Howland, Emily, 1827-1929

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Emily Howland was a Quaker reformer, educator and philanthropist. In the mid 1850s, she was a teacher in a school for African American girls. During the Civil War she helped organize the Freedman's Village at Camp Todd for refugee slaves, where she worked as nurse and teacher. After the war, she opened a school for African Americans. She took an interest in Southern normal and industrial school and left money for them in her will. The president of her county Woman's Suffrage Association, she worked for the voting rights of women alongside Susan B. Anthony and others. She was involved in the temperance movement and, in her later years, was a tireless champion of international peace. The University of the State of New York conferred on her a Litt.D. in 1927 for service to education.

From the description of Letter : Sherwood, NY to A.S. Russell, 1876 February 2. (Haverford College Library). WorldCat record id: 714614944

Educator, reformer, philanthropist.

Emily Howland was born in Sherwood, New York in 1827, daughter of Slocum and Hanna (Tallcott) Howland. Her parents were prominent in the Society of Friends, and Emily was educated both at a private school in Sherwood and a Friends' school in Philadelphia. Early in life she became an active abolitionist, and during 1857-1859 was a teacher in a school for colored girls in Washington, D.C. In 1863-1864 she worked in a large camp for freed slaves in Arlington, Virginia, teaching them to read and write. With her father's aid, she opened an African-American school in 1867 at Heathsville, Virginia. She continued throughout her life to support this and other African-American schools in the South. In 1882 she took over the Sherwood select school until it was taken over by the New York Board of Regents in 1927. Howland was also active in reform movements such as women's suffrage, and peace and temperance organizations. Her niece, Isabel Howland, daughter of William and Hanna (Letchworth) Howland, also had a lifelong interest in educational and philanthropic activities.

From the description of Emily Howland papers, 1797-1938. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64073142

Emily Howland was a Quaker humanitarian and educator who is particularly known for her work with freed slaves in Virginia during and after the American Civil War.

A birthright Friend, Emily Howland was the only daughter of Slocum and Hannah (Talcott) Howland of Sherwood, N.Y. She was educated locally and for a brief period in Philadelphia, and then moved to Washington, D.C. in 1857 to teach at the Miner School for Freedmen. During the war she worked at a contraband camp in Virginia, establishing a school and coordinating relief activities. She returned to Sherwood after her father's death in 1881, and contributed time and money toward the maintenance of the Sherwood School. She continued her interest in the education of African-Americans in the south, and was also involved in woman suffrage and temperance. Emily Howland never married, and died in Sherwood at the age of 102.

From the description of Family papers, 1763-1929. (Swarthmore College). WorldCat record id: 30313695

Caroline F. Putnam was born in Massachusetts on July 29, 1826, and entered Oberlin College in 1848. There, she became involved in the abolitionist movement and met Sallie Holley (1818-1893), a fellow abolitionist who became Putnam's lifelong friend. After their graduation, the two women traveled around the northern United States to raise support for abolitionism, and both grew interested in the welfare of freed slaves during the early years of the Civil War. In 1868, Putnam opened the Holley School in Lottsburg, Virginia, named in honor of Sallie Holley. The school held daytime classes for African American children and evening classes for freed slaves to learn reading, writing, and arithmetic. Putnam ran the school until her retirement in 1903. She died in Lottsburg on January 14, 1917.

