Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898

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Augur was born in Kendall, New York. He moved with his family to Michigan and entered West Point in 1839. Augur graduated in 1843 in the same class as General of the Army Ulysses S. Grant. Following his graduation, Augur served as aide-de-camp to Generals Hopping and Cushing during the Mexican–American War, and during the 1850s took an active part in the campaigns of the western frontier against the Yakima and Rogue River tribes of Washington and, in 1856, against the Oregon Indians. In Oregon, he was responsible for building Fort Hoskins in Kings Valley.

Augur was promoted to the rank of Major in the 13th Infantry on May 14, 1861. The American Civil War was just over four months old when Augur was made Commandant of Cadets at West Point on August 26, 1861, replacing John F. Reynolds who, newly promoted to Brigadier General, had left that position on June 25, 1861, to perform other military duties. Augur served as Commandant of Cadets and West Point's infantry tactics instructor until December 5, 1861.

In November, 1861, Augur was appointed Brigadier General of volunteers and assigned a brigade command in Brigadier General Irvin McDowell's Corps. In July, 1862, Augur was transferred to command a division under Major General Nathaniel Banks. Augur was severely wounded at the Battle of Cedar Mountain in August 1862. He was appointed Major General of volunteers by President Abraham Lincoln on November 14, 1862, with the date of August 9, 1862, as his effective date of rank. President Lincoln had to submit the nomination three times before the U.S. Senate finally confirmed the appointment on March 10, 1863.

In November, 1862, Augur was reunited with his Corps, the XIX Army Corps. The XIX Corps comprised the whole of the Army of the Gulf under the command of Major General Benjamin Butler, which was in Louisiana at that time. Major General Augur was in command at Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on May 2, 1863, where he unexpectedly received Colonel Benjamin H. Grierson leading his tattered and exhausted volunteer Brigade of Union cavalrymen from their sixteen-day, 600 mile raid (Grierson's Raid) behind Confederate lines in Tennessee, Mississippi and Louisiana. Augur insisted that Grierson's command be honored with a parade, and subsequently Grierson and his troopers were regaled with flying banners and martial music as they entered the city marching in a column that extended for two miles through the streets of Baton Rouge.

During the Siege of Port Hudson, which lasted from April 27 to July 9, 1863, Augur commanded the First Division in the XIX Corps of Major General Bank's Army of the Gulf. Banks had replaced Butler as the Army's commander in December, 1862. Augur's First Division acted as the left wing of Bank's army throughout the siege. Augur was brevetted first to Brigadier General in the United States Army on March 13, 1865, for his meritorious service during the Post Hudson Campaign and then, on the same date, brevetted to Major General for his service during the war.

After the fall of Port Hudson, Augur was assigned command of the XXII Corps and the Department of Washington which he held from October 13, 1863 to August 13, 1866.

Augur was one of the Army officers who were present at the Petersen House where the mortally wounded President Abraham Lincoln was taken after he was shot by John Wilkes Booth. At Secretary of War Edwin Stanton's request, Augur went into the street and called out for a competent phonographer who knew shorthand well enough to take verbatim notes for Stanton as he interviewed witnesses to that night's tragic event. Corporal James R. Tanner answered Augur's call and volunteered to transcribe the witness accounts for Secretary Stanton. Augur escorted Corporal Tanner into the Petersen House where he introduced Tanner to Secretary Stanton and Chief Justice David K. Cartter, who was also present for the depositions. Augur then outlined to Tanner what his duties would be for the rest of the night.

Throughout that fateful night, and in the following days, Augur was instrumental in mobilizing troops in his command to pursue and eventually capture Booth and his co-conspirators, including detailing the detachment of the 16th Regiment New York Volunteer Cavalry under the command of Lt. Edward P. Doherty to follow a lead given to Stanton by a Union spy which eventually led to Lt. Doherty and his detachment tracking down and cornering President Lincoln's assassin, Booth, and his associate, David Herold, in a tobacco barn near Port Royal, Virginia.

