Dixon, Frank M. (Frank Murray), 1892-1965

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Dixon was born 1892 July 25 to Frank and Launa Murray Dixon in Oakland, Cal. In 1906 he entered Phillips Academy in Exeter, N.H.; then attended Columbia University for one term. He graduated from the University of Virginia in 1916 with an LL.B., and was admitted to the Ala. bar in 1917. That same year he entered the U.S. Army and fought overseas in World War I. He was attached to the French Army as an aerial observer. On 1918 July 21 he was wounded, which caused the amputation of his right leg. For his efforts he received the Chevalier Legion of Honor and the Croix de Guerre with Palm, as well as the Purple Heart.

He resumed his law practice in 1919 in Birmingham, Jefferson Co., Ala., as a member of the firm Bowers and Dixon. In 1920 he married Juliet Polly Perry. He practiced law until his election as governor of Ala. in 1938, serving in that office from 1939 until 1943. While governor Dixon supported the merit system, higher funding for education and road building, the secret ballot, and many other programs.

After his term as governor, Dixon resumed his law practice with Bowers, Dixon, Dunn, and McDowell, in Birmingham, and from 1948-1951 was a leader in the Dixiecrat movement that opposed the civil rights and trade union policies of the Democratic Party under President Harry S. Truman on the grounds that it violated the rights of the individual states and helped spread communism. He was the keynote speaker at the 1948 Dixiecrat convention in Birmingham.

He and his wife had two children, Sam Perry and Launa Murray. He joined many clubs and organizations. Among those he joined were the: Redstone Club (Birmingham, Ala.), Kiwanis Club, American Bar Association, American Legion, VFW, Disabled American Veterans, and several others. He died 1965 Oct. 11 in Birmingham.

From the description of Papers, 1924-1965. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122387780

