Oral history interview with Betty Charity McCloskey Compton, 1968 April 11 and 14.


Compton, Betty Charity McCloskey, 1916-. Oral history interview with Betty Charity McCloskey Compton, 1968 April 11 and 14.

Oral history interview with Betty Charity McCloskey Compton, 1968 April 11 and 14.

Early life on Ohio farm; College of Wooster; Arthur Holly Compton, his family, his academic and extracurricular interests. Princeton years, 1913-1916; associations and fellowships; marriage, 1916; experimentation at Westinghouse Lamp Co., 1917-1919; work on "large electron" leading to National Research Fellowship at Cavendish Laboratory, 1919-1920; association with Ernest Rutherford and J. J. Thompson, living arrangements, weekly colloquia; recollections of Albert Einstein. Chairman of Department of Physics at Washington University, 1920-1923; bringing in new faculty; freedom of research. Guggenheim Fellowship at Punjab University, 1926-1927; organizing Kashmir expedition, observational work and other expedition details. Reaction to A. H. Compton's Nobel Prize award, 1927; trip to Sweden and Nobel address. Recollections of Solvay and Volta Conferences; association with James Franck, Niels Bohr, and Marie Curie; development of A. H. Compton's cosmic ray interest, world cosmic ray expeditions, 1931-1934; anecdotes and places visited; Compton-Robert A. Millikan controversy; comments on Century of Progress Exposition, 1933; memories of stay at University of Oxford on A. H. Compton's Eastman professorship, 1934-1935; associates at Oxford; recollection of European colleagues Aston, Enrico Fermi, Werner Heisenberg, and Karl Sommerfeld. About A. H. Compton: chairman of Physics Department at University of Chicago, 1940-1945; earlier contacts with Chicago; relation to Michelson; widening of philosophical interests; long-term consultant to General Electric Co., 1926-1945; consultant to National Cancer Advisory Council and Chicago Tumor Institute. Disappointment in Compton family life; close working relationship between A. H. Compton and Betty; relation of physicists' wives to their husbands' work; Betty's assessment of her career.

Transcript, 211 pp.

Related Entities

There are 36 Entities related to this resource.

Curie, Marie, 1867-1934

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sz74g6 (person)

Marie Curie (b. November 7, 1867, Warsaw, Poland-d. July 4, 1934, Passy, Haute-Savoie, France), nuclear physics and chemist and research of radioactivity. She won the Nobel Prize for physics (with Pierre Curie) in 1903, and again for chemistry in 1911. She discovered polonium and radium. ...

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t836n5 (person)

Niels Bohr was a Danish physicist who made tremendous contributions to his field, transforming accepted notions of atomic structure, helping to develop nuclear fission, and advocating for international cooperation in crafting responsible nuclear policy. Bohr was born in Copenhagen in 1885 into a family that encouraged his academic pursuits. Christian Bohr, his father, was professor of physiology at the University of Copenhagen. Bohr credited his father for awakening hi...

Weiner, Charles.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f19158 (person)

Charles Irwin Weiner is an historian. From the guide to the Joseph Henry's lectures on natural philosophy: teaching and research in physics, 1832-1847, 1965, 1965, (American Philosophical Society) ...

Panjab university

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60s84vn (corporateBody)

Wood, Robert Williams, 1868-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hh6mqs (person)

Physicist (optics, metals). On physics faculty at University of Wisconsin, 1897-1900; and Johns Hopkins University from 1901. From the description of Papers, 1838-1942. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77766866 Physicist (optics, metals). On the physics faculty at University of Wisconsin (1897-1900), and Johns Hopkins University from 1901. From the description of Letters to A. H. Raynolds, 1925-1927. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122575306 Ro...

Thomson, J. J. (Joseph John), 1856-1940

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n29x8k (person)

English physicist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Trinity Lodge, Cambridge, to Sir Sydney Cockerell, 1927 Feb. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270572272 Physicist (cathode rays, atomic structure, electrons) and administrator. On the faculty at University of Cambridge (1884-1940): director, Cavendish Laboratory (1884-1918), physics faculty (1894-1919), and master of Trinity College (1918-1940); and on the natural philosophy faculty at the Royal Instituti...

Waterman, Alan Tower, 1892-1967

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qr6gtr (person)

Physicist and science administrator. From the description of Alan Tower Waterman papers, 1917-1967 (bulk 1940-1963). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980271 Biographical Note 1892, June 4 Born, Cornwall-on-Hudson, N.Y. 1913 A.B., Princeton University, Princeton, N.J. ...

