William Pickens papers (Additions), 1909-1950.

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William Pickens papers (Additions), 1909-1950.

Collection primarily relates to Pickens' work as NAACP Field Secretary and Director of Branches, and contains a great deal of correspondence with NAACP officials. Of interest is material chronicling Pickens' and the NAACP's involvement in the Scottsboro Case in Alabama. Correspondents relating to the NAACP include James Weldon Johnson, Walter Francis White, Mary White Ovington, Arthur B. Spingarn, Joel E. Spingarn, Roy Wilkins, Thurgood Marshall, and W.E.B. Du Bois. Other correspondence is between Pickens and friends, acquaintances, fellow scholars, and business associates. There is correspondence with many organizations with which Pickens was involved, such as the American Civil Liberties Union, League for Industrial Democracy, Socialist Party of America, National Council of the Young Men's and Women's Christian Association, American Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born, and the Council for Pan American Democracy. Correspondents include Claude A. Barnett and Percival L. Prattis of the Associated Negro Press, and other individuals in government, education, and church affairs, among them John Haynes Holmes of the Community Church of New York. Writings are primarily composed of typescripts (manuscripts and editorials), speeches, and mimeographed Associated Negro Press columns and newspaper clippings of articles and editorials written by Pickens. Subjects dealt with in these different formats cover a wide range and serve to reveal Pickens' broad interests and intellectual scope.

Originals: 11 lin. ft.Copies: 25 microfilm reels.

Related Entities

There are 22 Entities related to this resource.

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

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Organizational History and List of Officers Organizational History 1909 Issued the “Call,” a statement calling for a conference to protest discrimination and violence against African Americans Convened the National Negro Conference on May 31 and June 1, New York, N.Y. E...

American Committee for the Protection of Foreign Born

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6815swq (corporateBody)

The American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born (1933-1982), based in New York City, was founded for the purpose of defending the rights of the foreign born, especially radicals and Communist Party members, thereby filling a void left by other civil rights defense groups. The Committee's formation was initiated by Roger Baldwin of the American Civil Liberties Union. The Committee pursued its aims through litigation, legislation and public education. In its early years, the Committee's acti...

Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6g55fc3 (person)

Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (born Mary Jane McLeod; July 10, 1875 – May 18, 1955) was an American educator, stateswoman, philanthropist, humanitarian, womanist, and civil rights activist. Bethune founded the National Council for Negro Women in 1935, established the organization's flagship journal Aframerican Women's Journal, and resided as president or leader for myriad African American women's organizations including the National Association for Colored Women and the National Youth Administration'...

White, Walter Francis, 1893-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m61pnn (person)

Executive secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. From the description of Correspondence with Johan Thorsten Sellin, 1935. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 243854199 Walter Francis White (1893-1955), was an African American civil rights activist and leader of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) from 1931-1955. Walter White married Leah Gladys Powell (1893-1979) in 1922, and they ...

Associated Negro Press

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Young Women's Christian Association of the U.S.A. National Board

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The International Board of Women's and Young Women's Christian Associations and the American Committee of Young Women's Christian Associations merged to form the Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) of the U.S.A. in 1906. From the description of National Board predecessors and formation of National Board, 1876-1961. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84462658 Women's advocacy and social service organization. In the mid-nineteenth century women's or...

Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bp03bj (person)

James Weldon Johnson was a publisher, educator, lawyer, composer, artist, diplomat and civil rights leader. Together with his brother, J. Rosamond Johnson, he wrote the song "Lift Every Voice and Sing," which came to be known as the "Negro National Anthem" as well as a large number of popular songs for the musical stage of the early twentieth century. Johnson also served as consul of the United States to Venezuela and Nicaragua. His literary contributions include several books and his position a...

Holmes, John Haynes, 1879-1964

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60k29zq (person)

American clergyman and reformer. From the description of The voice of God is calling : autograph poem signed, 1930 Nov. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269557327 John Haynes Homes (1879-1964) was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and raised near Boston, Massachusetts. He graduated from Harvard College in 1902 and Harvard Divinity School in 1904. He received honorary doctorates from Benares Hindu University, Rollins College, and Meadville Theological School. He served as...