At about 9:30 A.M. on the morning of April 15, 1865, about ninety-minutes after Mr. Lincoln had succumbed to the assassin's bullet, Augur served as one of the officers who walked as escorts for the president's body from the Petersen House, where the president died, to the White House. On Wednesday, April 19, 1865, Augur served as the officer in charge of the military procession that escorted the president's body from the White House to the Capitol where it would lie in state.

Following the war, Augur went on to command several military departments: the Department of the Platte from January 15, 1867, to November 13, 1871; the Department of Texas from November, 1871, to March, 1875; the Department of the Gulf from 1875 to July 1, 1878; the Department of the South from July 1, 1878, to December 26, 1880; and then he returned to the Department of Texas where he commanded for approximately another three years between January 2, 1881, and October 31, 1883. He headed up the Military Division of the Missouri from 1883–85. He also played a major role in negotiating the Treaty of Medicine Lodge in 1867 and the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868. A fort in the Wyoming Territory was briefly named Fort Augur in his honor. In 1885, he retired from the Army with the rank of Brigadier General.

He was a member of the Aztec Club of 1847, the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States and the Military Order of Foreign Wars.

Augur died in Georgetown, Washington, D.C. on January 16, 1898, and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Ulysses S. Grant Papers, 1819-1969, (bulk 1843-1885) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
contributorOf 1884 - File No. 1882 - Augur, C C - Washington United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1874 - File No. 3853 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1871 - File No. 1714 (Augur, C C - Nebraska) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1873 - File No. 4231 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1882 - File No. 2943 - Augur, C C - Texas United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1879 - File No. 3478 (Augur, C C - Kentucky) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1883 - File No. 3671 - Augur, C C United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1873 - File No. 3250 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Augur, C.C. - Brigadier General United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1878 - File No. 4727 (Augur, C C - District of Columbia) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1878 - File No. 1290 (Augur, C C - Louisiana) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Civil War Commandery of the State of Massachusetts collection: Patriotic covers, ca. 1861-1865. Houghton Library
contributorOf 1875 - File No. 34 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898,. Christopher C. Augur collection of photographs of the western United States [graphic], 1847-1881 (bulk ca. 1865-1881). Newberry Library
contributorOf 1879 - File No. 6995 (Augur, C C - Kentucky) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898. C.C. Augur letter to Thomas McArthur Anderson [manuscript], 1890 Oct. 14. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
contributorOf 1872 - File No. 2010 (Augur, C C - District of Columbia) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Clinton H. Haskell Civil War collection, Haskell, Clinton H., Civil War collection, 1841-1895 William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898. Papers, 1847-1887 (bulk 1861-1887). Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Holabird, Samuel Beckley, 1826-1907. S. B. Holabird and earlier family papers, ca. 1760-1905 (bulk 1846-1884). Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf United States. Indian Peace Commission (1867-1868). Report to the president by the Indian Peace Commission, and letter of transmittal, 1868 Jan 7-28. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
contributorOf 1871 - File No. 1694 (Augur, C C - Nebraska) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Papers, 1843-1969 (bulk 1843-1908) Library of Congress
contributorOf 1880 - File No. 31 (Augur, C C - New York) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1882 - File No. 2918 - Augur, C C - Texas United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Martensen, Carl Friedrich Augustus von, 1822-1863?. Papers, [1822-1923]. Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
referencedIn Anderson, Thomas McArthur, 1836-1917. Thomas McArthur Anderson letters [manuscript], 1890-1891. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898. Letter signed : Omaha, Nebraska, to W.W. Belknap, 1870 Mar. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
contributorOf 1878 - File No. 3141 (Augur, C C - Nebraska) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1877 - File No. 1775 (Augur, C C - Louisiana) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn United States. Army. Cavalry, 2nd. Orders : Fort McPherson, Nebraska, 1869 May 4. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Lossing, Benson John, 1813-1891. Diary of Benson J. Lossing [manuscript], 1865 April 12-May 2. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library
referencedIn United States. Army. Cavalry, 2nd. Orders : Fort McPherson, Nebraska, 1869 May 4. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