Raman, 1888-1970

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62n7qgm (person)

C. V. Raman is well known for his work on the scattering of light, and the discovery of the Raman effect. He was also India's first physics Nobel laureate, and played a leading role in establishing a tradition of physics in India. Raman was also the founder-director of the Raman Research Institute. From the description of Papers, 1930-1975. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80923382 ...

Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pk0hdg (person)

Physicist (photoelectricity, ions) and educator. On the physics faculty at the University of Chicago, 1896-1921; on the faculty at California Institute of Technology: director, Norman Bridge Laboratory of Physics and chairman of the Executive Council, 1921-1946, emeritus professor of physics and chairman of the Board of Trustees from 1946; Nobel Prize in physics, 1923. From the description of Papers [microform], 1847-1953. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77594601 Millikan was...

Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ww7gdp (person)

Physicist Arthur Holly Compton worked as a research engineer at Westinghouse Lamp Co. (1917-1919) and studied with Rutherford at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, England (1919). He taught physics at Washington University (1920-1923) and at University of Chicago (1923-1945) and served as Chancellor of Washington University from 1945-1953. From the guide to the Arthur Holly Compton notebooks, 1919-1941, 1919-1941, (American Philosophical Society) In 1920, Arthur Holly Co...

Balliol College (University of Oxford)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66x3hr6 (corporateBody)

Michelson, Albert A. (Albert Abraham), 1852-1931

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6833vkf (person)

Albert Abraham Michelson (December 19, 1852 – May 9, 1931) was an American physicist known for his work on measuring the speed of light and especially for the Michelson–Morley experiment. In 1907, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics, becoming the first American to win the Nobel Prize in a science. He was also the founder and the first head of the physics department of the University of Chicago....

Lindsay, Robert Bruce, 1900-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j38vf1 (person)

Lindsay died in 1985. From the description of Intellectual autobiography, circa 1983. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154306609 R. Bruce Lindsay (1900-1985). Physicist (acoustics and education). Professor of physics, Yale University, 1923-1930; chairman, dean, and professor emeritus of physics, Brown University, 1930-1985; editor-in-chief of the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 1957-75. From the description of Appendix to the intellectual autobiograph...

International Congress of Physics (1927: Como, Italy)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cg85p4 (corporateBody)

Washington university Saint Louis, Mo.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66m6x61 (corporateBody)

On October 17, 2000, Washington University hosted the third presidential debate before the 2000 presidential election. This was the second debate held on the University campus: the University had hosted a debate in 1992 and was scheduled to host a 1996 debate which was later cancelled. The debate was held in the Washington University Field House, where Texas governor George W. Bush and Vice President Al Gore debated for ninety minutes over issues such as health care, tax cuts, the death penalty,...

Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dn466s (person)

Physicist (mathematical physics, atomic physics, theoretical physics, wave mechanics, quantum mechanics). On the mineralogy faculty at Georg-August Universität zu Göttingen (1893-1897); on the mathematics faculty at Technische Universität Clausthal (1897-1900); on the mechanics faculty at the Technische Hochschule zu Aachen (1900-1906); and on the physics faculty at Universität München from 1906. From the description of Papers, ("New" Sommerfeld Nachlass), ca. 1890-ca. 1950. (Un...

Princeton University

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63z1x39 (corporateBody)

The collection documents the physical expansion of the University from its earliest period through the acquisition of large tracts of land in the 20th century, including the properties around Carnegie Lake and numerous farms. Early records document transactions with such Princeton University notables as Nathaniel Fitz Randolph, John Witherspoon, Walter Minto, John and Richard Stockton, and John Maclean. For the most part, the papers consist of standard legal documents with detailed descriptions ...

University of Chicago.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6449cnx (corporateBody)

Most of the records in the collection pertain to the $400,000 raised by the American Baptist Education Society in 1889-1890 in order to obtain a 600,000 grant from John D. Rockefeller for the creation of an endowment for the University of Chicago. The first volume in the inventory, Record of Pledges for the University of Chicago, contains an alphabetical numbered listing of subscribers, amounts pledged, and payments made through 1906. The subscription forms and letters (1:4-13) are numbered to c...

Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gf98vk (corporateBody)

Franck, James, 1882-1964

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cn759j (person)

German physicist; graduate of University of Berlin, 1906. Professor at University of Gottingen, 1920-1933; University of Chicago, 1938-1947. From the description of Reminiscences [sound recording] : an address at the American Physical Society, Southeastern Section, 1962 April 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82023313 Physicist. Born, Hamburg, Germany, 1882. Professor of Experimental Physics and Director of the Second Institute for Experimental Physics, University of Göttin...

Compton, Betty Charity McCloskey, 1916-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63r43c1 (person)

Page, Thornton.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j969tn (person)

Page was born in 1913. From the description of Response to History of Modern Astrophysics Survey, 1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79980269 ...