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Alabama. Governor (1939-1943 : Dixon). Appointment files, 1939-1942. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Sparks, Chauncey, 1884-1968. Papers, [190-?]-[196-?]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Alabama. Governor (1939-1943 : Dixon). Proclamations, commendations and appreciations, 1939-1943. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Bliss, Robert Lewis. Miscellaneous microfilm collection, undated, [microform]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Alabama. Office of State Comptroller. Defense bonds pamphlet: state publication, [ca. 1942]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Alabama. Governor. Scottsboro Case public appeals to the Governor, 1931-1939. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Frank Murray Dixon papers MSS. 0439., 1938-1981 W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, The University of Alabama
referencedIn Inventory of the John R. Anthony Papers TAMU MSS 00042., 1912-1977 Cushing Memorial Library,
creatorOf Alabama. Governor (1939-1943 : Dixon). Speeches, 1939-1943. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Johnson, Louis Arthur, 1891-1966. Papers of Louis Arthur Johnson [manuscript] 1930-64. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Alabama. Board of Compromise. Decrees of settlement of claims, 1901-1961. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Bane, Frank, 1893-. Papers of Frank Bane [manuscript] 1919 [1936-1966] 1971. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Alabama. Rural Electrification Authority (1935-1939). Administrative records, 1935-1939. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Alabama. State Chamber of Commerce. Directors. Photographs, [ca.1937]-[ca.1970]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Baldwin, William O. (William Owen), 1895-1987. William O. Baldwin family papers, 1835-1993. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Dixon, Juliet P. (Juliet Polly Perry), ca.1900-ca.1980. Letters and list, 1934-1976 and n.d. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Bankhead, William Brockman, 1874-1940. Papers, 1875-1952 and n.d. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Dixon, Frank M. (Frank Murray), 1892-1965. Papers, 1924-1965. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Bankhead, John Hollis, 1872-1946. Papers, 1880-1947 and n.d. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Alabama. State Council of Defense (1941-1946). Program administrative files, 1941-1946. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Alabama. Governor (1939-1943 : Dixon). Legislative tracking files, 1939-1943. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn McNutt mss., 1899-1955 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Crow, Charles B. (Charles Brandon), 1897-1955. Papers, 1920-1949. Alabama Department of Archives and History
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Abernethy, Tom (Thomas Young), 1908-. person
associatedWith Adamson, Reese. person
associatedWith Adkins, Homer Martin, 1890-1964. person
associatedWith Alabama. Board of Compromise. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama Education Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama Forest Products Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1939-1943 : Dixon). corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1939-1943 : Dixon). corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1939-1943 : Dixon). corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1939-1943 : Dixon). corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Office of State Comptroller. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Rural Electrification Authority (1935-1939). corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama State Bar Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama State Chamber of Commerce. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. State Chamber of Commerce. Directors. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. State Council of Defense (1941-1946). corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama State's Rights Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Albritton, Robert B. person
associatedWith American Bar Association. corporateBody
associatedWith American Good Government Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Americans for Constitutional Actions. corporateBody
associatedWith Andrews, George William, 1906-1971. person
associatedWith Anthony, John R. person
associatedWith Arant, Douglas, 1897-1987. person
associatedWith Arnall, Ellis Gibbs, 1907-1992. person
associatedWith Associated Industries of Alabama. corporateBody
associatedWith Ayers, Harry M. (Harry Mell), 1885-1964. person
associatedWith Baldwin, William O. (William Owen), 1895-1987. person
associatedWith Bane, Frank. person
associatedWith Bankhead, John Hollis, 1872-1946. person
associatedWith Bankhead, William Brockman, 1874-1940. person
associatedWith Barnett, Ross B. person
associatedWith Barr, John U. person
associatedWith Battle, Laurie C. (Laurie Calvin), 1912-2000. person
associatedWith Birmingham Kiwanis Club (Ala.) corporateBody
associatedWith Bishop, Maurice F. person
associatedWith Blanton, G. Claiborne. person
associatedWith Boutwell, Albert Burton, 1904-1978. person
associatedWith Boykin, Frank W. (Frank William), 1885-1969. person
associatedWith Boykin, Matt A. person
associatedWith Bradley, Palmer. person
associatedWith Brewster, Owen, 1888-1961. person
associatedWith Broadway, Frank R., 1909-. person
associatedWith Broughton, J. Melville (Joseph Melville), 1888-1949. person
associatedWith Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966. person
associatedWith Cobbs, Hamner. person
associatedWith Coley, C.J. (Clinton Jackson), 1902-. person
associatedWith Collins, Charles W. (Charles Wallace). person
associatedWith Comer, B. B. (Braxton Bragg), 1848-1927. person
associatedWith Comer, Donald, 1877-1963. person
associatedWith Comer, Hugh, 1892-1962. person
associatedWith Committee for Constitutional Government. corporateBody
associatedWith Connor, Eugene, 1897-1973. person
associatedWith Crow, Charles B. (Charles Brandon), 1897-1955. person
associatedWith Dabney, Virginius, 1901-1995. person
associatedWith Davis, P.O. person
associatedWith Democratic National Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic Party (Ala.) corporateBody
associatedWith Disney, Wesley E. (Wesley Ernest), 1883-1961. person
associatedWith Dixon, George G. person
associatedWith Dixon, Juliet P. (Juliet Polly Perry), ca.1900-ca.1980. person
associatedWith Dunn, Loula (Loula Friend), b.ca.1890. person
associatedWith Eastland, James O. (James Oliver), 1904-1986. person
associatedWith Edwards, Charles W. person
associatedWith Englehardt, Sam (Samuel Martin), 1887-1957. person
