Papers, 1876-1962.


Papers, 1876-1962.

NOTE: Unfortunately Underwood did not save copies of his letters until he was elected to the U.S. Senate; thus the papers in the House of Representatives series consist almost entirely of letters addressed to him. The first series, Personal Life, 1876-1962, includes biographical and genealogical material. The second series, which is mostly letters written to Underwood while he was in the U.S. House of Representatives (1895-1914), are extensive, and reflect a meticulous attention to his constituents' requests. A major topic of concern is the postal service. Other topics include Ala. banks and banking, the oleomargarine bill, the Philippine Islands, Ala. politics, labor legislation, railroad legislation, immigration and alien labor, the sale of public lands, patronage, good roads legislation, federal aid for agricultural schools in Ala. colleges, and the Panama Canal. Additional topics include the 1904 Democratic National Convention and presidential election, freight rates, the 1906 Senate election, the rivers and harbors bill, cotton trade, Negro disfranchisement, dams on Ala. rivers, the Louisville and Nashville Railroad Company, and prohibition, as well as the tariff issue and free trade listings, the Interstate Commerce Commission, the Esch-White Phosphorus Match Act, the Canadian reciprocity treaty, customs collection, pure food and drug legislation, the merchant marine, and currency issues. Correspondents prominent in this series include lawyers, bankers, politicans, businessmen, editors, and journalists, as well as corporate entities. Specifically, they are listed as added entries. The third series includes the correspondence and letters that document Underwood's years in the U.S. Senate, 1915-1927. NOTE: There is, however, a gap between 1915 Nov. and 1918 Apr. where there are no papers. Among the topics discussed are immigration and alien labor, prohibition, equal suffrage, good roads, Ala. banking, the Panama Canal, Lycurgus Breckinridge Musgrove, judgeships, labor legislation, the merchant marine, Ala. politics, the League of Nations, political campaigns, the Muscle Shoals dam, Woodrow Wilson, the Ku Klux Klan, tariff issues, railroad regulation, the federal income tax bill, Ala. Power Company, the Interestate Commerce Commission, and the 1928 presidential election. The final group of records in this series concerns the Muscle Shoals Project, 1921-1928, which was an unsuccessful attempt by the government to dispose of the Muscle Shoals hydroelectric power plant on the Tenn. River to private interests. Prominent correspondents in this series are listed in the added entries below. The fourth series, Speeches, 1907-1925, is a collection of Underwood's speeches, most of which are in pamphlet form. The fifth series, Political Campaigns, 1894-1924, contains correspondence, letters, photographs, financial records, scrapbooks, clippings, and, in the case of the 1924 presidential nomination campaign, lists of delegates, county chairpersons, and state Democratic Executive Committees. The material for the 1924 campaign is copious, and reflects the Underwood campaign throughout the country. Prominent correspondents are listed in the added entries below. Both presidential nomination campaigns have substantial publicity material. The sixth series is Retirement, 1927-1929, and it includes correspondence and letters, the Drifting Sands of Party Politics manuscript, clippings, scrapbooks, and printed ephemera. There are letters, reports, printed material and photographs documenting the Sixth International Conference of American States in Havana, 1928, to which Underwood was a delegate. The seventh and final series is a book entitled The Story of the Democratic Party (1928) by Henry Minor who inscribed it to Underwood.

65 cubic ft. (88 archives boxes, 26 records center cartons, 11 oversize boxes, and 6 volumes).

Related Entities

There are 79 Entities related to this resource.

Addams, Jane, 1860-1935 (person)

Social reformer; founder of Hull House settlement, Chicago. From the description of Letter: Hull-House, Chicago, to Louis J. Keller, Chicago, 1912 May 13. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 26496308 From the description of Letter: Hull-House, Chicago, to Paul M. Angle, Springfield, Ill., 1932 June 24. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 26496294 Founder of Hull House in Chicago. From the description of Cor...

Hobson, Richmond Pearson, 1870-1937 (person)

Richmond Pearson Hobson (August 17, 1870 – March 16, 1937) was a United States Navy rear admiral who served from 1907–1915 as a U.S. Representative from Alabama. A veteran of the Spanish–American War, he received the Medal of Honor years later for his part in that conflict. Hobson was born in Greensboro, Alabama on August 17, 1870. He attended private schools and Southern University, graduating from the United States Naval Academy in 1889 and from the French National School of Naval Design ...

Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924 (person)

Samuel Gompers (1850-1924) was President of the American Federation of Labor and a member of the President's First Industrial Conference in 1919. He was a member of the President's Unemployment Conference in 1921. ...

Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 (person)

Woodrow Wilson (b. Thomas Woodrow Wilson, December 28, 1856, Staunton, Virginia-d.February 3, 1924, Washington, D.C.), was the twenty-eight President of the United States, 1913-1921; Governor of New Jersey, 1911-1913; and president of Princeton University, 1902-1910. Biographical Note 1856, Dec. 28 Born, Staunton, Va. 1870 ...

Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925 (person)

William Jennings Bryan (March 19, 1860 – July 26, 1925) was an American orator and politician from Nebraska. Beginning in 1896, he emerged as a dominant force in the Democratic Party, running three times as the party's nominee for President of the United States in the 1896, 1900, and 1908 elections. He also served in the United States House of Representatives and as the United States Secretary of State under Woodrow Wilson. Just before his death, he gained national attention for attacking the te...

Bankhead, John Hollis, 1872-1946 (person)

U.S. senator from Alabama. From the description of Letter, 1932 Jan. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70974791 Bankhead was born 1872 July 2 to John H. and Tallulah Brockman Bankhead at Moscow, Lamar Co., Ala. He graduated from the University of Ala. with a B.A. in 1891 as president of his class. He graduated from Georgetown University in 1893 with a Bachelor of Laws, again as president of his class. That same year he began practicing law in Jasper,...

Bell, Thomas M. (Thomas Montgomery), 1861-1941. (person)

Greer, Charles R. (person)

Birmingham, Water, Light, and Power Company (Ala.) (corporateBody)

Graves, Bibb, 1873-1942 (person)

Vardaman, James Kimble, 1861-1930 (person)

Kellogg, Frank B. (Frank Billings), 1856-1937 (person)

Lawyer and politician Frank Billings Kellogg was born in New York, and raised in Minnesota. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and began a long career in public service as city attorney of Rochester, Minnesota. He served as president of the American Bar Association, and as United States Senator from Minnesota and Ambassador to Great Britain. While serving as Calvin Coolidge's Secretary of State, he co-authored the Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact, also known as the Pact of Paris, outlawing war an...

Howze, Henry R. (Henry Russell). (person)

McAdoo, W. G. (William Gibbs), 1863-1941 (person)

Lawyer, business executive, Democratic Party leader, U.S. secretary of the treasury, Director General of Railroads, and U.S. senator from California. From the description of Papers of William Gibbs McAdoo, 1786-1941 (bulk 1880-1941). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71063506 McAdoo was born near Marietta, Cobb County, GA, on Oct. 31, 1863; attended the Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville; admitted to TN bar in 1885 and began law practice in Chattanooga, TN; moved to NYC, 1892; devel...

Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937 (person)

Author; United States ambassador to Italy. From the description of Autograph poem signed, entitled "Rheims", 1814 Sep. 28. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270492661 From the description of Autograph poem "The Cost" signed, 1914 Aug. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270492676 Epithet: Editor 'The Century Magazine' New York British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001185.0x000372 Magazine ed...

Garrett, Frank (person)

Taft, William Howard, 1857-1930 (person)

William Howard Taft (1857-1930) was an American politician who served as U.S. President (1908-1912) and Chief Justitce of the Supreme Court (1921-1930). 1857 Born in Cincinnati, Ohio on September 15th 1878 Graduated from Yale University 1880 Graduated from Cincinnati Law School ...

Williams, John Sharp, 1854-1932 (person)

John Sharp Williams of Mississippi was a congressman 1893-1907 and a senator 1911-1923. At the time of the writing of this letter he was chairman of the Senate Committee on the Library. From the description of Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1917. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 191100814 Born in Memphis, Tenn., but raised in Yazoo City, Miss., John Sharp Williams practiced law and dabbled in cotton planting before being elected in 1893 as a Democrat to ...

Knox, Philander C. (Philander Chase), 1853-1921 (person)

Lawyer and public official. From the description of Papers of Philander C. Knox, 1893-1922 (bulk 1901-1921). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79632215 Philander C. Knox (1853-1921) was an attorney and politician from southwest Pennsylvania. Knox served as U.S. Attorney General (1901-1904), U.S. Senator (1904-1909, 1917-1921), and as Secretary of State (1909-1913) under William Howard Taft. From the description of Philander C. Knox letter to N.B. Billingsley, 1882 M...

Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1890-1962 (person)

United States. Congress (corporateBody)

Bills of the 96th Congress to provide for temporary increases in the public debt limit, and for other purposes. From the description of Public debt legislation, 96th Congress : legislative history of public debt legislation, 1979-1980. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 243776779 Bill of the 96th Congress to impose a windfall profit tax on domestic crude oil, and for other purposes. From the description of Crude oil windfall profit tax act of 1980 ...

Brandeis, Louis Dembitz, 1856-1941 (person)

Louis Brandeis (b. November 13, 1856, Louisville, Kentucky – d. October 5, 1941, Washington D.C.) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving from 1916 until 1939. Brandeis was the Court’s 67th justice and its first Jewish-American justice. He was the son of immigrants from Bohemia, who came to Kentucky from Prague, then part of the Austrian Empire. He received his LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1877, and before becoming a judge, served as a lawyer at Warren & B...