contributorOf 1883 - File No. 2556 - Augur, C C - Texas United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1882 - File No. 2944 - Augur, C C - Texas United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898. Christopher C. Augur papers, 1780-1911 (bulk 1846-1885). Newberry Library
contributorOf 1876 - File No. 2908 (Augur, C C - Louisiana) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1871 - File No. 3366 (Augur, C C - Missouri) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1872 - File No. 507 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf United States. Indian Peace Commission (1867-1868). Report to the president by the Indian Peace Commission, and letter of transmittal, 1868 Jan 7-28. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Carrington family. Carrington family papers, 1749-1929 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Records of the Adjutant General's Office. 1762 - 1984. Generals' Papers and Books. 1830 - 1884. Papers and Books of Christopher Columbus Augur
contributorOf 1873 - File No. 3641 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1879 - File No. 7133 (Augur, [Blank] - Kentucky) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1872 - File No. 1582 (Augur, C C - Missouri) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Ulysses S. Grant papers, 1819-1974 (bulk 1843-1908). Library of Congress
referencedIn Carrington family. Carrington family papers, 1749-1929 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Carrington Family papers, 1749-1929 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
contributorOf 1884 - File No. 1882 - Augur, C C - Kansas United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1882 - File No. 3140 - Augur, C C - Texas United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1884 - File No. 3577 - Augur, [Blank] - Missouri United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Allen, Mary Rivers. Collection of letters and autographs, 1846-1881 Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
contributorOf 1877 - File No. 66 (Augur, C C - Louisiana) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1872 - File No. 1732 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1882 - File No. 4925 - Auger, C C - Texas United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1872 - File No. 5188 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Haskell, Clinton H. Clinton H. Haskell Civil War collection, 1841-1895. William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Augustus Martensen Papers, Martensen (Augustus) Papers, 1822-1923 John Hay Library, Special Collections
contributorOf 1871 - File No. 2080 (Augur, C C - Nebraska) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1872 - File No. 2108 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1871 - File No. 2379 (Augur, C C - Nebraska) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1873 - File No. 866 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1875 - File No. 5569 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Carroll, Samuel Sprigg, 1832-1893. Letter : Fort Stoneman, to Christopher Columbus Augur, Washington, D.C., 1865 May 25. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Autographs of Civil War generals, [ca. 186-]. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
contributorOf 1875 - File No. 3613 (Augur, C C - Louisiana) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898. Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to Governor Israel Washburn of Maine, 1862 Oct. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
contributorOf 1875 - File No. 2870 (Augur, C C - Louisiana) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1874 - File No. 4856 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library
contributorOf 1877 - File No. 2702 (Augur, C C - Louisiana) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Dodge, Grenville Mellen, 1831-1916. Map of the military district, Kansas and the territories / Maj. Gen. G.M. Dodge, commanding, 1866 ; executed under the direction of Maj. Geo. T. Robinson, Chf. Engr. ; drawn by T.H. Williams. Newberry Library
contributorOf 1874 - File No. 2380 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1876 - File No. 410 (Augur, C C - Louisiana) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1875 - File No. 326 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898. Augur family papers, 1808-1905. Chicago History Museum
contributorOf 1872 - File No. 3913 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Anderson, Thomas McArthur, 1836-1917. Army episodes and anecdotes; or Life at Vancouver Barracks. The romance and the reality of the frontier /by Thomas McArthur Anderson, 1853-1893. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
contributorOf 1884 - File No. 1882 - Augur, C C - Washington United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1873 - File No. 671 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Hay, John, 1838-1905. Correspondence, 1854-1914, "Abbey" to "Bacher". Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
contributorOf 1878 - File No. 6998 (Augur, [Blank] - Kentucky) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1876 - File No. 1129 (Augur, [Blank] - Louisiana) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Christopher C. Augur photograph, circa 1860. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
