1940); and on the natural philosophy faculty at the Royal Instituti...

Fizeau, H. (Hippolyte), 1819-1896

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6184vz9 (person)

Armand Hippolyte Louis Fizeau was born on November 23, 1819, in Paris, France. He received his secondary school education at the Collège Stanislas with the intention of becoming a doctor. Illness forced Fizeau to discontinue classes and upon returning, he studied physics. Fizeau's early work included the improvement of the daguerreotype process. This allowed Fizeau and Léon Foucault to be the first to photograph the disk of the sun. Probably Fizeau's most significant contribution was the calcu...

Michelson, Albert A. (Albert Abraham), 1852-1931

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6833vkf (person)

Albert Abraham Michelson (December 19, 1852 – May 9, 1931) was an American physicist known for his work on measuring the speed of light and especially for the Michelson–Morley experiment. In 1907, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics, becoming the first American to win the Nobel Prize in a science. He was also the founder and the first head of the physics department of the University of Chicago....

United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6798110 (corporateBody)

Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pn96xk (person)

Astronomer (galaxies, photometry, spectroscopy) and administrator. Astronomer, Mount Wilson Observatory, 1914-1921; director, Harvard Observatory, 1921-1952; on the astronomy faculty at Harvard from 1952. From the description of Papers [microform], 1910-1923. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80523781 Harlow Shapley (1885-1972) was an astronomer. Shapley served as director of the Harvard College Observatory and was a professor at Harvard University, eventually he became the Pai...

Rayleigh, John William Strutt, baron, 1842-1919

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6514130 (person)

John William Strutt, the Third Baron Rayleigh, an English physicist, was born in Terling, Essex, in 1842. He attended Cambridge University and in 1879 became professor of experimental physics there and director of its Cavendish Laboratory until 1884. He later was on the faculty at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, became chancellor of Cambridge University, and was a founder of the National Physics Laboratory in Teddington, England. Strutt, who with Lord William Ramsey, discovered the first...

Argonne National Laboratory.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6md2rjk (corporateBody)

Argonne National Laboratory is located at Argonne, Illinois, and is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy. The Laboratory is one of the nation's leading energy research centers. It develops and assesses nuclear and alternative energy technologies and conducts a wide range of fundamental and applied research in the physical, environmental, and biomedical sciences. Research disciplines range from biology, physics, chemistry, materials science, mathematics, and computer science to advanced ener...

Bragg, William Lawrence, sir, 1890-1971

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jq130n (person)

Physicist (x-ray diffraction, crystallography). On physics faculty at the University of Manchester (1919-1937), and Cambridge University (1938-1953); director of Royal Institution, London (1954-1966); and Nobel Prize in Physics (1915). From the description of Selected reprints, 1920-1969. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78933069 Sir William Lawrence Bragg. Education: St. Peter's College (Austrailia); B.S., Mathematics, Adelaide University (1908); Natural Sciences, Trinity Col...

University of Chicago.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6449cnx (corporateBody)

Most of the records in the collection pertain to the $400,000 raised by the American Baptist Education Society in 1889-1890 in order to obtain a 600,000 grant from John D. Rockefeller for the creation of an endowment for the University of Chicago. The first volume in the inventory, Record of Pledges for the University of Chicago, contains an alphabetical numbered listing of subscribers, amounts pledged, and payments made through 1906. The subscription forms and letters (1:4-13) are numbered to c...

Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zk5g6r (person)

Ernest Rutherford was a British physicist. From the description of Correspondence, 1890-1937. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173465954 From the guide to the Ernest Rutherford correspondence, 1890-1937, 1890-1937, (American Philosophical Society) Ernest Rutherford was a physicist and was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1904. From the description of Letters, 1904-1924, to Bertram Borden Boltwood. (American Philosophical Society Library). W...