Garvey, Marcus, 1877-1940.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wq3mq4 (person)

Pickens, William, 1881-1954

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64173jg (person)

Author, educator. William Pickens was Dean of Morgan College in Baltimore, Md., 1918-1919; Field Secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1920-1942; and employee of the United States Treasury Department, 1941-1951. From the description of William Pickens papers, 1906-1954. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122608256 From the guide to the William Pickens papers, 1906-1954, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center ...

Socialist Party (U.S.)

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The Socialist Party (U.S.) was founded in 1901, bringing together moderate socialists from the Social Democratic Party, and dissident members of the Socialist Labor Party. In 1936 the ongoing differences between the “Old Guard” and “Militant” factions, resulted in a split, with the Militant group retaining the SP name and much of the membership, while the Old Guard faction retained most of the organizational and financial assets. From the guide to the Socialist Party (U.S.) Minutes, ...

Wilkins, Roy, 1901-1981

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s46r5z (person)

Civil rights leader and journalist; d. 1981. From the description of Papers, 1915-1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 31605113 Roy Wilkins was born in St. Louis, Missouri, grew up in St. Paul, Minnesota and graduated from the University of Minnesota. Wilkins edited the KANSAS CITY CALL, a Black newspaper, from 1923 to 1931. Wilkins became Assistant Secretary of the NAACP in 1931 and became Executive Secretary in 1955. Under his leadership the NAACP grew to 350,000 members. ...

Ovington, Mary White, 1865-1951

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Ovington, a leader in the fight for equal rights for Afro-Americans, was a co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. For further biographical information, see Notable American Women: The Modern Period (1980). From the description of Papers, 1946-1951 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232007426 Ovington was one of the first white social workers in the New York African-American community around the turn of the century; s...

Spingarn, Arthur B. (Arthur Barnett), 1878-1971

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African American lawyer, scholar, and president of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. From the description of Papers, 1914-1971. (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 70941351 Spingarn was born on Mar. 28, 1878 in New York City; AB (1897), AM (1899), and LL. B (1900), Columbia Univ.; LL. D, Howard Univ., 1941; L.H.D., Long Island Univ., 1966; practiced law beginning in 1900; chairman of national legal committee, and vice-presid...

Barnett, Claude, 1890-1967

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Prattis, Percival Leroy, 1895-1980

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Percival Leroy (P. L.) Prattis was born on April 27, 1895 in the Germantown section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was the only son of Alexander and Ella (Spraggins) Prattis. He attended grade school at the Christiansburg Industrial Institute in Cambria (now Christiansburg), Virginia, from 1908 to 1912. For further education, he attended the Hampton Institute (now Hampton University) in Hampton, Virginia, from 1912 to 1915. He later graduated in 1916 from the Ferris Institute, which was a pre...

United States. Department of the Treasury

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Spingarn, Joel Elias, 1875-1939

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60z75jc (person)

Literary critic and reformer; taught at Columbia University in New York, 1899-1911. From the description of Letter : [New York], to Elbridge Colby, 1911 March 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 21417689 Joel E. Spingarn was an educator and writer who worked with social reform causes, primarily with the NAACP. From the description of Joel E. Spingarn Collection, 1910-1947. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84422765 From the description of Joel E. Spingarn Co...

Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963

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W. E. B. Du Bois was an American sociologist, socialist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer and editor. Educated at Fisk University, he did graduate work at the University of Berlin and Harvard, where he was the first African American to earn a doctorate. Du Bois became a professor of history, sociology and economics at Atlanta University. Due to his contributions in the African-American community he was seen as a member of a Black elite that supported some aspects ...

National Council of the Young Men's Christian Association.

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Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993

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Thurgood Marshall (b. July 2, 1908, Baltimore, Maryland – d. January 24, 1993, Washington, D.C.) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving from October 1967 until October 1991. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice. Before becoming a judge, Marshall was a lawyer who was best known for his high success rate in arguing before the Supreme Court and for the victory in Brown v. Board of Education, a 1954 decision that ruled t...

Council for Pan American Democracy (New York, N.Y.)

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