Mallory, Hugh S.D. (Hugh Sheppard Darby), 1848-1920. (person)

Pratt, Daniel, b.1866. (person)

Ryan, Thomas Fortune, 1851-1928 (person)

Thach, Robert H. (Robert Henry), b.1866. (person)

Ellis, James B. (James Bachelor), b.1863. (person)

Ellison, John Lee (person)

Hundley, Oscar R. (Oscar Richard), b.1854. (person)

Campbell, Edward C. (person)

Ku Klux Klan 1915-.... (corporateBody)

The Ku Klux Klan was formally incorporated under the laws of the state of Georgia on Dec. 4, 1915. The incorporated organization is a continuance of the earlier post Civil War Reconstruction Era unincorporated Ku Klux Klan and of the Knights of the White Camellia. Women of the Ku Klux Klan was incorporated at a late date as a separate entity. The stated purpose of the KKK was to promote an all White, Protestant United States, excluding all other races and religions. From the descript...

Gunter, Gaston, 1874-1919. (person)

Woodward, W. T. W. (William T. W.) (person)

Jelks, William Dorsey, 1855-1931 (person)

Chappell, Cory, 1853-1928. (person)

Harding, Warren Gamaliel, 1865-1923 (person)

Warren Gamaliel Harding (b. November 2, 1865, Blooming Grove, Ohio-d. August 2, 1923, San Francisco, California) was an American politician who served as the 29th President of the United States from March 4, 1921 until his death in 1923....

Underwood, Eugene, Jr. (person)

Underwood, W.T. (William Thompson), b.1848. (person)

Immigration Restriction League (corporateBody)

Woodward, Joseph H. (Joseph Hersey), 1844-1918. (person)

Musgrove, Lucurgus Breckinridge, b.1859. (person)

Bowie, Sydney J. (Sydney Johnston), b.1865. (person)

Auerbach, Joseph S. (person)

National Grange (corporateBody)

Harding, W. P. G. (William Proctor Gould), 1864-1930 (person)

Krock, Arthur, 1886-1974 (person)

Krock, a journalist, was editor-in-chief of the Louisville (Ky.) Times (1919-23), assistant to the president of the New York World (1923-27), member of the board of the New York Times from 1927 until his retirement, and a member of the Pulitzer Prize Board of the Columbia University School of Journalism (1940-53). From the description of Arthur Krock papers, 1909-1974 (bulk 1920-1968) (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 77805948 Principal political writer and...

John, Samuel Will (Samuel Williamson), b.1845. (person)

American Cast Iron Pipe Company (corporateBody)

Comer, B. B. (Braxton Bragg), 1848-1927 (person)

Braxton Bragg (B. B.) Comer, 1848-1927, served as Governor of Alabama from 1907 to 1911. From the description of Printed materials collection, 1905-1911. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122368404 Braxton Bragg Comer of Birmingham and Comer, Barbour County, Ala., was president of Avondale Cotton Mills, planter, merchant, and prominent politician, who served as president of the Alabama Railroad Commission, 1904-1907; governor of Alabama, 1908-1911; and U.S. senator, 1920. ...

O'Neal, Emmet, 1853-1922 (person)

DeBardeleben, Henry F. (person)

Alabama Equal Suffrage Association. (corporateBody)

Harris, Garrard, 1875-1927. (person)

Conference on the Limitation of Armament (1921-1922 : Washington, D.C.). Subcommittee on Aircraft (corporateBody)

The Conference was an international conference called by President Harding at the suggestion of Secretary of State Charles Hughes and Senator William Borah, the Women's Committee for World Disarmament, and other peace groups. William I. Hull, Swarthmore College professor, attended and served as a chronicler of the conference. Eight nations were represented: Belgium, China, France, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Portugal as well as the United States. From the description of...

Brandon, William Woodward (person)

William W. (Woodward) Brandon, governor of Alabama from 1923 to 1927, was born on 1868 June 5 in Talladega, Ala. to Rev. Frank T.J. (1832-1909) and Carrie (Woodward) Brandon. In 1891 he studied law at the University of Alabama and in 1892 he established his law practice in Tuscaloosa and he was elected city clerk and appointed Justice of the Peace. He was a representative in the Ala. State Legislature 1896-1897 and was reelected for the years 1898-1899. He served in the Spanish-American War. In ...

Thompson, Fred, 1884-1949 (person)

Thompson was a Des Moines realtor, investment broker and amateur fossil collector. In 1930 and 1931 he conducted a series of interviews with veteran Iowa and Illinois hunters. From the description of Frederick Thompson papers on hunting in Iowa and Illinois, 1930-1937, bulk 1930. (State Historical Society of Iowa, Library). WorldCat record id: 182556402 ...

