Dukakis, Michael S. (Michael Stanley), 1933-

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Michael Stanley Dukakis (born November 3, 1933) is a retired American politician who served as the 65th governor of Massachusetts, from 1975 to 1979 and again from 1983 to 1991. He is the longest-serving governor in Massachusetts history and only the second Greek-American governor in U.S. history, after Spiro Agnew. He was nominated by the Democratic Party for president in the 1988 election, losing to the Republican candidate, Vice President George H. W. Bush.

Born in Brookline, Massachusetts to Greek and Aromanian Greek immigrants, Dukakis attended Swarthmore College before enlisting in the United States Army. After graduating from Harvard Law School, he won election to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, serving from 1963 to 1971. He won the 1974 Massachusetts gubernatorial election but lost his 1978 bid for re-nomination to Edward J. King. He defeated King in the 1982 gubernatorial primary and served as governor from 1983 to 1991, presiding over a period of economic growth known as the "Massachusetts Miracle".

Building on his popularity as governor, Dukakis sought the Democratic presidential nomination for the 1988 presidential election. He prevailed in the Democratic primaries and was formally nominated at the 1988 Democratic National Convention. Dukakis chose Senator Lloyd Bentsen of Texas as his running mate, while the Republicans nominated a ticket consisting of George H. W. Bush and Senator Dan Quayle. Dukakis lost the election, carrying only ten states and Washington, D.C., but he improved on the Democratic performances in the previous two elections. After the election, Dukakis announced that he would not seek another term as governor, and he left office in 1991.

