Oral history interview with Betty Charity McCloskey Compton, 1968 April 11 and 14.

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Compton, Betty Charity McCloskey, 1916-. Oral history interview with Betty Charity McCloskey Compton, 1968 April 11 and 14.

Oral history interview with Betty Charity McCloskey Compton, 1968 April 11 and 14.

Early life on Ohio farm; College of Wooster; Arthur Holly Compton, his family, his academic and extracurricular interests. Princeton years, 1913-1916; associations and fellowships; marriage, 1916; experimentation at Westinghouse Lamp Co., 1917-1919; work on "large electron" leading to National Research Fellowship at Cavendish Laboratory, 1919-1920; association with Ernest Rutherford and J. J. Thompson, living arrangements, weekly colloquia; recollections of Albert Einstein. Chairman of Department of Physics at Washington University, 1920-1923; bringing in new faculty; freedom of research. Guggenheim Fellowship at Punjab University, 1926-1927; organizing Kashmir expedition, observational work and other expedition details. Reaction to A. H. Compton's Nobel Prize award, 1927; trip to Sweden and Nobel address. Recollections of Solvay and Volta Conferences; association with James Franck, Niels Bohr, and Marie Curie; development of A. H. Compton's cosmic ray interest, world cosmic ray expeditions, 1931-1934; anecdotes and places visited; Compton-Robert A. Millikan controversy; comments on Century of Progress Exposition, 1933; memories of stay at University of Oxford on A. H. Compton's Eastman professorship, 1934-1935; associates at Oxford; recollection of European colleagues Aston, Enrico Fermi, Werner Heisenberg, and Karl Sommerfeld. About A. H. Compton: chairman of Physics Department at University of Chicago, 1940-1945; earlier contacts with Chicago; relation to Michelson; widening of philosophical interests; long-term consultant to General Electric Co., 1926-1945; consultant to National Cancer Advisory Council and Chicago Tumor Institute. Disappointment in Compton family life; close working relationship between A. H. Compton and Betty; relation of physicists' wives to their husbands' work; Betty's assessment of her career.

Transcript, 211 pp.

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