Papers, 1920-1949.


Papers, 1920-1949.

Papers, 1920-1949, that contain correspondence, letters, telegrams, financial records, estate records, applications, subject files, military records, lists, photographs, clippings, printed records, licenses, and other records. The most important series in this collection are the correspondence and letters, the subject files, and the patronage, political. In all of those series the political career of John H. Bankhead (1872-1946), and to a lesser extent, Lister Hill and Hugo L. Black are discussed. U.S. and Ala. politics receive much attention, especially the New Deal, unemployment, and the search for jobs through the patronage system. Aspects of the New Deal covered especially well include farm tenancy and the Farm Security Administration, the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the court packing scheme of Franklin D. Roosevelt, and the National Labor Relations Board. Ala. subjects and political subjects covered especially well include: the beginning of radio station WSGN, U.S. political patronage in Ala., the grooming of Jim Simpson to unseat John H. Bankhead (1872-1946) in 1942, the campaign of William B. Bankhead for the presidency, 1940; and a plan to create the Ala. Medical College in Birmingham. Race relations in the U.S. Army, and the World War, 1939-1945, received extensive treatment also.

1.7 cubic ft. (5 archives boxes)

Related Entities

There are 80 Entities related to this resource.

United States. Works Progress Administration (corporateBody)

Organizational History President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in 1935 as a part of his New Deal to curtail the Depression's effects on the United States. The WPA attempted to provide the unemployed with jobs that allowed individuals to preserve skills or talents. The Federal Writers' Project (FWP), one branch of the WPA, provided work for over 6,600 unemployed writers, journalists, edit...

Hill, J. Lister (Joseph Lister), 1894-1984 (person)

Joseph Lister Hill (December 29, 1894 – December 20, 1984) was an American politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he represented Alabama in the U.S. Congress for more than forty-five years, as both a U.S. Representative (1923–1938) and a U.S. Senator (1938–1969). During his Senate career he was active on health-related issues, and served as Senate Majority Whip (1941–47), and Hill also served as the Chair of the Senate Labor Committee. At the time of his retirement, Hill was the fourth-mo...

United States. Department of Agriculture (corporateBody)

The United States Department of Agriculture was established in 1862 by President Abraham Lincoln and was elevated to a Cabinet level organization by President Grover Cleveland in 1889. The Department of Agriculture assists farmers and producers of food as well as creating policies and programs related to food distribution and nutrition information. The United States Department of Agriculture controls a number of regional offices through out the continential United States and its territories....

United States. Department of Justice (corporateBody)

The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the United States government responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, and is equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration, and administers several federal law enforcement agencies, including the Federal Bureau of Investigat...

United States. Supreme Court (corporateBody)

Supreme Court of the United States, final court of appeal and final expositor of the Constitution of the United States. Within the framework of litigation, the Supreme Court marks the boundaries of authority between state and nation, state and state, and government and citizen. Scope And Jurisdiction The Supreme Court was created by the Constitutional Convention of 1787 as the head of a federal court system, though it was not formally established until Congress passed the Judiciary Act in 17...

Black, Hugo LaFayette, 1886-1971 (person)

Hugo LaFayette Black (1886-1971) was a judge for the Supreme Court of the United States. He was nominated by Franklin D. Roosevelt on August 12, 1937; confirmed by the Senate on August 17, 1937; and received his commission on August 18, 1937. He assumed senior status on September 17, 1971, but his service was terminated soon thereafter, with his death on September 25, 1971. ...

WSGN (Radio station: Birmingham, Ala.) (corporateBody)

Alabama Medical College (Birmingham) (corporateBody)

Green, Theodore Francis, 1867-1966 (person)

Brown University class of 1887. At different times lawyer with Green, Hinckley and Allen; and with Green, Curran, and Hart. Instructor in law at Brown University. Governor of Rhode Island. From the description of Papers, [ca. 1907-1938]. (Brown University). WorldCat record id: 122365837 U.S. senator and governor of Rhode Island and lawyer. From the description of Theodore Francis Green papers, 1924-1960 (bulk 1937-1960). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 75382875 ...

Bishop, Maurice (person)

Page, Thad (Thaddeus Shaw), 1890-1973 (person)

Thad Page (b. Thaddeus Shaw Page, b. Nov. 3, 1890, Aberdeen, N.C.-d. Sept. 5, 1973), archivist, was appointed Administrative Secretary of the National Archives in 1935. From the description of Page, Thad (Thaddeus Shaw), 1890-1973 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10601139 Thaddeus Shaw Page (1890-1973) was born in Aberdeen, N.C., to North Carolina congressman Robert Newton Page and Flora Eliza Shaw Page. He was educated at Fishburne Military Academy...