Van Vleck, J. H. (John Hasbrouck), 1899-1980

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bp03zm (person)

Van Vleck died in 1980. From the description of Nobel Prize and Lorentz Medal information, 1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78291608 From the description of The first ten years of John Slater's scientific career, ca. 1979. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83857765 Physicist. Died in 1980. From the description of Oral history interview with J. H. Van Vleck, 1966 February 28 and 1973 January 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77805000 J. H. Van ...

Lorentz, H.A. (Hendrik Antoon), 1853-1928

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tt4thq (person)

Physicist (electrons, quantum physics, electro-magnetism). On the physics faculty at Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden (1878-1923); director, Teylers Stichting, Haarlem (1912-1923); and lecturer at California Institute of Technology (1921, 1922, 1924, and 1926). From the description of Letters to Woldemar Voigt, 1883-1919. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80284634 Physicist (electrons, quantum physics, electro-magnetism). On the physics faculty at Rijksunivesiteit te leiden (1878-19...

Wood, Robert Williams, 1868-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hh6mqs (person)

Physicist (optics, metals). On physics faculty at University of Wisconsin, 1897-1900; and Johns Hopkins University from 1901. From the description of Papers, 1838-1942. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77766866 Physicist (optics, metals). On the physics faculty at University of Wisconsin (1897-1900), and Johns Hopkins University from 1901. From the description of Letters to A. H. Raynolds, 1925-1927. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122575306 Ro...

Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qj7jnn (person)

Astronomer (stellar evolution, astrophysics of stars, double stars) and administrator. On the astronomy faculty at Princeton University from 1905, director of the observatory, 1912-1947; research associate at Mt. Wilson Observatory, 1922-1942; and at Harvard College Observatory, 1947-1952. From the description of Manuscript of article, The probable distance of Orion, and letter to Russell from Edwin B. Frost, editor of the Astronomical Journal, rejecting the manuscript for publicatio...

Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6736s35 (person)

Enrico Fermi was a physicist. From the description of Letters, 1918-1926, to Enrico Perisco. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173466015 From the guide to the Enrico Fermi letters, 1918-1926, to Enrico Perisco, 1918-1926, (American Philosophical Society) Physicist. From the description of Papers of Enrico Fermi, 1919-1954. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71068165 Physicist (slow neutrons, artificial radioactivity, beta-ray emission, statistical mode...

Naval Research Laboratory (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m94431 (corporateBody)

Tate, John T. (John Torrence), 1889-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ft8qpt (person)

Case Western Reserve University

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qv810d (corporateBody)

Taylor, Geoffrey Ingram, 1886-1975

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qz5mzw (person)

Hans Thacher Clarke studied chemistry at University College, London (1896-1905), worked for the Eastman Kodak Co. in Rochester (1914-1928), and was a professor of biological chemistry at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University (1928-1956). Among other researches, he was involved in the production of penicillin in the U.S. Hans Thacher Clarke (1887-1972) was born in Harrow, England. From 1896-1905, he attended University College London School, and we...

Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ww7gdp (person)

Physicist Arthur Holly Compton worked as a research engineer at Westinghouse Lamp Co. (1917-1919) and studied with Rutherford at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, England (1919). He taught physics at Washington University (1920-1923) and at University of Chicago (1923-1945) and served as Chancellor of Washington University from 1945-1953. From the guide to the Arthur Holly Compton notebooks, 1919-1941, 1919-1941, (American Philosophical Society) In 1920, Arthur Holly Co...

Slater, John C. (John Clarke), 1900-1976

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gm88vx (person)

John Clarke Slater was a physicist. He graduated from Harvard (Ph. D. 1923) and continued his studies at Cambridge University. He also studied in Copenhagen for six months under Niels Bohr, with whom Slater worked again in 1929 on the quantum theory. He returned to the United States in 1930 to become head of the department of physics at M.I.T., where he worked with Karl Compton to transform the study of physics there. From the description of Papers, 1908-1976. (American Philosophical...