Since leaving office, Dukakis has served on the board of directors for Amtrak and has taught political science at Northeastern University and UCLA. He was mentioned as a potential appointee to the Senate in 2009 to fill the vacancy caused by Ted Kennedy's death, but Governor Deval Patrick chose Paul G. Kirk. In 2012, Dukakis backed the successful Senate campaign of Elizabeth Warren.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Houston Post, Washington D.C. Bureau, Collection, 1963-1995 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Records of the Fishermen's Wives of Gloucester (Association), (inclusive), (bulk), 1950-2009, 1977-2004 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. Judicial issue subject files, 1983-1989. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Human Resources. Policy development files. 1983-1990. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Educational Affairs. Legislative review files, 1983-1989. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Chief of Operations. Cabinet meeting agendas, 1974-1978. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1940s-1970s Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Massachusetts. General Court. House of Representatives. Committee on Rules. Cabinet and post-cabinet reorganization files, 1956-1977. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Voices from the Food Revolution: People Who Changed The Way Americans Eat, An oral history project conducted by Judith Weinraub, 2009-2011 Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn East West Research Files, 1967-1989 University of California, Berkeley. The Ethnic Studies Library.
referencedIn [Items commemorating the inauguration of Governor Michael S. Dukakis and Lieutenant Governor Evelyn F. Murphy, January 8, 1987]. State Library of Massachusetts
referencedIn Robert Manning papers, 1938-1993. Houghton Library
referencedIn Papers, 1929-1985 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn 9 to 5, National Association of Working Women (U.S.). Records, 1972-1986 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Additional records, 1972-1985 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. Appointments file J.P./N.P. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Harvard Law School Forums Records Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Educational Affairs. Director's subject files, 1983-1989. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Office of State Planning. Local growth policy questionnaire returns, 1975-1976. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Correspondence Office. Constituent issue correspondence, 1975-1983. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn MacNeil/Lehrer Productions. Rape [videorecording] / CBS News. Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College
referencedIn Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs. Presidential Election Study. Presidential Election of 1988 Study Collection, 1984-1992. University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Poets' Theatre (Cambridge, Mass.) records, 1936-1989 (inclusive), 1950-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Center on Conscience & War. Records, 1978-[ongoing] University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
referencedIn Dukakis/Bentsen Committee. [Records of the Dukakis/Bentsen presidential campaign], 1988. State Library of Massachusetts
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Chief of Operations. Subject files, 1974-1990. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Correspondence Office. Budget planning files, 1976-1978. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Steinman, Wayne. Wayne Steinman papers, 1982-1990, 1984-1989 (bulk). New York State Historical Documents (Albany, N.Y.)
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. Working group subject files, 1983-1990. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. Subject files of the legal counsel, 1963-1978. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Keeton, Robert E. Papers, 1962-1977. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Sanford, Terry, 1917-1998. Terry Sanford Papers, 1926-1996 (bulk 1986-1992) David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Records, 1905-2003 (inclusive), 1972-1997 (bulk) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Frank Whitson Fetter Papers, 1902-1992 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Records of, Sojourner, (inclusive), (bulk), 1920-2004, 1975-2002 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Massachusetts. Office of State Planning. Director's correspondence files, 1975-1978. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Student Coalition for Soviet Jewry at Brandeis University Records Wyner Family Jewish Heritage Center at New England Historic Genealogical Society
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Community Services. Administrative files, 1975-1978. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. Legal research/issues files, 1983-2006. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Blizard, Margaret Louise Murray, 1919-. Papers, 1929-1985 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Human Resources. Human Resources Forum files, 1983-1989. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Taylor-Tatelbaum Family Papers, 1908-1990 and undated Wyner Family Jewish Heritage Center at New England Historic Genealogical Society
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Press Office. Photographs, 1909-2003. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn American Association of University Women. Boston Branch. Records, 1886-1978 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Correspondence Office. Local affairs subject files, 1975-1978. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn White House Press Releases (Ford Administration), 1974 - 1977. Press Releases, 1974 - 1977 Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn Presidential Election of 1988 Study Collection, 1984-1992 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Correspondence Office. Personal letters, 1983-[ongoing]. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Freund, Paul A. Paul A. Freund papers. 1918-1993. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Richard M. Nixon's Returned Materials Collection. 1969 - 1974. Returned White House Special Files Richard Nixon Library
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Press Office. Public service announcements, 1983-1990. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Economic Development. Director's policy files, 1983-1989. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Human Resources. Child Support Commission files, 1984-1987. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legislative Office. Legislative review files, 1925-2006. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Dukakis, Michael S. (Michael Stanley), 1933-. TLS, 1988 July 21 : Boston, MA to Carl Flintermann. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Cox, Archibald, 1912-. Papers, 1862-1978. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Russell W. Peterson Papers, 1917-2004, (bulk 1973-2002) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Scheduling Office. Kitty Dukakis general file, 1975-1977. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Edsall, Thomas Byrne. Thomas Byrne Edsall papers, 1965-2006. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Press Office. Press releases, 1962-2006. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Correspondence Office. Subject files, 1975-1978. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Educational Affairs. Correspondence, 1983-1989. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Hatch, Francis W. (Francis Whiting), 1925-. Papers, 1944-1985. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Records of the Domestic Policy Council (Clinton Administration), ca. 1992 - 1/20/2001. Bruce Reed's Admin Files, 1993 - 2001 William J. Clinton Presidential Library & Museum
creatorOf Cox, Archibald, 1912-. Papers, 1862-1978. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Scheduling Office. Scheduling files, 1954-1979 (bulk 1963-1979). Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn David Hoffman Papers. 1979 - 1993. Subject Files
referencedIn Susie Sharp Papers, 1900-1997 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Tony Schwartz collection, 1912-2008, 1950-2008 Library of Congress. Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division
referencedIn Thomas Byrne Edsall Papers, 1965-2006 Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. Correspondence files, 1963-1993. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Saint Paul (Minn.). Office of the Mayor. Files of mayor James Scheibel, 1983-1994 (bulk 1990-1993). Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Mike Dukakis for President, Inc. Michael S. Dukakis Presidential Campaign records, 1962-1989. Northeastern University, Snell Library
creatorOf Latimer, George, 1935-. George Latimer papers, 1976-1989. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Correspondence Office. Correspondence with municipal officials, 1975-1978. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Chief of Staff. Subject files, 1963-2003. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Personnel Office. Administrative files, 1975-1978. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Joe Overstreet Campaign Button Collection, 1964-1988. University of Mississippi
referencedIn Michael Kelly Political Campaign Ephemera Collection, 1896 - 2008. Presidential Nominees Files, 1948 - 2008 Gerald R. Ford Library