Johnston, Forney. (person)

Mallory, Hugh S.D. (Hugh Shepperd Darby), 1848-1920. (person)

Underwood, John Lewis, 1888-1973. (person)

Bankhead, John Hollis, 1842-1920 (person)

Incorporated in Maine in 1907, the Telepost Company was an independent telegraph company using the rapid system of telegraphy invented by Patrick B. Delaney. The company operated between Chicago, St. Louis, Indianapolis, Louisville and other cities in the west. Rates were a quarter for 25 words and a nickel for each additional 10 words when the message was delivered by messenger; and 50 words for a quarter when the message was sent by wire and delivered to the post office in a sealed envelop. Th...

Jones, Thomas Goode, 1844-1914 (person)

Thomas Goode Jones was born on 1844 Nov. 26 at Macon, Ga. He was educated by tutors, Mongomery, Ala. schools, the schools of Dr. Charles Minor and Gesner Harrison in Virginia, and the Virginia Military Institute. Within months of joining the Confederate Army he rose to the rank of major. Following the war, he served as captain of the Montgomery Greys, Co. A., Second Regiment, Ala. State Troops, and colonel of the Second Infantry Regiment, Alabama State Troops, from 1880 to 1890. Between 1866 and...

Smith, Hoke, 1855-1931 (person)

Hoke Smith (1855-1931), lawyer, politician, U.S. Senator, born in Newton, North Carolina. From the description of Hoke Smith papers, 1879-1931. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38477511 Hoke Smith (1855-1931), politician, Georgia Governor (1907-1909, 1911), U.S. Senator, resided in Atlanta, Georgia. From the description of Hoke Smith papers, 1886-1930 (bulk 1920-1925). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38477302 Governor of the state of Georgia and Secretary o...

Stern, Samuel B. (person)

Hundley, Oscar R. (Oscar Richard), d.1954. (person)

Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950 (person)

Henry Lewis Stimson, the politician, was one of Eleanor Stimson Brooks's cousins. He took an interest in the family and had given her support throughout Van Wyck's struggles with depression (1926-1930). From the description of Correspondence to Charles Van Wyck Brooks, 1930-1945. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 191821881 Stimson served as U.S. Secretary of war (1911-1913, 1940-1945), was governor general of the Philippine Islands (1927-1929) and U.S...

Mangum, Robert H. (Robert Henry), b.1875. (person)

Underwood, Oscar Wilder, 1862-1929 (person)

Oscar Wilder Underwood (1862-1929) served Alabama for many years in the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate. Known best for his extensive knowledge of and authorship of a sweeping tariff reform act, he was also a Democratic candidate for president in 1912 and in 1924, which saw the longest convention in U.S. history. He has been described as a conservative politician who opposed suffrage for women, Prohibition, and rights for organized labor. Underwood was born on May 6, 1862, i...

Johnston, Joseph Forney, 1843-1913 (person)

Two Greene County, Alabama families involved in state-level politics in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The principal figures in the Baltzell family, as relates to this collection, are: Thomas Baltzell (ca. 1813-?), who was born in Waynesboro, Greene County, Pennsylvania. He moved from Wheeling, Virginia to Greene County, Alabama in1835, when he was 22 years old. He earned a degree at Louisville Medical Institute in 1841, then returned to Forkland, in Greene County, to practic...

Miller, Nathan L., 1868-1953 (person)

Governor of N. Y. From the description of Typed letter signed : Albany, N. Y., to Mrs. Robert M. Littlejohn, 1922 Nov. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270858034 Nathan Lewis Miller (1868-1953) was an American conservative politician and attorney. He was New York State Comptroller from 1901 to 1903 and sat on the New York State Supreme Court from 1903-1915. He served as Governor of New York (1921-1922) and as General Counsel of U.S. Steel Corporation (1925- ). ...

Sumner, Charles (person)

Epithet: US statesman British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000351.0x000103 ...

Jemison, Robert, 1853-1926 (person)

Garrett, James L. (person)

Underwood, Sidney Smith, b.1864. (person)

Alabama Good Roads Association. (corporateBody)

Rives, John R. T. (John Robert Thomas), 1875- (person)

Underwood, Henry L. (person)

Barrett, E. W. (Edward Ware), b.1866. (person)

Democratic Party (Ala.) (corporateBody)

The 1860 Democratic National Convention was one of the crucial events in the lead-up to the American Civil War. The official Democratic national convention adjourned in deadlock without choosing a candidate for President. A resumed official convention nominated Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois for President and former Senator Herschel V. Johnson of Georgia for Vice President. A "rump" convention, primarily Southerners, nominated Vice President John C. Breckinridge for Presiden...

Worthington, J. W. (person)