Eckart, Carl, 1902-1973

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69k4cmm (person)

Physicist and oceanographer (quantum mechanics, atomic physics, underwater acoustics, geophysical hydrodynamics); professor of geophysics, University of California, San Diego (UCSD); first director of the UCSD Marine Physical Laboratory; director of Scripps Institution of Oceanography (1948-1950). Died 1973. From the description of Papers. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154306129 Physicist, oceanographer, and educator. Died 1973. From the description of Papers of...

Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fj2jcp (person)

Physicist. From the description of Merle Antony Tuve papers, 1901-1982 (bulk 1941-1966). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979847 Biographical Note 1901, June 27 Born, Canton, South Dakota 1922 B.S., University of Minnesota,Minneapolis, Minn. ...

Alvarez, Luis W., 1911-1988

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wh2pnm (person)

Luis W. Alvarez (b. June 13, 1911, San Francisco, CA–d. September 1, 1988, Berkely, CA) was an American experimental physicist, inventor, and professor who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1968. After receiving his PhD from the University of Chicago in 1936, Alvarez went to work for Ernest Lawrence at the Radiation Laboratory at the University of California in Berkeley. Alvarez devised a set of experiments to observe K-electron capture in radioactive nuclei, predicted by the beta decay ...

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v1266v (person)

Died 1967. From the description of Oral history interview with J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1963 November 18 and 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80709804 Physicist (quantum theory and nuclear physics). On the physics faculty at California Institute of Technology and University of California, Berkeley in theoretical physics, 1929-1947; director of Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, 1943-1945; chairman of the General Advisory Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission, 1946-1952; d...

Darrow, Karl K. (Karl Kelchner), 1891-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sx6g0b (person)

Physicist (science writer). Physicist, Western Electric Company, 1917-1924 and Bell Telephone Laboratories, 1925-1956; Secretary, American Physical Society, 1941-1966. Died 1982. From the description of Karl Kelchner Darrow Papers, 1872-1978, (bulk 1917-1972) (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154306668 Physicist (science writer). Physicist with Western Electric Company, 1917-1924 and Bell Telephone Laboratories, 1925-1956; Secretary, American Physical Society, 1941-1966. Died 1...

Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pk0hdg (person)

Physicist (photoelectricity, ions) and educator. On the physics faculty at the University of Chicago, 1896-1921; on the faculty at California Institute of Technology: director, Norman Bridge Laboratory of Physics and chairman of the Executive Council, 1921-1946, emeritus professor of physics and chairman of the Board of Trustees from 1946; Nobel Prize in physics, 1923. From the description of Papers [microform], 1847-1953. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77594601 Millikan was...

Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), b. 1887.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61c1z54 (person)

Physicist (spectroscopy, statistics). On the physics faculty at Syracuse University, 1913-1918; University of California at Berkeley from 1918, department chair, 1933-1955; chairman of committee on physical constants, National Research Council, 1930-1937. From the description of Lectures by Niels Bohr and by R. T. Birge, 1922-1969. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79125366 From the description of Comments on A. A. Michelson, 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82481619 ...

Shankland, Robert S., 1908-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cc12jd (person)

Physicist. Died in 1982. From the description of Papers, 1935-1982. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79021352 Robert S. Shankland (1908-1982). From the description of Oral history interview with Robert S. Shankland, 1974 August 20 and 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82798862 ...

George Washington University. Law School.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kw9m4q (corporateBody)

Breit, Gregory, 1899-1981

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65x2bjr (person)

Died in 1981. From the description of Oral history interview with Gregory Breit, 1975 December 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81865399 Physicist (quantum theory, nuclear physics, quantum electrodynamics). National Research Council Fellow, University of Leiden (1921-1922), and at Harvard University (1922-1923); on the physics faculty at University of Minnesota (1923-1924); on the staff of Dept. of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution (1924-1929); on the physics facu...

Poincaré, Henri, 1854-1912

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dz09rs (person)

Mathematician (mathematical physics, celestial mechanics). On faculty of Université de Caen (1880); and Université de Paris (1881-1912). From the description of Selected papers [microform], 1873-1914. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154306282 ...

Case Institute of Technology

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j13xmh (corporateBody)