associatedWith Farley, James A. (James Aloysius), 1888-1976. person
associatedWith Fitts, William C. person
associatedWith Folsom, James Elisha. person
associatedWith Gardner, O. Max. person
associatedWith George, Walter F. (Walter Franklin), 1878-1957. person
associatedWith Gibson, Merritt H. person
associatedWith Givhan, Walter. person
associatedWith Goodwyn, Gardner F. person
associatedWith Gossett, Benjamin B. person
associatedWith Grant, George (George McInvale), 1897-1964. person
associatedWith Graves, Bibb, 1873-1942. person
associatedWith Graves, John Temple, 1892-1961. person
associatedWith Guntersville Lake Yacht Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Hall, Grover C. (Grover Cleveland), 1915-1971. person
associatedWith Hall, Horace, 1903-. person
associatedWith Hanson, Clarence (Clarence Bloodworth), 1907-. person
associatedWith Hill, Lister, 1894-1984. person
associatedWith Hobbs, Samuel Francis, 1887-1952. person
associatedWith Holland, Spessard L. (Spessard Lindsey), 1892-1971. person
associatedWith Hoover, J. Edgar (John Edgar), 1895-1972. person
associatedWith Huddleston, George, 1920-1971. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Floyd W. person
associatedWith Jemison, Robert (Robert Underwood), 1878-1927. person
associatedWith Johnson, Louis Arthur, 1891-1966. person
associatedWith Johnson, Paul B. (Paul Burney), 1880-1943. person
associatedWith Jones, George Bliss. person
associatedWith Jones, Robert E. (Robert Emmet), 1912-. person
associatedWith Jones, Sam H. person
associatedWith Jones, Thomas Goode, 1844-1914. person
associatedWith Jones, Walter Burgwyn, 1888-1963. person
associatedWith Kelly, W. Clark. person
associatedWith Kerr, Robert S. (Robert Samuel), 1896-1963. person
associatedWith Kilby, Thomas Erby, 1865-1943. person
associatedWith Kohn, John P. person
associatedWith Laney, Benjamin Travis, 1896-1977. person
associatedWith Lawson, Thomas S. (Thomas Seay), b.1906. person
associatedWith Lehman, Erwin R. person
associatedWith Leigh, Norvelle R., b.1870. person
associatedWith Leigh, Norvelle R., b.ca.1910. person
associatedWith Lewis, Ed S. person
associatedWith Lewis, John L. (John Llewellyn), 1880-1969. person
associatedWith Lloyd, Stewart J. person
associatedWith Malone, Wallace D. person
associatedWith Maner, Pitt Tyson. person
associatedWith Martin, Thomas W. (Thomas Wesley), 1881-1964. person
associatedWith Martin, Wm. Logan (William Logan), 1883-1959. person
associatedWith McCorvey, Gessner T. (Gessner Tutwiler), 1882-1965. person
associatedWith McGowin, Earl M. (Earl Mason), 1901- . person
associatedWith McMillan, Ed Leigh, 1888-1977. person
associatedWith McNutt, Paul V. (Paul Vories), 1891-1955 person
associatedWith Mead, Arthur M. person
associatedWith Mitchell, Edwina. person
associatedWith Mountain Brook Club (Ala.) corporateBody
associatedWith Mullins, W.K. person
associatedWith Mushat, Roland G. person
associatedWith National States' Rights Democrats Campaign Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Newsome, John. person
associatedWith Norwood, Percy M. person
associatedWith Oliver, S.C. person
associatedWith Owen, Marie Bankhead, 1869-1958. person
associatedWith Patterson, Albert, d. 1954. person
associatedWith Patterson, John, 1921 Sept. 27- person
associatedWith Perez, Leander H. person
associatedWith Persons, Gordon, 1902-1965. person
associatedWith Pettus, Edmund M. person
associatedWith Rains, Albert (Albert McKinley), 1902-1991. person
associatedWith Ramsey, E.H. person
associatedWith Rector, Stanley. person
associatedWith Redmond, Paul A. (Paul Alonzo), 1883-ca.1980. person
associatedWith Redstone Club (Birmingham, Ala.) corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (Ala.) corporateBody
associatedWith Rix, Carl B. (Carl Barnett), 1878-1963. person
associatedWith Robert, Lawrence Wood. person
associatedWith Roberts, E.A. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945. person
associatedWith Rushton, Marion, b.1893. person
associatedWith Rushton, William J. person
associatedWith Russell, H. Pat. person
associatedWith Saltonstall, Leverett, 1892-1979. person
associatedWith Sauls, C.E. person
associatedWith Sewell, J.F. person
associatedWith Shelton, Barrett C. (Barrett Clinton), 1902-. person
associatedWith Smith, J. Craig (James Craig), 1905-1977. person
associatedWith Smyer, Sidney W. person
associatedWith Sparkman, John, 1899-1985. person
associatedWith Sparks, Chauncey, 1884-1968. person
associatedWith Stainback, Blake. person
associatedWith Stanley, Cash M. (Cassius Miller), 1878-1964. person
associatedWith State Democratic Executive Committee of Alabama. corporateBody
associatedWith States Rights Campaign Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith States Rights Democratic Campaign Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith States' Rights Democratic Party. corporateBody
associatedWith States Rights Party Convention( 1948: Birmingham). corporateBody
associatedWith Sterne, Mervyn H. person
associatedWith St. John, Finis E. (Finis Ewing), 1909-. person
associatedWith Taft, Robert A. (Robert Alphonso), 1889-1953. person
associatedWith Thurmond, Strom, 1902-2003. person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith Tucker, Earl L. person
associatedWith Tuck, William M. (William Munford), 1896-1983. person
associatedWith United States. Interstate Commerce Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Supreme Court. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Alabama. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia. corporateBody
associatedWith Vardaman, John W. (John Wesley), 1915-1979. person
associatedWith Verwolt, Howard W. person
associatedWith Wallace, George C. (George Corley), 1919-1998. person
associatedWith Waterman Steamship Corporation (Ala.) corporateBody
associatedWith Weibel, A.V. person
associatedWith Wicker, John J. person
associatedWith Wilkinson, Horace C. person
associatedWith Wood, E.B. person
associatedWith Wood, Henry C. person
associatedWith Wright, Fielding (Fielding Lewis), 1895-1956. person
associatedWith Wright, J. Handly. person
associatedWith Wright, Wallace W. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Mississippi
Alabama
Jackson (Miss.)
Louisiana
South Carolina
Montgomery (Ala.)
Jefferson County (Ala.)
Southern States
Birmingham (Ala.)
Subject
Governor
Sectionalism (United States)
Exclusive and concurrent legislative powers
Practice of law
Segregation
Voter registration
Civil rights
Election law
Labor unions
States' rights (American politics)
Hunting
Political Campaigns
Racism
African Americans--Suffrage
Water--Pollution--Law and legislation
African Americans--Civil rights
Elections
Party affiliation
Education, Secondary
Suffrage
Education--Primary
Poll tax
Fishing
Education
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1892-07-25

Death 1965-10-11

Information

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Ark ID: w6t15x88

SNAC ID: 65230537