Frost, Edwin Brant, 1866-1935

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Astronomer. Dartmouth College, A. B. 1886; A. M. 1889; D. Sc. 1911; D. Sc. (hon.) Cambridge University, 1912; studies physics and astonomy, Princeton, Strassburg (Germany), Astrophysical Observatory, Potsdam, Germany. Taught physics and astronomy at Dartmouth, 1887-1898; professor of astrophysics, University of Chicago, 1898- (and director of observatory, 1892); director of Yerkes Observatory, 1905-1932, emeritis.

From the description of Papers, 1899-1904; 1908, 1923-1924. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81865325

Yerkes Observatory, located in Williams Bay, Wisconsin, is a facility of the University of Chicago's Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics. The observatory opened in 1897 as the joint creation of three founders: William Rainey Harper, the first president of the University of Chicago; Professor George E. Hale, the observatory’s first director; and Charles T. Yerkes, a wealthy Chicago businessman who provided funds for the erection of the observatory building. On the shores of Lake Geneva, this observatory was designed by Henry Ives Cobb, with landscape architecture by John Olmsted.

Yerkes became known in the astronomical community as the home of the last of the great refracting telescopes, a 40-inch instrument first exhibited at the World’s Columbian Exposition in 1893. The observatory housed the university's Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics until the 1960s, and was the site of some of the most significant research in modern astronomy and astrophysics.

In 1932, the University of Chicago struck an agreement with the University of Texas to construct an observatory endowed by the Texas banker William Johnson McDonald (1844–1926). Texas at that time had neither the funds nor the faculty for its operation. Under the agreement, the observatory was to be constructed and operated under the direction of Otto Struve, with the understanding that eventually University of Texas would assume complete responsibility for McDonald Observatory. As such, Dr. Struve became the first director of McDonald Observatory. The agreement between University of Chicago and the University of Texas was modified in 1959 as Texas’ program in astronomy broadened, and in 1962-1963 the entire operation of McDonald Observatory was placed under the Department of Astronomy at The University of Texas.

From the guide to the University of Chicago. Yerkes Observatory. Office of the Director. Records, 1891-1946, (Special Collections Research Center University of Chicago Library 1100 East 57th Street Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.)

Edwin B. Frost (1866-1935), professor of astrophysics at the University of Chicago and Director of the University’s Yerkes Observatory at Williams Bay, Wisconsin. He received his A.B. at Dartmouth in 1886 and did his advanced study in physics and astronomy at Princeton, Potsdam and Strassburg. He was a member of the Dartmouth faculty from 1887 to 1898.

Frost first came into prominence as an astronomer at the beginning of the 20th century, at about the time the spectroscope was being introduced into the study of heavenly bodies on a systematic scale. He went on to become a leader in the development of the field of astrophysics. Frost came to Yerkes Observatory in 1898 and served as professor of astrophysics from 1898 to 1905. When observatory director George E. Hale left Yerkes to head the Mount Wilson Observatory at Pasadena, Frost assumed the directorship.

In 1906, Frost undertook a fifteen year program of stellar observation to map, classify and determine the velocities of the stars in the Orion constellation. Following the completion of the project, Frost gradually went blind. Despite his disability, he continued to work on the faculty until 1932. After his retirement, he remained at his lakeside home near the observatory, working in an advisory capacity.