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Scheduling Office. Kitty Dukakis event file, 1983-1990. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Arriola, Roland S. (Roland Simon),. Oral history interview with Roland S. Arriola, 1999 [videorecording]. University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. Executive order working files, 1976-1990 (bulk 1983-1990) Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Stuart, Alice Jackson, 1913-2001. Papers of Alice Jackson Stuart [manuscript], 1930-2001. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Dukakis, Michael S. (Michael Stanley), 1933-. Speech, July 29, 1988. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legislative Office. Governor's legislation files, 1963-2000. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Economic Development. Regional development files, 1983-1989. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Palmer, Edith Morse, 1905-. Papers, ca. 1940-ca. 1970 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn [Campaign literature from the presidential election of 1988]. State Library of Massachusetts
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Press Office. Speeches and testimonies, 1879-2006 (bulk 1963-2006). Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Press Office. Biographical information files, 1983-1990. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Saltonstall, Leverett, 1892-1979. Autograph collection, 1930-1996 (bulk: 1930-1979) Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Scheduling Office. Kitty Dukakis issue file, 1983-1990. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1962-1977 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn David Hoffman Papers. 1979 - 1993. Subject Files
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685 - 2009. Tallulah Morgan et al. vs James W. Hennigan et al. Case File, 1972 - 1995 National Archives at Boston
referencedIn Peterson, Russell W. (Russell Wilbur), 1916-2011. Russell W. Peterson papers, 1917-2004 (bulk 1973-2002). Library of Congress
referencedIn Glueck, Sheldon, 1896-1990. Papers, 1916-1972 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Scheduling Office. Daily schedules, 1982-2006. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Office of State Planning. City and town project files, 1976-1979. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Dukakis, Michael S. (Michael Stanley), 1933-. Michael S. Dukakis : commercials, 1974-1988. University of Oklahoma, Political Community Archives
referencedIn Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006. National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records, 2013 - 2017 National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
referencedIn Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Portraits, ca. 1852-ca. 2004 Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor. Transition reports, 1962-1983. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. Office and agency legal issue subject files, 1983-1990. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights Archive, 1968-1994. Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Wyner Family Papers Wyner Family Jewish Heritage Center at New England Historic Genealogical Society
referencedIn Revolutionary War Bicentennial Commission. Sound recordings and visual materials, 1961-1976 (bulk 1973-1976). Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. Pardon/commutation correspondence file. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Development Office. Subject files, 1976-1982. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Personnel Office. Appointment files, 1800-2007. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Houston Post, Washington D.C. Bureau, Collection, 1963-1995 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn William D. Ford Papers, 1955-1995, 1965-1995 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's External Relations Office. Governor's correspondence file, 1911-2006 (bulk 1963-2006). Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith 9 to 5, National Association of Working Women (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith 9 to 5: National Association of Working Women (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith American Association of University Women. Boston Branch. corporateBody
associatedWith Americans for Non-Smokers corporateBody
associatedWith Arriola, Roland S. (Roland Simon), person
associatedWith Blizard, Margaret Louise Murray, 1919- person
correspondedWith Boston Women's Health Book Collective corporateBody
associatedWith Center on Conscience & War. corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Cox, Archibald, 1912- person
associatedWith Dukakis/Bentsen Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith East West newspaper person
associatedWith Edith Morse Palmer person
associatedWith Edsall, Thomas Byrne. person
associatedWith Fetter, Frank Whitson, 1899-1991 person
correspondedWith Fishermen's Wives of Gloucester (Association) corporateBody
associatedWith Flintermann, Carl. person
associatedWith Ford, William D. (William David), 1927- person
associatedWith Glueck, Sheldon, 1896- person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Harvard Law School corporateBody
correspondedWith Harvard Law School Forum corporateBody
associatedWith Hatch, Francis W. (Francis Whiting), 1925- person
employeeOf Hill & Barlow corporateBody
associatedWith Houston Post , Washington D.C. Bureau corporateBody
employeeOf John F. Kennedy School of Government. corporateBody
associatedWith Keeton, Robert E. person
associatedWith Latimer, George, 1935-. person
employeeOf Loyola Marymount University corporateBody
associatedWith Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs corporateBody
associatedWith Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs. Presidential Election Study. corporateBody
associatedWith Manning, Robert, 1919- person
associatedWith Margaret Louise (Murray) Blizard, 1919-1985 person
associatedWith Massachusetts. General Court. House of Representatives. Committee on Rules. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Chief of Operations. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Chief of Operations. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Chief of Staff. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Correspondence Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Correspondence Office. corporateBody
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associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Correspondence Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Correspondence Office. corporateBody
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associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Development Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's External Relations Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. corporateBody
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associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. corporateBody
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associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Legislative Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Legislative Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Community Services. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Economic Development. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Educational Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Educational Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Educational Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Office of Human Resources. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Personnel Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Personnel Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Press Office. corporateBody
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associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Scheduling Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Scheduling Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Scheduling Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Scheduling Office. corporateBody
memberOf Massachusetts House of Representatives corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Office of State Planning. corporateBody
associatedWith Mike Dukakis for President, Inc. corporateBody
employeeOf Northeastern university Boston, Mass. corporateBody
associatedWith Palmer, Edith Morse, 1905- person
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
associatedWith Peterson, Russell W. (Russell Wilbur), 1916-2011. person
associatedWith Poets' Theatre (Cambridge, Mass.). corporateBody
associatedWith Revolutionary War Bicentennial Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Saint Paul (Minn.). Office of the Mayor. corporateBody
associatedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
correspondedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
associatedWith Saltonstall, Leverett, 1892-1979. person
associatedWith Sanford, Terry, 1917-1998 person
associatedWith Schwartz, Tony person
associatedWith Sharp, Susie, 1907-1996 person
associatedWith Sojourner (Cambridge, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Steinman, Wayne. person
associatedWith Stuart, Alice Jackson, 1913-2001. person
associatedWith Student Coalition for Soviet Jewry- Brandeis University corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Swarthmore college corporateBody
associatedWith Taylor-Tatelbaum Family person
employeeOf University of California, Los Angeles corporateBody
employeeOf University of Hawaii (Honolulu) corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oklahoma. Political Commercial Archive. corporateBody
associatedWith Wyner Family family
Place Name Admin Code Country
Boston MA US
Los Angeles CA US
Honolulu HI US
Brookline MA US
Subject
Radio advertising
Presidential candidates
Political Campaigns
Television advertising
Presidents--Election--1988
Advertising, political
Elections--1988
Occupation
State Representative
Governors--Massachusetts Bay
Lawyers
Professors (teacher)
Soldiers
Activity

Person

Birth 1933-11-03

Male

Americans

Spanish; Castilian,

English,

Greek, Modern (1453-)

Information

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