Graves, John Temple, 1892-1961 (person)

Sparkman, John, 1899-1985 (person)

Senator. From the description of Reminiscences of John Sparkman : oral history, 1962. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122481724 From the description of Reminiscences of John Sparkman : oral history, 1969. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122513439 John Jackson Sparkman (b. Dec. 20, 1899, Morgan County, Ala.-d. Nov. 16, 1985, Huntsville, Ala.), U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator from Alabama, was ...

Quinn, T. D. (person)

Grant, George Alexander, 1891-1964 (person)

WAPI (Radio station: Birmingham, Ala.) (corporateBody)

Murphree, T. A. (person)

Clement, Marc Ray, 1908-1961 (person)

Randolph, Walter L. (Walter Leon), 1905-1974. (person)

Whelen, Charles. (person)

Rogers, Mims. (person)

McAdory, Walter K., (person)

Ward, John Millington (person)

Gundelfinger, George Frederick, 1883-1974 (person)

George Frederick Gundelfinger, a teacher of mathematics and a writer, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1884. He earned a B.S. from Sheffield Scientific School, Yale University in 1906 and a Ph.D. in math in 1909. He taught math at Yale from 1909 to 1913, and he also taught at the University of Pittsburgh and at Carnegie Institute of Technology. He wrote and printed the Interquadrangular, an independent Yale paper, and founded the brotherhood, "The New Fraternity." Upon retiring from teac...

United States. Farm Security Administration (corporateBody)

The Farm Security Administration (FSA) was established within the United States Department of Agriculture to implement the provisions of the Bankhead-Jones Tenant Act of 1937. The agency also took over certain functions of its predecessor, the Resettlement Administration (RA). The FSA made available and administered long-term loans to tenants and sharecroppers, loaned funds to rural cooperatives, and operated camps for migrant farm workers. The FSA was abolished in 1946; the Farmers Home Adminis...

Knight, Evelyn E., 1891-1982 (person)

Boutwell, Albert Burton, 1904-1978 (person)

Democratic National Committee (U.S.) (corporateBody)

United States., Department of the Intérior (corporateBody)

The Alaska Public Works Program was authorized during the 81st Congress through the Alaska Public Works Act, Public Law 264. The Act authorized the General Services Administration to construct public works in Alaska, at a total cost of $70 million, then to sell them to the Territory of Alaska or other public bodies in Alaska at a purchase price that would recover approximately 50% of the total estimated cost. The authority, set to expire June 30, 1955, was extended to June 30, 1959. The program ...

University of Alabama (corporateBody)

Hall, Grover Cleveland, 1888-1941 (person)

Grayson, David A. (person)

Crow, Thomas W. (Thomas Wood), d.1935. (person)

Crow was born in Florence, Ala. He married Susan Louise Finley and was involved primarily in the coal, gas, and oil business in Ala., Ky., and Okla. He and his wife had one son, Charles Brandon. From the description of Papers, 1918-1922. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122586784 ...

United States. Resettlement Administration (corporateBody)

Owen, Marie Bankhead, 1869-1958 (person)

Marie Bankhead Owen, after the death of her husband Thomas McAdory Owen, became the Director of the Alabama Dept. of Archives and History. She retired in 1953 and during her tenure she was instrumental in having the Archives building constructed (1939). From the description of Family photographs, [18--]-[19--]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122548623 ...

Cooper, Jerome A. (person)

Connor, Bull (Theophilus Eugene), 1898-1973. (person)

Hobbs, Sam (Samuel Francis), 1877-1952. (person)

Democratic Party (Ala.) (corporateBody)

The 1860 Democratic National Convention was one of the crucial events in the lead-up to the American Civil War. The official Democratic national convention adjourned in deadlock without choosing a candidate for President. A resumed official convention nominated Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois for President and former Senator Herschel V. Johnson of Georgia for Vice President. A "rump" convention, primarily Southerners, nominated Vice President John C. Breckinridge for Presiden...

Powell, A. B. (person)

Zuber, Oscar. (person)

Creekmore, E. F. (person)

Green, W. Cooper. (person)

Adams, W. Carson (William Carson), b. 1880. (person)

Dixon, Frank M. (Frank Murray), 1892-1965 (person)

Dixon was born 1892 July 25 to Frank and Launa Murray Dixon in Oakland, Cal. In 1906 he entered Phillips Academy in Exeter, N.H.; then attended Columbia University for one term. He graduated from the University of Virginia in 1916 with an LL.B., and was admitted to the Ala. bar in 1917. That same year he entered the U.S. Army and fought overseas in World War I. He was attached to the French Army as an aerial observer. On 1918 July 21 he was wounded, which caused the amputation of hi...