From the guide to the Frost, Edwin B. Papers, 1886-1924, (Special Collections Research Center University of Chicago Library 1100 East 57th Street Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn George Sarton additional papers, 1901-1956 Houghton Library
referencedIn Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. Papers, 1862-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Pettit, Edison, 1889-1962. Papers of Edison Pettit, 1920-1969. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Bartlett, Samuel Colcord, 1817-1898. Letter, 1889 September 11, Hanover, N.H., to I.W. Smith [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Ruggles, Edward Rush, 1836-1897. Letter, 1891 October 26, Hanover, N.H., to I.W. Smith [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Quint, Alonzo H. (Alonzo Hall), 1828-1896. Letter, 1889 September 19, Hanover, N.H., to Judge [Smith, n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Frost, Edwin Brant, 1866-1935. Papers, 1899-1904; 1908, 1923-1924. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Smith, Isaac W. (Isaac William), 1825-1898. Letter, 1889 September 16, Newport, N.H., to Dr. Bartlett [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Smith, Isaac W. (Isaac William), 1825-1898. Letter, 1889 September 15, Manchester, N.H., to Dr. Bartlett [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Charles P. (Charles Pollard) Olivier correspondence, 1915-1962, 1915-1962 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn American Astronomical Society. Records, 1897-1988, (bulk 1920-1980). American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Schlesinger, Frank, 1871-1943. Allegheny Observatory correspondence [microform], 1905-1920. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957. Manuscript of article, The probable distance of Orion, and letter to Russell from Edwin B. Frost, editor of the Astronomical Journal, rejecting the manuscript for publication, 1907. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Astrophysical journal records, 1894-1951 (inclusive) University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Crew, William Henry, 1899-. Henry Crew at Northwestern University: A memoir, 1975. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Davis, J. G. (Josiah Gardner), 1815-1894. Letter, 1889 September 16, Amherst [Mass.], to Isaac W. Smith [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Campbell, William Wallace, 1862-1938. William Wallace Campbell postcards, 1903-1928. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Quint, Alonzo H. (Alonzo Hall), 1828-1896. Letter, 1889 September 23, Allston, Mass., to Judge [Smith n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Hale, George Ellery, 1868-1938. Papers [microform], 1882-1938. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Smith, Isaac W. (Isaac William), 1825-1898. Letter, 1889 September 16, Newport, N.H., to E.B. Frost [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Smith, Isaac W. (Isaac William), 1825-1898. Letter, 1889 September 14, Manchester, N.H., to Edwin B. Frost, Hanover, N.H. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf University of Chicago. Yerkes Observatory. Office of the Director. Records, 1891-1946 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
creatorOf Frost, Edwin Brant, 1866-1935. Letter, 1889 September 16, Hanover, N.H., to I.W. Smith [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Frost, Edwin Brant, 1866-1935. Typed note signed Edwin B. Frost to: "Dear Sir" August 17, 1925. Wellesley College
referencedIn Yerkes Observatory. University of Chicago, Yerkes Observatory, Office of the Director records 1891-1946 (inclusive) University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Frost family. Papers, 1848-1932. New Hampshire Newsp Project
referencedIn Smith, Isaac W. (Isaac William), 1825-1898. Letter, 1889 September 18, Newport, N.H. to Pres. Bartlett [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn George Ellery Hale papers, 1882-1938 California Institute of Technology. Archives.
referencedIn Young, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1834-1908. Selected papers [microform], 1849-1908. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Dartmouth College. Trustees. Agreement with Edwin B. Frost regarding duties in the Chandler School, 1889 September 16, Hanover, N.H. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. David Peck Todd papers, 1862-1939 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Astrophysical Journal. Records, 1894-1951 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957. Correspondence [microform], 1890-1950. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Young, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1834-1908. Papers, 1853-1908. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Walter Sydney Adams Papers, 1881-1939 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Hale, George Ellery, 1868-1938. Papers, 1882-1938. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Olivier, Charles P. (Charles Pollard), b. 1884. Correspondence, 1915-1962. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Dartmouth Scientific Association. Letter, 1892 December 3, Hanover, N.H. to the Board of Trustees of Dartmouth College. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Seares, Frederick Hanley, 1873-. Papers of Frederick Hanley Seares, 1909-1945 (bulk 1909-1940). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Frost, Edwin B. Papers, 1886-1924 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. David Peck Todd papers, 1862-1939 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn University of Chicago. Yerkes Observatory. Logbooks and Notebooks, 1892-1988 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Walter S. (Walter Sydney), 1876-1956 person
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associatedWith Bartlett, Samuel Colcord, 1817-1898. person
associatedWith Campbell, William Wallace, 1862-1938. person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Crew, William Henry, 1899- person
associatedWith Dartmouth College. Chandler Scientific Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Dartmouth College. Trustees. corporateBody
associatedWith Dartmouth Scientific Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Davis, J. G. (Josiah Gardner), 1815-1894. person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
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associatedWith Fullerton, Hugh S. (Hugh Stuart), 1873-1945. person
associatedWith Hale, George Ellery, 1868-1938. person
associatedWith Olivier, Charles P. (Charles Pollard), b. 1884. person
associatedWith Pettit, Edison, 1889-1962. person
associatedWith Quint, Alonzo H. (Alonzo Hall), 1828-1896. person
associatedWith Ruggles, Edward Rush, 1836-1897. person
associatedWith Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957. person
correspondedWith Sarton, George, 1884-1956 person
associatedWith Schlesinger, Frank, 1871-1943. person
associatedWith Scott, Clarence Watkins, 1849-1930. person
associatedWith Seares, Frederick Hanley, 1873- person
associatedWith Smith, Isaac W. (Isaac William), 1825-1898. person
associatedWith Struve, Otto, 1897-1963 person
associatedWith Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. person
associatedWith University of Chicago. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics corporateBody
associatedWith University of Chicago. Yerkes Observatory corporateBody
correspondedWith Yerkes Observatory. corporateBody
associatedWith Young, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1834-1908. person
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Birth 1866

Death 1935

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