University of California (1868-1952)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m940p0 (corporateBody)

Administrative History During the mid-twentieth century, the American Labor Movement reached a pinnacle of power and influence within society. The Second World War required that labor be managed as a strategic resource; the high productivity of workers during the war carried over in the peace time economy, which experienced a sustained economic "boom." Unlike European labor relations, where unions play an "official" role in government, the Am...

University of Minnesota.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64780st (corporateBody)

The West Bank Union at the University of Minnesota was established in 1967 to offer services to students. It took until 1980 for the union to have its own space in Willey Hall, including an auditorium and lounge spaces for students. Student services and facilities were established in the newly constructed West Bank Union skyway, which connected Willey and Blegen Halls. From the guide to the West Bank Union papers, circa 1970s-1980s, (University of Minnesota Libraries. University Arch...

Cavendish Laboratory (Cambridge, England)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6255b5f (corporateBody)

The Cavendish Laboratory is the Department of Physics of the University of Cambridge and part of the School of the Physical Sciences. From the guide to the Cavendish Laboratory: Experimental Notebooks, c. 1900-1934, (Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives) ...

Bragg, William Lawrence, sir, 1890-1971

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jq130n (person)

Physicist (x-ray diffraction, crystallography). On physics faculty at the University of Manchester (1919-1937), and Cambridge University (1938-1953); director of Royal Institution, London (1954-1966); and Nobel Prize in Physics (1915). From the description of Selected reprints, 1920-1969. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78933069 Sir William Lawrence Bragg. Education: St. Peter's College (Austrailia); B.S., Mathematics, Adelaide University (1908); Natural Sciences, Trinity Col...

Cherwell, Frederick Alexander Lindemann, Viscount, 1886-1957

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66d5vj7 (person)

General Electric Company

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j42m45 (corporateBody)

Founded 1892. Corporate interests include: Broadcasting; Electric Components; Household Appliances; Lighting Equipment; Motors; Telecommunications; Electromedical Industry. From the description of Technical records. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84865339 Founded 1892. From the description of General Electric Company in Camden, N.J., collection, 1878-1989. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979711 Schenectady, NY. From the description of Electr...

Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6736s35 (person)

Enrico Fermi was a physicist. From the description of Letters, 1918-1926, to Enrico Perisco. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173466015 From the guide to the Enrico Fermi letters, 1918-1926, to Enrico Perisco, 1918-1926, (American Philosophical Society) Physicist. From the description of Papers of Enrico Fermi, 1919-1954. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71068165 Physicist (slow neutrons, artificial radioactivity, beta-ray emission, statistical mode...

United States.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60d3b24 (corporateBody)

Worcester College (University of Oxford)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6005fsd (corporateBody)

Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zk5g6r (person)

Ernest Rutherford was a British physicist. From the description of Correspondence, 1890-1937. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173465954 From the guide to the Ernest Rutherford correspondence, 1890-1937, 1890-1937, (American Philosophical Society) Ernest Rutherford was a physicist and was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1904. From the description of Letters, 1904-1924, to Bertram Borden Boltwood. (American Philosophical Society Library). W...

Jauncey, G. E. M. (George Eric Macdonnell), 1888-1947

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z682w3 (person)

Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63c6p77 (person)

Albert Einstein was born at Ulm, in Württemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. Six weeks later the family moved to Munich, where he later on began his schooling at the Luitpold Gymnasium. Later, they moved to Italy and Albert continued his education at Aarau, Switzerland and in 1896 he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich to be trained as a teacher in physics and mathematics. In 1901, the year he gained his diploma, he acquired Swiss citizenship and, as he was...

Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j967hs (person)

Physicist (quantum theory, quantum mechanics, uncertainty principle, unified field theory) and administrator. On the physic faculty at Universität Göttingen (1923-1924, 1925-1926); Kovenhavens Universitet (1924-1925, 1926-1927); Universität Leipzig (1927-1941); director, Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut für Physik (1941-1945); director, Max-Planck Institut für Physik (1946-1958); and director, Max-Planck Institut für Physik und Astrophysik (1958-1970). From the description of Papers. (U...

Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qj7jnn (person)

Astronomer (stellar evolution, astrophysics of stars, double stars) and administrator. On the astronomy faculty at Princeton University from 1905, director of the observatory, 1912-1947; research associate at Mt. Wilson Observatory, 1922-1942; and at Harvard College Observatory, 1947-1952. From the description of Manuscript of article, The probable distance of Orion, and letter to Russell from Edwin B. Frost, editor of the Astronomical Journal, rejecting the manuscript for publicatio...