Records, 1824-1900 [microform].
There are 79 Entities related to this resource.
Emile Berliner (1851-1929) was a prominent inventor living at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries. Overlooked by today's historians, Berliner's creative genius rivaled that of his better-known contemporaries Thomas Alva Edison and Alexander Graham Bell, and, like the works of these two inventors, Berliner's innovations helped shape the modern American way of life. Although Berliner did not invent recorded sound technology, his innovations led to i...
Alexander Dallas Bache (1806-1867) was an important scientific reformer during the early nineteenth century. From his position as superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, and through leadership roles in the scientific institutions of the time, Bache helped bring American science into alignment with the professional nature of its European counterpart. In addition, Bache fostered the reform of public education in America. On July 19, 1806 Alexander Dalla...
Ellet was born on June 1, 1843 in Philadelphia, the son of the noted civil engineer Charles Ellet, Jr. He was studying medicine at Georgetown University when the Civil War began. He served as an Army Assistant Surgeon during 1861-62. In the spring of 1862, when his father established the U.S. Ram Fleet, an Army unit of river steamers converted to rams, Charles Rivers Ellet transferred to that organization. Promoted to the rank of colonel later in the year, he commanded the ram Queen of the We...
Solomon Roberts was a Philadelphia Pa. civil engineer who worked primarily in the railroad industry. From the description of Diary and Account book, 1860-1861. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122609704 ...
Elisha Gray (b. August 2, 1835, Barnesville, OH–d. January 21, 1901, Newtonville, MA) was an American electrical engineer who co-founded the Western Electric Manufacturing Company. He is best known for his development of a telephone prototype in 1876 in Highland Park, Illinois. There is a dispute over the inventor of the telephone: Gray or Alexander Graham Bell. Gray was a prolific inventor and also considered to be the father of the modern music synthesizer. In his lifetime, he was granted over...
Epithet: LLD, Professor at Glasgow University British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001391.0x0000a0 State geologist for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. From the description of Catalogue of the specimens composing the first state geological cabinet deposited in Harrisburg. [archival material]. 1837-1940. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122581671 Epithet: geologist British Library Arch...
African American man tried for murder and sentenced to death in Central City, Colorado on June 24, 1868. Territorial Governor granted a reprieve to consider a reduced sentence on August 12, 1869. Governor ordered execution on February 17, 1870. Execution carried out in April 1870. From the description of Papers, 1870. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 71301619 ...
Painter, inventor; New York, N.Y. and London, England. From the description of Samuel Finley Breese Morse letter, 1845 Sept. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122599940 From the description of Samuel Finley Breese Morse letter, 1845 Sept. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 233007074 Author of account concerning deportation of 1100 workers and I.W.W. sympathizers from Bisbee to Columbus, N.M., July 12, 1917. From the description of The truth about Bisbee...
Inventor and businessman. From the description of Papers of Herman Hollerith, 1850-1982 (bulk 1910-1927). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71060889 Biographical Note 1860, Feb. 29 Born, Buffalo, N.Y. 1879 Graduated, Columbia University School of Mines,New York, N.Y. ...
Nikola Tesla (born Smiljan, Austrian Empire, July 10, 1856-died January 7, 1943, New York City), electric engineer, inventor, and scientist whose inventions include a telephone repeater, rotating magnetic field principle, polyphase alternating-current system, induction motor, alternating-current power transmission, Tesla coil transformer, wireless communication, radio, fluorescent lights, and more than 700 other patents. In his early career, Tesla worked at Thomas Alva Edison's Edison Machine Wo...
The Franklin Institute was founded in Philadelphia in 1824 by the city's leading engineers, scientists, technicians and manufacturers for the purpose of promoting and advancing technical progress. In 1825 it established its Committee on Inventions under Samuel Vaughn Merrick and Alexander Dallas Bache. This was the first attempt in America to set up a permanent body to direct technical innovation. Membership in the committee was originally limited to members of the Insti...
Matthias Baldwin (b. 1795), a former jeweler and tool manufacturer, was commissioned in 1831 by Franklin Peale to fashion a miniature locomotive engine to be displayed at his Philadelphia Museum. Soon the Philadelphia, Germantown and Norristown Railroad asked Baldwin to construct "Old Ironsides," his first full-size engine, in 1832. Subsequently, M.W. Baldwin, incorporated in 1831, became an establishment for the manufacture of locomotive engines at 400 North Broad Street in Philadelphia. The po...
Born in Huron Co. Oh. July 17, 1839, reared by grandfather in N.J. Worked as bricklayer, cooper, teacher. May 10, 1861 enlisted in Third Michigan Regiment, then 8th Reg. of Missouri for 3 yrs. In 1864 purchased farm in Ionia Co., Mich. In 1871 went to Cadillac and ran lumber mill for 11 years. He built the first logging locomotive, later manufactured by the Lima Locomotive works, and built the Harbor Springs RR. He put the first water works at Harbor Springs in 1900 and sold it to the City in 19...
Mechanical engineer and co-founder of Eastwick & Harrison, Locomotive Builders (Philadelphia, PA) who was involved in designing and building steam boiler engines, railways, and bridges in the United States and Russia. From the description of The iron worker and King Solomon : typescript, 1868 / by Joseph Harrison, Jr. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 68624977 Joseph Harrison was a mechanical engineer, who worked for various firms in the Philadelphia area bui...
Samuel Colt (1814-1862), inventor and industrialist, was founder of the Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company, now known as Colt's Manufacturing Company. From the description of Colt, Samuel, 1814-1862 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10581278 ...