From the guide to the Caroline F. Putnam papers, Putnam, Caroline F. papers, 1868-1895, 1868-1877, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Evie C. Spencer papers, 1909-1968 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919. Papers in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1863-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Howland, Isabel, 1859-1942. Isabel Howland papers, 1879-1902. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Papers of Anna Howard Shaw in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1863-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Jacobs, Miles R., b. 1901,. Emily Howland miscellany, 1923-1976, 1923-1954 (bulk). Cornell University Library
creatorOf Drummond, Richard C. S. Emily Howland papers, 1926-1975. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949. Papers, 1872-1949 Houghton Library
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. [Letters] / Geo. W. Carver. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1784-1944 (inclusive), 1832-1939 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1784-1944 (bulk: 1832-1939) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Howland family. Papers, 1880-1931. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915. Booker T. Washington correspondence, 1889-1913. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1842-1945 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Elizabeth Rous Comstock papers, Comstock, Elizabeth Rous papers, 1740-1929, 1860-1880 William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Papers, 1890 (1969-1973) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Hazzard, Florence Woolsey, 1903-1992. Papers, 1819-1976 (bulk: 1925-1965) Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Barrows family papers, 1861-1931. Houghton Library
referencedIn Booker T. Washington correspondence, 1889-1913 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Howland, Emily, 1827-1929. Letter : Sherwood, NY to A.S. Russell, 1876 February 2. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Howland, Emily, 1827-1929. Emily Howland papers, 1797-1938. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Chapman, Mariana W. (Mariana Wright), 1843-1907. Chapman Family Papers, 1808-1983. Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College
referencedIn Judson, Helen S. (Helen Sheldon), 1885-1973. Sherwood Select School Papers, 1909-1973. Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College
referencedIn Hazzard, Florence Woolsey, 1903-1992. Florence Woolsey Hazzard papers, 1819-1976, 1925-1965 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Howland, Isabel, 1859-1942. Papers, 1888-1903. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Emily Howland papers, 1797-1938. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Caroline F. Putnam papers, Putnam, Caroline F. papers, 1868-1895, 1868-1877 William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Howland family. Papers, 1857-1908. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Spencer, Evie Lee Carpenter,. Evie C. Spencer papers, 1909-1968. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Howland, Emily, 1827-1929. Family papers, 1763-1929. Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College
referencedIn Hazzard, Florence Woolsey, 1903-. Papers, 1890-1973 (inclusive), 1940-1973 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alsop, John, b. 1813. person
acquaintanceOf Anna Howard Shaw, 1847-1919 person
acquaintanceOf Anthony, Lucy Elmina, 1861-1944 person
acquaintanceOf Anthony, Susan Brownell, 1820-1906 person
correspondedWith Barrows family. family
correspondedWith Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950 person
acquaintanceOf Blackwell, Antoinette Louisa, 1825-1921. person
associatedWith Blackwell family. family
associatedWith Blackwell family. family
associatedWith BLACKWELL FAMILY family
associatedWith Blake, Lillie Devereux, 1835-1913. person
associatedWith Bowman, Mary E. person
acquaintanceOf Breed, Daniel person
acquaintanceOf Breed, Gulielma. person
correspondedWith Breshko-Breshkovskai︠a︡, Ekaterina Konstantinovna, 1844-1934 person
acquaintanceOf Brown, Emma V. person
associatedWith Burnham, Ebenezer. person
associatedWith Burr, George Lincoln, 1857-1938. person
associatedWith Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. person
correspondedWith Chapman, Mariana W. (Mariana Wright), 1843-1907. person
associatedWith Comstock family family
acquaintanceOf Dana, Thesta person
acquaintanceOf Douglass, Helen, 1838-1903 person
auntOrUncleOf Edith, Howland, 1863-1949. person
associatedWith Finney, Charles Grandison, 1792-1875. person
associatedWith Florence (Woolsey) Hazzard, 1903- person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885 person
associatedWith Graves, Frank Pierrepont, 1869-1956 person
acquaintanceOf Hancock, Cornelia. person
associatedWith Hathaway, Phoebe. person
associatedWith Hazzard, Florence Woolsey, 1903- person
associatedWith Hazzard, Florence Woolsey, 1903-1992. person
associatedWith Hickey, Amanda Sanford. person
acquaintanceOf Holley, Sallie. person
sibling of Howland, Benjamin, 1837-1882. person
associatedWith Howland family. family
associatedWith Howland family. family
associatedWith Howland family. family
childOf Howland, Hannah T. (Hannah Tallcot), 1796-1867. person
sibling-in-law of Howland, Hanna Letchworth. person
auntOrUncleOf Howland, Herbert. person
auntOrUncleOf Howland, Isabel. person
auntOrUncleOf Howland, Isabel, 1859-1942. person
childOf Howland, Slocum, 1794-1881. person
associatedWith Howland, William. person
correspondedWith Ince, Henry. person
associatedWith Jacobs, Miles R., b. 1901, person
correspondedWith Johnson, J. R. person
employerOf Judson, Helen S. (Helen Sheldon), 1885-1973. person
associatedWith Love, Alfred H. (Alfred Harry), 1830-1913. person
associatedWith Miller, Elizabeth Smith. person
employeeOf Miner, Myrtilla, 1815-1864 person
associatedWith Nash, E. person
associatedWith National Arbitration League. corporateBody
associatedWith Parsons, Samuel. person
associatedWith Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer, 1804-1894. person
acquaintanceOf Putnam, Caroline F. person
acquaintanceOf Ramabai, Pandita person
associatedWith Read, John D., Rev., ca. 1812-1864. person
associatedWith Russell, A. S. person
associatedWith Scipio Monthly Meeting (Hicksite : 1827-1924) corporateBody
acquaintanceOf Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919. person
leaderOf Sherwood Select School. corporateBody
correspondedWith Smith, Theobald, 1859-1934 person
associatedWith Society of Friends. corporateBody
associatedWith Spencer, Evie Lee Carpenter, person
associatedWith Spencer, Evie Lee Carpenter, 1886-1984 person
associatedWith Stebbins, L. W. person
associatedWith Strange, Edward, d. 1872. person
grandchildOf Tallcot, Joseph, 1768-1853. person
nieceOrNephewOf Tallcot, Phebe F., 1799-1870. person
nieceOrNephewOf Tallcot, Richard, b. 1791. person
associatedWith Tallcott family. family
grandchildOf Tallcott, Joseph. person
associatedWith Tallcott, Richard. person
acquaintanceOf Tierney, Agnes L. (Agnes Leo), 1868-1947 person
employerOf Tierney, Agnes L. (Agnes Leo), 1868-1947 person
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. corporateBody
associatedWith Universal Peace Union. corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
acquaintanceOf Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915. person
associatedWith Wilbur, Julia A. person
nieceOrNephewOf Wood, Jethro, 1774-1834 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Cayuga County NY US
Northumberland County VA US
Cayuga County NY US
Subject
Social reformers
Temperance
Women--Suffrage
Quakers--Education
Quaker women
Women teachers--United States
Abolitionists
African Americans--Education
Antislavery movements
Women social reformers
Women--Education
Women educators
African Americans--Education--Southern States
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)--Virginia
Philanthropists
Freedmen--United States
Quakers
Freedmen
Occupation
Abolitionists
Teachers
Philanthropists
Quakers
Activity

Person

Birth 1827-11-20

Death 1929-06-29

Female

Information

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