contributorOf 1873 - File No. 886 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1874 - File No. 2521 (Augur, C C - Texas) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf 1881 - File No. 5850 - Augur, C C - Texas United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, Mary Rivers, person
associatedWith Anderson, Thomas McArthur, 1836-1917. person
associatedWith Auger family. family
associatedWith Augur family. family
associatedWith Augur, Murray B., d. 1939 person
associatedWith Augur, Wheaton. person
associatedWith Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894. person
associatedWith Belknap, William W. (William Worth), 1829-1890, person
associatedWith Carrington family family
associatedWith Carrington family. family
associatedWith Carrington family. family
associatedWith Carroll, Samuel Sprigg, 1832-1893. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Dodge, Grenville Mellen, 1831-1916. person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Art Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Photograph Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Ford family. family
associatedWith Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882. person
associatedWith Geological Survey of the Territories (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. person
correspondedWith Grant, U. S. (Ulysses S.), 1881-1968 person
associatedWith Hancock, Winfield Scott, 1824-1886. person
associatedWith Haskell, Clinton H. person
associatedWith Haskell, Clinton H. person
associatedWith Hatch, John Porter, 1822-1901. person
associatedWith Hay, John, 1838-1905. person
associatedWith Henry, Guy Vernor, 1839-1899. person
associatedWith Holabird, Samuel Beckley, 1826-1907. person
associatedWith Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942. person
associatedWith Johnston, Joseph E. (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891. person
associatedWith Kellogg, William Pitt, 1831-1918. person
associatedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith Lossing, Benson John, 1813-1891. person
associatedWith Louisiana. Governor (1873-1877 : Kellogg) corporateBody
associatedWith Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell, 1840-1889. person
associatedWith Martensen, Carl Friedrich Augustus von, 1822-1863? person
associatedWith McCook, Alexander McD. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Palmer, Innis Newton, 1824-1900. person
associatedWith Parrish family. family
associatedWith Porter, David D. (David Dixon), 1813-1891. person
associatedWith Post, Henry A.v. person
associatedWith Potter, Joseph H. person
associatedWith Prince, Henry W., 1839-1925. person
associatedWith Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888. person
associatedWith Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891. person
associatedWith Soule, William S., 1836-1908. person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Cavalry, 2nd. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Cavalry, 2nd. corporateBody
leaderOf United States. Army. Corps, 22nd. corporateBody
leaderOf United States. Army. Department of the Missouri corporateBody
leaderOf United States. Army. Dept. of Texas corporateBody
leaderOf United States. Army. Dept. of the Gulf. corporateBody
correspondedWith United States. Army. Dept. of the Gulf (1871-1878) corporateBody
leaderOf United States. Army. Dept. of the Platte corporateBody
memberOf United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 12th corporateBody
leaderOf United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 13th. corporateBody
memberOf United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 4th corporateBody
leaderOf United States. Army. Iron Brigrade. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Indian Peace Commission (1867-1868) corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf United States Military Academy corporateBody
associatedWith Washburn, Israel, 1813-1883, person
associatedWith Worsley, Pardon. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Fort Laramie WY US
District of Columbia DC US
Georgetown DC US
West Point NY US
Oklahoma OK US
Virginia VA US
Orleans County NY US
Mexico 00 MX
Michigan MI US
Washington WA US
Baton Rouge LA US
Port Hudson LA US
Texas TX US
Benton County OR US
Subject
Indians of North America--Government relations--1789-1869
Generals--19th century
Civil War, 1861-1865
Indians of North America--Photographs
Indians of North America--Pictorial works
Indians of North America--Wars--1866-1895--Sources
Arapaho Indians--Photographs
Kiowa Indians--Photographs
Manuscripts, American
Port Hudson (La.)--History--Siege, 1863
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)--History--Sources
Cedar Mountain, Battle of, Va., 1862
Dakota Indians--Photographs
Red River War, 1874-1875--Sources
Lincoln, Abraham--1809-1865--Assassination
Families--19th century
Rogue River Indian War, 1855-1856
Crow Indians--Photographs
Military bases--Photographs
Comanche Indians--Photographs
Cheyenne Indians--Photographs
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
Indians of North America--Government relations--1869-1934
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Pictorial works
Occupation
Collector
Soldiers--19 century.--United States
Aides-de-camp
Activity

Person

Birth 1821-07-10

Death 1898-01-16

Male

Americans

English

Information

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