Alabama Power Company (corporateBody)

The Alabama Power Company was organized in 1906 and has had a major impact on the economic development of the state of Alabama. The company has been involved in the hydroelectric developments of the Coosa River, the Tallapoosa River and the Tennessee River-Muscle Shoals area. From the description of Edison Electric Institute records, 1943-1947. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122439439 The Alabama Power Company, a public utility organization, was incorporated in ...

Beddow, Noel R. (person)

Bankhead, John Hollis, 1872-1946 (person)

U.S. senator from Alabama. From the description of Letter, 1932 Jan. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70974791 Bankhead was born 1872 July 2 to John H. and Tallulah Brockman Bankhead at Moscow, Lamar Co., Ala. He graduated from the University of Ala. with a B.A. in 1891 as president of his class. He graduated from Georgetown University in 1893 with a Bachelor of Laws, again as president of his class. That same year he began practicing law in Jasper,...

Comer, Donald, 1877-1963. (person)

Son of Governor Braxton Bragg Comer, Donald Comer had a long and distinguished career in Alabama. Along with his family he controlled Avondale Mills in Sylacauga, Ala. From the description of Papers, 1921-1952. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122439309 ...

McGoughran, C. F. (person)

Tortorici, Mary L. (person)

Gunter, W. A. (person)

Davis, P. O. (Posey Oliver), 1891-1973. (person)

Airey, Bruce. (person)

Patrick, Luther, 1894-1957 (person)

Patrick served as U.S. Representative from Alabama's Ninth Congressional District, 1937-43 and 1945-47. Before that, he had been Fairfield (Ala.) city attorney, assistant state attorney general, and federal district attorney. He was also a member of the War Production Board (1943-45). Patrick was a noted author, poet, and radio personality for WAPI and WBRC (after 1925). He died in 1957. From the description of Collection, 1936-1957. (Auburn University). WorldCat record id: 37542148 ...

Crow, Charles B. (Charles Brandon), 1897-1955. (person)

Crow was born 1897 Mar. 17 to Susan Louise Finney and Thomas Wood Crow in Riverton, Colbert Co., Ala. He was educated in the public schools of Ala., and attended both Southern College (Fla.), 1912-1913 and Ala. Polytechnic Institute in Auburn, Ala., 1914-1918. He served as a second lieutenant in France in the World War, 1914-1918. After that war he worked in Ala. and Ky. in the coal business with his father. 1920 Oct. 22 he married Marion Bankhead in Jasper, Ala. In the ...

Mitch, William, 1881-1974 (person)

William Mitch (10 April 1881- July 1974) worked in the coal mines at a young age and joined the United Mine Workers in 1894. He was a traveling international auditor for the UMW from 1913 to 1914, secretary to treasurer of District 11, Indiana, from 1915 to 1931, and District 11 president in 1932. From 1933 to 1946 he worked in Birmingham, Alabama, as president of District 20 of the UMW. Mitch was also president of the Alabama state CIO and Southern director of the Steel Workers Organizing Commi...

Jackson, A.E. (person)

McNeely, Lee. (person)

Alexander, Will Winton, 1884-1956 (person)

Agriculturist, authority on race relations, educator. From the description of Oral history interview with Will Winton Alexander, 1952. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309722753 ...

Nolen, Roy L. (person)

Sartain, Arthur. (person)

Chappell, James E. (James Edward), 1885-1960. (person)

Egerton, Florence W. (person)

Davis, George (George L.) (person)

Republican Party (Ala.) (corporateBody)

The Alabama Republican Party was established in 1867. From the description of Records, 1928-1984. (Auburn University). WorldCat record id: 32506228 ...

Stanley, Cash M. (Cassius Miller), 1878-1964 (person)

Gregorson, Fred J. (person)

United States. Social Security Administration (corporateBody)

Poole, J. N. (person)

Smith, Ross Cyril (person)

Poss, Lurline. (person)

Broadway, Frank Edward (person)

Manasco, Carter, b. 1902. (person)

Carter Manasco was secretary to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, William Brockman Bankhead. Manasco was elected following Bankhead's death in 1940 to complete his term as Representative from Ala. From the description of Letters, 1940. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122538428 ...

Hanson, Victor H. (Victor Henry), b. 1876. (person)

Rives, John R. T. (John Robert Thomas), 1875- (person)

Wellingham, Henry J., b. 1868. (person)

Creigh, Thomas. (person)

Simpson, James R., 1964- (person)

President Coolidge's speech was given at the dedication of the monument to the First Division in Washington (D.C.) in 1924. From the description of James Simpson scrapbook, 1924-1925. (Chicago History Museum). WorldCat record id: 715358731 ...

Boykin, Frank W. (Frank William), 1885-1969 (person)

Frank W. Boykin was a U.S. Representative from Alabama from his election in 1935 to the early 1960s. He was also a businessman involved with real estate development, timber, and naval stores. From the description of Papers, 1911-1972. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122284922 ...