Samuel Matthews Vauclain Jr. (1880-1913) was the son of Samuel Matthews Vauclain, inventor of the compound locomotive. After studying at Central High School in Philadelphia, then mechanical engineering at Cornell University, he began working for his father at The Baldwin Locomotive Works in Philadelphia in 1902. Sam was only employed a few months when the company decided to send him to Japan. While staying in Hawaii, war broke out between Russia and Japan. He continued his business trip to Japan...
Robert Maskell Patterson was a professor of natural philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania and director of the U.S. Mint. His father, Robert Patterson, was a revolutionary soldier and mathematician. He taught mathematics at the University of Pennsylvania, 1779-1814, and was the director of the U.S. Mint, 1805-1824. From the description of Papers, 1775-1853. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122616093 Robert Maskell Patterson was a professor ...
Electrician, inventor with 700 patents under his name; winner of many honors, prizes, and medals. From the description of Letter to S[amuel] S[ydney] McClure, 1894 February 3. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 55132441 Thomson joined the staff of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as a lecturer in the Department of Electrical Engineering in 1894, served as Acting President of the Institute, 1920-1922, and was a member of the MIT Corporation for many years....
Ross Winans was an American inventor, mechanic and builder of locomotives and railroad machinery. From the description of Account book, 1851-1853. (American Antiquarian Society). WorldCat record id: 752792587 ...
Lewis Muhlenberg Haupt was a civil engineer and a member of the Isthmian Canal Commission. From the description of Papers, 1890-1940. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122523513 From the guide to the Lewis M. (Lewis Muhlenberg) Haupt papers, 1890-1940, 1890-1940, (American Philosophical Society) Civil engineer and public official of Pennsylvania. Died 1937. From the description of Lewis M. Haupt papers, 1849-1923 (bulk 1852-19...
John Wesley Hyatt (1837-1920) was an American manufacturer in the plastics field, and the inventor of celluloid. Born in Starkey, New York in 1837, at the age of 16 Hyatt began work as a printer in Illinois and later in Albany, New York, where he eventually set up his own manufacturing company which became the Albany Billiard Ball Company. In his experiments, Hyatt discovered the solvent action of camphor on cellulose nitrate under moderate heat and pressure, creating ce...
Benjamin Franklin Peale was a son of Charles Willson Peale, and a naturalist, paleontologist, and traveler. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1833. From the description of Songs, 1822-1823, for guitar and piano. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122440418 From the guide to the Songs, 1822-1823, for guitar and piano, 1822-1823, (American Philosophical Society) ...
American engineer British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000756.0x000141 ...
Franklin B. Gowen, a lawyer, was president of the Pennsylvania and Reading Railroad Company, 1869-1883. From the description of To the miners and laborers of the Philadelphia & Reading Coal and Iron Company, 1877 March 17. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 35766271 ...
George Westinghouse was a well-know investor and businessman in various fields including railroads and electricity. George and Marguerite Westinghouse were prominent citizens of Pittsburgh and also owned houses in Lenox, MA, New York City, and Washington, D.C. These materials came from descendants of the Uptegraff family, who worked for both Mr. and Mrs. Westinghouse for many years. From the description of George and Marguerite Westinghouse Collection 1898-1914. (Historical Society o...
Geologist. From the description of Papers of Walter R. Johnson, 1815-1819. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79423698 ...
In 1833, the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Company (P & R) was established to serve the burgeoning anthracite coal industry and its customers throughout southeastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. The railroad also supported iron making, canal and sea-going transportation, and shipbuilding, establishing itself as a transportation industry giant for over a century. During the American Industrial Revolution, the P & R provided trackage to the most densely industrialized parts...
Thomas Alva Edison (born February 11, 1847, Milan, Ohio – died October 18, 1931, West Orange, New Jersey), American inventor and businessman who has been described as America's greatest inventor. He developed many devices in fields such as electric power generation, mass communication, sound recording, and motion pictures. These inventions, which include the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and early versions of the electric light bulb, have had a widespread impact on the modern industrial...
Joseph Henry (1797-1878, APS 1835), a physicist, was the first secretary and director of the Smithsonian Institution, a post he retained for over three decades. Henry was a leading experimental scientist whose contributions include several discoveries in the field of electromagnetics. He has been credited with the invention of the electromagnet and the telegraph, among other things. Henry was born in 1797 in Albany, New York, the son of William Henry, a teamster, and his wife An...
Herman Haupt was born in Philadelphia in 1817 and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1835. He resigned his commission to become a civil engineer. He was employed by the Pennsylvania Railroad and in 1856 undertook work on the Hoosac Tunnel for the Troy and Greenfield Railroad in Massachusetts. From 1862 to 1863 he served as chief of construction and transportation on the United States military railroads and retired with the rank of brigadier-general of volunteers. In 1876 he und...
Linus Yale: manufactured first lock at Shelburne Falls, Mass., 1851, known as "Yale Infallible Bank Lock"; improved this lock, 1851-1860; received patent for "Cylinder Lock", 1861; with Henry R. Towne established the Yale Lock Manufacturing Company, 1868, with a plant in Stamford, Connecticut. From the description of Linus Yale papers, 1821-1873 (inclusive), 1844-1873 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702169188 From the guide to the Linus Yale papers, 1821-1873, (Manusc...
James Curtis Booth was an analytical chemist and metallurgist who spent the bulk of his professional life as an employee of the U.S. Mint at Philadelphia, where he was Chief Melter and Refiner. He also taught chemistry and, partnered with Matthew Boye and later with Thomas Garretson, ran a successful analytical laboratory-cum-training school for chemists, the first institution of its kind to be opened in the United States. From the description of Papers of James Curtis Booth, 1785-19...